New York, Tyne and Wear
There had been a settlement in existence on the location of New York since Anglo-Saxon England where it occupied a crossroads between Monkwearmouth-Jarrow Abbey and docks for Lindisfarne Monastery. It did not have an official name until during the American War of Independence when it was named "New York" after New York City following the British capture of the city. It was also due to the village being formally founded then and being located near a now-vanished village that similarly shared a name from the Thirteen Colonies, "Philadelphia".
New York had its own blacksmiths' forge from the 1760s until 2016, when the landowner sold the land that it was leased on for redevelopment. New York was located near Algernon Colliery, until the coal pits closed in 1966. The road to the pits crossed a disused London and North Eastern Railway line. The North Tyneside Steam Railway and Stephenson Railway Museum are located in New York. In 1969, it was considered by the government to be a part of a redevelopment project aimed at North Shields.
In 1921, New York constructed a war memorial to victims of the First World War. It was designed by local architect W.H. Endean and was constructed out of sandstone in the shape of a celtic cross. In 2012, it received grade II listed status for having a "...strong cultural and historical significance within both a local and national context". In 2014, North Tyneside Council announced a £100,000 fund to repair local war memorials, including the New York War Memorial, in time for the centenary of the First World War.
- "NEW YORK AND MURTON VILLAGES". BBC Domesday Reloaded. 1986. Archived from the original on 23 May 2017. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
- "Bid to save historic forge backed by historian and thousands of residents". Chronicle Live. 21 May 2016. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
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- "Shiremoor House Farm, Middle Engine Lane, New York". Chronicle Live. 24 January 2010. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
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- H.M. Government (1969). Report of the Ministry of Housing and Local Government. H.M. Stationery Office. p. 35.
- "New York War Memorial, non Civil Parish". Historic England. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- "North Tyneside's war memorials undergo repairs". News Guardian. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
Media related to New York, Tyne and Wear at Wikimedia Commons