New York City Fire Commissioner

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New York City Fire Commissioner
Occupation
Activity sectors
Fire fighting

The New York City Fire Commissioner is the civilian administrator of the New York City Fire Department (FDNY), appointed by the Mayor of the City of New York. There have been 33 commissioners excluding Acting Fire Commissioners, and 38 including Acting Fire Commissioners. This is since Manhattan and the Bronx consolidated with Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island to form The City of New York in 1898. The current Fire Commissioner is Daniel A. Nigro, who has held the office since June 7, 2014. The term of office is January 1 to December 31 unless the commissioner is removed from office by the mayor, dies in office, or resigns from office.

Fire Commissioners of the pre-consolidated City of New York[edit]

Name Dates in Office Administration References and notes
Richard Croker 1883-1887 [1]
Anthony Eickhoff 1891-1896 [2]
S. Howland Robbins  ?-1893 Hugh J. Grant
John Jay Scannell 1893-? Thomas F. Gilroy
Henry Winthrop Gray
Austin Edward Ford 1895 - September 17, 1897 He died in office on September 17, 1896.[3][4]
Thomas Sturgis September 17, 1896 - December 31, 1898 [4][5]

Fire Commissioners of the consolidated City of New York[edit]

Number Name Dates in Office Administration Notes and References
1 John Jay Scannell January 1, 1898 – December 31, 1901 Robert Anderson Van Wyck He was the first New York City Fire Commissioner. His salary was $5,000 per year (approximately $132,000 today)[6][7]
2 Thomas Sturgis January 1, 1902 – December 31, 1903 Seth Low He had previously served as a pre-consolidation New York City Fire Commissioner.[4]
3 Nicholas J. Hayes January 1, 1904 – December 31, 1905 George Brinton McClellan, Jr. [8][9][10][11]
4 John H. O'Brien January 1, 1906 – October 10, 1906 He resigned from office before completing his term.[12][13]
5 Francis J. Lantry October 10, 1906 – February 10, 1908 He resigned from office before completing his term.[14][15]
6 Hugh Bonner February 10, 1908 – March 13, 1908 He died in office before completing his term.[16][17]
7 Nicholas J. Hayes March 13, 1908 – January 3, 1910 This was his second non-consecutive term.[18][19]
8 Rhinelander Waldo January 3, 1910 – May 23, 1911 William Jay Gaynor He resigned less than two months after the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire to become the 8th New York City Police Commissioner.[20][21][22]
9 Joseph Johnson May 23, 1911? – June 1, 1911 (acting)
June 1, 1911 – December 31, 1913
William Jay Gaynor, Ardolph Loges Kline Acting New York City Fire Commissioner then promoted to New York City Fire Commissioner.[23][24][25]
10 Robert Edward Adamson January 1, 1914 – December 31, 1917 John Purroy Mitchel [26][27]
11 Thomas J. Drennan January 1, 1918 – April 30, 1926 John Francis Hylan, Jimmy Walker He resigned from office before completing his term.[28][29]
12 John J. Dorman May 5, 1926 – December 31, 1933 Jimmy Walker, Joseph V. McKee, John P. O'Brien [30][31]
Francis S. Giacome January 1, 1934 – January 18, 1934 (acting) Fiorello H. La Guardia Acting New York City Fire Commissioner.[32]
13 John J. McElligott January 18, 1934 – February 23, 1940 He resigned from office before completing his term during a corruption scandal.[33]
Elmer Mustard February 23, 1940 – February 26, 1940 (acting) Acting New York City Fire Commissioner during a corruption scandal.[34][35]
14 John J. McElligott February 26, 1940 – May 8, 1941 This was his second non-consecutive term. He resigned from office before completing his term during a corruption scandal.[36][37]
15 Patrick Walsh May 8, 1941 – December 31, 1945 [38][39]
16 Frank J. Quayle, Jr. January 1, 1946 – November 13, 1950 William O'Dwyer, Vincent R. Impellitteri He resigned from office before completing his term.[40][41]
Nathan C. Horwitz November 13, 1950 – December 27, 1950 (acting) Vincent R. Impellitteri Acting New York City Fire Commissioner.[42][43]
17 George P. Monaghan December 27, 1950 – July 9, 1951 He resigned the office to become New York City Police Commissioner.[44][45][46]
Nathan C. Horwitz July 9, 1951 – August 2, 1951 (acting) This was his second non-consecutive term as Acting New York City Fire Commissioner.[45][47]
18 Jacob B. Grumet August 2, 1951 – December 31, 1953 [47][48][49]
19 Edward Francis Cavanagh, Jr. January 1, 1954 – December 31, 1961 Robert F. Wagner, Jr. [50][51]
20 Edward Thompson January 1, 1962 – August 6, 1964 He resigned from office before completing his term.[52][53]
21 Martin Scott August 6, 1964 – December 31, 1965 [54][55]
22 Robert Oliver Lowery January 1, 1966 – September 29, 1973 John Lindsay He was the first African-American New York City Fire Commissioner. He resigned from office before completing his term.[56][57]
23 John T. O'Hagan October 11, 1973 – January 17, 1978 John Lindsay, Abraham Beame [58][59]
24 Augustus A. Beekman January 17, 1978 – November 5, 1980 Ed Koch He was the second African-American New York City Fire Commissioner. He resigned from office before completing his term because of illness preceding his death.[60][61]
25 Charles J. Hynes November 5, 1980 – October 22, 1982 He resigned from office before completing his term.[62]
26 Joseph E. Spinnato October 22, 1982 – November 16, 1987 He resigned from office before completing his term.[63]
28 Joseph F. Bruno November 16, 1987 – December 31, 1989 [64]
27 Carlos M. Rivera January 1, 1990 – August 31, 1993 David Dinkins He resigned from office before completing his term.[65]
28 William M. Feehan August 31, 1993 – November 24, 1993 (acting)
November 24, 1993 – December 31, 1993
Acting New York City Fire Commissioner then promoted to New York City Fire Commissioner. He died during the September 11 attacks.[66]
29 Howard Safir January 1, 1994 – April 15, 1996 Rudy Giuliani He resigned from office before completing his term to become the 39th New York City Police Commissioner.[67]
30 Thomas Von Essen April 15, 1996 – December 31, 2001 [68]
31 Nicholas Scoppetta January 1, 2002 – December 31, 2009 Michael Bloomberg He was the 31st New York City Fire Commissioner.[69]
32 Salvatore Cassano January 1, 2010 – June 7, 2014 Michael Bloomberg, Bill de Blasio He resigned from office before completing his term.[70]
33 Daniel A. Nigro June 7, 2014 – Bill de Blasio He is the current New York City Fire Commissioner.[71] His salary is $205,180.[72]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Richard Croker Dies In His Irish Castle As Result Of Cold". New York Times. April 29, 1922. Retrieved 2007-06-14. 
  2. ^ "Anthony Eickhoff". New York Times. November 7, 1901. Retrieved 2015-07-06. Anthony Eickhoff, aged seventy-four, ex-Fire Commissioner and ex-Coroner, who lived at 118 West Ninety-fourth Street, died Tuesday at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Miehling, 854 West End Avenue. ... 
  3. ^ "Austin E. Ford's Condition Critical". New York Times. September 17, 1896. 
  4. ^ a b c "To Succeed Austin E. Ford. Thomas Sturgis Made a Fire Commissioner by the Mayor" (PDF). New York Times. April 6, 1896. Retrieved 2008-10-05. 
  5. ^ "Thomas Sturgis". New York Times. February 27, 1914. 
  6. ^ "The New City Officials - As Announced by Mayor Van Wyck, the Slate Contains Some Surprises - Politicians Are Puzzled - Friends of Hugh J. Grant Seem to be Intentionally Ignored - The List as Given Out Yesterday". New York Times. January 2, 1898. p. 1. Retrieved 10 December 2015. 
  7. ^ "J.J. Scannell, Old Tammanyite, Dies. Ex-Fire Commissioner and Ex-Fire Chief Expires of Pneumonia at 78 Years. Avenged Brother's Death. Acquitted as Insane, His Political Rise Followed Friendship Made with Croker in Tombs". New York Times. March 6, 1918. Retrieved 2010-03-25. John Jay Scannell, ex-Fire Commissioner of this city, an intimate of Richard Croker, and one of the picturesque figures in New York Politics for many years, died yesterday in St. Mary's Hospital, Jamaica, L.I. from pneumonia. He was 78 years old, and his..." 
  8. ^ "New Mayor In Office - Col. McClellan's Address In Taking Over City Government - Promises to Administer Affairs in the Interest of All the People - Compliments His Predecessor on the Esteem Which He Has Earned". New York Times. January 2, 1904. p. 14. Retrieved 9 December 2015. 
  9. ^ "To Succeed Austin E. Ford. Thomas Sturgis Made a Fire Commissioner by the Mayor". New York Times. September 27, 1896. Retrieved 2008-10-05. Mayor Strong yesterday announced the appointment of Thomas Sturgis as a Commissioner of the Fire Department, in place of Austin E. Ford, who died Sept. 17. Mr. Sturgis, accompanied by his wife, went to the Mayor's office at 11 o'clock. After the usual preliminaries Mr. Sturgis took the oath of office and received his commission. 
  10. ^ "New Chiefs in Control". New York Times. January 2, 1902. p. 14. Retrieved 9 December 2015. 
  11. ^ "Thomas Sturgis - Fire Commissioner, Who Removed Chief Croker, Dies in England". New York Times. February 27, 1914. p. 11. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  12. ^ "New Fire Head Turns Down Croker's Order - O'Brien Sustains Hayes in Clash with the Chief - Inherits Department Row - Croker Revoked Hayes' Details, Hayes Reasserted Them, and the Chief Revoked Them Again". New York Times. January 2, 1906. p. 5. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  13. ^ "J.H. O'Brien Dies; Ex-City Official - Former Fire Commissioner and Member of Water Supply Board of New York - Served Public 3 Decades - When Political Writer for The Sun - Attracted Notice of Late Mayor McClellan". New York Times. February 5, 1941. p. 19. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  14. ^ "Mayor Drafts Lantry For Fire Commissioner - Coggey Made the Head of the Correction Department - He Has Been a Murphy Man - Lantry, Who Takes O'Brien's Place, Highly Praised by Mayor McClellan Before the Shift". New York Times. October 11, 1906. p. 16. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  15. ^ "Death Claims Lantry, Once High In Tammany - Former Fire and Correction Appointee Split With Murphy as to McClellan and Hearst". New York Times. October 8, 1922. p. 25. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  16. ^ "Hugh Bonner Heads Fire Department - This and Other Appointments by the Mayor Please Tammany Leader Murphy - Spooner Head of Docks - McClellan, In an Official Statement, Pleads for Democratic Unity Here for the Coming National Fight". New York Times. February 11, 1908. p. 6. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  17. ^ "Hugh Bonner Dead - Recently Appointed Fire Commissioner and Long a Chief in the Department". New York Times. March 13, 1908. p. 1. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  18. ^ "Hayes In Bonner's Place - Mayor Makes the ex-Sheriff City Fire Commissioner". New York Times. March 21, 1908. p. 3. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  19. ^ "Nicholas J. Hayes Dies Suddenly - Commissioner of Water Supply Is Stricken With Heart Disease in His Home - Once a Power in Tammany - Served as Sheriff and as Head of Fire Department- Was Friend of Late C.F. Murphy". New York Times. January 3, 1928. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  20. ^ "Gaynor Names Six; Tiger Not Favored - Announcement Coupled with Praise of Murphy Who, Says the Mayor, Hasn't Horns - Waldo Fire Commissioner - Watkins Corporation Counsel, Tomkins Dock Commissioner, and Hyde City Chamberlain". New York Times. January 3, 1910. p. 1. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  21. ^ "Gaynor Puts Waldo In Cropsey's Place - Tells Him to Banish Favoritism from Police as He Did from Fire Department - Inspector O'Brien Out - Cropsey's Last Official Act - Resigned Thursday After a Tilt. Croker or O'Keeffe for Fire Head". New York Times. May 24, 1911. p. 1. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  22. ^ "Waldo, 50, Dies Of Septic Poisoning. Former Police and Fire Head Succumbs at Garrison, N.Y., of an Old Ailment. Served in the Philippines. Arduous Labors There Blamed for Fatal Illness. Storm Centre While In Office Here". New York Times. August 14, 1927. p. 28. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  23. ^ "Driscoll Quits Job; O'Keeffe To Get It - Will Command in Brooklyn - McKay of Aqueduct Police Fourth Deputy in Booraem's Place - Gaynor Talks Amid Cheers - Central Figure at Promotion of 129 Men - 86 Appointments to Force, Including Cropsey's Troublesome 48". New York Times. May 30, 1911. p. 3. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  24. ^ "Johnson Appointed Fire Commissioner - O'Keeffe's Selection as First Police Deputy Is Now Expected - Waldo Praises Successor - Who Says the Department Will Run Along as New Police Head Planned - The Great Oak's Career". New York Times. p. 5. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  25. ^ "Joseph Johnson, 71, Ex-Official In City - Fire Commissioner, 1911-1917 - Was Named by Gaynor - Dies at Home in Atlanta - Former Newspaper Man - Began 'Model Saloon' in 1904 - Had Been Film Executive and Served Red Cross". New York Times. March 9, 1942. p. 19. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  26. ^ "Mitchel Names His City Helpers - Henry Bruere City Chamberlain, Adamson Fire Commissioner, as Predicted - Several Men Hold Over - John T. Featherson, Recognized National Expert, to Clean the Streets - Miss Davis Commissioner - Republicans Get Many Places, Progressives Two, Independent Democrats the Rest". New York Times. January 1, 1914. p. 1. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  27. ^ "Robert Adamson, Ex-Fire Head, Dies - Commissioner Under Mitchel Had Been Secretary to Gaynor, Then Kline - Collapses in His Office - Former Banker and Reporter an Editor at 20 - Cut Losses and Raised Firemen's Pay". New York Times. September 20, 1935. p. 21. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  28. ^ "Named By Hylan For Big City Posts - Alfred J. Johnson, City Chamberlain, Has Prominent Wall Street Connections - Many Veterans Appointed - Bird S. Coler, W.P. Burr, N.J. Hayes, J.A. Cantor, and Arthur Murphy All on the List". New York Times. January 2, 1918. p. 3. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  29. ^ "T.J. Drennan Dies From Heart Attack - Commissioner of Jurors of Kings County Stricken While Sitting With His Family - Aide of John H. McCooey - District Leader Was Fire Commissioner During Both of Hylan's Administrations". New York Times. July 16, 1928. p. 19. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  30. ^ "J.J. Dorman Named Fire Commissioner - Brooklyn Man's Selection Is a Surprise in Political Circles - A Victory For McCooey - Choice Is Seen as a Harmony Move Inspired by Coming Elections - Salary For Job Is $10,000 - T.J. Drennan's Successor Is Head of Kings County Democratic Committee". New York Times. May 6, 1926. p. 27. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  31. ^ "John Dorman Dies; Headed Fire Force - Commissioner Under Walker "Was Chairma of the Kings Democratic Committee". New York Times. June 22, 1953. p. 21. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  32. ^ "LaGuardia Moves To Clean Up City; Starts Hunt For Graft In Bureaus; Tammany Organizes The Alderman - Mayor Swears In Aides - Tells Each to Remove 'Every One' if Needed to Get Efficiency - Pledges Them Free Hand - Politicians No Longer Will Interfere With Prisons or Relief, He Says - First Day is Strenuous - New Executive Leaves Home at 8:28 A.M., Does Not Quit City Hall Till 6:30". New York Times. January 1, 1934. p. 1. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  33. ^ "LaGuardia Fills 3 Cabinet Posts - Moses Heads Park, McElligott Fire Department and Moss License Bureau. 3 Deputies Appointed - Hatch Gets Dock Job, Dr. Shipley Hospital Office - Mrs. R.L. Whitney Is License Aide". New York Times. January 19, 1934. p. 2. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  34. ^ "M'Elligott, 8 Aides Quit For Pensions; Fought By Mayor - Inquiry Is Ordered - Mustard Named Acting Fire Head in Move to Void Retirements - Mayor Acts by Radio - Out of the City, He Instructs Morris - Firemen Sought Benefits Under Old Law". New York Times. February 24, 1940. p. 1. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  35. ^ "Elmer Mustard Is Stricken Here. He Held Post of Acting Fire Commissioner for Four Days After McElligott Resigned. Voided Recent Pensions. Mayor Holds Deputy Who Had Served Department 39 Years 'Died in the Line of Duty". New York Times. March 2, 1940. p. 13. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  36. ^ "Mustard Cancels Retirement Order - McElligott and Six Officers of the Fire Department Are Affected by New Move - Due To Be On Duty Today - Deputy Chief Heffernan Says 'I'm Retired, and I'll Stay Retired' - Defies Mayor". New York Times. February 27, 1940. p. 27. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  37. ^ "John J. M'Elligott Dies In Hospital, 64; Fire Department Veteran Was First to Be Commissioner and Chief at One Time - In Former Post 7 Years - Ousted by La Guardia in 1941, He Then Joined Todd Corp. - Won Many Citations". New York Times. September 7, 1946. p. 15. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  38. ^ "M'elligott Ousted With Chief Deputy Over Graft Trials - Walsh Gets Post- Acting Chief Promoted - He Will Take Over Duties Tomorrow - Mayor Sees 'Whitewash' - Calls McKenna Lax in Petty Racket Case, Holds Superior Liable but Voices Regret". New York Times. May 9, 1941. p. 1. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  39. ^ "P.J. Walsh Is Dead; Former Fire Chief - Successor to McElligott Served Also as Commissioner - 44 Years in Department". New York Times. September 22, 1946. p. 62. Retrieved 2010-03-25. 
  40. ^ "O'Dwyer Names 18 As Aides, Warning: 'Make Good Or Go - Gives His Commissioners and Bureau Heads 3 Months to Meet 'Team' Requirements - Sees Grave Tasks Ahead - Financial, Housing, School and Transit Problems Among the Most Urgent, He Declares". New York Times. December 31, 1945. p. 1. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  41. ^ "Frank J. Quayle is Dead at 79; Fire Commissioner in the '40s - Democratic Leader Had Also Been Sherrif of Kings and Brooklyn Postmaster". New York Times. June 23, 1971. p. 48. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  42. ^ "Quayle Resigns as Fire Head On Eve of Mayor's Inaugural - H.J. Rosen, Aide in Pecora Campaign, Gives Up His $7,850 City Post". New York Times. November 14, 1951. p. 1. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  43. ^ "New Fire Head To Speak - Monaghan to Go on Air After Being Sworn Commissioner". New York Times. December 27, 1950. p. 19. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  44. ^ Crowell, Paul (December 7, 1950). "Hogan Aide Named Fire Commissioner - Appointing Monaghan, Mayor Minimizes Significance of His Being a Prosecutor". New York Times. p. 1. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  45. ^ a b "Monaghan Sworn As Head Of Police - Promotion of 9 to Lieutenants His Last Act in Retiring as Fire Commissioner". New York Times. July 10, 1951. p. 23. Retrieved 19 December 2015. 
  46. ^ Saxon, Wolfgang (September 7, 1986). "George Monaghan, 85, Dead Ex-Harness Racing Official". New York Times. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  47. ^ a b "Grumet New City Fire Head - Long Aide of Dewey, Hogan Republican to Take $15,000 Post Aug. 2 - Mayor Says Choice Was His Own". New York Times. July 19, 1951. p. 1. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  48. ^ "Wagner Pledges His Best To City At Inauguration - Mayor, in Ceremony, Voices Aims for Housing, Schools, Health and Security - Swears In His 36 Aides - Moses Retained in All Three Posts - Impellitteri Will Get His Judgeship Today". New York Times. January 2, 1954. p. 1. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  49. ^ Cook, Joan (June 9, 1987). "Jacob Grumet, Former Judge and Chairman of S.I.C., Dies". New York Times. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  50. ^ "New Fire And Marine Commissioners Sworn In - 3 Agencies Of City Shuffle Officials - Cavanagh and O'Connor Are Sworn In - Gillroy Gets a New Housing Deputy". New York Times. February 16, 1954. p. 26. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  51. ^ Pace, Eric (June 19, 1986). "Edward Cavanagh Jr. Dies; Former Fire Commissioner". New York Times. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  52. ^ Crowell, Paul (December 28, 1961). "Judge Is Chosen As City Fire Head - Thompson of Queens Named - Wiley's Job Offered to Baltimore's Traffic Chief". New York Times. p. 1. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  53. ^ Saxon, Wolfgang (August 9, 1995). "Edward Thompson, 82, Judge And Former Fire Commissioner". New York Times. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  54. ^ Bennett, Charles G. (August 6, 1964). "Chief Fire Marshal Is Named City's New Fire Commissioner". New York Times. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  55. ^ McNeil, Jr., Donald G. (February 12, 1979). "Martin Scott Dead; Headed Fire Dept. - Was Commissioner Under Wagner and Chief Marshal For Decade". New York Times. p. B12. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  56. ^ "Jobs To Be Goal Of Youth Board - Pragmatism Called Answer to Juvenile Delinquency". New York Times. December 25, 1965. p. 16. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  57. ^ Martin, Douglas (July 27, 2001). "Robert Lowery, First Black Fire Commissioner, Dies at 85". New York Times. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  58. ^ "O'Hagan Now Fire Commissioner". New York Times. October 12, 1973. p. 47. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  59. ^ James, George (January 3, 1991). "John T. O'Hagan, 65, Fire Chief And Fire Commissioner in the 70's". New York Times. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  60. ^ Ranzal, Edward (January 18, 1978). "Koch Picks Fire Chief To Be Commissioner - Augustus Beekman Will Be Second Black to Hold Post As the Head of Oldest U.S. Firefighting Force". New York Times. p. 5. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  61. ^ Lemire, Jonathan (December 3, 2008). "Gus Beekman, second African-American comissioner of FDNY, dead at 85". New York Daily News. Retrieved 15 December 2015. 
  62. ^ Maitland, Leslie (November 6, 1980). "Fire Commissioner Beekman Ousted; Hynes Gets Post". New York Times. p. B1. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  63. ^ Haberman, Clyde; Johnston, Laurie (October 19, 1982). "New York Day By Day". New York Times. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  64. ^ Kolbert, Elizabeth (October 21, 1987). "Parking Chief Named to Head Fire Department". New York Times. p. B3. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  65. ^ Lubasch, Arnold H. (December 23, 1989). "Veteran Firefighter Moves Up to Become Commissioner". New York Times. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  66. ^ "Dinkins Appoints Fire Commissioner". New York Times. November 25, 1993. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  67. ^ Myers, Steven Lee (December 31, 1993). "Reporter's Notebook; New Team Cleans Up Cleanup Plans". New York Times. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  68. ^ Kennedy, Randy (March 30, 1996). "Union Head Named New York's New Fire Commissioner". New York Times. p. 25. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  69. ^ Cooper, Michael (December 31, 2001). "Bloomberg Chooses Head Of Fire Dept.". New York Times. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  70. ^ Schmidt, Michael (December 21, 2009). "40-Year Veteran Chosen to Lead the Fire Dept.". New York Times. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  71. ^ Schwirtz, Michael; Rashbaum, William K. (May 8, 2014). "Key Figure in Fire Department After 9/11 Is to Return as Commissioner". New York Times. Retrieved 13 December 2015. 
  72. ^ "New Fire Commissioner Returns to a Challenged Department". New York Times. June 6, 2014. Retrieved 2016-02-05. 

External links[edit]