New York's 23rd congressional district

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New York's 23rd congressional district
New York US Congressional District 23 (since 2013).tif
New York 's 23rd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Tom Reed
RCorning
Distribution
  • 52.44% rural
  • 47.56% urban
Population (2019)687,583
Median household
income
$53,769[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+6[2]

The 23rd congressional district of New York extends along New York's border with Pennsylvania from the shores of Lake Erie in Chautauqua County to the suburbs of Binghamton in Tioga County. It includes three of the eleven Finger Lakes: Keuka Lake, Seneca Lake, and Cayuga Lake.

The district comprises eleven counties: Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Chemung, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Tompkins, and Yates county along with parts of Ontario and Tioga counties.[3]

The largest cities in the predominantly rural district are Jamestown, Elmira, and Ithaca. Its largest individual employers are Corning Incorporated in Corning and Cornell University in Ithaca.

Democrat Tracy Mitrano challenged Republican incumbent Tom Reed in the November 6, 2018 election.[4] Congressman Tom Reed won reelection on November 6, 2018, retaining his seat for a fourth term. Reed's 8.4% margin of victory was his smallest since his first election in 2012.[5]

On March 21, 2021, in light of recent sexual harassment allegations, Reed announced that he would not be seeking reelection in 2022.[6]


Recent election results in statewide races[edit]

1992 President GHW Bush 40 – 37%
1996 President B Clinton 46 – 39%
2000 President Bush 49 – 47%
2004 President GW Bush 51 – 47%
2008 President Obama 50 – 49%
2012 President Romney 49 – 48%
2016 President Trump 54 – 39%
2020 President Trump 54 – 43%

Components: past and present[edit]

1913–1919
Parts of Manhattan
1919–1969
Parts of The Bronx
1969–1971
Parts of The Bronx, Manhattan
1971–1973
Parts of The Bronx
1973–1983
Parts of The Bronx, Westchester
1983–1993
All of Albany, Schenectady
Parts of Montgomery, Rensselaer
1993–2003
All of Chenango, Madison, Oneida, Otsego
Parts of Broome, Delaware, Herkimer, Montgomery, Schoharie
2003–2013
All of Clinton, Franklin, Hamilton, Jefferson, Lewis, Madison, Oswego, St. Lawrence
Parts of Essex, Fulton, Oneida
2013–present
All of Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Chemung, Schuyler, Seneca, Steuben, Tompkins, Yates
Parts of Ontario, Tioga

Various New York districts have been numbered "23" over the years, including areas in New York City and various parts of upstate New York.

List of members representing the district[edit]

1823–1833: One seat[edit]

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1823
Elisha Litchfield.jpg
Elisha Litchfield
Democratic-Republican[a] March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th Redistricted from the 19th district and re-elected in 1822.
Retired.
Luther Badger.jpg
Luther Badger
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
19th Elected in 1824.
[data unknown/missing]
Jonas Earll Jr. Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1831
20th
21st
Elected in 1826.
Re-elected in 1828.
[data unknown/missing]
Freeborn Garrettson Jewett.jpg
Freeborn G. Jewett
Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
22nd Elected in 1830.
Retired.

1833–1843: Two seats[edit]

From 1833 to 1843, two seats were apportioned, elected on a general ticket.

Years Cong
ress
  Seat A   Seat B
Member Party Electoral history Member Party Electoral history
March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
23rd
24th
William K. Fuller Jacksonian Elected in 1832
Re-elected in 1834.
[data unknown/missing]
William Taylor Jacksonian Elected in 1832
Re-elected in 1834.
Re-elected in 1836.
[data unknown/missing]
March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
25th Bennet Bicknell Democratic Elected in 1836.
[data unknown/missing]
Democratic
March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
26th Nehemiah H. Earll Democratic Elected in 1838.
Lost re-election.
Edward Rogers Democratic Elected in 1838.
[data unknown/missing]
March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th Victory Birdseye.jpg
Victory Birdseye
Whig Elected in 1840.
Retired.
A. Lawrence Foster Whig Elected in 1840.
[data unknown/missing]

1843–present: One seat[edit]

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
Orville Robinson.jpg
Orville Robinson
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th Elected in 1842.
[data unknown/missing]
WilliamJHough.jpg
William J. Hough
Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
29th Elected in 1844.
[data unknown/missing]
William Duer 1805 1879.jpg
William Duer
Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1851
30th
31st
Elected in 1846.
Re-elected in 1848.
[data unknown/missing]
Leander Babcock.jpg
Leander Babcock
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd Elected in 1850.
[data unknown/missing]
Caleb Lyon.jpg
Caleb Lyon
Independent March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd Elected in 1852.
[data unknown/missing]
William A. Gilbert Opposition March 4, 1855 –
February 27, 1857
34th Elected in 1854.
Resigned.
Vacant February 27, 1857 –
March 3, 1857
Charles B. Hoard.jpg
Charles B. Hoard
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1861
35th
36th
Elected in 1856.
Re-elected in 1858.
[data unknown/missing]
Ambrose Williams Clark (New York).jpg
Ambrose W. Clark
Republican March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37th Elected in 1860.
Redistricted to the 20th district.
Thomas Treadwell Davis.jpg
Thomas Treadwell Davis
Unionist March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th
39th
Elected in 1862.
Re-elected in 1864.
[data unknown/missing]
Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
DMcCarthy.jpg
Dennis McCarthy
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1871
40th
41st
Elected in 1866.
Re-elected in 1868.
[data unknown/missing]
R. Holland Duell.jpg
R. Holland Duell
Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd Elected in 1870.
Redistricted to the 24th district.
William E. Lansing.jpg
William E. Lansing
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd Redistricted from the 22nd district and re-elected in 1872.
[data unknown/missing]
Scott Lord.jpg
Scott Lord
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th Elected in 1874.
[data unknown/missing]
William J. Bacon.jpg
William J. Bacon
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
45th Elected in 1876.
[data unknown/missing]
Cyrus D. Prescott.jpg
Cyrus D. Prescott
Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1883
46th
47th
Elected in 1878.
Re-elected in 1880.
[data unknown/missing]
J. Thomas Spriggs.jpg
John T. Spriggs
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48th
49th
Elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.
[data unknown/missing]
James Schoolcraft Sherman.jpg
James S. Sherman
Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
50th
51st
Elected in 1886.
Re-elected in 1888.
[data unknown/missing]
Henry Wilbur Bentley.jpg
Henry W. Bentley
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52nd Elected in 1890.
[data unknown/missing]
John M. Wever.jpg
John M. Wever
Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
53rd Redistricted from the 21st district and re-elected in 1892.
[data unknown/missing]
Wallace Turner Foote Jr.jpg
Wallace T. Foote Jr.
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1899
54th
55th
Elected in 1894.
Re-elected in 1896.
[data unknown/missing]
LouisWEmerson.jpg
Louis W. Emerson
Republican March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1903
56th
57th
Elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
[data unknown/missing]
George N. Southwick.jpg
George N. Southwick
Republican March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1911
58th
59th
60th
61st
Redistricted from the 20th district and re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
[data unknown/missing]
Henry S. DeForest.jpg
Henry S. De Forest
Republican March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
62nd Elected in 1910.
[data unknown/missing]
Joseph A. Goulden.jpg
Joseph A. Goulden
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
May 3, 1915
63rd
64th
Elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Died.
Vacant May 3, 1915 –
November 2, 1915
64th
William S. Bennet.jpg
William Bennet
Republican November 2, 1915 –
March 3, 1917
Elected to finish Goulden's term.
[data unknown/missing]
Daniel C. Oliver.jpg
Daniel C. Oliver
Democratic March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1919
65th Elected in 1916.
[data unknown/missing]
Richard F. McKiniry.jpg
Richard F. McKiniry
Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
66th Elected in 1918.
[data unknown/missing]
Albert B. Rossdale.jpg
Albert B. Rossdale
Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
67th Elected in 1920.
[data unknown/missing]
Frank A. Oliver (New York Congressman).jpg
Frank A. Oliver
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
June 18, 1934
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
Elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Re-elected in 1932.
Resigned when appointed justice of the Court of Special Sessions.
Vacant June 18, 1934 –
January 3, 1935
73rd
Charles A. Buckley.jpg
Charles A. Buckley
Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1945
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
Elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Redistricted to the 25th district.
Walter A. Lynch.jpg
Walter A. Lynch
Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1951
79th
80th
81st
Redistricted from the 22nd district and re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
[data unknown/missing]
Sidney A. Fine.jpg
Sidney A. Fine
Democratic January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1953
82nd Elected in 1950.
Redistricted to the 22nd district.
Isidore Dollinger.jpg
Isidore Dollinger
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
December 31, 1959
83rd
84th
85th
86th
Redistricted from the 24th district and re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Resigned.
Vacant January 1, 1960 –
March 7, 1960
86th
Jacob H. Gilbert.jpg
Jacob H. Gilbert
Democratic March 8, 1960 –
January 3, 1963
86th
87th
Elected in 1960.
Redistricted to the 22nd district.
Charles A. Buckley.jpg
Charles A. Buckley
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
88th Redistricted from the 24th district and re-elected in 1962.
[data unknown/missing]
Jonathan Brewster Bingham.jpg
Jonathan Bingham
Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1973
89th
90th
91st
92nd
Elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Redistricted to the 22nd district.
Peter A. Peyser.jpg
Peter A. Peyser
Republican January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1977
93rd
94th
Redistricted from the 25th district and re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
[data unknown/missing]
Bruce F Caputo.jpg
Bruce Caputo
Republican January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1979
95th Elected in 1976.
[data unknown/missing]
Peter A. Peyser.jpg
Peter A. Peyser
Democratic January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1983
96th
97th
Elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
[data unknown/missing]
Samuel S. Stratton 94th Congress 1975.jpg
Samuel S. Stratton
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1989
98th
99th
100th
Redistricted from the 28th districtand re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
[data unknown/missing]
Michael McNulty, official 109th Congress photo.jpg
Mike McNulty
Democratic January 3, 1989 –
January 3, 1993
101st
102nd
Elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Redistricted to the 21st district.
BoehlertPortrait.jpg
Sherwood Boehlert
Republican January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2003
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
Redistricted from the 25th district and re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Redistricted to the 24th district.
Repjohnmmchugh.jpg
John M. McHugh
Republican January 3, 2003 –
September 21, 2009
108th
109th
110th
111th
Redistricted from the 24th district and re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Army.
Vacant September 21, 2009 –
November 3, 2009
111th
Bill Owens official photo.jpg
Bill Owens
Democratic November 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2013
111th
112th
Elected to finish McHugh's term
Re-elected in 2010.
Redistricted to the 21st district.
Tom Reed Official Portrait.jpg
Tom Reed
Republican January 3, 2013 –
Present
113th
114th
115th
116th
117th
Redistricted from the 29th district and re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.

Recent election results[edit]

In New York, there are numerous minor parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties often endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes.

US House election, 1984: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Samuel S. Stratton 188,144 77.8
Republican Frank Wicks 53,060 21.9
Socialist Workers Richard Ariza 642 0.3
Majority 135,084 55.9
Turnout 241,846 100
US House election, 1996: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Sherwood Boehlert 124,626 64.3
Democratic Bruce W. Hapanowicz 50,436 26.0
Independence Thomas E. Loughlin, Jr. 10,835 5.6
Right to Life William Tapley 7,790 4.0
Majority 74,190 38.3
Turnout 193,687
US House election, 1998: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Sherwood Boehlert 111,242 80.8 +16.5
Conservative David Vickers 26,493 19.2 +19.2
Majority 84,749 61.5 +23.2
Turnout 137,735 -28.9
US House election, 2000: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Sherwood Boehlert 124,132 60.5 -20.3
Conservative David Vickers 42,854 20.9 +1.7
Democratic Richard W. Englebrecht 38,049 18.6 +18.6
Majority 81,278 39.6 -21.9
Turnout 205,535 +48.9
US House election, 2002: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John M. McHugh 124,682 100 +39.5
Majority 124,682 100 +61.4
Turnout 124,682 -39.2
US House election, 2004: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John M. McHugh 160,079 70.7 -29.3
Democratic Robert J. Johnson 66,448 29.3 +29.3
Majority 93,631 41.3 -59.7
Turnout 226,527 +81.7
US House election, 2006: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John M. McHugh 106,781 63.1 -7.6
Democratic Robert J. Johnson 62,318 36.9 +7.6
Majority 44,463 26.3 -15.0
Turnout 169,099 -25.4
US House election, 2008: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John M. McHugh 129,991 65.3 +2.2
Democratic Michael P. Oot 69,112 34.7 -2.2
Majority 60,879 30.6
Turnout 199,103 +17.7
New York's 23rd congressional district special election, 2009
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Bill Owens 73,137 48.3 +14.0
Conservative Doug Hoffman 69,553 46.0 +25.1 (2000)
Republican Dede Scozzafava
(withdrew, but still on the ballot)[7]
8,582 5.7 -59.6
Majority 3,584 2.4 -28.2
Turnout 151,272 -24.0

Scozzafava dropped out of the race just prior to the election and endorsed Democrat Bill Owens. The results were not certified by the New York State Board of Elections until December 15, 2009.

US House election, 2010: New York District 23
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Bill Owens 82,232 47.5 -0.8
Republican Matt Doheny 80,237 46.4 +40.7
Conservative Doug Hoffman 10,507 6.1 -39.9
Majority 1,995 1.2 -1.2
Turnout 172,976 +14.3
23rd Congressional District Election Results (2012)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Reed 126,519 51.9
Democratic Nate Shinagawa 117,055 48.1
Total votes 243,571 100.0
23rd Congressional District Election Results (2014)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Reed 113,130 59.4
Democratic Martha Robertson 70,242 36.9
Total votes 190,554 100.0
23rd Congressional District Election Results (2016)[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Reed 161,050 57.6
Democratic John Plumb 118,584 42.4
Total votes 279,634 100.0
23rd Congressional District Election Results (2018)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Reed 130,323 54.2
Democratic Tracy Mitrano 109,932 45.8
Total votes 240,255 100.0
23rd Congressional District Election Results (2020)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Reed 181,060 57.7
Democratic Tracy Mitrano 129,014 41.1
Libertarian Andrew Kolstee 3,650 1.2
Total votes 313,724 100.0

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003 - 2013

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Supported the Crawford faction in the 1824 United States presidential election

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=36&cd=23
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-03-11. Retrieved 2014-06-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Reynolds, Nick (July 3, 2018). "Tracy Mitrano to face Tom Reed in November". Ithaca.com. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  5. ^ Ballotpedia "[1]". Ballotpedia.com
  6. ^ Stockburger, George (March 21, 2021). "Rep. Tom Reed apologizes after sexual harassment allegations, won't run for Governor, re-election". LocalSYR. Retrieved March 21, 2021. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ "Republican in State House Race Suspends Campaign". New York Times. Associated Press. October 31, 2009.[dead link]
  8. ^ "NYS Board of Elections Representatives in Congress Election Returns Nov. 8, 2016" (PDF). New York State Board of Elections. Retrieved May 7, 2017.

Sources[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°20′39″N 77°50′45″W / 42.34417°N 77.84583°W / 42.34417; -77.84583