New York Daily News
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Front page for January 15, 2016
(Daily News, L.P.)
|Founded||June 26, 1919|
|Headquarters||4 New York Plaza
New York City 10004
The New York Daily News is an American newspaper based in New York City. It is the fourth-most widely circulated daily newspaper in the United States. It was founded in 1919, and was the first U.S. daily printed in tabloid format. As of 2014[update], it is owned and run by Mortimer Zuckerman, and is headquartered at 4 New York Plaza in Lower Manhattan.
The Daily News was founded by Joseph Medill Patterson in 1919. It was not connected to an earlier New York Daily News, which had been founded in the 1850s, flourished under the stewardship of Benjamin Wood, and faltered after his death in 1900, going through three owners (including his widow) before suspending publication in mid-December 1906. Patterson and his cousin, Robert R. McCormick were co-publishers of the Chicago Tribune and grandsons of Tribune founder Joseph Medill.
When Patterson and McCormick could not agree on the editorial content of the Chicago paper, the two cousins decided at a meeting in Paris that Patterson set on the project of launching a Tribune-owned newspaper in New York. On his way back, Patterson met with Alfred Harmsworth, who was the Viscount Northcliffe and publisher of the Daily Mirror, London's tabloid newspaper. Impressed with the advantages of a tabloid, Patterson launched the Daily News on June 26, 1919. The cover price was two cents (equivalent to 27¢ in 2016).
The Daily News was not an immediate success, and by August 1919, the paper's circulation had dropped to 26,625. Still, New York's many subway commuters found the tabloid format easier to handle, and readership steadily grew. By the time of the paper's first anniversary in June 1920, circulation was over 100,000 and by 1925, over a million. Circulation reached its peak in 1947, at 2.4 million daily and 4.7 million on Sunday.
The News carried the slogan "New York's Picture Newspaper" from 1920 to 1991, for its emphasis on photographs, and a camera has been part of the newspaper's logo from day one. The paper's later slogan, developed from a 1985 ad campaign, is "New York's Hometown Newspaper", while another has been "The Eyes, the Ears, the Honest Voice of New York". The Daily News continues to include large and prominent photographs, for news, entertainment and sports, as well as intense city news coverage, celebrity gossip, classified ads, comics, a sports section, and an opinion section.
News-gathering operations were, for a time, organized using two-way radios, operating on 173.3250 MHz (radio station KEA 871) allowing the assignment desk to communicate with its personnel who utilized a fleet of "radio cars".
The paper briefly published between 1978 and 1981 Daily News Tonight, a Monday-Friday afternoon counterpart which competed with the New York Post, which had earlier launched a morning edition to complement the evening newspaper. Occasional "P.M. Editions" were published as extras in 1991 during the brief tenure of Robert Maxwell as publisher.
In 1982, and again in the early 1990s during a newspaper strike, the Daily News almost went out of business. In the 1982 instance, the parent Tribune offered the tabloid up for sale. In 1991, millionaire Robert Maxwell offered financial assistance to The News to help it stay in business. When Maxwell died shortly thereafter, The News seceded from his publishing empire, which eventually splintered under questions about whether Maxwell had the financial backing to sustain it. After Maxwell's death in 1991, the paper was held together in bankruptcy by existing management, led by editor James Willse, who became interim publisher after buying the paper from Tribune. Mort Zuckerman bought the paper in 1993.
From its founding until 1991, the Daily News was owned by the Tribune Company. In 1948 The News established WPIX (Channel 11 in New York City), whose call letters were based on The News' nickname of New York's Picture Newspaper; and later bought what became WPIX-FM, which is now known as WFAN-FM. The television station became a Tribune property outright in 1991 and remains in the former Daily News Building; the radio station was purchased by Emmis Communications.
Editorially, the News was originally somewhat more liberal than its sister, the Chicago Tribune. However, it gradually drifted rightward as Patterson became more conservative, and by the time of his death in 1947 its editorial line was staunchly supportive of the Republican Party. This changed after the Watergate scandal in the 1970s, with the Tribune papers turning independent and increasingly liberal. Across the same time frame, its rival newspaper, the New York Post, also switched its editorial line from Democrat- to Republican-leaning. The News kept its liberal point-of-view after seceding from the Tribune syndicate, and to this day has become nationally known for advocating immigration reform and gun control.
From its founding, it was based at 23 Park Place, a block from City Hall, and two blocks from Park Row, the traditional home of the city's newspaper trade. The cramped conditions demanded a much larger space for the growing newspaper.
From 1929 to 1995, the Daily News was based in the landmark skyscraper at 220 East 42nd Street near Second Avenue, designed by John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood. The paper moved to 450 West 33rd Street in 1995, but the 42nd Street location is still known as The News Building and still features a giant globe and weather instruments in its lobby. (It was the model for the Daily Planet building of the first two Superman movies). The former News subsidiary WPIX-TV remains in the building.
The third headquarters of the Daily News at 450 West 33rd Street straddled the railroad tracks going into Pennsylvania Station. The building is now the world headquarters of the Associated Press and also houses public-television station WNET.
In June 2011, the paper moved its operations to two floors at 4 New York Plaza in lower Manhattan. Sixteen months later, the structure was severely damaged and rendered uninhabitable by flooding from Hurricane Sandy. In the immediate aftermath, news operations were conducted remotely from several temporary locations, eventually moving to office space at the Jersey City printing plant. In early 2013, operations moved to rented space at 1290 Avenue of the Americas near Rockefeller Center—just four blocks north of its rival New York Post. The staff returned to the permanent 4 New York Plaza location in early November 2013.
Noteworthy front pages
On October 29, 1975, President Gerald Ford gave a speech denying federal assistance to spare New York City from bankruptcy. The front page of the October 30, 1975 Daily News read: “FORD TO CITY: DROP DEAD.”
In the year leading up to the 2016 presidential election, the paper's headlines became more liberal-leaning and provocative, helping to rejuvenate it and, with more opinionated editorials with the aforementioned headlines, once again demonstrate its place in the city's media. Following the 2015 San Bernardino terrorist attack, in which 14 people were shot dead by Rizwan Farook and Tashfeen Malik, on December 3, 2015, advocating for gun control, the paper's front page displayed "GOD ISN'T FIXING THIS" along with tweets from Republican politicians offering thoughts and prayers. This garnered significant controversy, with National Review pointing out that victims were asking people to pray, and writing, "Offering thoughts and prayers...is an act of compassion. Political posturing is an act of arrogance."
On January 15, 2016, the News garnered controversy when it published an edition with its cover displaying "DROP DEAD, TED", showing the Statue of Liberty giving the middle finger after US Senator Ted Cruz criticized the perceived left-wing "New York values".
- "Top 25 U.S. Newspapers for March 2013". Alliance for Audited Media. March 31, 2013. Retrieved January 20, 2016.
- Pompeo, Joe (November 1, 2011). "'Journal,' 'Times' and 'News' among the top five biggest-selling papers in the U.S.; 'Post' is No. 7". Capital New York. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
- Current Biography 1942, pp. 648–51: "Patterson, Joseph Medill"
- "New York Daily News -- Company History".
- Pilkington, Ed, "Former NoW editor Colin Myler takes the helm at New York Daily News", The Guardian, January 4, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
- Pompeo, Joe, "Colin Myler leaving the Daily News; Jim Rich to be new EIC", Politico New York, September 11, 2015. Retrieved December 8, 2015.
- Deichler, Andrew. "Daily News Relocating HQ to 4 New York Plaza".
- Myler, Colin (November 5, 2012). "How the Daily News bested Superstorm Sandy: The Daily Planet would be proud". Daily News. Retrieved July 25, 2013.
- Pinder, Jeanne B. (June 4, 1993). "Daily News to Shift Printing to Jersey City". The New York Times. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
- "Fire damages Daily News printing plant in Jersey City". The Jersey Journal. January 5, 2008. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
- Pérez-Peña, Richard (November 17, 2009). "With New Presses, Daily News Is Betting on World of Print". The New York Times.
- Erin Carlson (November 17, 2009). "The Daily News Spends $150 Million On New Printing Presses". Business Insider. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
- O'Dea, Coleen (December 12, 2011). "Can Urban Transit Hubs Help Revitalize New Jersey's Cities?". Jersey City Independent. Retrieved December 16, 2011.
... state expects to award the first $41.7 million in credits soon to the Daily News, which is spending $100 million on three new presses at its site in Jersey City.
- Tom Howard's Ankle Camera (1928) at the National Museum of American History
- Infamous ‘Drop Dead’ Was Never Said by Ford New York Times. December 28, 2006.
- "Drop Dead? Not the Newly Relevant Daily News". New York Times.
- The New York Daily News’s very provocative front page on the San Bernardino shooting Washington Post. December 2, 2015.
- "The Left's Assault on 'Thoughts and Prayers' Revealed Its Anti-Christian Bigotry and Rank Political Posturing". National Review Online. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
- "New York Daily News on Twitter". Twitter. Retrieved April 12, 2016.