New Synagogue (Przemyśl)
|Przemyśl New Synagogue|
|Status||Ignacy Krasicki Przemyśl Public Library|
|Location||Juliusza Słowackiego 15|
The Przemyśl New Synagogue, also known as the Scheinbach Synagogue was an Orthodox synagogue in Przemyśl, Poland. Since World War II, the synagogue, which is still standing, has been used as the Ignacy Krasicki Przemyśl Public Library.
History and architecture
Construction on the began in 1910 and was completed in 1918 after delays caused by the First World War. The spacious, high-ceilinged building survives, although Communist-period renovations stripped so much of the exterior detail that it presents an appearance in marked contrast to the building shown in old photographs.
The synagogue is a free-standing building in a blend of Rundbogenstil and Classical styles with eclectic decoration. It was designed by architect Stanisław Majerski. The elaborate interior decoration once featured Biblical scenes and scenes of Eretz Israel painted on the walls and ceiling. In its incarnation as a public library, the building has a sedate and functional interior with bookshelves and walls painted white. The synagogue also had a notable set of stained glass windows. The windows and paintings were by a Jewish Przemyśl artist named Adolf Bienenstock, a graduate of the Jan Matejko Academy of Fine Arts. Kraków, like Przemyśl, was then part of Austrian Galicia (also known as Austrian Poland). Bienenstock, who taught art at the Przemyśl Gymnasium, had studied under the notable Polish artist Józef Mehoffer. The interior reflects the influence of the Young Poland movement of which Mehoffer was part. Young Poland was the Polish version of the jugendstil (art nouveau) movement.
The synagogue was used as a stable by the German army during World War II, then used as a textile factory under the Communist post-War government before being turned into a library in the 1960s.
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