S (New York City Subway service)

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NYCS-bull-trans-S.svg
The single-tracked portion of the BMT Franklin Avenue Line near the Park Place station

Three services in the New York City Subway are designated as a dark slate gray S (shuttle) service. These services operate as full-time or almost full-time shuttles.[1] In addition, three services run as shuttles during late night hours but retain their regular service designations.[2]

Shuttle services[edit]

Official designations[edit]

Shuttle name NYCT
designator
Northern terminal Southern terminal Service hours Image
42nd Street Shuttle 0 (zero) Times Square Grand Central Operates at all times except late nights. 42nd Street Shuttle at Grand Central
Rockaway Park Shuttle H Broad Channel
summer weekend service
to Rockaway Boulevard
Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street Operates at all times. Rockaway Park Shuttle at Rockaway Park–Beach 116th Street
Franklin Avenue Shuttle S Franklin Avenue Prospect Park Operates at all times. Franklin Avenue Shuttle at Franklin Avenue

Late-night shuttles[edit]

Route Name Northern terminal Southern terminal Notes
"5" train Dyre Avenue Shuttle Eastchester–Dyre Avenue East 180th Street Formerly designated SS. Operates only on weekday nights.
"A" train Lefferts Boulevard Shuttle Euclid Avenue Ozone Park–Lefferts Boulevard Operates concurrently with regular A service.
Designated NYCS-bull-trans-A gray.svg on the late night map,
NYCS-bull-trans-S blue.svg in the schedule and on trains.

Former uses[edit]

SS Train (1967-1979).svg

Other routes have in the past been designated S or SS; the label has also been used for temporary shuttles due to construction. Before June 1979,[3] all shuttles had the label SS; the designation S was reserved for "special"' services, including IND trains to Aqueduct Racetrack. The SS label was first applied in 1967, when all services were labeled due to the completion of the Chrystie Street Connection.

The "2007 Holiday Shopper's Special", which ran on December Sundays in 2007, consists of a group of museum cars.
The "2007 Holiday Shopper's Special", which ran on December Sundays, is a train of museum subway cars in service displaying the (former) S Special on its rollsign at the 23rd Street (Sixth Avenue) station.

Former uses of the S or SS designation are as follows:

Some shuttle routes also used the H or HH designation, which were the last to be assigned to the Independent Subway System. Former uses include the Court Street Shuttle from 1936 to 1946 and Rockaway Park Shuttle until 1993, when that route's label was changed to a blue S. A temporary shuttle opened in November 2012 after Hurricane Sandy destroyed track connecting the Rockaways to the rest of the system used the H designation.

When the Transit Authority began assigning labels to all services, the Third Avenue Elevated was designated as 8 because it was deemed too long to be considered a "shuttle". However, trains on this line showed SHUTTLE on their rollsigns instead of "8". The service was discontinued in 1973.

Lenox Terminal Shuttle (mid-1900s – early 1970s)[edit]

The Lenox Terminal Shuttle (also Lenox Shuttle and Lenox Avenue Shuttle) ran between 148th Street and 135th Street when the 3 did not run. Prior to May 13, 1968, it was called the 145th Street Shuttle, running only to 145th Street, and only from 9:00 pm to 1:00 am. It was in place by 1918,[4] but may have been started in 1905 when the IRT White Plains Road Line opened to the IRT Lenox Avenue Line.

Between 1969 and 1972, it was folded into the 3, but continued to run as a shuttle at those times. Late night 3 service ended on September 10, 1995,[5] due to low ridership,[6] and was not restored until July 27, 2008. During this time, the route was served by a free overnight shuttle bus.[7]

Myrtle Avenue Shuttle (1969–1973)[edit]

After the BMT Myrtle Avenue Line south of Broadway ceased operation on October 3, 1969, the MJ service was discontinued and the current nighttime/weekend M shuttle was formed, using the lower level platforms in the same station complex. However, this service was labeled SS and considered a separate route from the M until the two routes merged in 1973.

Nassau Street Shuttle (1999)[edit]

This shuttle ran only from May to September 1999 during the rehabilitation of the Williamsburg Bridge. The shuttle ran from 6:00 am to 10:00 pm daily from Essex Street to Broad Street (Chambers Street on weekends). At Essex Street, the B39 bus provided service across the bridge to Marcy Avenue, where customers could transfer to the M, which connected to the J at Myrtle Avenue.

Bay Ridge Shuttle (1990–2002; 2004–2016)[edit]

On September 30, 1990, late night R trains began operating as a shuttle in Brooklyn, between 36th Street (cut back from 57th Street in Manhattan) and 95th Street.[8] From September 8, 2002 until February 22, 2004, this service was temporarily extended northward to Pacific Street, due to reconstruction of the Coney Island station. On November 5, 2016, late night R trains were extended to Whitehall Street in Lower Manhattan.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Late Night Service Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. January 2017. Retrieved January 11, 2017. 
  3. ^ "1979 Subway Map". Photobucket. New York City Transit Authority. June 1979. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Article 1 -- No Title; East Tank Line. West Trunk Line. Park Place, William and Clark Street Subway, (City Owned.) Firet Subway and Extension is BrooklyN, (City--Owned.) Second Avenue Elewated Line, (Company Owned.) Third Avenue Elevated Line and Extension. Sixth Avenue Elevated Line, (Company Owned.) Ninth Avenue Elevated Line and Extenxion, (Company Owned.) Lines for Operation by the New York Conrsolidated Railroad Company (B. R. T.) Fourteenth Street-Eastern Line. (City Owned.) Broadway Elevated Line, (Company Owned.) Myrtle Avenue Elevated Line, (Company Owned.) Lexington Avenue Elevated Line, (Compnny Owned.) Fifth Avenue Elevated Line, (Company Owned.)". The New York Times. May 19, 1918. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 11, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Coming Transit Reductions: What They Mean for You," The New York Times, August 20, 1995, p. CY10
  6. ^ Bleyer, Jennifer (July 17, 2005). "In a City That Never Sleeps, Two Stations That Doze". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 11, 2017. 
  7. ^ "Service Enhancements on 3 Line" (Press release). MTA New York City Transit. July 24, 2008. Retrieved July 26, 2008. 
  8. ^ "Service Changes September 30, 1990" (PDF). subwaynut.com. New York City Transit Authority. September 30, 1990. Retrieved May 1, 2016. 
  9. ^

External links[edit]