New Semington Aqueduct
|New Semington Aqueduct|
|OS grid reference|
|Maintained by||British Waterways|
|Total length||99 feet 5 inches (30.30 m)|
New Semington Aqueduct (grid reference ) carries the Kennet and Avon Canal over the carriageway of the A350 road Trowbridge Bypass, at Semington in west Wiltshire, England. Although the construction of new canals is no longer common practice in England, new aqueducts such as this are sometimes built in relation to new roads or road widening schemes. 
The new aqueduct was built under the provisions of The Wiltshire County Council (Semington Aqueduct) Scheme 2000, later confirmed on 17 July 2002, as Statutory Instrument No. 1868. It was part of a road-building scheme to provide a bypass for the villages of Semington, to the west of the new structure, and Berryfield to the north of the canal, ending on the southern edge of Melksham. In order to provide the necessary headroom of 18 feet (5.5 m), the road was built in a cutting at this point.
The new structure is on the line of the original canal. In order to allow it to be built without closing the canal for the duration of the project, the canal was temporarily diverted to the south of its existing route, from the head of Semington Top Lock to a point 240 yards (220 m) to the east. Since the towpath is on the north bank of the canal at this point, temporary foot bridges were built over the canal, so that the towpath could follow the diversion, and avoid the work site. The road was planned as a dual carriageway, with the 99.4-foot (30.3 m) structure resting on piers at both ends protected by wing walls and a pier built on the central reservation protected by safety barriers, but only one carriageway was built and there is no central pier. The area where the second carriageway would have been is grassed.
The aqueduct has two channels, separated by a 31.5-inch (800 mm) central spine. Each of the channels is 17.8 feet (5.4 m) wide by 6.6 feet (2.0 m) deep, providing a navigable width of 16.4 feet (5.0 m), since rubberised fenders are fitted to both sides to protect the concrete structure from abrasion by boats. There is another 31.5-inch (800 mm) wall at the edge of the channel, and the 11.5-foot (3.5 m) towpath on the north side is separated from it by a 5-foot (1.5 m) environment corridor. A similar arrangement has been provided on the south side, for maintenance purposes. The concrete structure incorporates 529 tonnes of steel reinforcement, and the cost of the bypass scheme was £12 million. The aqueduct was opened on 3 March 2004 by Fleur de Rhé-Philipe, representing Wiltshire County Council. The structure was designed by Ove Arup and Partners, and built by the civil engineering contractor Alfred McAlpine.
- Pratt, Derek (2005), "The Architecture of Canals", books.google.co.uk, p. 20, ISBN 978-0-7478-0632-5, retrieved 25 March 2011
- "Statutory Instrument 2002 No. 1868" (PDF). The Wiltshire County Council (Semington Aqueduct) Scheme 2000. Retrieved 2007-09-23.
- Google street view
- "Plaque commemorating the opening of Semington Aqueduct". geograph.