New Republican Force

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New Republican Force
Nueva Fuerza Republicana
Leader Manfred Reyes Villa
Founded 1995
Headquarters La Paz, Bolivia
Ideology Populism[1][2]
Conservatism[3]
Political position Centre-right[4][5]
National affiliation Plan Progress for Bolivia – National Convergence

The New Republican Force (Spanish: Nueva Fuerza Republicana, NFR) is a center-right political party in Bolivia. It is mainly based in the department of Cochabamba.[1][2]

History[edit]

The NFR was founded in 1995.[2] After the Assembly for the Sovereignty of the Peoples' (ASP) success in the 1999 municipal elections in Cochabamba, the NFR offered ASP leader Alejo Véliz and other peasant activists top candidate positions and won them over.[1]

At the legislative elections in 2002, the party won 26.5% of the popular vote and 27 out of 130 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and two out of 27 seats in the Senate. Its candidate at the presidential elections, Manfred Reyes Villa, won 20.9% of the popular vote. After the election, the party joined the multiparty coalition of president Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada of the Revolutionary Nationalist Movement (MNR). In October 2003, the NFR decided to leave the coalition and Reyes Villa and the other three NFR ministers resigned. This deprived the president of his congressional majority and forced him to resign.[4][5]

At the legislative elections in 2005, the party won 0.7% of the popular vote and no seats. Its candidate at the presidential elections, Gildo Angulo Cabrera, won 0.7% of the popular vote. In September 2009, the NFR participated in the formation of a broad oppositional coalition called Plan Progress for Bolivia – National Convergence (PPB-CN). The coalition's candidate in the 2009 presidential election was NFR's leader Reyes Villa.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Van Cott, Donna Lee (2006), "Turning Crisis into Opportunity: Achievements of Excluded Groups in the Andes", State and Society in Conflict: Comparative Perspectives on Andean Crises, University of Pittsburgh Press, p. 176, ISBN 9780822972990 
  2. ^ a b c Mayorga, René Antonio (2006), "Outsiders and Neopopulism: The Road to Plepiscitary Democracy", The Crisis of Democratic Representation in the Andes, Stanford University Press, p. 164, ISBN 9780804767910 
  3. ^ "Beyond Caudillos: The Need to Create a Strong Multiparty System", ReVista — Harvard Review of Latin America, Fall 2011  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  4. ^ a b O'Toole, Gavin (2007), Politics Latin America, Pearson Education, p. 167, ISBN 9781405821292 
  5. ^ a b "Bolivian president resigns amid chaos", The Guardian, 18 October 2003 
  6. ^ "Nuevo frente amplio se denomina Convergencia Nacional PPB-CN," fmBolivia, 5 September 2009.