New Town, Kolkata

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New Town
Satellite City
DLF Park, Apartments high in New Town, The Newtown School, Nazrul Tirtha, Kolkata Gate
New Town is located in West Bengal
New Town
New Town
Location in West Bengal, India
New Town is located in India
New Town
New Town
New Town (India)
New Town is located in Asia
New Town
New Town
New Town (Asia)
New Town is located in Earth
New Town
New Town
New Town (Earth)
Coordinates: 22°35′22″N 88°28′29″E / 22.5894°N 88.4748°E / 22.5894; 88.4748Coordinates: 22°35′22″N 88°28′29″E / 22.5894°N 88.4748°E / 22.5894; 88.4748
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictNorth 24 Parganas
RegionGreater Kolkata
Government
 • TypeStatutory Development Board
 • BodyNew Town Kolkata Development Authority, West Bengal Housing Infrastructure Development Corporation (HIDCO)
Area
 • Total30 km2 (10 sq mi)
Elevation
9 m (30 ft)
Population
 (July 2018)[2][1]
 • Total400,000−500,000
 • Density1,218/km2 (3,150/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
700135, 700136, 700156, 700157, 700160, 700161
Telephone code+91 33
Vehicle registrationWB
Lok Sabha constituencyBarasat
Vidhan Sabha constituencyRajarhat New Town
Websitewww.nkdamar.org, www.wbhidcoltd.com

New Town is a planned satellite city of Kolkata, India.[3] It comes under North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is close to Kolkata and covered by New Town Kolkata Development Authority (NKDA).[4]

HIDCO planned developing infrastructure like - roads, drains, sewerage line, water supply lines, major embellishment works and executed constructions like - buildings, projects, parks, museum, subways, over-bridges in New Town.[5][fact or opinion? (See discussion.)] This new information technology and residential hub is being developed on the north-eastern fringes of Kolkata. The area mainly consisted of huge acres of cultivable lands and water bodies, which was acquired and developed in a planned manner.[citation needed] The process of investing in residential and industrial facilities and infrastructural development of the area was mainly started under the leadership of the then Chief Minister of West Bengal, Jyoti Basu in the late 1990s.[citation needed] The master plan envisions a township which is at least three times bigger than the neighbouring planned Salt Lake City. New Town (close to Rajarhat) was declared as a Solar City by the former UPA-governed central regime[citation needed] and later this city was declared as Smart Green City by NDA-governed central regime with the help of Government of West Bengal following a proposal submitted by Mamata Banerjee, (Chief Minister of West Bengal)[6] but later withdrawn from the Smart Cities Mission after the AITC-governed Bengal government decided to withdraw all cities from the competition.[7] It has rejected 1,000 crore to be given for development of the city as smart city.[8] New Town was enabled with 10.5 km of Wi-Fi Zone along the Major Arterial Road (part of Biswa Bangla Sarani) from Haldiram, near Dumdum/Kolkata Airport to Salt Lake Sector V, which also make it India's first Wi-Fi road connectivity. The stretch has already been declared as a green corridor.[9]

Prehistory[edit]

A group of researchers of Archeological and Environmental science department of University of Calcutta found some pottery artifacts from a mound at Kochpukur area near the East Kolkata Wetlands in Southern New Town. Researchers said that the artifacts are very similar to the excavation of Chandraketugarh, that dates back to centuries. However the Radiocarbon dating of the potteries not yet done.[10][unreliable fringe source?] These excavation reveals that New Town isn't as ‘New’ as we think generally.[original research?]

Geography[edit]

New Town is located at 22°35′22″N 88°28′29″E / 22.5894°N 88.4748°E / 22.5894; 88.4748. The township is located in the Bidhannagar subdivision of North 24 Parganas district.[11][better source needed] It was declared as a part of the Kolkata Metropolitan Area on august, 2016 by Governor of West Bengal.[12]

Economy[edit]

New Town being three times the size of Salt Lake has emerged as the second IT hub of Kolkata. Several Information Technology majors are operational the likes of Erricson, Accenture, Capgemini, Tech Mahindra, ITC Infotech, Mindtree, Bengal Silicon Valley, Adani Labs,British Telecom, etc. while others like TCS (40 acres), Wipro (45 acres) and Infosys (50 acres)[13] have been allotted space along with Cognizant. Many luxurious hotels like Fairfield by Marriott, Novotel, Ibis, Taj Hotels, Westin Hotels & Resorts, The Park Hotels, Holiday Inn, Wyndham Hotels & Resorts, Lemon Tree Hotels, etc. have also come up in the area.[citation needed]

New Town is also being developed as a Fintech hub by HIDCO. So far 25 financial institutions, both banking and non-banking, have taken up space in the Fintech hub located in the New Town.[14]

Demographics[edit]

As of April 2018, the residential population of New Town is estimated to be more than 1 million with 0.5 million additional floating population.[15][better source needed]

Civic administration[edit]

The New Town Kolkata Development Authority (NKDA) has been constituted under The New Town Kolkata Development Authority Act, 2007 (The West Bengal Act XXX of 2007) for rendering various civic services and amenities within New Town, Kolkata and it has come into effect since November, 2008. It is a transitional arrangement in the way of creation of an Urban Local Body (ULB). The administration is headed by a chairman, exercising authority over a member secretary and Chief executive officer, who in turn oversee various specific committees, set up to implement various duties.[12][16]

Utility services[edit]

Newtown's current administrator is Koushik Sarkar. As of 2015, New Town gets 200 lpcd of treated water every day with potable water that is sourced from the Hooghly River.[17] Water treatment plants with computerised monitoring and control system are in place. 100% of the garbage is collected by sanitary workers through door to door collection. As of 2015, more than 70% of the solid waste management vehicles and street sweeping vehicles have been fitted with GPS devices for effective monitoring.[17] All the garbage is compacted at compacting stations before disposing of it in dumping grounds.

Housing Infrastructure Development Corporation (HIDCO) plans and executes development projects in New Town, Kolkata. The erstwhile planning area of HIDCO is divided into four Action Areas i.e. Action Area - I, Action Area – II, Action Area - III and Action Area - IV (still not started). The Central Business District (CBD) is located between Action Area - I & II. As multinational IT companies are coming in New Town, HIDCO is developing the city as per their master plan. HIDCO has also decided to install the geographic information system (GIS) to integrate the database on the number of house owners, property tax, mutation, building construction etc. in New Town.[18]

Electricity is supplied and managed by New Town Electric Supply Company Limited (NTESCL).[17] Fire services are handled by the West Bengal Fire Service, a state agency. The Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate looks after the law and order in the city.

State-owned Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL), as well as private enterprises, among them Vodafone, Bharti Airtel, Idea Cellular, Reliance Jio, Tata DoCoMo are the leading telephone and cell phone service providers in the city.[19]: 25–26 : 179  Kolkata being the first city in India to have cell phone and 4G connectivity, the GSM and CDMA cellular coverage is extensive in New Town.[20][21]

Transport[edit]

Box Bridge connects New Town with Salt Lake along Major Arterial Road over Kestopur Canal
Kolkata Gate, also known as Biswa Bangla Gate located on the Biswa Bangla Sarani at Narkelbagan, Action Area - I of New Town
Swapna Bhor, a recreational park in New Town for senior citizens. The park is situated near Kolkata Gate. The premise also houses an old-age home.
Red Munia (male) at New Town marshland

The main mode of transportation, like other parts of Kolkata includes air conditioned, non-AC government and private buses, taxi and other popular Indian transports like auto rickshaw and e-rickshaws. As of 2015, around 300 buses on 25 different bus routes, either passes through or originates from New Town.[17] As of November 2016, the New GariaDumdum/Kolkata Airport Line (Line 6) of the Kolkata Metro, which passes through New Town, is under-construction with cost inflation and delays.[22][23]

Education[edit]

Some of the educational and training institutes that are setting up their campuses in New Town:

For the children, to study up to the 12th standard, New Town also houses many schools:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "NKDA Overview".
  2. ^ "New Town to become Municipality". 30 July 2018.
  3. ^ "Satellite Towns List". Walk Through India. Archived from the original on 21 December 2021. Retrieved 6 May 2022.
  4. ^ "The New Town, Kolkata Development Authority Act, 2007" (PDF). NTKDA. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 February 2022. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
  5. ^ "Times of India". timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 13 May 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ "West Bengal seeks 'smart green city' tag for New Town | Kolkata News - Times of India". Archived from the original on 6 July 2014.
  7. ^ "West Bengal: Mamata dumps Centre's Smart City project, to develop cities on its own". The Indian Express. 19 August 2016. Archived from the original on 2 July 2017. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  8. ^ "Green City Mission: Rs 50 lakh each for all 125 municipalities in West Bengal". The Indian Express. 21 December 2016. Archived from the original on 11 July 2017. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  9. ^ "Wi-Fi connectivity: 10.5km Wi-Fi zone in Rajarhat New Town | Kolkata News - Times of India". Archived from the original on 20 January 2016. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
  10. ^ "নিউ টাউনে ঢিবি থেকে পাওয়া গেল প্রত্নসামগ্রী" (in Bengali). Anandabazar Patrika. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  11. ^ "Change of guard". www.telegraphindia.com.
  12. ^ a b "KMA notification" (PDF). Urban Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 December 2016. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  13. ^ "Kolkata: Infosys to start work on its New Town premises today | Kolkata News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  14. ^ "HIDCO to come up with 'vertical city' in Fintech hub". 8 September 2019.
  15. ^ "E-Auction in New Town's Action Area II sees stellar response". Millennium Post. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  16. ^ "Background". New Town Kolkata Development Authority (NKDA). Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  17. ^ a b c d "Smart City Proposal" (PDF). NKDAMAR. Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India. p. 7. Retrieved 31 October 2016.
  18. ^ "HIDCO Overview".
  19. ^ "Annual report 2010–11" (PDF). Telecom Regulatory Authority of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 May 2012. Retrieved 13 June 2012.
  20. ^ "Kolkata connects India to 4G era". The Times of India. New Delhi. 11 April 2012. Archived from the original on 3 January 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
  21. ^ "City of the third revolution — First 4G service to be launched in Calcutta". The Telegraph. Kolkata. 4 April 2012. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
  22. ^ "Rail set to take over East-West". The Telegraph. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  23. ^ "Hidco clears route for Garia-airport Metro". The Times of India. 25 September 2011. Archived from the original on 28 September 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2011.
  24. ^ "UEM Kolkata: Best Engineering and Management University in Kolkata". Archived from the original on 15 October 2016. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
  25. ^ "Best Top Private Amity University Kolkata in West Bengal|Engineering|Colleges|Universities|Institutes|Business|Management". Archived from the original on 2 December 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  26. ^ Chakraborti, Suman (18 February 2015). "Rajarhat to get education hub". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 June 2018.

External links[edit]