New York City Board of Education
|Jurisdiction||New York City|
|Board executive||Carmen Fariña, Chairperson (New York City Schools Chancellor)|
|Key document||Education Law|
The New York City Board of Education, renamed by its own bylaws as the Panel for Educational Policy, is the governing body of the New York City Department of Education. The members of the board are appointed by the mayor and by the five borough presidents.
Appointed by the Mayor
- Patricia Harris, a deputy mayor
- Edward Skyler, a deputy mayor
Appointed by borough presidents
- Delores Fernandez, appointed by Ruben Diaz, Jr. (Bronx)
- Carlo Scissurra, appointed by Marty Markowitz (Brooklyn)
- Jimmy Yan, appointed by Scott Stringer (Manhattan)
- Dennis Walcott (President of the Board), appointed by Helen Marshall (Queens)
- Edward Burke, appointed by James Molinaro (Staten Island)
Borough presidents appointed Board members in a meeting with Mayor Bloomberg on July 1, 2009. Four presidents chose appointees that are expected to support the mayor's education policies. Diaz appointed a representative that is anticipated to be independent of the mayor's perspective.
Analysis and criticism
In 2011, Panel for Educational Policy member Patrick Sullivan (who was appointed by Manhattan Borough President Scott Stringer in 2007) suggested changing the system to have only six mayoral appointees, and that appointees should have fixed terms; additionally, he stated "For us not to have the same role in our kids' education as people who live in the suburbs or Middle America is patronizing."
Prior to Mayor of New York City Michael Bloomberg's securing control of New York City schools, the Board of Education itself ran the schools. On June 30, 2002, Mayor Bloomberg secured authority over the schools from the New York State legislature, which began the era of "mayoral control" over the city schools. The mayor then changed the name of the schools agency from the Board of Education to the Department of Education, a mayoral agency.
On June 30, 2009, the New York State Senate declined to renew the mayor's full authority over the school system. In particular, State Senate Democrats leader John Sampson, of Brooklyn, opposed the extension of mayoral control. The authority reverted for a time to the Board of Education, but mayoral control was restored until 2015 in a vote on August 6, 2009. The actual city agency running the schools remains the New York City Department of Education.
- Samuel A. Lewis, elected a member in 1868
- Education Law § 2590-b(a); "The board of education of the city school district of the city of New York is hereby continued. Such board of education shall consist of thirteen members: one member to be appointed by each borough president of the city of New York; seven members to be appointed by the mayor of the city of New York; and the chancellor. The chancellor shall serve as the chairperson of the city board. [...]"
- Nacipucha v. City of New York, 18 Misc 3d 846, 850 (Sup Ct, Bronx County 2008).
- Neidl, Phoebe. "Mayoral Control Expires: Brooklyn’s Carlo Scissura Appointed to 'Temporary' Board of Education" Brooklyn Eagle (July 1, 2009)
- Hernandez, Javier C. "Senate Impasse Forces City to Revive Old School Board, in Name" New York Times July 2, 2009
- "Borough President Stringer Announces Appointment to Panel for Educational Policy" (Press release). Scott Stringer. 2007-06-22. Retrieved 2011-09-12.
- Featherstone, Liza (September 2011), "Report Card: Our Fake School Board", Brooklyn Rail, retrieved 2011-09-12
- Medina, Jennifer (August 6, 2009). "N.Y. Senate Renews Mayor’s Power to Run Schools". The New York Times.