Koidutown-Sefadu

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"Koidu" redirects here. For other uses, see Koidu (disambiguation).
Koidu town
Main street in Koidutown
Main street in Koidutown
Koidu town is located in Sierra Leone
Koidu town
Koidu town
Coordinates: 8°38′38″N 10°58′18″W / 8.6439°N 10.9717°W / 8.6439; -10.9717Coordinates: 8°38′38″N 10°58′18″W / 8.6439°N 10.9717°W / 8.6439; -10.9717
Country  Sierra Leone
Province Eastern Province
District Kono District
Government
 • Type City Council
 • Mayor Aiah Komba (APC)[1]
 • Governing Body Koidu–New Sembehun City Council
Population (2006 estimate)
 • Total 111,800 [2]
Time zone GMT
Koidutown-Sefadu

Koidu Town (also known commonly as Koidu or, or Sefadu) is the capital, largest city, and economic center of the diamond-rich Kono District in the Eastern Province of Sierra Leone. Koidu Town is the fifth largest city in Sierra Leone by population (after Freetown, Bo, Kenema and Makeni) and the second largest city in the Eastern Province, after Kenema. The city is a major business, commercial and diamond trade center, and lies approximately 270 miles east of Freetown.

Two of the world’s ten largest and most famous rough diamonds were found in the Woyie River that flows through Koidu.[1]

The city is officially known as Koidu–New Sembehun. The municipality of Koidu–New Sembehun had a population of 82,899 in the 2004 census[2] (a 2006 estimate being 111,800[3]).Koidu Town is one of the most ethnically and religiously diverse cities in Sierra Leone. The city is inhabited by significant numbers of many of Sierra Leone's ethnic groups, with no single ethnic group forming a majority. Most of the foreign diamond workers in Kono District reside in the city. The Krio language is by far the most widely spoken language in Koidu Town and is the primary language of communication in the city.

The city of Koidu Town is locally governed by a directly elected city council, headed by a mayor. Like the rest of Kono District, Koidu Town is politically considered a swing district (swing state in the United States) as it could go either in support of the Sierra Leone People's Party or the All People's Congress, Sierra Leone's two major political parties, in presidential, parliamentary, and local councils elections.

History[edit]

In 1995 the government of Sierra Leone signed an agreement with the South African company Branch Energy Limited, a subsidiary of Executive Outcomes (EO), a business that supplied mercenaries to governments across Africa. The agreement, negotiated under the Mines and Minerals Act of 1994, was scheduled to last 25 years. Under it Sierra Leone’s military government gave the concession to operate the Koidu diamond mine to the firm in payment for helping to suppress the Revolutionary United Front rebels in the area during the country’s civil war.[4] They had been using the diamonds to buy weapons and ammunition from Guinea, Liberia, and the Sierra Leone army.[5] The government of Sierra Leone retained a 60% ownership stake in the Koidu mine.[6]

The Sierra Leone Civil War ended in 2002. Records leaked from the Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca show that the family foundation of Beny Steinmetz family paid $1.2 million for half of the mining license issued by the national government for the Koidu mine. In 2003 the government transferred rights, duties, and responsibilities from Branch Energy to Koidu Holdings, a company owned by Octea of the BSGR Resources group, for a $28 million.[7] .

2007 and 2012 protests[edit]

The 2007 Koidutown-Sefadu protest was an action by 400 protesters in Koidu-Sefadu which was aimed at the local diamond mine which the resident claimed had lowered local living conditions and environmental conditions in the area. The result of the protest was a clampdown by Sierra Leonean police, who shot two protesters.[8][9] Two more protesters were shot in 2012, one of them a 12-year-old boy.[9]

Government[edit]

Koidu town is one of Sierra Leone's six municipalities and is governed by a directly elected city council, headed by a mayor, in whom executive authority is vested. The mayor is responsible for the general management of the city. The mayor is elected directly by the residents of Koidutown every four years in a municipal elections. The current mayor of Koidu Town is Saa Emerson Lamina of the ruling All Peoples Congress party APC. He was suspended by the national government in 2016, following the release of the Panama Papers and publication of an article quoting him complaining about the the diamond mine's operation and failure to pay taxes.[9] The City Council then elected Aiah Bartholomew Baima Komba Acting Mayor of Koidu.[10]

Under Lamina the city had also filed suit in 2015 against Koidu’s parent company Octea Limited, claiming that the company owed $684,000 in unpaid property taxes. In April 2016 Justice Bintu Alhadi of the High Court of Sierra Leone ruled that Octea and Koidu Limited were separate entities and that Octea technically did not own the mine, so had no duty to pay its property tax.[9]

Lamina says the suspension was intended to silence him and that he continues to act as mayor because he believes the national government has no authority to remove him from office[9] A 32-page Ministry of Finance and Economic Development audit blamed the finance and procurement officers of the Council for the relatively minor issues, according to Politico.[11]

Ethnicity[edit]

Koidu town is one of the most ethnically diverse cities in Sierra Leone. Even though the city is home of the Kono people, members of all the country's other ethnic groups and most of the foreign diamond workers in the Kono District reside in the city.

Health[edit]

American aid workers helped rebuild the Koidu Government hospital, which has improved the previously alarming health situation in the town. Various other aid organizations, including the UN Refugee Agency, UNHCR and its partners, have helped drill wells, re-build clinics and schools and regenerate livelihoods in the area, as part of a programme to support the reintegration of Sierra Leoneans who returned after living for several years as refugees in neighbouring countries.

Cultural[edit]

Media[edit]

The local radio station in Koidu Town is the Eastern Radio 101.9. The Sierra Leone Broadcasting Corporation (SLBC) TV, and radio are on the air in the city. The BBC World Service, CNN International, and several other international stations are also on the air in the city on satellite.

Sport[edit]

Sierra Leone National Premier League club, the Diamond Stars is based in Koidu. The club represents the Kono District.

Like the rest of Sierra Leone, football (soccer) is by far the most popular sport in Koidu Town. The Sierra Leonean professional football club known as the Diamond Stars of Kono, which is based in Koidu Town, represents the city and the entire Kono District in the Sierra Leone National Premier League. The Diamond Stars Football Club is overwhelmingly popular in Kono District and is one of the biggest football clubs in Sierra Leone. The Diamond Stars are the champions of the 2012 Sierra Leone National Premier League season, and the first club outside Freetown to ever won the Premier League.[12]

Education[edit]

Notable Secondary Schools in Koidutown[edit]

Notable people from Koidu town[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Koidu Holdings. "Diamonds of Sierra Leone". 
  2. ^ Republic of Sierra Leone: 2004 Population and Housing Census: Analytical Report on Population Distribution, Migration and Urbanisation in Sierra Leone.
    Ibrahim Mohamed Sesay, Andrew A. Karam, Jinnah J. Ngobeh. Published November 2006.
  3. ^ Largest Cities in Sierra Leone
  4. ^ Khadija Sharife; Silas Gbandia (April 4, 2016). "Panama Papers: Flaws in Sierra Leone's diamond trade". Times Live. Times Media Group. 
  5. ^ Abdullah, Ibrahim (2004). Between Democracy and Terror: The Sierra Leone Civil War. Dakar: Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa. 
  6. ^ Thomas K. Adams (1999). "The New Mercenaries and the Privatization of Conflict". Parameters Summer 1999. pp. 103–16. 
  7. ^ "Beny Steinmetz to invest in Sierra Leone diamond mine". JCK Magazine. April 8, 2004. 
  8. ^ News | Africa - Reuters.com
  9. ^ a b c d e Silas Gbandia; Cooper Inveen; Will Fitzgibbon; Khadija Sharife; Michael Hudson. "Community fights back against dubious diamond mine". #PanamaPapers: How The Elite Hide Their Wealth. ANCIR. Retrieved August 22, 2016. 
  10. ^ Abdul Malik Bangura (March 3, 2016). "New Acting Mayor for Koidu City Council". Freetown: Awareness Times. 
  11. ^ Septimus Senessie. "Koidu Ag. Mayor clashes with CSOs". Kono: Politico SL News. 
  12. ^ Sierra Leone: Diamond Stars Win Salone Premier League Title
  13. ^ https://www.facebook.com/bernskomba.lebbie