New York State Route 7

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New York State Route 7 marker

New York State Route 7

NY 7 highlighted in red, NY 7B in blue, and some former alignments maintained as reference routes in pink
Route information
Maintained by NYSDOT and the cities of Binghamton and Oneonta
Length180.30 mi[1] (290.16 km)
HistoryDesignated NY 9 in 1924;[2] renumbered to NY 7 in 1927[3]
Major junctions
South end PA 29 near Great Bend, PA
Major intersections
East end VT 9 near Bennington, VT
Location
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountiesBroome, Chenango, Otsego, Schoharie, Schenectady, Albany, Rensselaer
Highway system
NY 6N NY 8
NY 146BNY 146C NY 147

New York State Route 7 (NY 7) is a 180.30-mile-long (290.16 km) state highway in New York in the United States. The highway runs from Pennsylvania Route 29 (PA 29) at the Pennsylvania state line south of Binghamton in Broome County, New York, to Vermont Route 9 (VT 9) at the Vermont state line east of Hoosick in Rensselaer County. Most of the road runs along the Susquehanna Valley, closely paralleling Interstate 88 (I-88) throughout that road's length. Portions of the highway route near the cities of Binghamton, Schenectady, and Troy date back to the early 19th century.

Route description[edit]

Binghamton area[edit]

NY 7 begins at the Pennsylvania state line south of Corbettsville, where the road connects to Pennsylvania Route 29 (PA 29). Like PA 29 to the south, NY 7 follows Snake Creek north to Corbettsville, where it meets NY 7A on the banks of the Susquehanna River. From Corbettsville northward, NY 7 becomes the riverside highway, following the river (as well as U.S. Route 11 or US 11 and I-81 on the opposite bank) through Conklin to eastern Binghamton, where it indirectly connects to US 11 via a bridge over the Susquehanna.

The exit for NY 7 from I-81 and NY 17 in Binghamton.

The route continues west into downtown along Conklin Avenue, then heads north on Tompkins Avenue to traverse the Susquehanna River. On the opposite bank, NY 7 intersects US 11 and becomes Brandywine Avenue. After three blocks, NY 7 merges with NY 363, a limited-access highway. While NY 363 terminates at the merge, NY 7 follows the right-of-way of NY 363 northward, connecting to the concurrent routes of I-81 and NY 17 by way of an interchange before leaving the city limits.

Immediately north of Binghamton in Port Dickinson, NY 7 merges with I-88 across the Chenango River from the western terminus of I-88 at I-81. I-88 and NY 7 continue to the northeast along the Chenango River through Chenango Bridge (where the routes meet NY 12A) and Port Crane (where I-88 and NY 7 meet NY 369 and leave the path of the Chenango River) before separating in Sanitaria Springs. NY 7 is signed north-south from the PA line to I-88 near Binghamton, while the remainder of the route is signed east-west.

Binghamton to Schenectady[edit]

NY 7 overlaps NY 30A in the town of Schoharie

From Sanitaria Springs eastward, I-88 and NY 7 follow parallel routings through Colesville to Harpursville, where NY 7 overlaps NY 79 for a short distance and intersects NY 235 outside of the community. East of NY 235, NY 7 rejoins the Susquehanna River, following the river (as well as I-88 on the opposite bank) through several riverside villages (including Bainbridge and Unadilla) to Oneonta. West of the city, NY 7 meets NY 23 and joins the route into the heart of Oneonta. Near the eastern edge of the city, NY 23 breaks from NY 7 while NY 7 continues onward in the shadow of I-88 and the Susquehanna River. To the northeast in Colliersville, the Susquehanna separates from NY 7 and is joined by NY 28 while NY 7 continues along the path of Schenevus Creek.

Both I-88 and NY 7 head northeast along the creek through numerous communities to Richmondville, where NY 7 meets NY 10 at an interchange with I-88 near Cobleskill Creek. NY 10 turns east onto NY 7, forming an overlap along the creek to Cobleskill before separating from NY 7 in the center of the village at an intersection with NY 145. NY 145 then overlaps NY 7 east out of the village before separating midway between Cobleskill and Schoharie near Howe Caverns. North of Schoharie, NY 7 briefly overlaps NY 30A across Schoharie Creek before intersecting NY 30 west of the Schoharie-Schenectady County line.

Capital District[edit]

In Duanesburg, southwest of Schenectady, NY 7 intersects US 20 and meets I-88 once more at exit 24. Both routes continue northeast along Normans Kill into western Schenectady, where I-88 meets NY 7 one final time by way of another interchange before terminating at an interchange with the New York State Thruway (I-90). NY 7, however, passes over the Thruway with no connection and heads east into Rotterdam as Duanesburg Road. In the center of the community, NY 7 turns east onto Curry Road, remaining on the roadway to an interchange with I-890 adjacent to the Schenectady Albany county line. NY 7 merges with I-890 northward for two exits (creating a wrong-way concurrency) before exiting onto the Crosstown Arterial.

View east along NY 7 at NY 22, just before crossing the Hoosic River in Hoosick, Rensselaer County

At the end of the arterial in eastern Schenectady, NY 7 becomes the at-grade Troy–Schenectady Road as it heads along the south bank of the Mohawk River into Albany County. Shortly after entering the county and the Town of Colonie, NY 7 leaves the river and progresses southeast toward the hamlet of Latham. Soon after passing the Albany International Airport and prior to entering the center of Latham, NY 7 meets I-87 (the Adirondack Northway) at exit 6. Here, NY 7 joins the Adirondack Northway northward while Troy–Schenectady Road continues east as NY 2. At exit 7, NY 7 separates from the Adirondack Northway and continues east on a five-lane, limited-access freeway known locally as "Alternate Route 7". The route connects to US 9 and I-787 / NY 787 by way of interchanges prior to crossing over the Hudson River and into Troy over the Collar City Bridge. The route remains a limited-access highway to 8th Street, where it becomes the at-grade Hoosick Street.

NY 7 continues east through Troy, intersecting NY 40 before exiting the city. Past Troy, the land surrounding NY 7 is largely rural as it heads through Pittstown to Hoosick, where it meets and is briefly concurrent to NY 22. Farther east, NY 7 intersects the western end of the Bennington Bypass, a limited-access highway leading to Bennington, Vermont, before crossing into Vermont and becoming Vermont Route 9.

One of the canceled Interstate 92 proposals would have traced NY 7 from Albany to the Vermont border where it would continue via Vermont Route 9 through Bennington and Brattleboro, Vermont, with an intersection with I-91 in Brattleboro. It would have then followed New Hampshire Route 9 and I-89 to Concord, New Hampshire, then I-93 to Manchester, New Hampshire. Next, the highway would trace New Hampshire Route 101, intersecting with I-95 followed by US Route 1 in Hampton, New Hampshire, then terminating at the ocean.

History[edit]

Origins and assignment[edit]

The history of parts of NY 7 date back to shortly after the settlement of Hoosick in 1688. Hoosick was a part of the Manor of Rensselaerswyck and a public manor road was laid from Rensselaer to the site later of Troy at a ferry crossing, and then to the northeast as far as Hoosick. The section of NY 7 from Troy to Hoosick is that old manor road.[4] The 19th century toll road known as the Troy and Schenectady Turnpike (now the Troy–Schenectady Road) chartered in 1802, connecting the cities of Troy and Schenectady.[5] Another turnpike road, the Troy Turnpike, was established in 1831 and went east from Troy to Bennington, Vermont.[6] The road between Binghamton (at the location known as Chenango Point) through the village of Unadilla to the town of Otego may have been maintained as a turnpike road by the Unadilla Turnpike Company, was chartered in 1806.[7]

Portions of modern NY 7 between Binghamton and Central Bridge were part of the Susquehanna Valley Route Auto trail.[8] The state took over maintenance of certain trunk line highways at the beginning of the 20th century. Most of modern NY 7 was first defined in the 1909 Highway Law (amended in 1911)[9] as State Route 7, which was designated from the Pennsylvania state line at Binghamton town to Harpursville, then along the Susquehanna Valley through Oneonta to the town of Schoharie. From there, the legislative route 7 went east via Berne and New Scotland then ending in Albany. The portion of modern NY 7 continuing northeast from the town of Schoharie to Schenectady was part of State Route 7A. The portion of modern NY 7 between Troy and Schenectady was defined as part of State Route 42, while that between Troy and Hoosick was part of State Route 22.[10]

In 1924, when state highways were first publicly signed, most of what is now NY 7 between Binghamton and the Vermont state line was designated as New York State Route 9,[2] continuing the numbering of New England Route 9 in Vermont. Within Albany, NY 9 followed the modern routing of NY 2 through Latham to Troy, where the connection to the modern alignment of NY 7 was made via current US 4.[11] In 1927, NY 9 was redesignated as NY 7 to avoid conflict with US 9.[3] The route north of Binghamton remained unchanged in the 1930 renumbering;[12] however, south of Binghamton, NY 7 was extended to the Pennsylvania state line, where it became PA 29.[13][14]

Realignments[edit]

Over the years, NY 7 has been realigned to follow different routings in and around the cities it serves. Prior to 1930, NY 7 began at Court Street in Binghamton and followed Chenango Street north into Fenton, where it turned east and continued through Port Crane to the Colesville hamlet of Sanitaria Springs.[15][16] In the 1930 renumbering, NY 7 was extended south to Pennsylvania by way of Court Street, Tompkins Street, and Conklin Avenue.[14][17] NY 7 was realigned slightly by 1947 to follow Robinson Street and Brandywine Avenue between Chenango and Tompkins streets.[17] The Brandywine Highway, a four-lane arterial through Binghamton and Port Dickinson, opened to traffic c. 1961 as a realignment of NY 7.[18][19] The portion of NY 7 between Port Dickinson and Sanitaria Springs was relocated onto a new limited-access highway between 1968 and 1973.[20][21] The segment of Chenango Street between the Binghamton city line and current NY 7 in Port Dickinson (a distance of 1.07 miles or 1.72 kilometres) is now NY 990H, an unsigned reference route.[1][22] The former pre I-88 routing of NY 7 between Port Crane and Sanitaria Springs is now NY 7B.[22] Prior to becoming NY 7B in the 1990s,[23][24] it was designated NY 990K, an unsigned reference route.[25]

In Schenectady, it was originally routed along Broadway, State Street, Nott Terrace, and Union Street.[3] It was shifted at some point between 1938 and 1947 to avoid downtown along Curry Road, Altamont Avenue and Brandywine Avenue.[17][26] The former alignment along Union Street east of NY 146 later became reference route NY 911G, and Broadway from Edison and Millard to I-890 became NY 914D, and NY 915D from there to Weaver Road. Meanwhile, the portion of Curry Road between Altamont Avenue and NY 146 was designated as NY 146C in the mid-1930s.[27][28] NY 7 was rerouted c. 1962 to follow Curry Road east from Altamont Avenue to the new I-890, where NY 7 turned north and followed I-890 to modern exit 7. Here, the route split from I-890 and continued to the junction of Union Street and Rosendale Road east of the city by way of a new arterial. The NY 146C designation was removed from Curry Road as part of the change.[19][29] NY 7's former routing along Altamont Avenue from Curry Road to the Schenectady city line (a length of 0.96 miles or 1.54 kilometres) is now the unsigned NY 911H.[1][22] Prior to the creation of the modern reference route system, Altamont Avenue was designated as NY 951. Reference markers along the route still bear this number.[30]

In 1981, the Collar City Bridge was built, connecting Green Island with Troy in the Capital District.[31] By 1985, construction had begun on the NY 7 freeway, then planned as NY 7 Alternate, between I-87 and I-787 west of Green Island.[32] In 1986, NY 7 "Alternate" opened, becoming part of a realigned NY 7.[31] The old surface alignment was designated as an extension of NY 2.[33]

NY 28 originally overlapped NY 7 from the intersection of Main and Chestnut streets in Oneonta to Colliersville, where it turned north onto D.K. Lifgren Drive to rejoin NY 28's modern alignment. NY 28 was rerouted to follow its current alignment between Main Street south of Oneonta and D.K. Lifgren Drive near Colliersville in the early 1980s following the completion of what is now NY 28 from I-88 exit 17 to D.K. Lifgren Drive.[34][35][36][37] The portion of Main Street between NY 28 and NY 7 (0.67 miles or 1.08 kilometres long) is now designated as NY 992D while D.K. Lifgren Drive (0.50 miles or 0.80 kilometres in length) is now NY 992G.[38]

Major intersections[edit]

CountyLocationmi[1]kmExitDestinationsNotes
BroomeConklin0.000.00
PA 29 south – Montrose
Continuation into Pennsylvania
1.262.03
NY 7A south – Hallstead
Northern terminus of NY 7A; hamlet of Corbettsville
2.814.52

To I-81 / US 11 – Kirkwood
Access via unsigned CR 20
Binghamton11.1817.99 US 11
11.5718.62
NY 363 south
Northern terminus of NY 363; southbound exit and northbound entrance
11.9719.26 I-81 / Future I-86 / NY 17 – Syracuse, Corning, Scranton, New York CityInterchange; exit 4 on I-81/NY 17
Port Dickinson13.5421.79Hillcrest Service Roads – Port DickinsonInterchange; northbound exit and southbound entrance
Fenton14.1022.691


I-88 west to I-81 / I-86
Western terminus of concurrency with I-88; westbound exit and eastbound entrance
15.8125.442
NY 12A west – Chenango Bridge
Eastern terminus of NY 12A
18.0629.063 NY 369 – Port Crane
Colesville21.2334.174
I-88 east – Albany
Eastern terminus of concurrency with I-88; hamlet of Sanitaria Springs; diamond interchange
21.5334.65
NY 7B west
Eastern terminus of NY 7B
28.4945.85
NY 79 west – North Fenton
Western terminus of concurrency with NY 79
29.7347.85

NY 79 east to I-88 – Harpursville, Binghamton
Eastern terminus of concurrency with NY 79; hamlet of Harpursville
30.8849.70
NY 235 north – Coventry
Southern terminus of NY 235; hamlet of Nineveh
ChenangoVillage of Afton37.1859.84 NY 41 – Coventryville, Deposit
Village of Bainbridge42.9169.06
NY 206 (Main Street) to I-88
OtsegoUnadilla47.2175.98
NY 8 to I-88 – Sidney, Binghamton, Sidney Airport, Mount Upton
Village of Unadilla52.1083.85
To I-88 – Binghamton, Albany
Exit 10 on I-88; access via NY 991H
53.3985.92

NY 357 east to I-88 – Franklin, Oneonta
Western terminus of NY 357
Town of Oneonta67.53108.68
NY 205 to I-88 – Morris, Binghamton
68.61110.42
NY 23 west (Chestnut Street) – Gilbert Lake State Park
Western terminus of concurrency with NY 23; neighborhood of West End
City of Oneonta70.51113.47

To I-88 west
Access via Main Street (unsigned NY 992D); former routing of NY 28
70.88114.07


NY 23 east (James F Lettis Highway) to I-88 / NY 28
Eastern terminus of concurrency with NY 23
Milford75.89122.13

To NY 28 / I-88 – Milford, Cooperstown
Access via unsigned NY 992G (D.K. Lifgren Drive); southern terminus of NY 992G; hamlet of Colliersville
Worcester91.76147.67
To I-88 – Oneonta, Albany, Binghamton
Exit 19 on I-88; access via Hollenbeck Road (NY 992J); hamlet of Worcester
SchoharieTown of Richmondville103.07165.88
NY 10 south / I-88 – Oneonta, Binghamton, Albany
Western terminus of concurrency with NY 10; exit 20 on I-88
Village of Cobleskill107.54173.07

NY 10 north / NY 145 north – Sharon
Eastern terminus of concurrency with NY 10 overlap; western terminus of concurrency with NY 145
Town of Cobleskill110.94178.54

NY 145 south to I-88 – Middleburgh, Binghamton, Albany
Eastern terminus of concurrency with NY 145
Town of Schoharie115.76186.30
NY 30A north – Sloansville
Western terminus of concurrency with NY 30A; hamlet of Central Bridge
116.89188.12

NY 30A south to I-88 – Schoharie, Binghamton, Albany
Eastern terminus of concurrency with NY 30A
Town of Esperance118.90191.35 NY 30 – Amsterdam, Schoharie, Esperance
SchenectadyTown of Duanesburg123.75199.16
NY 395 north – Delanson
Southern terminus of NY 395
127.07204.50 US 20 – Esperance, AlbanyHamlet of Duanesburg
128.06206.09

To I-88 / New York Thruway – Binghamton, Albany
Exit 24 on I-88
Town of Rotterdam132.94213.95

I-88 to I-90 / New York Thruway – Binghamton
Exit 25 on I-88; access via Becker Road
Community of Rotterdam133.96215.59
NY 337 north (Burdeck Street)
Southern terminus of NY 337
135.41217.92
NY 159 west (Mariaville Road)
Eastern terminus of NY 159
135.95218.79
NY 158 south (Guilderland Avenue)
Northern terminus of NY 158
136.82220.19 Altamont Avenue (NY 911H)Southern terminus of unsigned NY 911H; formerly NY 951; former routing of NY 7
138.21222.43
NY 146 to New York Thruway
Traffic circle
AlbanyGuilderland138.96223.639
I-890 west / Curry Road
Western terminus of concurrency with I-890
SchenectadyCommunity of Rotterdam139.83225.038High Bridge Road
140.47226.067
I-890 west – Schenectady
Eastern terminus of concurrency with I-890
Schenectady141.33227.45 NY 5 – Downtown SchenectadyInterchange
Niskayuna142.53229.38
Balltown Road (NY 914T) to NY 146
142.76229.75Union Street (NY 911G) / CR 158 east (Rosendale Road) / Union StreetEastern terminus of unsigned NY 911G; western terminus of CR 158; western terminus of former NY 7C
AlbanyTown of Colonie146.36235.54CR 158 west (Rosendale Road) / Vly Road – Erie Canal Lock 7Eastern terminus of CR 158; eastern terminus of former NY 7C
147.06236.67

CR 151 west (Albany Shaker Road) to NY 155 (Albany International Airport)
Western terminus of CR 151; hamlet of Verdoy
150.01241.42Western terminus of freeway section
6

I-87 south / NY 2 east – Albany, Watervliet, New York City
Southern terminus of concurrency with I-87; western terminus of NY 2
150.28241.857
I-87 north – Saratoga Springs, Glens Falls, Montreal
Northern terminus of concurrency with I-87
150.72242.56 US 9 / NY 9R – Latham, Cohoes
154.34248.39

I-787 south / NY 787 north – Albany, Watervliet, Cohoes
Exit 9 on I-787; termini of I-787 and NY 787
Hudson RiverCollar City Bridge
RensselaerTroy154.75249.05
To US 4 – Downtown Troy
Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
154.82249.16
Hoosick Street to US 4
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Eastern terminus of freeway section
154.95249.37
NY 40 north (10th Street) – Schaghticoke
Southern terminus of NY 40
Brunswick158.58255.21
NY 142 north (Grange Road) – Lansingburgh
Southern terminus of NY 142; hamlet of Brunswick Center
159.61256.87

NY 278 south (Brick Church Road) to NY 2 – Grafton Lakes State Park
Northern terminus of NY 278
Hoosick175.84282.99
NY 22 south – Petersburgh
Western terminus of concurrency with NY 22
176.19283.55
NY 22 north – Hoosick Falls
Eastern terminus of concurrency with NY 22
179.43288.76

To VT 279 east – Brattleboro VT, Rutland VT, Bennington College
Access via NY 915G
180.30290.16
VT 9 east – Bennington
Continuation into Vermont
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Suffixed routes[edit]

NY 7 currently has two spurs, both located in the Southern Tier. A third formerly existed in the Capital District near Schenectady.

NY 7A[edit]

New York State Route 7A marker

New York State Route 7A

LocationConklin
Length1.77 mi[1] (2.85 km)
Existed1930

New York State Route 7A (NY 7A) (1.77 miles or 2.85 kilometres) is a spur in the Broome County town of Conklin that connects NY 7 to the Pennsylvania state line. While NY 7 follows a creek valley to the Pennsylvania border, NY 7A continues NY 7's course along the Susquehanna River valley, paralleling US 11 and I-81.[1] When NY 7A was assigned as part of the 1930 renumbering of state highways in New York, it connected to PA 602;[13][14] it now connects to SR 1033, an unsigned quadrant route.[39]

Major intersections

The entire route is in Broome County.

Locationmi[1]kmDestinationsNotes
Conklin0.000.00SR 1033 south (New York Avenue) – HallsteadContinuation into Great Bend Township, Pennsylvania
Corbettsville1.772.85 NY 7 – Binghamton, MontroseNorthern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

NY 7B[edit]

New York State Route 7B marker

New York State Route 7B

LocationFentonColesville
Length3.74 mi[1] (6.02 km)
Existed1990s[23]

The current New York State Route 7B (NY 7B) designation is a 3.74-mile (6.02 km) spur in the Broome County towns of Fenton and Colesville.[1] It follows the former, pre-expressway routing of NY 7 between NY 369 in the hamlet of Port Crane and NY 7 in the hamlet of Sanitaria Springs.[40] Prior to becoming NY 7B in the 1990s,[23][24] it was designated NY 990K, an unsigned reference route.[25]

Major intersections

The entire route is in Broome County.

Locationmi[1]kmDestinationsNotes
Port Crane0.000.00
NY 369 north
Southern terminus of NY 369
Sanitaria Springs3.746.02
NY 7 to I-88 – Albany, Binghamton
To exit 4 on I-88 / NY 7
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

NY 7B (1930-1970)[edit]

New York State Route 7B marker

New York State Route 7B

LocationUnadillaOneonta
Existed1930–January 1, 1970

The original NY 7B was an alternate route of NY 7 from Unadilla to Oneonta that was assigned as part of the 1930 renumbering. It overlapped NY 28 from North Franklin to Oneonta.[41][42] On November 27, 1969, the New York State Department of Transportation Commissioner T. W. Parker announced that NY 7B would be renumbered to NY 357. This new designation would also truncate NY 7B off the overlap with NY 28 to Oneonta and simplify signage for drivers to understand in the city of Oneonta. This would also open the door for signage to be added for future Interstate 88. On January 1, 1970, the North Franklin–Oneonta portion was removed and the Unadilla–North Franklin portion of NY 7B was renumbered to NY 357. If the weather permitted, the official signage would be replaced in the spring of 1970.[43][44]

NY 7C[edit]

New York State Route 7C marker

New York State Route 7C

LocationNiskayunaColonie
Existedc. 1961–late 1960s

NY 7C was a loop off of NY 7 east of Schenectady in the Capital District. The majority of the route was located in Schenectady County; however, the easternmost 40 yards (37 m) of the route was located in Albany County. It began at NY 7 in Niskayuna and proceeded east along Rosendale Road into Colonie, where it ended at NY 7. The route was assigned c. 1961[18][19] and removed in the late 1960s.[20][44] Ownership and maintenance of NY 7C's former routing in Schenectady County was transferred from the state of New York to the county on April 1, 1980, as part of a highway maintenance swap between the two levels of government.[45] This portion of the route is now designated as County Route 158.[46]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "2014 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. July 22, 2015. pp. 96–100, 365, 392. Retrieved September 19, 2016.
  2. ^ a b "New York's Main Highways Designated by Numbers". The New York Times. December 21, 1924. p. XX9.
  3. ^ a b c Automobile Blue Book. Vol. 1 (1927 ed.). Chicago: Automobile Blue Book, Inc. 1927. This edition shows U.S. Routes as they were first officially signed in 1927.
  4. ^ Barnett, J. N. (1881). History of Gilead Evangelical Lutheran Church, Centre Brunswick, Rensselaer Co., N. Y., and its vicinity. Fort Wayne, Indiana: Gazette Co. p. 10.
  5. ^ Howell, George Rogers (1886). History of the County of Schenectady, N.Y., from 1662 to 1886. W.W. Munsell and Co. Publishers.
  6. ^ Anderson, George Baker (1897). "History of Troy, New York". D. Mason and Co. Publishers. Retrieved November 24, 2007.
  7. ^ New York State Legislature (1806). "98". Laws of the State of New York. Vol. 4. Albany, NY: Websters and Skinner. p. 448. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
  8. ^ Rand McNally and Company (1920). "Kansas" (Map). Rand McNally Official 1920 Auto Trails Map New York, Northern Pennsylvania. District Number 5. 1:1,600,000. Chicago: Rand McNally and Company – via Rumsey Collection.
  9. ^ State of New York Commission of Highways (1919). The Highway Law. Albany, NY: J. B. Lyon Company. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
  10. ^ The Highway Law. State of New York Commission of Highways. 1919. Retrieved September 26, 2019. editions:0BO0d1_wjEj48SYL7L.
  11. ^ Rand McNally Road Atlas (Map). Rand McNally and Company. 1926. Retrieved September 12, 2007.
  12. ^ Dickinson, Leon A. (January 12, 1930). "New Signs for State Highways". The New York Times. p. 136.
  13. ^ a b Automobile Blue Book (Map). Automobile Blue Book Inc. 1929. Retrieved September 12, 2007.
  14. ^ a b c Tourist Map of Pennsylvania (PDF) (Map). Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1930. Retrieved September 12, 2007.[permanent dead link]
  15. ^ Automobile Blue Book. Vol. 3. Automobile Blue Book Inc. 1929. p. 18. Retrieved December 5, 2009.
  16. ^ New York in Soconyland (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Standard Oil Company of New York. 1929.
  17. ^ a b c Official Highway Map of New York State (Map) (1947–48 ed.). Cartography by General Drafting. State of New York Department of Public Works.
  18. ^ a b New York and New Jersey Tourgide Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. Gulf Oil Company. 1960.
  19. ^ a b c New York and Metropolitan New York (Map) (1961–62 ed.). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company. Sunoco. 1961.
  20. ^ a b New York (Map) (1969–70 ed.). Cartography by General Drafting. Esso. 1968.
  21. ^ New York (Map) (1973 ed.). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company. Sunoco. 1973.
  22. ^ a b c New York State Department of Transportation (January 2017). Official Description of Highway Touring Routes, Bicycling Touring Routes, Scenic Byways, & Commemorative/Memorial Designations in New York State (PDF). Retrieved January 9, 2017.
  23. ^ a b c Chenango Forks Digital Raster Quadrangle (Map). 1:24,000. New York State Department of Transportation. 1994. Retrieved November 5, 2010.
  24. ^ a b National Geographic Road Atlas (Map). Cartography by Mapquest. National Geographic Maps. 2001. p. 77. § Q15. ISBN 1-57262-547-3.
  25. ^ a b Perry, N.W. "NYS Reference Routes: Region 9". Empire State Roads. Retrieved November 26, 2007.
  26. ^ Thibodeau, William A. (1938). The ALA Green Book (1938–39 ed.). Automobile Legal Association.
  27. ^ Road Map of New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company. Texas Oil Company. 1934.
  28. ^ New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Standard Oil Company. 1936.
  29. ^ New York with Sight-Seeing Guide (Map). Cartography by General Drafting. Esso. 1962.
  30. ^ Perry, N.W. "Reference Routes, Region 1". Empire State Roads. Retrieved December 6, 2009.
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