New York's 9th congressional district

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New York's 9th congressional district
New York US Congressional District 9 (since 2013).tif
New York 's 9th congressional district – since January 3, 2013.
U.S. RepresentativeYvette Clarke (DBrooklyn)
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+34[1]

New York's 9th Congressional District is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives in New York City, represented by Yvette Clarke.

The district is located entirely within Brooklyn. It includes the neighborhoods of Brownsville, Crown Heights, East Flatbush, Flatbush, Kensington, Park Slope, Prospect Heights, Midwood, Sheepshead Bay, Marine Park, Gerritsen Beach and Prospect Lefferts Gardens. Prospect Park, Grand Army Plaza and the Grand Army Plaza Greenmarket, the worldwide headquarters of the Chabad-Lubavitch Hasidic community and the Brooklyn Children's Museum are located within this district, as well as, in the Prospect Heights neighborhood, the Brooklyn Museum of Art, the Brooklyn Botanic Garden, the Central Library, or main branch, of the Brooklyn Public Library, and the Kurdish Library and Museum.

Prior to 2013, the district consisted primarily of middle-class white neighborhoods, including large Jewish, Italian, Irish, and Russian populations, in southern Brooklyn and south central Queens. Before redistricting, the Queens Tribune found that the district increasingly swung Republican following the September 11 attacks in 2001, when many police and firefighters were lost from the Rockaways.[2] Its rightward shift was also attributed to the increasing tendency of Orthodox Jews to vote for Republicans.[3] Its representation in Congress was reliably Democratic for decades, electing prominent liberals such as Chuck Schumer and Anthony Weiner and, prior to that, Emanuel Celler and Elizabeth Holtzman (when the district was differently numbered). Anthony D. Weiner was Congressman from 1999 until he resigned on June 21, 2011. Republican Bob Turner succeeded Weiner after winning the special election on September 13, 2011. However, the previous 9th District was eliminated after New York lost two districts in 2010 redistricting, and its territory was divided among several neighboring districts.

After redistricting, Yvette Clarke now represents the district. The district is majority African-American and includes most of the territory previously within the 11th District. It includes significant portions of Midwood, Brooklyn, however, that were previously within the 9th.

In the 1980s, the district was based in Astoria and surrounding neighborhoods in Queens. This iteration of the district gained national attention in 1984 when 9th District Rep. Geraldine Ferraro became the vice presidential candidate of the Democratic Party.

Voting[edit]

Components: past and present[edit]

The Ninth District from 1993 to 2003

The 9th was historically a Queens district.[citation needed] Part of the old 9th became the 7th District in the 1992 redistricting when the present 9th absorbed much of the old 10th District based in Brooklyn.[citation needed]

  • 1797–1803: Montgomery County
  • 1803–1809: [Data unknown/missing.]
  • 1809–1913: Montgomery County
  • 1913–1945: Parts of Brooklyn, Queens
  • 1945–1963: Parts of Brooklyn
  • 1963–1993: Parts of Queens
  • 1993–2013: Parts of Brooklyn, Queens
  • 2013–present: Parts of Brooklyn

List of representatives[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral history
District created 1793
James Gordon Pro-
Administration
March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Redistricted from 6th district.
JohnWilliamsSalemNewYork.jpg
John Williams
Democratic-
Republican
[4]
March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
First elected in December 1794.

Redistricted to the 7th district, and lost re-election.
Federalist[5][6] March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
Brooklyn Museum - Jonas Platt - Samuel Finley Breese Morse - overall.jpg
Jonas Platt
Federalist March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
Retired.
Benjamin Walker Federalist March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
Retired.
Kiliaen K Van Rensselaer Semirestored.png
Killian K. Van Rensselaer
Federalist March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1809
Redistricted from 8th district.

Redistricted to 7th district.
Thomas Sammons Federalist[7] March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1811
Not a candidate for reelection in 1812.
Democratic-
Republican
[8]
March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
John Lovett Federalist March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1817
Not a candidate for reelection in 1816.
Rensselaer Westerlo Federalist March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
Retired.
Solomon Van Rensselaer.jpg
Solomon Van Rensselaer
Federalist March 4, 1819 –
January 14, 1822
Resigned to become postmaster of Albany.
Vacant January 14, 1822 –
March 12, 1822
StephenVanRensselaerIIIPortrait.jpg
Stephen Van Rensselaer
Federalist March 12, 1822 –
March 3, 1823
Elected to finish his cousin's term.

Redistricted to 10th district.
James L. Hogeboom Crawford
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Not a candidate for reelection in 1824.
William McManus Adams March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Lost re-election.
John Dean Dickinson.jpg
John D. Dickinson
Adams March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
Lost re-election.
Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
Job Pierson Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1835
Lost re-election.
Hiram P. Hunt Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Lost re-election.
Henry Vail Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
Lost re-election.
Hiram P. Hunt Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
Lost re-election.
James G. Clinton Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
Redistricted from 6th district.
Archibald C. Niven Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
Not a candidate for reelection in 1846.
Daniel B. St. John Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
Not a candidate for reelection in 1848.
Thomas McKissock Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
Lost re-election.
William Murray 1803-75.jpg
William Murray
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
Redistricted to 10th district.
Jared V. Peck.jpg
Jared V. Peck
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Retired.
Bayard Clarke Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
Declined renomination as a Republican in 1856.
John Bussing Haskin.jpg
John B. Haskin
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
Not a candidate for reelection in 1860.
Anti-Lecompton
Democratic
March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
Edward haight.jpg
Edward Haight
Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
Lost re-election.
Rep. Anson Herrick.jpg
Anson Herrick
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
Lost re-election.
William A. Darling.jpg
William A. Darling
Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
Lost re-election.
Fernando Wood - Brady-Handy.jpg
Fernando Wood
Democratic March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1873
Redistricted to 10th district.
David B. Mellish Republican March 4, 1873 –
May 23, 1874
Died.
Vacant May 23, 1874 –
December 7, 1874
Richard Schell 2.jpg
Richard Schell
Democratic December 7, 1874 –
March 3, 1875
Elected to finish Mellish's term.

Retired.
Fernando Wood - Brady-Handy.jpg
Fernando Wood
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
February 14, 1881
Redistricted from 10th district.

Died.
Vacant February 14, 1881 –
December 5, 1881
John Hardy Democratic December 5, 1881 –
March 3, 1885
Elected to finish Wood's term.

Lost renomination.
JosephPulitzerPinceNeznpsgov.jpg
Joseph Pulitzer
Democratic March 4, 1885 –
April 10, 1886
Resigned.
Vacant April 10, 1886 –
November 2, 1886
SSCox.jpg
Samuel S. Cox
Democratic November 2, 1886 –
September 10, 1889
Elected to finish Pulitzer's term.

Died.
Vacant September 10, 1889 –
November 5, 1889
Amos Jay Cummings.jpg
Amos J. Cummings
Democratic November 5, 1889 –
March 3, 1893
Elected to finish Cox's term.

Redistricted to 11th district.
Timothy J. Campbell.jpg
Timothy J. Campbell
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
Redistricted from 8th district.
Henry Clay Miner.jpg
Henry C. Miner
Democratic March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
Retired.
Thomas J. Bradley.jpg
Thomas J. Bradley
Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
Retired.
Henry M Goldfogle.jpg
Henry M. Goldfogle
Democratic March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1913
Redistricted to 12th district.
James H OBrien.jpg
James H. O'Brien
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
Lost re-election.
Oscar W. Swift (New York Congressman).jpg
Oscar W. Swift
Republican March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1919
Lost re-election.
David J. O'Connell.jpg
David J. O'Connell
Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
Lost re-election.
Andrew Nicholas Petersen.jpg
Andrew Petersen
Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
Lost re-election.
David J. O'Connell.jpg
David J. O'Connell
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
December 29, 1930
Died.
Vacant December 29, 1930 –
February 17, 1931
Stephen Andrew Rudd.jpg
Stephen A. Rudd
Democratic February 17, 1931 –
March 31, 1936
Elected to finish O'Connell's term.

Died.
Vacant March 31, 1936 –
January 3, 1937
Eugene J. Keogh.jpg
Eugene J. Keogh
Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1963
Redistricted to 11th district.
James J. Delaney.jpg
James J. Delaney
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
December 31, 1978
Redistricted from 7th district.

Resigned.
Vacant January 1, 1979 –
January 3, 1979
GeraldineFerraro.jpg
Geraldine Ferraro
Democratic January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1985
First elected in 1978.

Retired to run for U.S. Vice President.
ThomasManton.jpg
Thomas J. Manton
Democratic January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1993
First elected in 1984.

Redistricted to 7th district.
Charles Schumer official portrait.jpg
Chuck Schumer
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1999
Redistricted from 10th district.

Retired to run for U.S. Senate.
Anthony Weiner, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Anthony Weiner
Democratic January 3, 1999 –
June 21, 2011
First elected in 1998.

Resigned.[9]
Vacant June 21, 2011 –
September 13, 2011
Bob Turner, official portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Robert Turner
Republican September 13, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
Elected to finish Weiner's term.

Retired to run for U.S. Senate.
Yvette Clarke official photo.jpg
Yvette Clarke
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
Present
Redistricted from 11th district.

Recent election results[edit]

In New York elections, there are minor parties. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap").

  • [Data unknown/missing.]
US House election, 1870: New York District 9[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Fernando Wood 15,620 64.8
Young Democrat and Republican William S. Hillyer 4,789 19.8
Republican Morris Ellinger 3,707 15.4
Majority 10,831 45.0
Turnout 24,116 100
  • [Data unknown/missing.]
US House election, 1984: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Thomas J. Manton 71,420 52.8
Republican Serphin R. Maltese 63,910 47.2
Majority 7,510 5.6
Turnout 135,330 100
US House election, 1996: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Charles E. Schumer 107,107 74.8
Republican Robert J. Verga 30,488 21.3
Conservative (N.Y.) Michael Mossa 5,618 3.9
Majority 76,619 53.5
Turnout 143,213 100
US House election, 1998: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 69,439 66.4 -8.4
Republican Louis Telano 24,486 23.4 +2.1
Liberal Melinda Katz 5,698 5.5 +5.5
Conservative (N.Y.) Arthur J. Smith 4,899 4.7 +0.8
Majority 44,953 43.0 -10.5
Turnout 104,522 100 -27.0
US House election, 2000: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 98,983 68.4 +2.0
Republican Noach Dear 45,649 31.6 +8.2
Majority 53,334 36.9 -6.1
Turnout 144,632 100 +38.4
US House election, 2002: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 60,737 65.7 -2.7
Republican Alfred F. Donohue 31,698 34.3 +2.7
Majority 29,039 31.4 -5.5
Turnout 92,435 100 -36.1
US House election, 2004: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 113,025 71.3 +5.6
Republican Gerard J. Cronin 45,451 28.7 -5.6
Majority 67,574 42.6 +11.2
Turnout 158,476 100 +71.4
US House election, 2006: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 71,762 100 +28.7
Majority 71,762 100 +57.4
Turnout 71,762 100 -54.7
US House election, 2008: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 112,205 93.1 -6.9
Conservative (N.Y.) Alfred F. Donohue 8,378 6.9 +6.9
Majority 103,827 86.2 -13.8
Turnout 120,583 100 +68.0
US House election, 2010: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Anthony D. Weiner 67,011 60.8 -32.3
Republican Bob Turner 43,129 39.2 +39.2
Majority 23,882 21.6 -64.6
Turnout 110,140 100 -8.7
Democratic hold
US House special election, 2011: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bob Turner 37,342 51.72
Democratic David Weprin 33,656 46.62
Socialist Workers Chris Hoeppner 143 0.2
Write-In Votes Multiple (49 Names) 1,056 1.46
Total votes 72,197 100
Republican gain from Democratic
US House election, 2018: New York District 9
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Yvette D. Clarke
Republican Lutchi Gayot
Reform Joel Anabilah-Azumah
Majority
Turnout

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003 – 2013

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  2. ^ Feature. Queens Tribune (September 15, 2011). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
  3. ^ http://www.jpost.com/International/Pro-Israel-Republican-Bob-Turner-wins-Weiners-NY-seat. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ 1794 Election result 9th D. at Project "A New Nation Votes", compiled by Phil Lampi, hosted at Tufts University Digital Library
  5. ^ see The History of Political Parties in the State of New-York, from the Ratification of the Federal Constitution to 1840 by Jabez D. Hammond (4th ed., Vol. 1, H. & E. Phinney, Cooperstown, 1846), on page 115: "…Gen. John Williams who had changed from a zealous democrat to a most heated federalist."
  6. ^ 1796 Election result 9th D. at Project "A New Nation Votes", compiled by Phil Lampi, hosted at Tufts University Digital Library
  7. ^ 1808 Election result 9th D. at Project "A New Nation Votes", compiled by Phil Lampi, hosted at Tufts University Digital Library
  8. ^ 1810 Election result 9th D. at Project "A New Nation Votes", compiled by Phil Lampi, hosted at Tufts University Digital Library
  9. ^ Strauss, Daniel. "Weiner to submit resignation letter Tuesday at midnight". Retrieved June 20, 2011.
  10. ^ November Election, 1870. Complete Statement of the Official Canvass, in Detail of the Election Held November 8, 1870, Giving the Vote of Each Election District, with Proceedings of County And State... Volume II. County of New York. 1871. p. 2030. Retrieved March 26, 2009.

References[edit]