New York Academy of Sciences
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|Motto||Per terras, per celestis, per aerum, per maria (Latin)|
|Type||Non-profit Professional Society
(IRS exemption status): 501(c)(3)
|Purpose||Science, Education, and Public Policy|
|Headquarters||New York, NY, United States|
|Method||Donations and Grants|
|Ellis Rubinstein, CEO and President
Eunice Miner, Executive Director, 1935-1867
The New York Academy of Sciences (originally the Lyceum of Natural History) was founded in January 1817. It one of the oldest scientific societies in the United States. An independent, non-profit organization with more than 20,000 members in 100 countries, the Academy’s mission is "to advance scientific research and knowledge; to support scientific literacy; and to promote the resolution of society's global challenges through science-based solutions." The current President and CEO is Ellis Rubinstein; the current chair of the board of governors of the Academy is Nancy Zimpher, Chancellor, The State University of New York (SUNY).
The Academy’s wide range of programs include its internationally acclaimed annual schedule of major interdisciplinary symposia on basic or applied frontier research fields; its robust publishing and dissemination initiatives; its efforts to improve science literacy; and its work in support of the human rights of scientists.
Since 2002, under the leadership of President Ellis Rubinstein, the Academy has undertaken new programs to better serve its constituencies by fostering the creation of mini-communities of common interest. These include the Frontiers of Science Program of interdisciplinary discussion groups at the cutting edge of emerging areas in biological sciences; the Science Alliance program, which encompasses 30 higher education institutions from throughout the U.S., Europe, Asia, and Australia and offers career-oriented programming for graduate students and postdocs; and the Physical Sciences and Engineering program, which provides a novel and critical forum for the exchange of new ideas and data in emerging interdisciplinary areas. Areas of particular emphasis at the Academy in recent years include fields like systems biology, genome integrity, emerging infectious diseases, nanobiotechnology, cosmology, green science and sustainability, string theory, and quantitative finance, among others.
The Academy has an extensive publishing program. Since 1823, The Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences is the oldest continuously published scientific series in the United States. In recent years, the Academy also has developed an innovative and extensive series of electronic briefings, online multimedia postings that offer overviews of NYAS and partner events for worldwide scientific audiences.
One of the Academy’s initiatives is Scientists Without Borders, a collaborative program with the United Nations Millennium Project and other key partners. Launched on May 12, 2008, Scientists Without Borders is designed to establish a global network of scientists, institutions, academies, industry experts and funding agencies that will address health and other crucial needs of the developing world.
The Academy’s most recent initiative is The Sackler Institute for Nutrition Science. The institute is generating a coordinated network across sectors, disciplines, and geographies that promotes open communication; encourages exchange of information and resources; nurtures the next generation of scientists; and drives community intervention design and public policy changes related to the future of food and nutrition.
Founded in 1817, the New York Academy of Sciences, originally called the Lyceum of Natural History, has evolved from a notable institution in the greater New York area to one of the most significant organizations in the international scientific community. Since its beginnings, Academy membership has included prominent leaders in the sciences, business, academia and government, including Presidents Thomas Jefferson and James Monroe, Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison, Louis Pasteur, Charles Darwin, Margaret Mead, and Albert Einstein. Prior to 1877, the Academy only admitted men, but on November 5, 1877, they elected Erminnie A. Smith the first female member. In 2007, members included twenty-three Nobel Laureate on its advisory President’s Council alone and other luminaries from all walks of life.
The Academy is well known for its significant contributions to the scientific community on an international level including the publication of the first studies on environmental pollution in 1876; the first conference on antibiotics in 1946; a groundbreaking gathering on the cardiovascular effects of smoking in 1960; the world’s first major conferences on AIDS in 1983 and a conference on SARS in 2003. The Academy has also held landmark conferences on Special Challenges Facing Women in Science in 1998; a conference on music and neuroscience in 2000; and a conference in China on the Frontiers of Biomedical Science in 2005..
In 2006, the Academy moved into a new home on the 40th floor of 7 World Trade Center, one of the world’s most technologically advanced “green” buildings in New York. With state-of-the-art meeting facilities, the 40,000-square-foot (3,700 m2) space better meets the needs of the Academy’s growing membership and expanding programs.
Human Rights of Scientists Award
The Committee on the Human Rights of Scientists was created in 1978 to support and promote the human rights of scientists, health professionals, engineers, and educators around the world. The committee intervenes on behalf of colleagues in the sciences who have been detained, imprisoned, exiled, or deprived of the rights to pursue science, communicate their findings to their peers and the general public, and travel freely.
The full name is "Heinz R. Pagels Human Rights of Scientists Award", it is given to scientists for their contributions to safeguard or advance the human rights of scientists all across the world. It was retitled in 1986.
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- Douglas Sloan, "Science in New York City, 1867-1907," Isis 71 (March 1980), pp. 35–76.
- Simon Baatz, Knowledge, Culture, and Science in the Metropolis: The New York Academy of Sciences, 1817–1970, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, New York, NY, 1990, Volume 584
- "For Science Academy, Move to World Trade Center Is Like Going Home," The New York Times, October 30, 2006
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