New Salem, Pennsylvania

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New Salem, Pennsylvania
Borough
PA Route 616 passes through New Salem
PA Route 616 passes through New Salem
Location in York County and the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
Location in York County and the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
New Salem is located in Pennsylvania
New Salem
New Salem
Location of New Salem in Pennsylvania
New Salem is located in the United States
New Salem
New Salem
New Salem (the United States)
Coordinates: 39°54′09″N 76°47′35″W / 39.90250°N 76.79306°W / 39.90250; -76.79306Coordinates: 39°54′09″N 76°47′35″W / 39.90250°N 76.79306°W / 39.90250; -76.79306
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyYork
Incorporated1876
Government
 • TypeBorough Council
Area
 • Total0.47 sq mi (1.22 km2)
 • Land0.47 sq mi (1.22 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
636 ft (194 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total724
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
791
 • Density1,672.30/sq mi (646.32/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Zip code
17371
Area code(s)717
FIPS code42-54056

New Salem, is a borough located in York County, Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the borough had a total population of 724.

Geography[edit]

New Salem is located at 39°54'9" North, 76°47'35" West (39.902526, -76.793162).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), of which, 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) of it is land and none of the area is covered with water. New Salem lies near North Codorus Township. It is a sleepy town with two streets, two pizza shops, a gas station, bar, and post office.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880224
18902313.1%
19002414.3%
19102482.9%
192027611.3%
193032919.2%
19403454.9%
1950333−3.5%
19603505.1%
19703849.7%
1980832116.7%
1990669−19.6%
2000648−3.1%
201072411.7%
2019 (est.)791[2]9.3%
Sources:[4][5][6]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 648 people, 258 households, and 198 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,427.6 people per square mile (556.0/km2). There were 266 housing units at an average density of 586.0 per square mile (228.2/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.69% White, 0.31% African American, 0.00% Native American, 1.85% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.00% from two or more races. 0.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 258 households, out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.3% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.9% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.79.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 22.8% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $51,944, and the median income for a family was $53,295. Males had a median income of $39,028 versus $22,321 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $18,802. 3.9% of the population and 3.7% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 3.3% of those under the age of 18 and 6.5% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

History[edit]

New Salem, or York New Salem, added the prefix York because of a dispute between another borough with the same name in Pennsylvania. No two boroughs can have the same name for postal reasons, according to the federal government. New Salem was founded by settlers from Salem, Massachusetts and from settlers from nearby York.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  5. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.