New York State University Police
This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (September 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|New York State University Police|
Flag of the State of New York
|Motto||"Protecting New York's Future"|
|Formed||January 1, 1999|
|Operations jurisdiction||New York, USA|
|Legal jurisdiction||New York|
|Governing body||State University of New York|
State University PlazaAlbany, NY 12246
|Police Officers||Approx. 600|
|Parent agency||State University of New York|
The New York State University Police (NYSUP), is the law enforcement agency of the State University of New York (SUNY) system. Approximately 600 uniformed officers and investigators, as well as sixty-four chiefs, serve the 28 state college and university campuses throughout the state.
University Police Officers (UPO) are charged with crime detection and prevention, in addition to the enforcement of state and local laws, rules, and regulations. As part of the unit's prevention activities, officers speak on topics such as sexual assault, drugs, crime prevention and traffic safety. Officers are responsible for developing and maintaining a positive relationship with students, faculty, and staff in order to ensure safety and facilitate cooperation within the campus community.
The New York State University Police was formed in response to growing unrest in the SUNY system during the mid-1960s. Demonstrations and protests against the Vietnam War, the growing drug use, questioning authority and various political movements and demonstrations contributed to the formation of today's State University Police. Several incidents during the 1990s emphasized the need for a full service police agency. These included a hostage-taking in a University at Albany lecture hall by a deranged gunman, the "Bike Path Rapist" who killed a female student at the University at Buffalo and the suspicious circumstances regarding the disappearance of a University at Albany student while on campus. These and other incidents moved the Governor and Legislature to create the New York State University Police in 1999. Officers have the powers of arrest, issue uniform traffic tickets, and enforce New York State laws.
- First Campus Security Officer exam was given
- Security and Peace Officers were included in the Education Law
- First arming program conducted at University at Albany
- Task force for Public Safety recommends move from Education Law to Penal Law
- The omnibus Peace Officer Bill was signed putting Public Safety Officer/University Police in the Criminal Procedure Law.
- R. Bruce McBride appointed as Director of Public Safety
- New York State University Police name proposed
- January 1: SUNY Public Safety officers gain Police Officer status (University Police Officers now use police officer title and mirror the New York State Police.)
|Chief of University Police|
|Assistant Chief of University Police|
|Deputy Chief of University Police|
|University Police Officer|
University Police Officers (UPO) receive their official powers through Education Law and Criminal Procedure law. These laws authorize University Police Officers to make warrantless arrests based on probable cause, to use appropriate force in making an arrest, to issue uniform appearance tickets and traffic summons and to execute arrest and bench warrants. For minor offenses, officers can use discretion to refer students to the college judicial board instead of pursuing an arrest. Officers have the option of referring arrested students to the college judiciary system.
University Police Communications and Security Specialist 1 provide communications, security, and public safety services within a 24/7 operation in the University Police Department at the campuses of the State University of New York. These positions will require working during various shifts. Their primary responsibility is to function as a desk officer, including communication activities such as dispatching and using various databases, online systems, and multiple video sources. University Police Communications and Security Specialist 1 are required to wear uniforms. Where appropriate, they also may perform patrol duties and assist University Police Officers.
SUNY Police bill
On July 22, 1998, the SUNY Police bill was signed by Governor George Pataki. This bill provided for the creation of the New York State University Police. One clause requires each campus president to enter into a "mutual aid" agreement with adjoining police agencies.
New trainees are trained at regional academies located in the area in which they are stationed.
Training for new officers meets or exceeds the "New York State Department of Criminal Justice Standards for Police Officers". The "Police Officer Basic Course" includes training in:
- Penal Law, Criminal Procedure Law, Vehicle and Traffic Law and others.
- Defensive Tactics
- Domestic Violence
- Drug and Alcohol Recognition and Enforcement
- Emergency Vehicle Operation
- Chemical Agents
- Physical Training
- Arrest Techniques and Process
- Report Writing
- Interviewing and Interrogating
- Investigation Techniques
- Patrol Tactics
- Traffic and Felony Vehicle Stops
- Critical Incident Management
- Weapons of Mass Destruction
- Emotionally Disturbed Persons
- Computer Operations
After training each new officer completes a minimum twelve-week on-the-job training supervised by a Field Training Officer from their respective campus. Some campuses need to have better training for active shooters on SUNY College Campuses because there is no uniform way SUNY police deal with active shooters. Some college like SUNY Canton and SUNY Potsdam only have nine officers between the two campuses, but still other campuses have more officers still need better training and cooperation with local police departments where the campuses are located.
Depending on location and training, Officers can be selected for specialized units that allow the agency to better serve the community. Some of these units include:
- Police Bike Patrol Unit
- Firearms Training Unit
- Crime Prevention/Education Unit
- K-9 Unit (Tracking, Narcotics and/or Explosive Detection)
- Crime Scene Unit
- Civil Disturbance Response Unit
- Honor Guard
- Rape Aggression Defense Class Instructor Unit
- Mounted unit
- Protective Services Division (Chancellor Protection / Visiting Dignitary Protection)
The force includes a Criminal Investigations Unit, a "plainclothes" unit responsible for both criminal and non-criminal investigations. Criminal Investigators train in investigative topics, such as sexual assault, domestic violence, crimes, and evidence collection and preservation.
In 2010, the New York State University Police at Stony Brook University became the second in the New York State University Police system to become an accredited law enforcement agency by the New York State Department of Criminal Justice services. The accreditation shows that the department exceeds the standards required to be a law enforcement agency in the state of New York. Fewer than half of the law enforcement agencies in New York meet accreditation requirements.
NYSUP union President James McCartney testified in 2007 before the state Senate Higher Education Committee and, again in 2008, to the SUNY Board of Trustees. His testimony discussed what he claimed to be a dysfunctional, decentralized command system and ongoing staffing, equipment, and training deficiencies. McCartney also expressed concern about the "top-heavy" UPD Chief staff, noting its sixty-five management positions, compared to a combined total of twenty-four across other state law enforcement agencies.
A 2007 investigative audit by the New York State Comptroller found that the majority of SUNY campuses had, in violation of the Federal Clery Act, underreported crimes and failed to disclose required safety and security policies.
Following the arrest in 2009 of three SUNY Geneseo students in relation to the death of a nineteen-year-old student, it was revealed that the New York State Inspector General was investigating the incident. Investigators appeared to be focusing the accuracy of crime reporting and on allegations that the police administration was not notifying neighboring agencies of students engaging in off-campus criminal activity.
The audit of SUNY compliance with the Clery act was appealed because of complaints that "accounting tricks" were used to find fault with Annual Security Reports (ASR) by the Office of the State Comptroller. After much discussion and negotiation, OSC issued a formal letter that stated that any discrepancies reported in an earlier audit had been corrected by SUNY, and that campuses were substantially in compliance.
In December 2015, New York State passed a bill enabling University Police Officers (UPO) to retire after 25 years. Prior to 2015, the New York State University Police was the only state law enforcement agency requiring employees to work to age 63 to earn pension eligibility. This had led to instability and a "train and transfer" cycle, where young officers would quickly leave to join law enforcement agencies with more attractive pension plans.
- Campus police
- List of law enforcement agencies in New York
- New York State Police
- City University of New York Public Safety Department
- Cayuga Community College Office of Public Safety
- "University Police Department". Stony Brook University. Stony Brook University. 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
- James Dao (15 December 1994). "Gunman Terrorizes Students in Campus Siege". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
- "Press Release". Stony Brook University. Stony Brook University. 8 December 2010. Retrieved 23 September 2012.
- Darson, Lauren (11 June 2007). "University campuses slow to beef up security". Legislative Gazette. The Legislative Gazette.
- ig.state.ny.us ig.state.ny.us
- New York State University Police – University at Albany
- New York State University Police – Alfred State College
- New York State University Police – Binghamton University
- New York State University Police – SUNY Brockport
- New York State University Police – University at Buffalo
- New York State University Police – Buffalo State College
- New York State University Police – SUNY Canton
- New York State University Police – SUNY Cobleskill
- New York State University Police – SUNY Cortland
- New York State University Police – SUNY Delhi
- New York State University Police – SUNY Downstate Medical Center
- New York State University Police – SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry
- New York State University Police – Farmingdale State College
- New York State University Police – SUNY Fredonia
- New York State University Police – SUNY Geneseo
- New York State University Police – SUNY Maritime College
- New York State University Police – Morrisville State College
- New York State University Police – SUNY New Paltz
- New York State University Police – SUNY Old Westbury
- New York State University Police – SUNY Oneonta
- New York State University Police – SUNY College of Optometry
- New York State University Police – SUNY Oswego
- New York State University Police – SUNY Plattsburgh
- New York State University Police – SUNY Potsdam
- New York State University Police – SUNY Purchase
- New York State University Police – Stony Brook University
- New York State University Police – SUNY Polytechnic Institute
- New York State University Police – SUNY Upstate Medical University