New Smyrna Beach, Florida

Coordinates: 29°1′50″N 80°55′31″W / 29.03056°N 80.92528°W / 29.03056; -80.92528
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New Smyrna Beach, Florida
City of New Smyrna Beach
New Smyrna Beach from observation deck on top of Ponce de León Inlet Light
New Smyrna Beach from observation deck on top of Ponce de León Inlet Light
"Florida's Secret Pearl"
Cygnus Inter Anates (Swan among Ducks)[1]
Location in Volusia County and the state of Florida
Location in Volusia County and the state of Florida
New Smyrna Beach is located in the United States
New Smyrna Beach
New Smyrna Beach
Location in the USA
New Smyrna Beach is located in Florida
New Smyrna Beach
New Smyrna Beach
Location in Florida
Coordinates: 29°1′50″N 80°55′31″W / 29.03056°N 80.92528°W / 29.03056; -80.92528
Country United States
State Florida
Incorporated (town)1887
Incorporated (city)1947
 • TypeCommission–manager
 • MayorFred Cleveland
 • City managerKhalid Resheidat
 • City41.29 sq mi (106.93 km2)
 • Land37.79 sq mi (97.88 km2)
 • Water3.49 sq mi (9.05 km2)
Elevation7 ft (2 m)
 • City30,142
 • Density797.58/sq mi (307.95/km2)
 • Urban
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code(s)
32168, 32169, 32170
Area code386
FIPS code12-48625[4]
GNIS feature ID0287692[3]

New Smyrna Beach is a city in Volusia County, Florida, United States, located on the central east coast of the state, with the Atlantic Ocean to the east. Its population is 30,142 in 2020 by the United States Census Bureau.[5] The downtown section of the city is located on the west side of the Indian River and the Indian River Lagoon system. The Coronado Beach Bridge crosses the Intracoastal Waterway just south of Ponce de Leon Inlet, connecting the mainland with the beach on the coastal barrier island.

The surrounding area offers many opportunities for outdoor recreation; these include fishing, sailing, motorboating, golfing, and hiking. Visitors participate in water sports of all kinds, including swimming, scuba diving, kitesurfing, and surfing. In July 2009, New Smyrna Beach was ranked number nine on the list of "best surf towns" in Surfer.[6] It was recognized as "one of the world's top 20 surf towns" by National Geographic[7] in 2012. It has also been dubbed "The Shark Bite Capital of the World."[8]


Dr. Andrew Turnbull

The area was first settled by Europeans in 1768, when Scottish physician Dr. Andrew Turnbull, a friend of James Grant, the governor of British East Florida, established the colony of New Smyrna. Dr. Turnbull had married Gracia Dura Bin (some sources give her name as Maria Gracia Rubini),[9] the daughter of a Greek London merchant from the Ottoman city of Smyrna (modern-day İzmir in Turkey) and named the settlement in honor of his wife's birthplace,[10] and the homeland of some of those in his future labor force who were Greek from the Mani peninsula.[11][12] No one had previously attempted to settle so many people at one time in a town in North America.[13]

Turnbull recruited about 1,300 settlers, intending for them to grow hemp, sugarcane, and indigo, as well as to produce rum, at his plantation on the northeastern Atlantic coast of Florida. The majority of the colonists came from Menorca (historically called "Minorca" in English), one of the Mediterranean Balearic Islands of Spain,[14] and were of Catalan culture and language.[15] Around 500 or so came from the Mani peninsula of Greece.

Although the colony produced relatively large amounts of processed indigo in its first few years of operation,[16] it eventually collapsed after suffering major losses due to insect-borne diseases and Indian raids, and growing tensions caused by mistreatment of the colonists on the part of Turnbull and his overseers.[17] The survivors, about 600 in number, marched nearly 70 miles north on the King's Road and relocated to St. Augustine,[18] where their descendants live to this day.[19] In 1783, East and West Florida were returned to the Spanish, and Turnbull abandoned his colony to retire in Charleston, South Carolina.[20][21][22]

The St. Photios Greek Orthodox National Shrine on St. George Street in St. Augustine honors the Greeks among the settlers of New Smyrna; they were the first Greek Orthodox followers in North America. The historical exhibit adjoining the chapel tells the story of their plight, with accompanying exhibits, and of their contributions to the city.[23][24]

Central Florida remained sparsely populated by white settlers well into the 19th century, and it was frequently raided by Seminole Indians trying to protect their territory. United States troops fought against them in the Seminole Wars, but they were never completely dislodged.

During the Civil War, on March 23, 1862, portions of the 3rd Florida Infantry Regiment defeated a small U.S. naval force that was attempting to land near New Smyrna.[25] Later on, in 1863, the "Stone Wharf" was shelled by Union gunboats.[26]

In 1887, when New Smyrna was incorporated, it had a population of 150. In 1892, Henry Flagler provided service to the town via his Florida East Coast Railway. This led to a rapid increase in the area's population. Its economy grew as tourism was added to its citrus and commercial fishing industries.

During Prohibition in the 1920s, the city and its river islands were popular sites for moonshine stills and hideouts for rum runners, who came from the Bahamas through Mosquito Inlet, now Ponce de León Inlet. "New Smyrna" became "New Smyrna Beach" in 1947, when the city annexed the seaside community of Coronado Beach. Today, it is a resort town of over 20,000 permanent residents.

Like St. Augustine, established by the Spanish, New Smyrna has been under the rule of four "flags": the British, Spanish, United States (from 1821, with ratification of the Adams–Onís Treaty), and the Confederate Jack. After the end of the Civil War in 1865, it returned with Florida to the United States.


New Smyrna Beach's motto is cygnus inter anates, which is Latin for "a swan among ducks."[27] The city is located in the so-called "Fun Coast" region of the state of Florida, a regional term created by the Daytona Beach/Halifax area Chamber of Commerce. This coincides with the local area code, 386, which spells FUN on touchtone phones. According to the United States Census Bureau, it has a total area of 37.8 square miles (98.0 km2); 34.6 square miles (89.7 km2) of it are land, and 0.31 square miles (0.8 km2) of it (8.46%) is covered by water.[28] It is bordered by the city of Port Orange to the northwest, unincorporated Volusia County to the north, the census-designated place of Samsula-Spruce Creek to the west, and the cities of Edgewater and Bethune Beach and the Canaveral National Seashore to the south. Bounded on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, New Smyrna Beach is on the Indian River. The city is connected to other parts of the state by Interstate 95, U.S. Route 1, and State Road 44.


New Smyrna Beach

Like the rest of Florida north of Lake Okeechobee, New Smyrna Beach has a humid subtropical (Köppen Cfa) climate characterized by hot, humid summers and warm, mostly dry winters. The rainy season lasts from May until October, and the dry season, from November to April. New Smyrna averages only about two freezes per year, and many species of subtropical plants and palms are grown in the area. The city has recorded snowfall only three times in its 250-year history. The summers are long and hot, with frequent severe thunderstorms in the afternoon, as central Florida is the lightning capital of North America.[29] Winters are pleasant with frequent sunny skies and dry weather.[30]

Weather hazards include hurricanes from June until November, though direct hits are rare.[citation needed] Hurricane Charley exited over New Smyrna Beach on August 13, 2004, after crossing the state in a northeastern direction from its initial landfall in Punta Gorda. The storm caused extensive damage to the beachside portion of the city and toppled many historic oak trees in the downtown area and along historic Flagler Avenue.[citation needed]

Climate data for New Smyrna Beach, Florida (Marine Discovery Center), 1991–2020 normals, extremes 2001–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 85
Mean maximum °F (°C) 81.8
Average high °F (°C) 68.1
Daily mean °F (°C) 60.0
Average low °F (°C) 51.9
Mean minimum °F (°C) 34.3
Record low °F (°C) 27
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.76
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 7.0 6.8 6.7 5.5 6.4 11.5 11.9 11.3 10.5 9.0 7.5 7.6 101.5
Source: NOAA (mean maxima/minima 2006–2020)[31][32]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[33]
Oceanside view of New Smyrna Beach

As of the census[34] of 2010, 22,464 people, 11,074 households, and 6,322 families resided in the city. The population density was 724.1 inhabitants per square mile (279.6/km2). The 16,647 housing units averaged 491.9 per square mile (189.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.8% White, 5.9% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 2.8% of the population.

Of the 11,074 households, 14.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.9% were not families. About 35.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.01 and the average family size was 2.54.

In the city, the population was distributed as 13.9% under the age of 18, 3.6% from 20 to 24, 17.9% from 25 to 44, 31.3% from 45 to 64, and 31.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 54.3 years. Females were 52.1% of the population, and males were 47.9%.

The median income for a household in the city was $49,625, and for a family was $62,267. Males had a median income of $38,132 versus $32,087 for females. The per capita income for the city was $31,013. About 10.9% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.9% of those under age 18 and 8.3% of those aged 65 or over.

The population continues to increase with new condominium development.[35]


All public education is run by Volusia County Schools.

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Chisholm Elementary
  • Coronado Beach Elementary
  • Read-Pattillo Elementary
  • Sacred Heart School (private)
  • Indian river Elementary
  • Burns science and technology (Charter)

Middle schools[edit]

  • New Smyrna Beach Middle School
  • Sacred Heart School (private Catholic)
  • Burns science and technology (Charter)

High schools[edit]

Higher education[edit]

  • Daytona State College (New Smyrna Beach Campus)


Atlantic Center for the Arts: Pabst Visitor Center and Gallery

Named one of "America's Top Small Cities for the Arts",[36] New Smyrna Beach is home to the Atlantic Center for the Arts, an artists-in-residence community and educational facility, the Harris House, the Little Theatre, and a gallery of fine arts, Arts on Douglas. Arts shows featuring visual and performing arts occur throughout the year.

The New Smyrna Speedway is a half-mile paved racetrack opened in 1967 that currently hosts the ARCA Menards Series East, NASCAR Whelen Modified Tour, Southern Super Series and World Series of Asphalt Stock Car Racing.

Shark attacks[edit]

According to the International Shark Attack File maintained by the University of Florida, in 2007, Volusia County had more confirmed shark bites than any other region in the world.[37] Experts from the university have referred to the county as having the "dubious distinction as the world's shark-bite capital".[38] The trend continued in 2008, when the town broke its own record, with 24 shark bites.[39] An Orlando Sentinel photographer shot a picture of a four-foot spinner shark jumping over a surfer, a reversal of "jumping the shark".[40][41] Sharks bit three different surfers on September 18, 2016, in the span of a few hours at the same beach.[42] Very few of the shark bites are fatal.[43]


Elected city government officials include:

  • Fred Cleveland – Mayor
  • Valli Perrine – Zone 1 commissioner
  • Lisa Martin – Zone 2 commissioner
  • Jason McGuirk – Zone 3 commissioner
  • Randy Hartman – Vice Mayor and Zone 4 commissioner

Notable people[edit]




  1. ^ "cygnus inter anates in English - Latin-English Dictionary | Glosbe". Retrieved December 19, 2022.
  2. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 31, 2021.
  3. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ "Quickfacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 25, 2012. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  6. ^ Surfer (April 5, 2009). "Best Surf Towns: No. 9 New Smyrna, Florida". Surfer Magazine. GrindMedia. Archived from the original on March 28, 2013. Retrieved November 14, 2013. Smyrna Inlet is easily the most consistent break along Florida's 1,200+ miles of surfable coastline, and likely the most performance-friendly.
  7. ^ National Geographic Magazine. "World's 20 Best Surf Towns". National Geographic Adventure Trips. National Geographic Society. Archived from the original on November 3, 2013. Retrieved November 14, 2013.
  8. ^ Murphy, Paul P. (January 22, 2020). "Florida is the shark attack capital of the world, again". CNN. Retrieved June 4, 2020.
  9. ^ Moskos, Charles C. (2018). Greek Americans: Struggle and Success. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-351-51672-3.
  10. ^ Panagopoulos, E. P. (1956). "The Background of the Greek Settlers in the New Smyrna Colony". The Florida Historical Quarterly. 35 (2): 97. ISSN 0015-4113. Retrieved August 13, 2021.
  11. ^ Charles C. Moskos (January 1, 1989). Greek Americans: Struggle and Success. Transaction Publishers. p. 3. ISBN 978-1-4128-2483-5.
  12. ^ George Kaloudis (February 20, 2018). Modern Greece and the Diaspora Greeks in the United States. Lexington Books. p. 26. ISBN 978-1-4985-6228-7.
  13. ^ Kenneth Henry Beeson (2006). Fromajadas and Indigo: The Minorcan Colony in Florida. The History Press. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-59629-113-3.
  14. ^ Jane G. Landers (2000). Colonial Plantations and Economy in Florida. University Press of Florida. pp. 41–42. ISBN 978-0-8130-1772-3.
  15. ^ Kenneth Henry Beeson (2006). Fromajadas and Indigo: The Minorcan Colony in Florida. The History Press. p. 17. ISBN 978-1-59629-113-3.
  16. ^ James W. Raab (November 5, 2007). Spain, Britain and the American Revolution in Florida, 1763–1783. McFarland. pp. 53–54. ISBN 978-0-7864-3213-4.
  17. ^ Bernard Romans (1776). A concise natural history of East and West-Florida. Pelican Publishing. pp. 268–270.
  18. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1939). Florida: A Guide to the Southern-Most State. US History Publishers. p. 543. ISBN 978-1-60354-009-4.
  19. ^ Patricia C. Griffin (1991). Mullet on the Beach: The Minorcans of Florida, 1768–1788. St. Augustine Historical Society. p. 195. ISBN 978-0-8130-1074-8.
  20. ^ Landers 2000, p. 62
  21. ^ Roger Grange, "Saving Eighteenth-Century New Smyrna: Public Archaeology in Action." Present Pasts vol 3 #1 (2011). online
  22. ^ ""Episode 08 European Earthenware" by Robert Cassanello and Chip Ford". Retrieved January 10, 2016.
  23. ^ "The Saint Photios Greek Orthodox Chapel". St. Photios National Shrine. Archived from the original on December 2, 2013. Retrieved December 25, 2013.
  24. ^ Peter C. Moskos; Charles C. Moskos (November 27, 2013). Greek Americans: Struggle and Success. Transaction Publishers. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-4128-5310-1.
  25. ^ Coles, David J. (1988). Fretwell, Jacqueline K. (ed.). Civil War times in St. Augustine. Port Salerno, Fla.: Florida Classics Library. p. 78. ISBN 0912451238.
  26. ^ Redd, Robert (2014). St. Augustine and the Civil War (e-book ed.). Charleston, SC: The History Press. p. 22. ISBN 9781625846570.
  27. ^ "Classical Latin: CYGNUS INTER ANATES". Latin R. English translations of common Latin phrases...
  28. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): New Smyrna Beach city, Florida". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 15, 2012.
  29. ^ Morschauser, Lindsey. "Florida, The Lightning Capital of the U.S." Campus Connect. Mississippi State University Weather. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
  30. ^ National Park Service. "Fire Management" (PDF). Canaveral National Seashore. U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  31. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 2, 2021.
  32. ^ "Summary of Monthly Normals 1991-2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 2, 2021.
  33. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  34. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  35. ^ Koslow, Bob (July 31, 2013). "Project gets new life: Planned condo development would be first in six years in Southeast Volusia". Daytona Beach News. GateHouse Media, LLC. Retrieved September 5, 2017.
  36. ^ "Surfscape Contemporary Dance Theatre". New Smyrna Beach Observer. October 13, 2012. Archived from the original on March 14, 2016. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  37. ^ ISAF 2007 Worldwide Shark Attack Summary (2007). "Death Total Lowest in Two Decades". International Shark Attack File. Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida. Archived from the original on October 7, 2013. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  38. ^ Cathy Keen; George Burgess (February 12, 2008). "Human deaths from shark attacks hit 20-year low last year" (PDF). University of Florida News. University of Florida. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 14, 2009. Retrieved November 10, 2013. Within Florida, Volusia County continued its dubious distinction as the world's shark bite capital with 17 incidents, its highest yearly total since 2002, Burgess said.
  39. ^ Ludmilla Lelis (February 20, 2009). "Volusia again claims shark-bite record". Orlando Sentinel. Archived from the original on March 1, 2010. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
  40. ^ Ramsess, Akili C. (June 25, 2011), "Shark jumps over surfer at New Smyrna Beach", Florida360, Orlando Sentinel, retrieved June 28, 2011
  41. ^ Steinmetz, Katy (June 28, 2011), "Amazing Video: 'Spinner' Shark Flies Over Surfer", Newsfeed, Time, retrieved June 28, 2011
  42. ^ "3 surfers bitten by sharks at Florida beach". Fox News. September 19, 2016.
  43. ^ Brashear, Abigail (January 21, 2020), Shark bite capital: Volusia County still leads world as overall attacks decrease, Daytona Beach News-Journal, retrieved February 24, 2021
  44. ^ "Eric Geiselman - Official Website".
  45. ^ "Pro Surfer: Eric Geiselman".

Further reading[edit]

  • Grange, Roger. "Saving Eighteenth-Century New Smyrnea: Public Archaeology in Action." Present Pasts vol 3 #1 (2011). online
  • Panagopoulos, Epaminondas P. "The Background of the Greek Settlers in the New Smyrna Colony." Florida Historical Quarterly 35.2 (1956): 95–115. in JSTOR
  • Panagopoulos, Epaminondas P. New Smyrna: An Eighteenth Century Greek Odyssey (University of Florida Press, 1966)

External links[edit]