New Zealand at the Olympics
|New Zealand at the Olympic Games|
|Other related appearances|
|Australasia (1908 · 1912)|
The first person from New Zealand to perform at the Olympic Games was Victor Lindberg, who competed for the Osborne Swimming Club of Great Britain which won the Water Polo at the 1900 Summer Olympics. Officially New Zealand has sent athletes to compete in every Summer Olympic Games since 1908. For its first two Games, in 1908 and 1912, New Zealand competed with Australia in a combined Australasia team. New Zealand first sent an independent team in 1920.
New Zealand's participation in the 1976 Games was controversial, and led to a boycott of the Games by most African countries, who protested against sporting contacts between the All Blacks and apartheid South Africa.
New Zealand has also participated in most Winter Olympic Games since 1952, missing only the 1956 and 1964 Games. In 1988 the team included bobsleighers; the first entry in a winter sport other than alpine skiing.
New Zealand athletes have won a total of 118 medals at the Summer Games. The most successful sports have been rowing and athletics with 24 medals each; sailing follows closely behind with 22 medals. New Zealand has won a single medal at the Winter Games; the silver medal won by Annelise Coberger in alpine skiing at the 1992 Winter Olympics was the first at the Winter Games by a Southern Hemisphere nation.
The 100 medals won by New Zealand put New Zealand at number 32 on the all-time Olympic Games medal table for total number of medals and number 27 when weighted by medal type.
Due to its location in the South Pacific and distance from the early Olympic host cities in Europe and North America, New Zealanders needed to endure long sea voyages to participate. New Zealand sent its first independent team to the VII Olympiad in 1920, comprising two runners, a rower, and a 15-year-old swimmer. Prior to 1920, three New Zealanders won medals competing for Australasian teams in 1908 and 1912. Since the advent of international jet air travel in the 1950s, and the greater number of Olympic sports, the size of New Zealand Olympic teams has increased substantially.
New Zealand, as with other Southern Hemisphere countries, has had the disadvantage of needing to peak to compete in summer sports which are held during their winter months. Only three Olympics have ever been held in the Southern Hemisphere, the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, and the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro.
New Zealand did not assemble their first Winter Olympic team until 1952. In 1992, Annelise Coberger of New Zealand became the first person from the Southern Hemisphere to win a medal at the Winter Olympics when she won silver in the slalom at Albertville in France.
After the 2016 Summer Olympics, 1371 competitors have represented New Zealand at the Olympic Games. Harry Kerr is considered the first Kiwi Olympian and Adrian Blincoe the 1000th. As at 11 June 2009, of the 1111 Olympians to that date, 114 were deceased and the whereabouts of 21 were unknown. By 25 June 2009, only 9 Olympians had not been located. There are no living Kiwi Olympians from before the 1948 Olympics in London.
Medals by Summer Games
|1908 London||as part of Australasia (ANZ)||11|
|1932 Los Angeles||0||1||0||1||22|
|1968 Mexico City||1||0||2||3||27|
|1984 Los Angeles||8||1||2||11||8|
|2016 Rio de Janeiro||4||9||5||18||19|
|2020 Tokyo||future event||–|
Medals by Winter Games
|1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo||did not participate|
|1960 Squaw Valley||0||0||0||0|
|1964 Innsbruck||did not participate|
|1980 Lake Placid||0||0||0||0|
|2002 Salt Lake City||0||0||0||0|
|2018 Pyeongchang||Future event|
|2022 Beijing||Future event|
Medals by sport
Medals won as part of Australasia are excluded from the above table.
- New Zealand Olympic medallists
- Category:Olympic competitors for New Zealand
- New Zealand Olympic Committee
- New Zealand at the Paralympics
- Leggat, David (11 June 2009). "21 Kiwi Olympians fail to register". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
- New Zealand Olympic Committee: 1111 Olympians Honoured this Week
- "New Zealand". International Olympic Committee.
- "Results and Medalists". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee.
- "Olympic Medal Winners". International Olympic Committee.
- "New Zealand". Sports-Reference.com.
- Athletics in the 1966 Encyclopaedia of New Zealand has a paragraph on each Olympiad and Empire Games to 1964
- The Olympics (NZHistory.net.nz)
- The Joseph Romanos list of our best Olympians
- Medal Count for NZ at DatabaseOlympics.com (total of 78 not complete)
- New Zealand Olympic Committee's Museum App