New Renaissance Party
|Councilors Leader||Hiroyuki Arai|
|Representatives Leader||No representation|
|Founded||23 April 2010|
|Headquarters||2-16-5, Hirakawacho, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan|
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In April 2010, Yōichi Masuzoe, a former Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare and member of the Liberal Democratic Party, defected from the LDP to join the Reform Club as president. He renamed the party the "New Renaissance Party." Along with Your Party led by Yoshimi Watanabe, the NRP was viewed as a possible center-right counterweight to the LDP. However, four of its initial six Upper House members were voted out in the July 2010 election, leaving the party with only Masuzoe and Arai representing it in the Upper House. The NRP was ultimately overshadowed by Your Party as a reformist element.
On August 3, 2012 the party in concert with six other minor opposition parties (People's Life First, Kizuna Party, Social Democratic Party, Your Party, New Party Nippon (which has no lower-house lawmaker) and the Japanese Communist Party) agreed to submit a no confidence motion against Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda in an effort to block the passage of the bill raising Japan's consumption tax from 5% to 10%. In the Japanese diet the support of 51 lawmakers is required to submit a co-confidence motion to the lower house. The motion was submitted to the lower house on August 7, along with a censure motion against Noda. The main opposition Liberal Democratic Party was also considering its own no-confidence motion and censure motions if Noda did not agree to call a general election. The no-confidence motion was voted down 246 to 86, with the DPJ voting against and the LDP and its partner New Komeito deciding to be absent from the vote after Noda agreed to hold elections "soon".
On August 29, 2012 the House of Councillors passed a censure motion against Noda based on the one previously submitted by the seven opposition parties. The LDP and New Komeito had also been preparing their own censure motion but in the end the LDP, which had supported Noda's consumption tax increase, supported the censure motion of the other seven parties, while New Komeito abstained. While the censure motion was non-binding, the opposition parties planned to boycott the remaining sitting days before the diet session finished on September 8, preventing further legislation from being passed.
Following the resounding victory of Abe and the LDP in the 2012 general election, in which the NRP failed to win a single seat, Masuzoe announced in June 2013 that he would not stand for re-election in the July 2013 House of Councillors election, stating that "I have done the best I could for nearly three years, but I was unable to boost [the party's] strength." After the election, Hiroyuki Arai was elected president of the NRP on July 22.
Two independents, Kazuyuki Hamada and Tatsuo Hirano, joined the NRP's caucus in the House of Councillors on July 24, and the NRP upper house caucus was renamed "New Renaissance Party and Group of Independents" (新党改革・無所属の会, NRP-GI).
- New Renaissance Party: members
- Harris, Tobias (22 April 2010). "Japan's LDP Loses Its Way". Newsweek. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- "Former welfare minister Yoichi Masuzoe out of political spotlight". The Asahi Shimbun. 30 January 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- The Daily Yomiuri Parties band together against Noda August 4 2012 Retrieved on August 13, 2012
- The Daily Yomiuri 6 parties hit Noda with no-confidence motion August 8 2012 Retrieved on August 13, 2012
- The Daily Yomiuri Reform bills set to pass Diet today / No-confidence motion easily voted down August 10 2012 Retrieved on August 13, 2012
- The Daily Yomiuri Upper house OK's censure against Noda August 30, 2012 Retrieved on September 1, 2012
- The Japan Times Censure motion against Noda OK'd August 30, 2012 Retrieved on September 1, 2012
- "New Renaissance Party head Masuzoe won't seek re-election". Kyodo News. 8 June 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- "新党改革、荒井広幸氏が代表に". MSN Sankei News. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- "平野氏が改革会派入り". Jiji Press. 24 July 2013. Retrieved 13 January 2014.