New York-style pizza

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New York–style pizza
NYPizzaPie.jpg
TypePizza
Place of originUnited States
Region or stateNew York City, New York
Main ingredientsPizza dough, tomato sauce, mozzarella

New York–style pizza is pizza made with a characteristically large hand-tossed thin crust, often sold in wide slices to go. The crust is thick and crisp only along its edge, yet soft, thin, and pliable enough beneath its toppings to be folded in half to eat.[1] Traditional toppings are simply tomato sauce and shredded mozzarella cheese.[2]

This style evolved in the U.S. from the pizza that originated in New York City in the early 1900s, itself derived from the Neapolitan-style pizza made in Italy.[2] Today it is the dominant style eaten in the New York metropolitan area states of New York, and New Jersey and variously popular throughout the United States. Regional variations exist throughout the Northeast and elsewhere in the U.S.

History[edit]

Lombardi's, founded in New York City in 1905, is credited with being the first licensed pizzeria in the U.S.

The first pizzeria in the United States, Lombardi's, was founded by Gennaro Lombardi in New York City's Little Italy in 1905, though this has recently been challenged by author Peter Regas.[3][4][failed verification] An immigrant pizzaiolo (pizza maker) from Naples, he opened a grocery store in 1897; eight years later, it was licensed to sell pizza by New York State.[4] An employee, Antonio Totonno Pero, began making pizza, which sold for five cents a pie. Many people, however, could not afford a whole pie and instead would offer what they could in return for a corresponding sized slice,[5] which was wrapped in paper tied with string. In 1924, Totonno left Lombardi's to open his own pizzeria on Coney Island, called Totonno's.

The original pizzerias in New York used coal-fired ovens and baked their pizza with the cheese on the bottom and sauce on top.[citation needed] By 2010, over 400 pizza restaurants existed in New York City, with hundreds more of varied cuisine also offering the dish.[1]

Characteristics[edit]

New York–style pepperoni pizza, displaying its characteristic thin foldable crust

New York–style pizza is traditionally hand-tossed,[6] consisting in its basic form of a light layer of tomato sauce[4] sprinkled with dry, grated, full-fat mozzarella cheese; additional toppings are placed over the cheese.[6] Pies are typically around 18 to 24 inches (45 to 60 cm) in diameter, and commonly cut into eight slices. These large wide slices[7] are often eaten as fast food while folded in half along the crust both for convenience—allowing the slice to be eaten one-handed—and to control the flow of oil running off the pie in both directions.

New York–style pizza gets its distinguishing crust from the high-gluten bread flour with which it is made. Minerals present in New York City's tap water supply are also credited with giving the dough in metro area pies its characteristic texture and flavor.[7][8] Some out-of-state pizza bakers even transport the water cross-country for the sake of authenticity.[9][10] However, many dispute this, claiming a similarly high-quality pizza can be made elsewhere with otherwise similar techniques and ingredients.[citation needed]

Typical condiments include dried oregano, dried red chili pepper flakes, garlic powder, dried basil, and grated Parmesan cheese.[citation needed]

Gallery[edit]

Regional variations[edit]

New York–style pizza is most prevalent in New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Connecticut, but can be found throughout the Northeastern region and beyond.[6] Outside this area, many pizzas described as "New York–style",[1] including those of major pizza chains such as Pizza Hut, generally do not fall within the variations commonly accepted as genuine in its native area.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Jackson, Kenneth T.; Keller, Lisa; Flood, Nancy (2010). The Encyclopedia of New York City (2nd ed.). New Haven: Yale University Press. pp. (unlisted). ISBN 978-0300182576.
  2. ^ a b "What is New York Style Pizza?". Thespruceeats.com. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  3. ^ "Special Sauce: Uncovering Pizza's US Origins". Archived from the original on March 28, 2019. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c Otis, Ginger Adams (2010). New York City 7. Lonely Planet. p. 256. ISBN 978-1741795912. Retrieved November 1, 2012.
  5. ^ Swerdloff, Alex (March 14, 2016). "What the Price of a Slice of Pizza Can Tell You About New York". Munchies.vice.com. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
  6. ^ a b c MacKenzie, Shea (1995). The Pizza Gourmet: Simple Recipes for Spectacular Pizza. Penguin. p. 81. ISBN 089529656X. Retrieved November 1, 2012.
  7. ^ a b Downing, Johnette; Kadair, Deborah Ousley (2011). Today Is Monday in New York. Pelican Publishing. pp. (unlisted). ISBN 978-1589808867. Retrieved November 1, 2012.
  8. ^ Gilbert, Sara. "New York Pizza: is the water the secret?" Archived September 5, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. Slashfood. Weblogs, Inc.September 26, 2005.
  9. ^ Cornwell, Rupert. "New York's 'Champagne Tap Water' Under Threat". The Independent, UK, July 21, 2006.
  10. ^ Wayne, Gary. "Mulberry Street Pizzeria". Seeing Stars in Hollywood. 2008.

External links[edit]