New York's 9th congressional district

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New York's 9th congressional district
New York US Congressional District 9 (since 2013).tif
New York 's 9th congressional district – since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Yvette Clarke (DBrooklyn)
Ethnicity
Cook PVI D+34[1]

New York's 9th Congressional District is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives in New York City, represented by Yvette Clarke.

The district is located entirely within Brooklyn. It includes the neighborhoods of Brownsville, Crown Heights, East Flatbush, Flatbush, Kensington, Park Slope, Prospect Heights, Midwood, Sheepshead Bay, Marine Park, Gerritsen Beach and Prospect Lefferts Gardens. Prospect Park, Grand Army Plaza and the Grand Army Plaza Greenmarket, the worldwide headquarters of the Chabad-Lubavitch Hasidic community and the Brooklyn Children's Museum are located within this district, as well as, in the Prospect Heights neighborhood, the Brooklyn Museum of Art, the Brooklyn Botanic Garden, the Central Library, or main branch, of the Brooklyn Public Library, and the Kurdish Library and Museum.

Prior to 2013, the district consisted primarily of middle-class white neighborhoods, including large Jewish, Italian, Irish, and Russian populations, in southern Brooklyn and south central Queens. Before redistricting, the Queens Tribune found that the district increasingly swung Republican following the September 11 attacks in 2001, when many police and firefighters were lost from the Rockaways.[2] Its rightward shift was also attributed to the increasing tendency of Orthodox Jews to vote for Republicans.[3] Its representation in Congress was reliably Democratic for decades, electing prominent liberals such as Chuck Schumer and Anthony Weiner and, prior to that, Emanuel Celler and Elizabeth Holtzman (when the district was differently numbered). Anthony D. Weiner was Congressman from 1999 until he resigned on June 21, 2011. Republican Bob Turner succeeded Weiner after winning the special election on September 13, 2011. However, the previous 9th District was eliminated after New York lost two districts in 2010 redistricting, and its territory was divided among several neighboring districts.

After redistricting, Yvette Clarke now represents the district. The district is majority African-American and includes most of the territory previously within the 11th District. It includes significant portions of Midwood, Brooklyn, however, that were previously within the 9th.

In the 1980s, the district was based in Astoria and surrounding neighborhoods in Queens. This iteration of the district gained national attention in 1984 when 9th District Rep. Geraldine Ferraro became the vice presidential candidate of the Democratic Party.

Voting[edit]

Components: past and present[edit]

The Ninth District from 1993 to 2003

The 9th was historically a Queens district.[citation needed] Part of the old 9th became the 7th District in the 1992 redistricting when the present 9th absorbed much of the old 10th District based in Brooklyn.[citation needed]

List of representatives[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral history
District created 1793
No image.svg James Gordon Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Redistricted from 6th district.
JohnWilliamsSalemNewYork.jpg John Williams Democratic-
Republican
[4]
March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
First elected in December 1794;
not a candidate for reelection in 1798.
Federalist[5][6] March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
Brooklyn Museum - Jonas Platt - Samuel Finley Breese Morse - overall.jpg Jonas Platt Federalist March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
Not a candidate for renomination in 1800.
No image.svg Benjamin Walker Federalist March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
Not a candidate for renomination in 1802.
Kiliaen K Van Rensselaer Semirestored.png Killian K. Van Rensselaer Federalist March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1809
Redistricted from 8th district
Redistricted to 7th district.
No image.svg Thomas Sammons Federalist[7] March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1811
Not a candidate for reelection in 1812.
Democratic-
Republican
[8]
March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
No image.svg John Lovett Federalist March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1817
Not a candidate for reelection in 1816.
No image.svg Rensselaer Westerlo Federalist March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
Not a candidate for renomination in 1818.
Solomon Van Rensselaer.jpg Solomon Van Rensselaer Federalist March 4, 1819 –
January 14, 1822
Resigned to become postmaster of Albany.
Vacant January 14, 1822 –
March 12, 1822
StephenVanRensselaerIIIPortrait.jpg Stephen Van Rensselaer Federalist March 12, 1822 –
March 3, 1823
Redistricted to 10th district.
No image.svg James L. Hogeboom Crawford
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Not a candidate for reelection in 1824.
No image.svg William McManus Adams March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1826.
John Dean Dickinson.jpg John D. Dickinson Adams March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1830.
Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
No image.svg Job Pierson Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1835
Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1834.
No image.svg Hiram P. Hunt Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1836.
No image.svg Henry Vail Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1838.
No image.svg Hiram P. Hunt Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1836.
No image.svg James G. Clinton Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
Redistricted from 6th district.
No image.svg Archibald C. Niven Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
Not a candidate for reelection in 1846.
No image.svg Daniel B. St. John Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
Not a candidate for reelection in 1848.
No image.svg Thomas McKissock Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1850.
William Murray 1803-75.jpg William Murray Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
Redistricted to 10th district.
Jared V. Peck.jpg Jared V. Peck Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Not a candidate for renomination in 1854.
No image.svg Bayard Clarke Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
Declined renomination as a Republican in 1856.
John Bussing Haskin.jpg John B. Haskin Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
Not a candidate for reelection in 1860.
Anti-Lecompton
Democratic
March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
Edward haight.jpg Edward Haight Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
Unsuccessful candidate for reelection 1862.
Rep. Anson Herrick.jpg Anson Herrick Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1864.
William A. Darling.jpg William A. Darling Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1866.
Fernando Wood - Brady-Handy.jpg Fernando Wood Democratic March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1873
Redistricted to 10th district.
No image.svg David B. Mellish Republican March 4, 1873 –
May 23, 1874
Died.
Vacant May 23, 1874 –
December 7, 1874
Richard Schell 2.jpg Richard Schell Democratic December 7, 1874 –
March 3, 1875
Completed term to which David B. Mellish had been elected;
not a candidate for a full term in 1874.
Fernando Wood - Brady-Handy.jpg Fernando Wood Democratic March 4, 1875 –
February 14, 1881
Redistricted from 10th district
Died.
Vacant February 14, 1881 –
December 5, 1881
No image.svg John Hardy Democratic December 5, 1881 –
March 3, 1885
Unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1884.
JosephPulitzerPinceNeznpsgov.jpg Joseph Pulitzer Democratic March 4, 1885 –
April 10, 1886
Resigned.
Vacant April 10, 1886 –
November 2, 1886
SSCox.jpg Samuel S. Cox Democratic November 2, 1886 –
September 10, 1889
Died.
Vacant September 10, 1889 –
November 5, 1889
Amos Jay Cummings.jpg Amos J. Cummings Democratic November 5, 1889 –
March 3, 1893
Redistricted to 11th district.
Timothy J. Campbell.jpg Timothy J. Campbell Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
Redistricted from 8th district.
Henry Clay Miner.jpg Henry C. Miner Democratic March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
Not a candidate for renomination in 1896.
Thomas J. Bradley.jpg Thomas J. Bradley Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
Not a candidate for renomination in 1900.
Henry M Goldfogle.jpg Henry M. Goldfogle Democratic March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1913
Redistricted to 12th district.
James H OBrien.jpg James H. O'Brien Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1914.
Oscar W. Swift (New York Congressman).jpg Oscar W. Swift Republican March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1919
Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1918.
David J. O'Connell.jpg David J. O'Connell Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1920.
Andrew Nicholas Petersen.jpg Andrew Petersen Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1922.
David J. O'Connell.jpg David J. O'Connell Democratic March 4, 1923 –
December 29, 1930
Died.
Vacant December 29, 1930 –
February 17, 1931
Stephen Andrew Rudd.jpg Stephen A. Rudd Democratic February 17, 1931 –
March 31, 1936
Died.
Vacant March 31, 1936 –
January 3, 1937
Eugene J. Keogh.jpg Eugene J. Keogh Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1963
Redistricted to 11th district.
James J. Delaney.jpg James J. Delaney Democratic January 3, 1963 –
December 31, 1978
Redistricted from 7th district.

Resigned.
Vacant January 1, 1979 –
January 3, 1979
GeraldineFerraro.jpg Geraldine Ferraro Democratic January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1985
First elected in 1978.

Retired to run for U.S. Vice President.
ThomasManton.jpg Thomas J. Manton Democratic January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1993
First elected in 1984.

Redistricted to 7th district.
Charles Schumer official portrait.jpg Chuck Schumer Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1999
Redistricted from 10th district.

Retired to run for U.S. Senate.
Anthony Weiner, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Anthony Weiner Democratic January 3, 1999 –
June 21, 2011
First elected in 1998.

Resigned.[9]
Vacant June 21, 2011 –
September 13, 2011
Bob Turner, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg Robert Turner Republican September 13, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
Elected in 2011.

Retired to run for U.S. Senate.
Yvette Clarke official photo.jpg Yvette Clarke Democratic January 3, 2013 –
Present
Redistricted from 11th district.

Recent election results[edit]

In New York elections, there are minor parties. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap").

US House election, 1870: New York District 9[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Fernando Wood 15,620 64.8
Young Democrat and Republican William S. Hillyer 4,789 19.8
Republican Morris Ellinger 3,707 15.4
Majority 10,831 45.0
Turnout 24,116 100
US House election, 1984: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Thomas J. Manton 71,420 52.8
Republican Serphin R. Maltese 63,910 47.2
Majority 7,510 5.6
Turnout 135,330 100
US House election, 1996: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Charles E. Schumer 107,107 74.8
Republican Robert J. Verga 30,488 21.3
Conservative (N.Y.) Michael Mossa 5,618 3.9
Majority 76,619 53.5
Turnout 143,213 100
US House election, 1998: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 69,439 66.4 -8.4
Republican Louis Telano 24,486 23.4 +2.1
Liberal Melinda Katz 5,698 5.5 +5.5
Conservative (N.Y.) Arthur J. Smith 4,899 4.7 +0.8
Majority 44,953 43.0 -10.5
Turnout 104,522 100 -27.0
US House election, 2000: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 98,983 68.4 +2.0
Republican Noach Dear 45,649 31.6 +8.2
Majority 53,334 36.9 -6.1
Turnout 144,632 100 +38.4
US House election, 2002: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 60,737 65.7 -2.7
Republican Alfred F. Donohue 31,698 34.3 +2.7
Majority 29,039 31.4 -5.5
Turnout 92,435 100 -36.1
US House election, 2004: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 113,025 71.3 +5.6
Republican Gerard J. Cronin 45,451 28.7 -5.6
Majority 67,574 42.6 +11.2
Turnout 158,476 100 +71.4
US House election, 2006: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 71,762 100 +28.7
Majority 71,762 100 +57.4
Turnout 71,762 100 -54.7
US House election, 2008: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 112,205 93.1 -6.9
Conservative (N.Y.) Alfred F. Donohue 8,378 6.9 +6.9
Majority 103,827 86.2 -13.8
Turnout 120,583 100 +68.0
US House election, 2010: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 67,011 60.8 -32.3
Republican Bob Turner 43,129 39.2 +39.2
Majority 23,882 21.6 -64.6
Turnout 110,140 100 -8.7
Democratic hold
US House special election, 2011: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bob Turner 37,342 51.72
Democratic David Weprin 33,656 46.62
Socialist Workers Chris Hoeppner 143 0.2
Write-In Votes Multiple (49 Names) 1,056 1.46
Total votes 72,197 100
Republican gain from Democratic

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003 – 2013

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017. 
  2. ^ Feature. Queens Tribune (September 15, 2011). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  3. ^ http://www.jpost.com/International/Pro-Israel-Republican-Bob-Turner-wins-Weiners-NY-seat.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ 1794 Election result 9th D. at Project "A New Nation Votes", compiled by Phil Lampi, hosted at Tufts University Digital Library
  5. ^ see The History of Political Parties in the State of New-York, from the Ratification of the Federal Constition to 1840 by Jabez D. Hammond (4th ed., Vol. 1, H. & E. Phinney, Cooperstown, 1846), on page 115: "…Gen. John Williams who had changed from a zealous democrat to a most heated federalist."
  6. ^ 1796 Election result 9th D. at Project "A New Nation Votes", compiled by Phil Lampi, hosted at Tufts University Digital Library
  7. ^ 1808 Election result 9th D. at Project "A New Nation Votes", compiled by Phil Lampi, hosted at Tufts University Digital Library
  8. ^ 1810 Election result 9th D. at Project "A New Nation Votes", compiled by Phil Lampi, hosted at Tufts University Digital Library
  9. ^ Strauss, Daniel. "Weiner to submit resignation letter Tuesday at midnight". Retrieved June 20, 2011. 
  10. ^ November Election, 1870. Complete Statement of the Official Canvass, in Detail of the Election Held November 8, 1870, Giving the Vote of Each Election District, with Proceedings of County And State.. Volume II. County of New York. 1871. p. 2030. Retrieved March 26, 2009. 

References[edit]