New Town, Kolkata
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Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Apartment high-rises in New Town
|District||North 24 Parganas|
|• Type||Statutory Development Area|
|• Body||New Town Kolkata Development Authority|
|Elevation||9 m (30 ft)|
|• Total||1,000,000 (Approximately)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Telephone code||+91 33|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Barasat|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Rajarhat New Town|
New Town is a fast-growing planned satellite city of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a part of the area covered by New Town Kolkata Development Authority (NKDA). This new information technology and residential hub is being developed on the north-eastern fringes of Kolkata. The area mainly consisted of huge acres of cultivable lands and water bodies, which have been acquired and developed in a planned manner. The process of investing in residential and industrial facilities and infrastructural development of the area has mainly started under the leadership of the then Chief Minister of West Bengal Jyoti Basu in the late 1990s. The master plan envisions a township which is at least three times bigger than the neighbouring planned Salt Lake City. The New Town (Rajarhat) has been also declared as a Solar City by the previous UPA government at the Centre and now the initiatives are being taken to declare this city as Smart Green City, a dream project of Narendra Modi (Prime Minister of India) with the help of Government of West Bengal according to a proposal submitted by Mamata Banerjee (Chief Minister of West Bengal). The New Town Kolkata was enabled with 10.5 km of Wi-Fi Zone connecting the Main Arterial Road to the airport to Sector V, which also make it India's first Wi-Fi road connectivity. The stretch has already been declared as a green corridor.
New Town being three times the size of Salt Lake has emerged as the second IT hub of Kolkata. Already several Information Technology majors are operational, while others like TCS (40 acres) , Wipro (45 acres) and Infosys(50 acres) have been allotted space.
Currently, real estate investments and developments forms the other backbone of the economy. Major real state conglomerates involved in commercial,retail and residential projects are DLF, Candor, Shapoorji Pallonji Group, TATA group, Ambuja Neotia Realty, Peerless Group, Sureka Group, etc.
As of April 2018, the residential population of New Town is estimated to be more than 1 million with 0.5 million additional floating population. 
The New Town Kolkata Development Authority (NKDA) has been constituted under The New Town Kolkata Development Authority Act, 2007 (The West Bengal Act XXX of 2007) for rendering various civic services and amenities within New Town, Kolkata and it has come into effect since November, 2008. It is a transitional arrangement in the way of creation of an Urban Local Body (ULB). The administration is headed by a chairman, exercising authority over a member secretary and Chief executive officer, who in turn oversee various specific committees, set up to implement various duties.
As of 2015, New Town gets 200 lpcd of treated water every day with potable water that is sourced from the Hooghly River. Water treatment plants with computerised monitoring and control system are in place. 100% of the garbage is collected by sanitary workers through door to door collection. As of 2015, more than 70% of the solid waste management vehicles and street sweeping vehicles have been fitted with GPS devices for effective monitoring. All the garbage is compacted at compacting stations before disposing of it in dumping grounds.
Electricity is supplied and managed by New Town Electric Supply Company Limited, or NTESCL. Fire services are handled by the West Bengal Fire Service, a state agency. The Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate looks after the law and order in the city.
State-owned Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited, or BSNL, as well as private enterprises, among them Vodafone, Bharti Airtel, Idea Cellular, Reliance Jio, Tata DoCoMo, are the leading telephone and cell phone service providers in the city.:25–26:179 Kolkata being the first city in India to have cell phone and 4G connectivity, the GSM and CDMA cellular coverage is extensive in New Town.
The main mode of transportation, like other parts of Kolkata includes air conditioned, non-AC government and private buses, taxi, and other popular Indian transports like auto rickshaw and e-rickshaws. As of 2015, around 300 buses on 25 different bus routes, either passes through or originates from New Town. As of November 2016, the New Garia – Airport line of the Kolkata Metro is under-construction with cost inflation and delays There is also a plan to extend the Circular Railway from Bidhannagar Road (Ultadanga) to New Town via Lake Town and Salt Lake.
Some of the educational and training institutes that are setting up their campuses in Rajarhat:
- University of Engineering & Management (UEM), Kolkata
- Amity University Kolkata
- Presidency University
- St. Xaviers University
- Rabindra Bharati University
- IIT Kharagpur Research Park
- Aliah University
- Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management
- Institute of Chartered Accountants of India
- Ramakrishna Mission Centre of Excellence
- Belle Vue Nursing College
- West Bengal Power Development Corporation (WBPDCL) Training Institute
- Al Ameen Mission Trust
- Techno India
- West Bengal Judicial Academy
For the children, to study up to the 12th standard, New Town also houses many schools:
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- Chakraborti, Suman (18 February 2015). "Rajarhat to get education hub". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
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