New Town, North Dakota
|New Town, North Dakota
Post office in New Town
Location of New Town, North Dakota
|• Total||1.28 sq mi (3.32 km2)|
|• Land||1.28 sq mi (3.32 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,900 ft (579 m)|
|• Estimate (2014)||2,401|
|• Density||2,500/sq mi (963.9/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1030400|
|Highways||ND 23, ND 1804|
New Town (Arikara: neetuhčipiriínu [neetUhčipiriíNU]) (Hidatsa: Awadihiraash) is a city in Mountrail County, North Dakota in the United States. The population was 1,925 in 2010 census. New Town was platted in 1950 as a replacement site for the residents of Sanish and Van Hook, towns which were planned to be inundated by Lake Sakakawea. It is the largest city and administrative center of the Fort Berthold Reservation. New Town is home to Fort Berthold Community College. New Town is located on State Highway 23 at the crossing of Lake Sakakawea by the Four Bears Bridge. The city has recreation for all seasons including; fishing, boating, water skiing, trails for hiking.
In 1944 Congress authorized the Garrison Dam and Reservoir Project. The dam was planned to be the world's largest rolled-earth filled dam and would create the second largest reservoir in the world. It would form a lake 200 miles long, 14 miles wide in some places and have roughly 1,500 miles of shoreline. In order to make this dam and reservoir, the towns of Sanish, Elbowoods, Lucky Mound, Shell Creek, Nishu, Charging Eagle, Beaver Creek, Red Butte, Independence, and Van Hook needed to be dissolved and the residents relocated. A total of seven possible sites were inspected before the present site was chosen.
After the site was purchased, plans were quickly developed for the proposed town. With the help of Army engineers, by August 1950, the combined town site was platted. On September 10, 1950, a ground-breaking ceremony and celebration was held at the proposed town site. The official ground-breaking was furrow cut by a county road grader in what was to become Main Street. The first building set up was for the relocation company. They held an auction to sell of lots in what was now called New Town.
Two days later over sixty percent of the lots had sold and the school was gifted to the town as well as the church lots for the relocating churches. In November 1952, seventy-four voters went to the polls to elect the first city officials of New Town. On January 1, 1953, the post office was established in the former office of the Relocation Co. Businesses were moved from the surrounding villages and soon people had to go to New Town for groceries and supplies. The towns were officially dissolved as of April 30, 1953 and July 1, 1953 was the deadline given the residents to be moved out of their respective towns,
In the fall of 1953, school opened for New Town students. The New School was ready in September 1954, and dedicated April 15, 1955. The first scheduled train arrived at New Town on September 22, 1953. By 1955, the town had grown to about 1,400 residents.
The discovery of oil in this part of the state led to the development of oil fields in the vicinity. This brought many people to the community and with work on the new bridge, roads, and construction in the town; jobs were plentiful. The bridge across the reservoir was completed in October 1955. It was named Four Bears after two great Indian chiefs, a Mandan and a Hidatsa, who bore the same name.
This information was gathered from the book 'New Town 1951-1976' by James McMaster, editor of the New Town News in 1976.
New Town is located at (47.981748, -102.484842).
|U.S. Decennial Census
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,925 people, 647 households, and 437 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,503.9 inhabitants per square mile (580.7/km2). There were 701 housing units at an average density of 547.7 per square mile (211.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 17.8% White, 0.2% African American, 76.4% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 4.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.3% of the population.
There were 647 households of which 43.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.3% were married couples living together, 23.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 9.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.5% were non-families. 27.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.58.
The median age in the city was 30.2 years. 30.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 12.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.6% were from 25 to 44; 23.1% were from 45 to 64; and 8.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,367 people, 488 households, and 318 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,031.6 people per square mile (787.8/km²). There were 512 housing units at an average density of 760.9 per square mile (295.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 29.63% White, 0.15% African American, 66.86% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.15% Pacific Islander, 0.07% from other races, and 2.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.46% of the population.
There were 488 households out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.1% were married couples living together, 22.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.34.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.7% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 88.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,524, and the median income for a family was $35,500. Males had a median income of $26,944 versus $21,630 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,490. About 17.2% of families and 23.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.2% of those under age 18 and 30.0% of those age 65 or over.
Daniel Uran is the Mayor of New Town. He has been in office for eight years. The members of City Council are as follows; Terry Mathson- President, Dean Niemitalo-Vice President, Jay Standish, and Thomas Nash.
This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, New Town has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 25, 2015. Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "FactFinder" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 25, 2015.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "AISRI Dictionary Database Search-- Arikara. Prototype version". Retrieved 2012-07-08.
- "Hidatsa Lessons Vocab2". Hidatsa Language Program. Retrieved 2012-07-17.
- Wick, Douglas A. "New Town (Mountrail County)". North Dakota Place Names. Retrieved 7 May 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- Climate Summary for New Town, North Dakota
- City of New Town official website
- Community survey, New Town, North Dakota (1959) from the Digital Horizons website