State Highway 5 (New Zealand)

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State Highway 5 NZ.svg

State Highway 5
Route information
Maintained by NZ Transport Agency
Length262 km (163 mi)
Tourist
routes
Thermal Explorer Highway
Major junctions
Northwest end SH 1 at Tīrau
  SH 1 north at Wairakei
SH 1 south (East Taupō Arterial) at Taupō
Southeast end SH 2 (Main North Road) near Bay View
Location
Primary
destinations
Rotorua, Wairakei, Taupō
Highway system
SH 4SH 6

State Highway 5 (SH 5), one of New Zealand's eight national highways, runs from State Highway 1 at Tīrau, in the south Waikato, to State Highway 2, close to the Hawke Bay coast at Bay View, 10 km north of Napier. It is the second shortest of the national highways.

SH 5 is a two-lane single carriageway, except for a two-kilometre section of dual carriageway in Rotorua, and has at-grade intersections and property accesses in both rural and urban areas. The NZ Transport Agency classifies SH 5 as a regional strategic highway, except for the section concurrent with SH 1 around Taupō, where it is classified as a national strategic road.[1]

Route[edit]

SH 5 leaves SH 1 at a roundabout just south-east of the town of Tīrau in the south Waikato and heads east, crossing over the Mamaku Ranges to Lake Rotorua. The highway skirts the southwestern edge of the lake, entering the city of Rotorua and continuing south through the Rotorua-Taupō thermal area to the upper reaches of the Waikato River. SH 5 joins SH 1 at Wairakei, a few kilometres north of the town of Taupō, and runs concurrently with it on the East Taupo Arterial road, bypassing the town to the east.

SH 5 diverges from SH1 at a roundabout just east of Taupō and heads southeast on the Napier-Taupō road. It runs just south of the prominent Mount Tauhara then passes through the small settlement of Opepe, which is at the intersection of two major pre-European walking tracks (Taupō-Napier and Urewera-Tokaanu). It then runs through the pine plantations of the Kaingaroa Forest, on the broad Kaingaroa plains that were formed from the ash from the great Taupō eruption of 186 AD, passing Iwitahi. Exiting the forest it crosses the headwaters of the Rangitaiki River.

Leaving the Volcanic Plateau, it follows the Waipunga River, the first section being the Runanga Deviation, which opened in 1972, replacing the last long stretch of narrow unsealed road. The highway then crosses the Mohaka River, the site of one of New Zealand's major road tragedies in the 1990s, when a housebus plunged from the bridge. The Mohaka river is a popular spot for whitewater rafting and trout fishing.

The highway next ascends to cross the 708-metre Titiokura Saddle, the site of a proposed electricity generating wind farm, before passing through Te Pohue, a former coaching stop for travellers heading inland from Napier. A few kilometres further on is an unsealed road leading to Trellinoe Park, one of New Zealand's largest private gardens. From here, the road descends into the Esk River valley, a fertile area with vineyards and orchards, as well as one of the country's few lavender farms, which is open to the public. SH 5 ends at the Napier–Wairoa section of SH 2, close to the Hawke Bay coast and the mouth of the Esk River, at the northern end of the Bay View district, 10 km north of Napier.

Route changes[edit]

Prior to the 1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake the final part of the route was over Hill Road between Eskdale and Bay View,[2] with the road from Taupō meeting the Wairoa road at Bay View, three kilometres south of the present junction. The earthquake raised the land and altered the course of the Esk River; the course of the highway was changed to follow suit.

SH 5 once ran through central Rotorua. The old route left the current route at the Lake Road traffic lights, and followed the route of Lake Road, Ranolf Street, Amohau Street, Fenton Street, and Hemo Road, where it re-merges with the current section. Today, it 5 follows Old Taupo Road, which bypasses the central city to the west.

The Taupo Bypass (East Taupo Arterial) opened in 2010, shifting the concurrent SH 1 and SH 5 from the township and lakeside to the eastern outskirts of Taupō.

Major junctions[edit]

Distances are measured from north to south.

Territorial authority Location km jct Destinations Notes
South Waikato District Tīrau 0 New Zealand road sign W11-1.svg SH 1 south – Taupō
SH 1 north – Hamilton
SH 5 begins
37°59′06″S 175°46′04″E / 37.9849°S 175.767689°E / -37.9849; 175.767689 (SH 1/SH 5 intersection (Tīrau))
Tapapa 5 New Zealand PW-11 (right).svg SH 28 south – Putāruru SH 5/SH 28 concurrency begins
7 New Zealand PW-11 (left).svg SH 28 north – Matamata, Tauranga SH 5/SH 28 concurrency ends
Rotorua Lakes Ngongotahā 43 New Zealand road sign W11-1.svg SH 36 – Ngongotahā, Tauranga
Rotorua 50 New Zealand road sign W10-4.svg SH 30A (Pukuatua Street) – City Centre, Whakatāne
Whakarewarewa 55 New Zealand road sign W11-1.svg SH 30 east (Hemo Road) – City Centre, Whakatāne SH 5/SH 30 concurrency begins
Waipa Village 56 New Zealand PW-11 (right).svg SH 30 east – Tokoroa, Te Kuiti SH 5/SH 30 concurrency ends
Waiotapu 77 New Zealand PW-11 (left).svg SH 38Murupara, Waikaremoana
Golden Springs 99 New Zealand PW-44.svg Mihi Bridge (Waikato River)
Taupo District
Wairakei 124 New Zealand road sign W11-1.svg Wairakei Drive – Taupō
SH 1 north – Hamilton
SH 5/SH 1 concurrency begins
38°37′24″S 176°06′00″E / 38.623442°S 176.099896°E / -38.623442; 176.099896 (SH 1/SH 5 intersection (Wairakei))
126 New Zealand PW-44.svg Waikato River Bridge
Taupō 135 New Zealand road sign W11-1.svg SH 1 south – Tūrangi, Palmerston North
Napier Road – Taupō
SH 5/SH 1 concurrency ends
38°42′18″S 176°05′16″E / 38.70511°S 176.08781°E / -38.70511; 176.08781 (SH 1/SH 5 intersection (Taupō))
Rangitaiki 169 New Zealand PW-44.svg Rangitaiki River Bridge
Hastings District Te Haroto 220 New Zealand PW-44.svg Mohaka River Bridge
Napier City Bay View 262 New Zealand road sign R2-2.svg SH 2 north – Wairoa, Gisborne
SH 2 south – Napier, Hastings
SH 5 ends

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "One Network Road Classification: North Island State Highways" (PDF). New Zealand Transport Agency. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 April 2017. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Napier / Hastings to Taupo" (PDF). 2005. Retrieved 2 January 2020 – via Hastings District Council.

External links[edit]