New York Naval Militia
|The New York Naval Militia|
The New York Naval Militia Insignia
|Country||United States of America|
|Allegiance||State of New York|
|Part of||New York Division of Military and Naval Affairs|
|Civilian leadership||Governor Andrew Cuomo
Governor of the State of New York
|State military leadership||
Rear Admiral Ten Eyck Powell III
Captain Timothy Zakriski
Chief of Staff, New York Naval Militia
The New York Naval Militia is the federally recognized naval militia of New York State and is under the authority of the Governor of New York as Commander-In-Chief of the state's military forces. With the New York Guard, the Army National Guard and Air National Guard, it is under the control of the New York Division of Military and Naval Affairs and New York's Adjutant General. As of July 2015, the New York Naval Militia has over 2,900 members, more than 95% of whom are also members of the U.S. Naval Reserve, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve, or U.S. Coast Guard Reserve.
The New York Naval Militia was first created in 1889 and named the New Provisional Naval Battalion. The battalion was officially entered into state service on 23 June 1891, and was named the First Battalion, Naval Reserve Artillery. In 1892, the naval militia was called out to protect steam ship passengers during the cholera quarantine at Fire Island.
After the sinking of the USS Maine, the New York Naval Militia sent five divisions of its 1st Battalion to fight in the Spanish–American War. New York Naval Militiamen manned two auxiliary cruisers that fought in the Battle of Santiago de Cuba, and also conducted patrols of New York Harbor.
In 1997, a memorandum of understanding was signed between the New York Naval Militia and the United States Coast Guard which allowed Coast Guard reservists to join the New York Naval Militia. This was formalized by a change in New York law in 1998 which also allowed up to five percent of the New York Naval Militia to be qualified volunteers who were not reservists.
In 2001, the U.S. state of New York created the New York State Military Emergency Boat Service (MEBS) in an attempt to strengthen homeland security efforts, and a fleet of high-speed, all-aluminum patrol boats was built for this unit.
The mission of the New York Naval Militia is to provide a trained and equipped naval force to augment New York National Guard forces during Civil Support operations. The New York Naval Militia has three elements of its official mission. The purpose of the New York Naval Militia is to:
- Provide individuals and or detachments for service with National Guard, and or other federal, state and or local municipal agencies as directed.
- Develop in coordination with DMNA: Naval doctrine, tactics, and equipment employed in the support of aid to Civilian Authority.
- Perform such duties as The Adjutant General may direct.
The Military Emergency Boat Service (MEBS) created in 2001 has additional responsibilities, including:
- Port security
- Support of law enforcement
- Maritime transport
The New York Naval Militia is organized into three regional commands: Southern Command, encompassing Long Island, New York City, Rockland and Westchester Counties; Northern Command, encompassing the Hudson Valley, Catskill and Adirondack Mountains region; and Western Command, encompassing the vast area of the state from Jamestown to the Saint Lawrence River.
Since January 1, 1997, any active member of the New York National Guard or Naval Militia, in good standing, has been eligible to apply to receive tuition assistance, up to the cost of the State University of New York's (SUNY) maximum in-state undergraduate tuition, at any college, university, or community-technical college in the State of New York recognized and approved by the New York State Board of Regents or State University of New York.
- "New York Naval Militia". The New York Naval Militia. Retrieved 25 December 2013.
- "New York Naval Militia History". The New York Naval Militia. Retrieved 25 December 2013.
- LaBarre, John. "The New York Volunteer Naval Militia". Spanish–American War Centennial Website. Retrieved 25 December 2013.
- Tulak, Arthur N.; Kraft, Robert W.; Silbaugh, Don (Winter 2003). "State Defense Forces and Homeland Security" (pdf). Parameters. U.S. Army Strategic Studies Institute. Retrieved 25 December 2013.
- "New York Naval Militia Military Emergency Boat Service". The New York Naval Militia. Retrieved 25 December 2013.
- "New York Naval Militia Mission". The New York Naval Militia. Retrieved 25 December 2013.
- "New York Naval Militia Leadership". The New York Naval Militia. Retrieved 25 December 2013.
- "New York Naval Militia Education Benefits". The New York Naval Militia. Retrieved 25 December 2013.