Ministry of Works and Development
This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The New Zealand Ministry of Works and Development, formerly the Department of Public Works and often referred to as the Public Works Department or PWD, was founded in 1876 and disestablished and privatised in 1988. The Ministry had its own Cabinet-level responsible minister, the Minister of Works or Minister of Public Works.
Structure and operations
The Head Office of the Ministry was in the Vogel Building in Wellington, named after former Premier Sir Julius Vogel, who helped create the Public Works Department during his term in office, through the Immigration and Public Works Act 1870. This building held the Vogel Computer, one of the largest in New Zealand and used by several government departments for engineering work. The Ministry moved to the Vogel Building in about 1965 from the Old Government Building on Lambton Quay.
The ministry was renamed the Ministry of Works on 16 March 1943 under the Ministry of Works Act. This was to reflect the extended wartime functions, when the Minister explained it was, "to ensure that, whilst the building and constructional potential of the country is limited by war and immediate post-war conditions, it is assembled and utilized in the most efficient manner from the point of view of the national interest".
In 1944 the ministry was involved in the "great furniture scandal" when asked to order items of furniture for the new Legation in Moscow, to be headed by Charles Boswell. The list of items to be shipped from New Zealand to Moscow (via Tehran and Central Asia) included 40 armchairs, 10 couches and a billiard table plus palm stands! Apparently made after looking at furniture in Government House and ministerial houses, the order could have seated almost the entire House of Representatives; it was cancelled by Prime Minister Peter Fraser.
During the latter years of the Ministry there were seven District Offices (Auckland, Hamilton, Wanganui, Napier, Wellington, Christchurch and Dunedin) each headed by a District Commissioner of Works. In each District there were a number of Residency Offices (headed by a Resident Engineer) and each had a number of Depots. In addition there were Project Offices set up for a particular purpose, such as to build a power project, airport, tunnel or irrigation scheme.
While the policy functions were either disestablished or passed on to other Government departments, the commercial operations were set up as Works and Development Services Corporation (a state-owned enterprise) and the computing bureau and the buildings maintenance units were sold. The corporation had two main subsidiaries, Works Consultancy Services and Works Civil Construction. These were sold in 1996 and became Opus International Consultants and Works Infrastructure respectively, and the corporation was disestablished.
- Bob Semple tank (1941)
- Waitaki Dam (Completed 1935)
- Roxburgh Dam
- Tekapo A (Completed 1951)
- Benmore Power Station (1965)
- Aviemore Dam (1968)
- Tekapo B
- Ohau A, B and C.
- Lake Ruataniwha
- Clyde Dam (Completed 1989)
In the North Island, the Tongariro Power Scheme was completed between 1964 and 1983.
Under the Public Works Act 1876, the Department of Public Works was responsible for the operation of New Zealand's railway network from 1876 until 1880, when operations were transferred to the New Zealand Railways Department. This transfer did not end the PWD's railway operations, as it still operated railway lines when under construction, sometimes providing revenue services prior to the official transfer of the line to the Railways Department. The PWD owned its own locomotives and rolling stock, some second-hand from the Railways Department, and it operated some small railway lines that were never transferred to the Railways Department. One example is a 6.4 km branch line built in 1928 from near the terminus of the Railways Department's Kurow Branch to a hydro-electric dam project on the Waitaki River. This branch was not solely used to service the dam project; the PWD used its own rolling stock to provide a service for school children who attended school in Kurow, and occasionally special Railways Department trains operated on the line with PWD motive power, including a 1931 sightseeing excursion to view the under-construction dam. This line was removed in April 1937 as the PWD no longer required it.
- Raurimu Spiral (1898)
- North Island Main Trunk Railway (Completed 1908)
- Otira Tunnel (Completed 1923)
- East Coast Main Trunk Railway (Completed 1928)
- Westfield deviation (Completed 1929)
- Auckland railway station (1930)
- Stratford–Okahukura Line (Completed 1932)
- Tawa Flat deviation (Completed 1935)
- Kaimai Railway Tunnel (Completed 1978)
Public Works Department Steam Locomotive Roster
Locomotive fleet numbers came into effect in the 1905 financial year. The block of numbers 501 to 550 were reserved by PWD, whilst numbers 1-500 and 551 onward were NZR locomotives. In later years, this agreement with New Zealand Railways Department was given flexibility. From World War 2, PWD used a new system of fleet numbers, with the year of introduction, followed by actual fleet number.
|Key:||In service||On lease||Out of service||Preserved||Overhaul or repair||Scrapped|
|PWD Number||NZR class
|F36||0-6-0ST||Neilson||1879||1886||Named "Edie Ochiltree". Ex NZR. Returned to NZR as F 13 1886-1964. Preserved at Ferrymead Railway|
|A||0-4-0T||E.W Mills||1878||1884||Named "Opossum". From NZR. To industry 1884-1952. Preserved at Shantytown, New Zealand|
|471||0-4-4-0T||Heisler||1947||1952||Heisler geared locomotive purchased from Taupo Totara Timber Co.. Scrapped.|
|472||2-4-4-2||ALCO||1947||1954||Mallet Compound. From Taupo Totara Timber Co.. Preserved at Glenbrook Vintage Railway|
|473||0-4-4-0T||Heisler||1947||1952||Heisler geared locomotive purchased from Taupo Totara Timber Co.. Scrapped.|
|501||WF||2-6-4T||A & G Price||1906||1909||Built to WF specification for PWD. Sold to NZR, 1909. Renmbered WF467|
|502||WF||2-6-4T||A & G Price||1906||1909||Built to WF specification for PWD. Sold to NZR, 1909. Renmbered WF468|
|503||F 37||0-6-0ST||Neilson||1879||1940||Formerly named "Rob Roy", by NZR.|
|504||E 175||0-4-4-0T||Vulcan Foundry||1900||1917||Named "Josephine". Ex Dunedin and Port Chalmers Rly. EX NZR. Preserved at Otago Early Settlers Museum.|
|505||C 194||0-4-2ST||Neilson||1893||1945||Sold to industry, 1945.|
|507||L 207||2-4-0T||Avonside||1901||1931||To industry 1931-1972. Preserved at Museum of Transport and Technology, Auckland.|
|508||L 208||2-4-0T||Avonside||1901||1931||To industry 1931-1974. Preserved at Shantytown, New Zealand|
|509||L 219||2-4-0T||Avonside||1903||1948||To industry 1948-1973. Preserved at Silver Stream Railway.|
|510||D 315||2-4-0T||Scott Bros.||1901||1930||Ex New Zealand Midland Railway Company No.6|
|511||E 174||0-4-4-0T||Avonside Engine Company||1900||circa 1908||Loaned from NZR. Written off 1899. Scrapped 1915.|
|512||C 132||0-4-2ST||Dübs||1885||1927||Industrial use 1927-1971. Preserved at Silver Stream Railway.|
|514||0-6-0ST||Barclay||1915||Unknown||Last used in the Tangarakau area. No details exist of subsequent sale or disposal.|
|516||R 33||0-6-4T||Avonside||1917||1932||Single Fairlie.|
|518||0-4-0T||Barclay||1919||1942||To industry 1942. Converted to Petrol-Mechanical 1960.|
|519||D 108||2-4-0T||Scott Bros.||1920||1930|
|520||D 142||2-4-0T||Scott Bros.||1920||Unknown|
|526||0-4-0ST||Davenport||1921||1937||Bought new. To storage 1937-1999. Preserved at East Coast Museum of Technology, Gisborne, New Zealand.|
|528||0-4-0ST||Davenport||1921||1935||To industry 1935-1945. On display at Bruce Bay.|
|531||0-4-0T||Barclay||1921||1940||To NZR Ways and Works branch 1940-1954. Preserved Silver Stream Railway.|
|533||0-4-0T||Barclay||1921||1943||Dumped at Oaro. Still extant.|
|534||0-4-0T||Fowler||1921||Unknown||Last recorded PWD use at Taneatua, 1927.|
|535||0-4-0T||Fowler||1921||1935||To industry 1935-1960. Preserved at Oamaru Steam and Rail.|
|538||0-4-0T||Fowler||1921||1941||Written off after collision with a truck near Oaro.|
|539||0-4-0T||Fowler||1921||1947||To New Zealand Army 1947-1962. Preserved Tokomaru Steam Museum|
|540||0-4-0T||Fowler||1921||1951||To industry 1951-1960. Preserved at Ocean Beach Railway|
|541||0-4-0T||Fowler||1921||Unknown||Known to be used on Gisborne-Napier construction. Recorded at Wairoa, 1944, by A.J Wells (photographs).|
|542||Y 542||0-6-0T||Hunslet||1923||1945||Bought new. To NZR 1945. To industry 1957-1985. Preserved Museum of Transport and Technology|
|543||Y 543||0-6-0T||Hunslet||1923||1938||Bought new. To NZR 1938-1958|
|544||Y 544||0-6-0T||Hunslet||1923||1945||Bought new. To NZR 1945-1957.|
|547||0-4-0T||Fowler||1924||1930||Retained for parts. Scrapped 1939.|
|548||0-4-0T||Fowler||1924||1936||Retained by PWD for parts. Preserved at McLeans Island by Canterbury Steam Preservation Society.|
|549||C 236||0-4-2ST||Dübs||1925||1929||From NZR Maintenance Dept. Dumped at Te Kuha, 1929. Recovered 1995, preserved at Westport Railway Preservation Society.|
|551||0-6-0T||Barclay||1928||1951||Purchased from Wellington Farmers Meat Co 1921-1928. To Burkes Creek Colliery 1951-1962.|
- Napier City Council; Art Deco Trust (2004). Art Deco Inventory (PDF) (2nd ed.). pp. 78–80. Retrieved 12 July 2014.
- Taonga, New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage Te Manatu. "8. – History of immigration – Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand". www.teara.govt.nz. Retrieved 2016-01-16.
- "AtoJs Online — Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives — 1946 Session I — D-03 MINISTRY OF WORKS REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF WORKS FOR THE PERIOD ENDED 31st MARCH, 1946". atojs.natlib.govt.nz. p. 9. Retrieved 2016-05-19.
- Hensley, Gerald (2009). Beyond the Battlefield: New Zealand and its Allies 1939-45. North Shore Auckland: Viking/Penguin. pp. 330, 331. ISBN 978-06-700-7404-4.
- NZ Railway Observer Vol 314
- By Design: A brief history of the Public Works Department Ministry of Works 1870-1970 by Rosslyn J. Noonan (1975, Crown Copyright)