New Providence, New Jersey
|New Providence, New Jersey|
|Borough of New Providence|
A public space for outdoor ceremonies
Map of New Providence in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County in New Jersey
Census Bureau map of New Providence, New Jersey
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 14, 1899|
|• Body||Borough Council|
|• Mayor||Allen B. Morgan (term ends December 31, 2018)|
|• Administrator||Douglas R. Marvin|
|• Clerk||Wendi B. Barry|
|• Total||3.665 sq mi (9.492 km2)|
|• Land||3.640 sq mi (9.428 km2)|
|• Water||0.025 sq mi (0.064 km2) 0.67%|
|Area rank||308th of 566 in state
14th of 21 in county
|Elevation||217 ft (66 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2014)||12,422|
|• Rank||201st of 566 in state
16th of 21 in county
|• Density||3,343.4/sq mi (1,290.9/km2)|
|• Density rank||196th of 566 in state
17th of 21 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||908 and 973|
|GNIS feature ID||0885321|
New Providence is a borough on the northwestern edge of Union County, New Jersey, United States. It is located on the Passaic River, which forms the county boundary with Morris County. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 12,171, reflecting an increase of 264 (+2.2%) from the 11,907 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 468 (+4.1%) from the 11,439 counted in the 1990 Census.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Government
- 5 Education
- 6 Landmarks
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Notable people
- 9 Gallery
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The written history of New Providence begins in 1664 when James, Duke of York and brother to King Charles II, purchased the land that became known as the Elizabethtown Tract from the Lenape Native Americans. Its first European settlers were members of a Puritan colony established in 1720, which was the first permanent settlement of its type. The settlement was originally called "Turkey" or "Turkey Town", due to the presence of wild turkeys in the area.
The Presbyterian Church established in 1737 was a focal point for the community, and the lack of serious injuries when the church's balcony collapsed in 1759 was deemed to be an example of Divine intervention, leading residents to change the area's name to New Providence.
According to local tradition, George Washington spent the night in a local home, which still stands to this day. Supposedly, the local stream, Salt Brook, is named for an incident when the salt supply of the colonial village was dumped into the brook to prevent passing British soldiers from taking it. Ironically, the British Army never crossed the Watchung Mountains into this region. Salt Brook winds through town, starting near the eponymous Salt Brook Elementary School.
On April 14, 1794, Springfield Township was formed, which included the present-day township, along with the towns of Summit, New Providence, and Berkeley Heights. Growth continued in the area, and on November 8, 1809, New Providence Township was formed from within Springfield Township. It included what is now Summit, New Providence, and Berkeley Heights. On March 23, 1869, Summit withdrew from the New Providence Township and reincorporated as a township without any other town.
On March 14, 1899, New Providence also withdrew from New Providence Township and was reincorporated as a borough. With Boroughitis sweeping across the state, many communities within townships were reverting to small, locally governed communities (mostly reincorporating as boroughs) due to acts of the New Jersey Legislature that made it economically advantageous for communities so do so. New Providence Township was renamed to Berkeley Heights as of November 6, 1951.
The cultivation of roses played an important role in the local economy in the 1900s.
New Providence is a semi-dry town. There are no bars, and no restaurants are permitted to sell alcoholic beverages. Retail liquor sales are legal, however, and restaurant-goers may bring their own alcoholic beverages. In 2011, the borough announced that it was considering issuing on-premises liquor licenses, which could bring in as much as $500,000 for each bar granted a license, with plans to use the money raised to pay for improvements to recreation areas.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 3.665 square miles (9.492 km2), including 3.640 square miles (9.428 km2) of land and 0.025 square miles (0.064 km2) of water (0.67%).
New Providence is bordered to the north by Chatham Township, across the Passaic River. Berkeley Heights lies to the southwest and south, and Summit to the east. Much of the Murray Hill community lies in New Providence, with the remainder in Berkeley Heights; Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names within the borough include Johnsons Bridge and West Summit.
The borough lies on the western slope of Second Watchung Mountain. There are several creek beds carved into the landscape, most of which are forks and branches of Salt Brook. These creeks join together near the center of town then flow into the Passaic River. Over nine percent of New Providence's land area is permanently protected, publicly owned parkland. Most of this land is wooded floodplain adjacent to the Passaic. Union County owns much of the riverfront parkland and New Providence owns the remainder. There are several borough-owned parks that bracket Salt Brook, including Veterans Memorial Park on South Street, Lions Park on Livingston Avenue, and Clearwater Park near the end of Central Avenue.
|Population sources: 1900-1920
1930-1990 2000 2010
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 12,171 people, 4,408 households, and 3,337 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,343.4 per square mile (1,290.9/km2). There were 4,537 housing units at an average density of 1,246.3 per square mile (481.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 85.98% (10,465) White, 1.27% (155) Black or African American, 0.10% (12) Native American, 9.78% (1,190) Asian, 0.04% (5) Pacific Islander, 1.22% (148) from other races, and 1.61% (196) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.43% (783) of the population.
There were 4,408 households, of which 39.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.2% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.3% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.20.
In the borough, 27.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 24.3% from 25 to 44, 29.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.0 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $113,542 (with a margin of error of +/- $12,769) and the median family income was $144,837 (+/- $13,137). Males had a median income of $103,237 (+/- $7,256) versus $60,029 (+/- $10,693) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $53,564 (+/- $3,739). About 3.2% of families and 4.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 0.9% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 11,907 people, 4,404 households, and 3,307 families residing in New Providence. The population density was 3,236.9 people per square mile (1,249.3/km2). There were 4,485 housing units at an average density of 1,219.2 per square mile (470.6/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 89.77% White, 0.88% African American, 0.03% Native American, 7.60% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.50% of the population.
There were 4,404 households out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.3% were married couples living together, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.9% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.13.
In New Providence the population was spread out with 26.3% under the age of 18, 4.0% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $90,964, and the median income for a family was $105,013. Males had a median income of $72,926 versus $46,948 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $42,995. About 1.3% of families and 1.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.0% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over.
New Providence is governed under the Borough form of New Jersey municipal government. The governing body consists of a Mayor and a Borough Council comprising six council members, with all positions elected at-large on a partisan basis as part of the November general election. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. The Borough Council consists of six members elected to serve three-year terms on a staggered basis, with two seats coming up for election each year in a three-year cycle. The Borough form of government used by New Providence, the most common system used in the state, is a "weak mayor / strong council" government in which council members act as the legislative body with the mayor presiding at meetings and voting only in the event of a tie. The mayor can veto ordinances subject to an override by a two-thirds majority vote of the council. The mayor makes committee and liaison assignments for council members, and most appointments are made by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council.
As of 2015[update], the mayor of New Providence is Republican Allan B. Morgan, whose term of office ends December 31, 2018. Members of the New Providence Borough Council are Council President Michael Gennaro (R, 2016), Armand Gallucio (R, 2017), Gary Kapner (R, 2015), James Madden (R, 2015), Robert Muñoz (R, 2016) and Robert T. Robinson (R, 2017).
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021) and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).
For the 2014-2015 Session, the 21st Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Thomas Kean, Jr. (R, Westfield) and in the General Assembly by Jon Bramnick (R, Westfield) and Nancy Munoz (R, Summit). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Union County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose nine members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis with three seats coming up for election each year, with an appointed County Manager overseeing the day-to-day operations of the county. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Chairman and Vice Chairman from among its members. As of 2014[update], Union County's Freeholders are Chairman Christopher Hudak (D, Linden, term ends December 31, 2014), Vice Chairman Mohamed S. Jalloh (D, Roselle, 2015), Bruce Bergen (D, Springfield Township, 2015), Linda Carter (D, Plainfield, 2016), Angel G. Estrada (D, Elizabeth, 2014), Sergio Granados (D, Elizabeth, 2016) Bette Jane Kowalski (D, Cranford, 2016), Alexander Mirabella (D, Fanwood, 2015) and Vernell Wright (D, Union, 2014). Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Joanne Rajoppi (D, Union, 2015), Sheriff Ralph Froehlich (D, Union, 2016) and Surrogate James S. LaCorte (D, Springfield Township, 2014). The County Manager is Alfred Faella.
As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 7,916 registered voters in New Providence, of which 1,818 (23.0% vs. 41.8% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 2,726 (34.4% vs. 15.3%) were registered as Republicans and 3,367 (42.5% vs. 42.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 5 voters registered to other parties. Among the borough's 2010 Census population, 65.0% (vs. 53.3% in Union County) were registered to vote, including 89.5% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.6% countywide).
In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 3,267 votes (53.7% vs. 32.3% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 2,726 votes (44.8% vs. 66.0%) and other candidates with 68 votes (1.1% vs. 0.8%), among the 6,080 ballots cast by the borough's 8,493 registered voters, for a turnout of 71.6% (vs. 68.8% in Union County). In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 3,367 votes (52.8% vs. 35.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 2,914 votes (45.7% vs. 63.1%) and other candidates with 64 votes (1.0% vs. 0.9%), among the 6,372 ballots cast by the borough's 8,086 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.8% (vs. 74.7% in Union County). In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 3,443 votes (55.5% vs. 40.3% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 2,674 votes (43.1% vs. 58.3%) and other candidates with 52 votes (0.8% vs. 0.7%), among the 6,202 ballots cast by the borough's 7,801 registered voters, for a turnout of 79.5% (vs. 72.3% in the whole county).
In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 71.3% of the vote (2,468 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 27.0% (935 votes), and other candidates with 1.7% (60 votes), among the 3,516 ballots cast by the borough's 8,298 registered voters (53 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 42.4%. In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 2,559 votes (58.8% vs. 41.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 1,361 votes (31.3% vs. 50.6%), Independent Chris Daggett with 393 votes (9.0% vs. 5.9%) and other candidates with 21 votes (0.5% vs. 0.8%), among the 4,351 ballots cast by the borough's 7,961 registered voters, yielding a 54.7% turnout (vs. 46.5% in the county).
The New Providence School District serves students in public school for pre-Kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2012-13 school year, the district's four schools had an enrollment of 2,265 students and 171.3 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.22:1. Schools in the district (with 2012-13 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are Allen W. Roberts Elementary School (grades PreK-6; 642 students), Salt Brook Elementary School (K-6; 655), New Providence Middle School (7&8; 356) and New Providence High School (9-12; 612). The middle school and high school share the same building and some of the same facilities (art rooms, auditorium, east wing, west wing, gyms, music rooms, TV production room, cafeteria). Recently a new gym was added to the building.
During the 2007-08 school year, New Providence Middle School was recognized with the National Blue Ribbon School Award of Excellence by the United States Department of Education, the highest award an American school can receive. The district's high school was the top-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 328 schools statewide in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2012 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", after being ranked 5th in 2010 out of 322 schools listed.
Serving students in PreK-3 through Grade 8, The Academy of Our Lady of Peace is accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools and operates under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.
- The Presbyterian Church is a large, white, historic church in the center of town.
- The Village Shopping Center is a shopping center that takes up the majority of downtown New Providence.
- Right outside of New Providence is Alcatel-Lucent, in Murray Hill. New Providence School District currently links together the computer networks of its buildings by using a wireless LAN which includes Yagi antennas at two towers by the large copper pyramid-shaped roof. The transistor and laser were invented in this Bell Laboratories when it was part of AT&T.
- Our Lady of Peace is a Roman Catholic church and school located on South Street. The parking lot at OLP becomes the home of the town's OLP fair, held for three days each spring, complete with rides, games, food, and an indoor auction/junk fest.
Roads and highways
As of May 2010[update], the borough had a total of 50.88 miles (81.88 km) of roadways, of which 44.58 miles (71.74 km) were maintained by the municipality and 6.30 miles (10.14 km) by Union County.
Service on the New Jersey Transit Gladstone Branch of the Morris & Essex Lines is available at the New Providence and Murray Hill stations, offering service to Hoboken Terminal and to Penn Station in Midtown Manhattan. Two Gladstone Branch trains each weekday morning offer one-seat rides to Manhattan, and two evening trains leave New York and stop at both of New Providence's stations on the way to Gladstone. All other rail service is to or from Hoboken. These trains connect at Summit or Newark Broad Street with Manhattan-bound trains.
Newark Liberty International Airport is approximately 16 miles (26 km) east of New Providence.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with New Providence include:
- Andrew Fastow (born 1961), convicted CFO of Enron, went to NPHS and grew up in New Providence on the same street as the Allen W. Roberts Elementary School.
- Jeff Grob, drummer of the 1970s rock band Looking Glass, was born and raised in New Providence and is a current resident.
- Andrew Lewis (born 1974), professional soccer player for the MetroStars and the Chicago Fire.
- Thomas McCarthy (born 1966), actor in Meet the Parents, Good Night, and Good Luck who was director of the indie film The Station Agent.
- Elias Riggs (1810-1901), Presbyterian missionary known for his work in the Ottoman Empire.
- Gideon A. Weed (1833-1905), physcian who served two terms as mayor of Seattle, Washington.
- Jim Wood, President of USA Swimming since 2006.
- 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- 2015 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of October 20, 2015. Accessed November 13, 2015.
- Borough Administrator, Borough of New Providence. Accessed July 25, 2012.
- Borough Clerk, Borough of New Providence. Accessed July 25, 2012.
- 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 94.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of New Providence, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
- Staff. "Census Results 2010: Union County", Asbury Park Press. Accessed July 25, 2012.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for New Providence borough, Union County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 25, 2012.
- Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 9. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for New Providence borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 25, 2012.
- PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - 2014 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 20, 2013.
- Look Up a ZIP Code for New Providence, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 25, 2012.
- Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 28, 2013.
- Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for New Providence, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed August 28, 2013.
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 25, 2012.
- US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
- Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 25, 2012.
- History of Union County, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed July 25, 2012.
- Meola, Patricia E. "Data reveal much about life in New Providence", Independent press, December 16, 2008. Accessed July 25, 2012. "Once named Turkey Town, the more modern New Providence contains an abundance of older homes, with 84% constructed prior to 1969 and the majority of the homes built in the mid-1950s."
- History, Borough of New Providence. Accessed July 25, 2012.
- Hutchinson, Viola L. The Origin of New Jersey Place Names, New Jersey Public Library Commission, May 1945. Accessed September 10, 2015.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 239 re New Providence, p. 241 re Springfield Township. Accessed July 25, 2012.
- New Providence community profile, EPodunk. Accessed October 10, 2007.
- Neavill, Mike. "Council ponders cocktail mixing booze, Open Space", The Independent Press, April 8, 2011. Accessed April 8, 2011. "Sobered by a thirst for improved recreational facilities coupled with limited funds, the governing body is taking the unprecedented move of shifting the borough from 'dry' to 'wet'. Although there are package stores in New Providence, there are no on-premises consumption licenses. Basically, the borough has been a 'bring your own' town. 'We’re looking for ways to generate income for turf fields,' Mayor J. Brook Hern said."
- Angelo, Megan. "Just Like the Good Old Days in the Ring", The New York Times, March 18, 2011. Accessed July 25, 2012. "“I just called Joe and said, ‘Let’s develop a movie based on New Providence wrestling,’ ” Mr. McCarthy said.... Because of tax credits, they shot on Long Island rather than in New Providence. But they scouted locations tirelessly, most notably the office and home that Mr. Giamatti’s character shuttles between.... Though the locations might have been fudged, the filmmakers kept New Providence High School in the film by using its banners, uniforms and wrestling mats, an effort facilitated by one of their former classmates, who’s now the school’s principal."
- Areas touching New Providence, MapIt. Accessed April 7, 2015.
- Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed April 7, 2015.
- Recreation - Parks and Facilities, Borough of New Providence. Accessed April 7, 2015.
- Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
- Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed May 21, 2013.
- Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 339. Accessed July 24, 2012.
- Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 719. Accessed July 24, 2012.
- Table 6. New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 28, 2015.
- Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for New Providence borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 25, 2012.
- DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for New Providence borough, Union County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 25, 2012.
- DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for New Providence borough, Union County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 25, 2012.
- Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government: Everything You've Always Wanted to Know, But Were Afraid to Ask", New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed November 30, 2014.
- "Forms of Municipal Government in New Jersey", p. 6. Rutgers University Center for Government Studies. Accessed June 3, 2015.
- Mayor & Council, Borough of New Providence. Accessed February 7, 2015.
- County Clerk Elections: Kenilworth – Roselle, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2013.
- Union Co 2012 General/School Election November 6, 2012, Union County, New Jersey Clerk. Accessed May 21, 2013.
- Haydon, Tom; and Lannan, Katie. 'Union County election results 2014", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, November 4, 2014. Accessed February 7, 2015.
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- 2015 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 61, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
- Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
- Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
- Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
- Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 2, 2014.
- District 21 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 2, 2014.
- "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- County Government, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Freeholder Christopher Hudak, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Freeholder Mohamed S. Jalloh, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Bruce Bergen, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Freeholder Vice Chairman Linda Carter, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Freeholder Angel G. Estrada, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Freeholder Sergio Granados, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Freeholder Bette Jane Kowalski, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Freeholder Alexander Mirabella, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Freeholder Vernell Wright, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Board of Chosen Freeholders, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Union County Clerk, Joanne Rajoppi, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Union County Sheriff Ralph Froehlich, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Surrogate, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Elected Officials – Clerk – Sheriff – Surrogate, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- County Manager, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
- Voter Registration Summary - Union, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed May 21, 2013.
- GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2013.
- Presidential November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Union County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed May 21, 2013.
- Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Union County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed May 21, 2013.
- 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Union County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed May 21, 2013.
- 2004 Presidential Election: Union County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed May 21, 2013.
- "Governor - Union County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Union County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- 2009 Governor: Union County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed May 21, 2013.
- District information for New Providence School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed March 18, 2015.
- School Data for the New Providence School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed March 18, 2015.
- Allen W. Roberts Elementary School, New Providence School District. Accessed July 24, 2013.
- Salt Brook Elementary School, New Providence School District. Accessed July 24, 2013.
- New Providence Middle School, New Providence School District. Accessed July 24, 2013.
- New Providence High School, New Providence School District. Accessed July 24, 2013.
- New Jersey School Directory for the New Providence School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed May 21, 2013.
- No Child Left Behind - Blue Ribbon Schools Program: 2007 Schools, United States Department of Education. Accessed October 15, 2007.
- "CIBA cited as one of the best by Education Department", Journal Inquirer, November 16, 2006. "The Blue Ribbon award is given only to schools that reach the top 10 percent of their state's testing scores over several years or show significant gains in student achievement. It is considered the highest honor a school can achieve."
- Viers Mill School Wins Blue Ribbon; School Scored High on Statewide Test; The Washington Post, September 29, 2005 "For their accomplishments, all three schools this month earned the status of Blue Ribbon School, the highest honor the U.S. Education Department can bestow upon a school."
- Staff. "The Top New Jersey High Schools: Alphabetical", New Jersey Monthly, August 16, 2012. Accessed March 18, 2015.
- Union County Elementary Scgools, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. Accessed July 25, 2012.
- Union County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
- Union County Bus / Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of June 26, 2010. Accessed July 25, 2012.
- Murphy, Bill. "Andrew Fastow: A study in contrasts - Described as a charmer, Fastow's ferocious tirades revealed his dark side", Houston Chronicle, October 2, 2002, accessed April 22, 2007. "Born the second of three sons in Washington, D.C., Fastow was raised in northern Virginia, Long Island and finally New Providence, N.J., an upper middle-class suburb about 25 miles southwest of New York City."
- Meola, Patricia E. "Free concert series in New Providence kicks off July 9", Independent Press, July 6, 2009. Accessed February 3, 2011. "Mr. Grob, who designed Centennial Park, is a lifelong New Providence resident and was the drummer in the 1970s rock group Looking Glass, who recorded 'Brandy, You're a Fine Girl.' It sold more than a million copies, and was the nation's number one record in August 1972."
- Staff. "Battery signs Fire's Lewis", The Post and Courier, March 16, 2002. Accessed February 3, 2011. "The Charleston Battery has signed former Major League Soccer defender Andrew Lewis for the upcoming A-League season... The New providence, N.J., native was drafted in the ninth round of the 1997 MLS expansion draft, by Chicago."
- Van Dyk, Meaghan. "New Providence native looking to 'discover' lead for next movie", Home News Tribune, January 16, 2010. Accessed February 3, 2011.
- Doğan, Mehmet Ali. "Elias Riggs and the Missionary Activities of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM) in Greece (1832-1838)", International Review of Turkology, Volume IV - N. 8, Summer 2011. Accessed September 10, 2015. "The second son of a Presbyterian clergyman, Elias Riggs was born at New Providence, New Jersey, on November 19, 1810, the year in which the ABCFM was established."
- Stedman, Thomas L., ed. "News of the Week: Obituary Notes", p. 783, Medical Record (journal), May 20, 1905. William Wood & Company, 1905. Accessed September 10, 2015. "Dr. GIDEON A. WEED, a pioneer physician of the Pacific Coast, and a man who, as twice Mayor of Seattle, and a prominent citizen of Washington State, did much toward the upbuilding of the Northwest, died at his home in Berkeley, Cal., on April 21. He was born in New Providence, N. J., in 1833 and was graduated from the Rush Medical College Chicago, in 1856."
- Brown, Geoff. "James M. Wood, A&S '72: On Deck for Olympians and Kids", Johns Hopkins University Magazine, September 2008. Accessed February 3, 2011. "A native of New Providence, New Jersey, Wood returned to the Garden State in 1977. 'The house I now live in is the house I grew up in,' he says."