New York Eye and Ear Infirmary

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New York Eye and Ear Infirmary
of Mount Sinai
Mount Sinai Health System
New York Eye and Ear Infirmary logo.png
NY Eye and Ear North Bldg.jpg
New York Eye and Ear Infirmary North Building, opened in 1968
Geography
Location310 East 14th Street,
New York City, NY, United States
Organization
FundingNon-profit hospital
Hospital typeTeaching
Affiliated universityIcahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai
NetworkMount Sinai Health System
Links
Websitewww.nyee.edu
ListsHospitals in the United States

Coordinates: 40°43′58″N 73°59′03″W / 40.732758°N 73.984283°W / 40.732758; -73.984283

The original 13th Street building was erected in 1856, rebuilt in 1893, and now includes the Schermerhorn Pavilion, designed by Stanford White, and opened in 1902

The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai, located at East 14th Street and Second Avenue in lower Manhattan, New York City, is one of the most prominent otolaryngology and ophthalmology hospitals in the world,[1][2] providing primary inpatient and outpatient care in those specialties. Previously affiliated with New York Medical College, as of 2013 it is affiliated with the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai as a part of the membership in the Mount Sinai Health System. Yearly, several hundred medical students compete for entrance into this institution for training but only seven each year are accepted into the ophthalmology training program and four into the otolaryngology program.

In 2014, James C. Tsai was named president.[3]

Services and research[edit]

The infirmary has 69 beds and sees a quarter-million outpatients and performs 30,000 surgeries annually.[4] It is considered America’s first specialty hospital, with concentrations in ophthalmology, otolaryngology (head and neck surgery), as well as plastic and reconstructive surgery.[5]

Research includes adaptive optics cellular imaging, functional and metabolic imaging, glaucoma, neuro-ophthalmology ocular circulation, optical coherence tomography clinical imaging, retina diagnostics and restoration as well as uveitis and ocular inflammation. Resources include The Shelley and Steven Einhorn Clinical Research Center, the Eye and Vision Research Institute at New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai, and the Ophthalmic Innovation and Technology Program.[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13]

History[edit]

The hospital was founded on August 1, 1820[2] by Edward Delafield and John Kearney Rodgers, both surgeons who were graduates of the New York College of Physicians and Surgeons who did their clinical training at New York Hospital, and, in London, at the London Eye Infirmary.[14] When they returned to New York in 1818, they made the first survey of eye diseases in the city, and, in response to the lack of eye care provided to the poor except in dire circumstances, opened the New York Eye Infirmary at 45 Chatham Street (which is now 83 Park Row), across from City Hall and near the Five Points neighborhood.[14][15]

Gaining the support of prominent New Yorkers such as William Few – who became the first President of the Infirmary Board from 1821 to 1828, Philip Hone, Benjamin Strong and David Hosack – the founder of Bellevue Hospital, money was raised for the new charitable venture, rules and regulations drawn up, and a Board of Directors formed on April 21, 1821. The hospital was incorporated by the New York State Legislature on March 22, 1822.[14]

The new Infirmary was a success, treating 436 patients in its first seven months. It soon outgrew its original quarters and moved, first to Murray Street across from Columbia College, then, with the help of an annual appropriation from the Legislature, to 139 Duane Street in a building leased from New York Hospital. This location was sufficient for several years, but the growing institution was forced to move numerous times, finally arriving at Second Avenue and 13th Street on April 25, 1856, in a building which is still in use.[14] In 1890, additional floors were added, and in 1893 new pavilions were built, including the Schermerhorn Pavilion, designed by Stanford White, one of the only structures by White still extant in New York City.[14] In January 1968, the North Building was added to be the Infirmary's primary facility, and the original building was renovated for use as offices, lecture halls, clinics, library, and other support services.[14]

The Eye Infirmary added a department for otology – problems of the ear – in 1824, and its annual reports referred to the hospital as the "Eye and Ear Infirmary" as early as 1840, but it was not until 1864 that the institution's name was officially changed to the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary by act of the state legislature.[16]

In 2014 the official name was changed to the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai as a part of the merger between Continuum Health Partners and the Mount Sinai Medical Center.

It received three[17] Magnet awards (Magnet Recognition Program®) from he American Nurses Credentialing Center, an organization that recognizes excellent nursing performance. In 2009, it received the first Magnet award ever given to a specialized hospital.[18][19][20]

Community outreach[edit]

As of 2009, the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai is working in partnership with "Project Chernobyl", to diagnose and treat thyroid cancer associated with radiation exposure from the Chernobyl disaster, which can take decades to develop. Thyroid cancer is a risk among some 200,000 immigrants from the former Soviet Union who now live the New York area.[21][22][23][24]

The infirmary is a member of the Partners in Preparedness Program with the  New York City office of Emergency Management.[25] It welcomes volunteers for opportinties ranging from administration to patient services.[26]  

In popular culture[edit]

The interior of the old infirmary was used in The Godfather[27] for the scenes in which Mafia Don Vito Corleone is in the hospital after being shot, and his son, Michael Corleone, attempts to protect him against gunman who are trying to kill him.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ "USNews Hospital Rankings". USNews. Retrieved December 7, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "New York Eye and Ear Infirmary - AFB Directory Profile - VisionAware". www.visionaware.org. Retrieved 2019-12-07.
  3. ^ "James C. Tsai Named President of New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai". Retrieved September 25, 2017.
  4. ^ "New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai". Lavelle Fund for the Blind. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  5. ^ "New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai". Apollo.
  6. ^ Wednesday; June 7; Tweet, 2017. "Mount Sinai Launches Ophthalmic Innovation and Technology Program". www.ophthalmologyweb.com. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  7. ^ "Mount Sinai Launches Eye Research Institute". www.ny1.com. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  8. ^ "Ophthalmic Innovation & Technology Program NYC | New York Eye & Ear". New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  9. ^ "The Shelley & Steven Einhorn Clinical Research Center | New York Eye & Ear". New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  10. ^ "MS-NYEE Eye & Vision Research Institute | New York Eye & Ear". New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  11. ^ "Know what to look for in the case of AVMs". Ophthalmology Times. 2005-06-01. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  12. ^ "Articles that mention New York Eye and Ear Infirmary". www.octnews.org. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  13. ^ Lee, O. L.; Tari, S. R.; Samson, C. M. (2007-05-10). "Cost-Analysis of Uveitis Patient Visits at the New York Eye and Ear Infirmary". Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. 48 (13): 2406–2406. ISSN 1552-5783.
  14. ^ a b c d e f Kara, Gerald B. "History of New York Eye & Ear Infirmary: One hundred fifty years of continuous service" New York State Journal of Medicine (December 1, 1973)
  15. ^ Mattucci, K. F. (1995). "The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary at 175 years. A historical review of the department of otolaryngology". Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine. 72 (2): 518–537. ISSN 0028-7091. PMC 2359431. PMID 10101387.
  16. ^ Mattucci, Kenneth F. "Otolaryngology in America" Head and Neck Surgery (1996; 115:487-499)
  17. ^ "MEDITECH Customer Achievement: New York Eye and Ear Infirmary Becomes First Specialty Hospital to Achieve Magnet Status". www.meditech.com. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  18. ^ jgreen (2014-11-13). "New York Eye and Ear Infirmary again receives Magnet recognition". Nurse.com Blog. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  19. ^ "MEDITECH Customer Achievement: New York Eye and Ear Infirmary Becomes First Specialty Hospital to Achieve Magnet Status". www.meditech.com. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  20. ^ "Rep. Maloney Announces Federal Grant for NY Eye & Ear Infirmary". Congresswoman Carolyn Maloney. 2010-08-27. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  21. ^ 'Living With Radiation' Conference Commemorating Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster Held at United Nations, Sponsored by New York Eye & Ear Infirmary
  22. ^ "New York State Assembly | Ellen Jaffee". nyassembly.gov. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  23. ^ Wiener, Robert. "Three Jersey activists make top 20 'heroes'". njjewishnews.timesofisrael.com. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  24. ^ "Chernobyl's grim legacy lingers in Brooklyn". foreign-vision.livejournal.com. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  25. ^ "Partners in Preparedness List of Program Partners- NYCEM". www1.nyc.gov. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  26. ^ "New York Eye and Ear Infirmary". Columbia College and Columbia Engineering. Retrieved 2019-12-09.
  27. ^ "The Godfather filming locations — Movie Maps". moviemaps.org. Retrieved 2019-12-09.

External links[edit]