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New Ulm, Texas

Coordinates: 29°53′32″N 96°29′25″W / 29.89222°N 96.49028°W / 29.89222; -96.49028
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New Ulm
New Ulm logo
New Ulm logo
New Ulm is located in Texas
New Ulm
New Ulm
Location within the state of Texas
New Ulm is located in the United States
New Ulm
New Ulm
New Ulm (the United States)
Coordinates: 29°53′32″N 96°29′25″W / 29.89222°N 96.49028°W / 29.89222; -96.49028
CountryUnited States
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
GNIS feature ID1363801

New Ulm is an unincorporated community in Austin County, Texas, United States. According to the Handbook of Texas, the community had an estimated population of 650 in 2000.[1]


New Ulm is situated at the junction of Farm Roads 109 and 1094 in western Austin County, approximately 22 miles southwest of Bellville and 16 miles northeast of Columbus.[2]


The history of New Ulm dates back to the 1840s. It was founded in 1841 as Duff's Settlement, named for James C. Duff, who purchased the original land on which the town was built. This community sat approximately one mile north of the present New Ulm site.[3] By the mid-1840s, the area grew as an influx of German-speaking settlers arrived from nearby communities such as Industry, Shelby, and Nassau Farm.[1] After petitioning the government for a post office, one opened in 1852 under the name New Ulm – in commemoration of the well-known German city of Ulm, as many of the settlers came from that area. During the 1850s, New Ulm had six general stores, five blacksmiths, and three breweries.[2] In 1867, a church building that doubled as a schoolhouse was built. The Missouri–Kansas–Texas (MKT) Railroad purchased farm land owned by local resident Franz Pille for a line extension and it arrived in 1892, further stimulating New Ulm's economy.[3] An estimated 225 people were living in the community in 1898. At that time, a variety of businesses operated in New Ulm, including five general merchandise stores, a drug store, saddlery, cabinet shops, and a soda water factory.

A bank opened in 1906 and a newspaper – the New Ulm Enterprise – began publishing in 1910. On April 11, 1916, twenty-one men in the community met for the purpose of securing fire apparatus to protect local property. That led to the formation of the New Ulm Fire Company (now known as the New Ulm Volunteer Fire Department). A fire engine was purchased at a cost of $137.50.[3] By 1930, New Ulm's population stood at around 500 with forty businesses operating in the community. The number of residents had fallen to 390 by 1950, but growth resumed during the 1960s, and in 1968, the population was estimated at 600. That figure had risen to 650 by 1990 and remained at that level through 2000.[1] New Ulm has an active Chamber of Commerce and Lions Club.

Although New Ulm is unincorporated, it does have a post office with the zip code of 78950.[4]


Public education in the community of New Ulm is provided by the Columbus Independent School District, which is headquartered in the Colorado County city of Columbus.


  1. ^ a b c "New Ulm, Texas". The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved July 30, 2009.
  2. ^ a b "New Ulm, Texas". Texas Escapes Online Magazine. Retrieved July 30, 2009.
  3. ^ a b c "New Ulm, Texas :: History". New Ulm Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved July 30, 2009.
  4. ^ Zip Code Lookup

Further reading[edit]

  • Rudolph L. Biesele, Rudolph L. (1930). The History of the German Settlements in Texas, 1831-1861, Austin: Von Boeckmann-Jones.
  • Frelsburg Historical Committee (1986). The History of Frelsburg, New Ulm, Texas: Enterprise.
  • Schmidt, C.W. (1930). Footprints of Five Generations, New Ulm, Texas: New Ulm Enterprise.

External links[edit]