New York Blood Center
facing south to 310 E 67th St
The New York Blood Center (NYBC) is a community, nonprofit blood bank based in New York City. Established in 1964 by Dr. Aaron Kellner, NYBC supplies blood to approximately 200 hospitals in the Northeast United States.
In addition to serving the New York City metropolitan area, New Jersey, Connecticut and Pennsylvania, in May of 2014, NYBC merged its operations with Community Blood Center of Greater Kansas City (CBC). In February 2016, NYBC and CBC announced the creation of the Kansas City-based National Center for Blood Group Genomics, a new laboratory that will focus on precision testing of blood donor samples.
In August 2016, NYBC also combined operations with Innovative Blood Resources, a blood center with operations in Minnesota and Nebraska.
NYBC maintains close relationships with both New York City's Police Department (NYPD) and Fire Department (FDNY). Among NYBC's largest donor groups is the NYPD, which donated more than 11,000 pints of blood through November of 2015. At the same time, the FDNY participates with NYBC in the "Be The Match Program" operated by the National Marrow Donor Program (NMDP). More than 8,000 FDNY members are on the potential donor list, and 179 members have already given this life saving gift to those in need. FDNY members represent more than 10% of all NYBC bone marrow donors.
NYBC houses Lindsley F. Kimball Research Institute and the Howard P. Milstein National Cord Blood Center, a public cord blood bank named after board member Howard Milstein. The National Cord Blood Program (NCBP), directed by Dr. Pablo Rubinstein, is the oldest and largest in the world. In August 2015, the NCBP announced a new collaboration with the University of California, Davis Health System to manufacture specialized lines of highly adaptable stem cells for potential new therapies for diseases that include anemia, leukemia, lymphoma, sickle cell disease and severe combined immunodeficiency.
Chimpanzee abandonment scandal
For a thirty-year period starting in the mid-1970s, the NYBC conducted research experiments on over 400 chimpanzees in Liberia, where they could capture, breed and experiment on them with little regulatory oversight. After the studies were complete, NYBC moved the survivors onto six islands on the Farmington River, with no natural food or water and made a public commitment to provide them with lifelong care. In May 2015, the New York Times reported that although NYBC has earned an estimated $500 million in royalties from research conducted on the chimpanzees, it had left the chimps to die of starvation and thirst. In order to keep the chimps alive, locals who had been employed by NYBC to deliver food and water began to care for them on a volunteer basis. With virtually no resources and burdened by an Ebola outbreak, these volunteers kept the chimpanzees alive until a Humane Society of the United States (HSUS)-led coalition of over 30 animal conservation groups raised funds from the public to pay for the chimps’ care on an emergency basis.
In June 2015, activist groups in New York launched a campaign to demand that the NYBC reinstate funding for the chimpanzees. The campaign consists of protests at the homes of board members and major donors who have refused to engage with the advocacy community. On March 31, 2016, Citigroup, a former NYBC donor, issued a public statement asserting that “the situation is not tolerable” and made a $50,000 contribution to HSUS. On May 19, New York State Senator Tony Avella and New York State Assemblywoman Linda Rosenthal held a press conference at New York City Hall to demand that NYBC fulfill its promise to provide lifelong care for the chimpanzees.
- "Healthcare Providers and Services Company Overview of New York Blood Center, Inc.". Bloomberg. 19 August 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
- "Aaron Kellner, 78, Who Created A Blood-Supply Network, Is Dead". New York Times. 12 December 1992. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
- Hartocollis, Anemona (Jan. 28, 2015). New York Blood Donations Are Sought After Storm Disrupts Giving.New York Times. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Bavley, Alan (12 May 2014). "Community Blood Center of KC to merge with New York counterpart". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
- Grote, Dora (5 February 2016). "Be positive: National blood center lands in KC". Kansas City Business Journal. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
- "Biz buzz for Aug. 8". Duluth News Tribune. 8 August 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2016.
- Parascandola, Rocco (30 December 2015). "NYPD cops put the blood in "blood, sweat and tears"". Daily News New York. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
- "About Be The Match". Be The Match. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
- FDNY Press Office (29 April 2016). "Fire Commissioner and New York Blood Center Honor FDNY Bone Marrow Donors". Fire Department City of New York. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
- Rubin, Rita (13 July 2005). "Young lives get a fighting chance". Retrieved 26 August 2016 – via USA Today.
- Special to The Enterprise (15 July 2016). "Cord blood's promise: UCD labs are helping harness valuable inventory". The Davis enterprise. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
- New York Blood Center Official Site.