New Zealand at the Olympics

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New Zealand at the Olympic Games

Flag of New Zealand
IOC code  NZL
NOC New Zealand Olympic Committee
Website www.olympic.org.nz
Olympic history
Summer Games
Winter Games
Other related appearances
Australasia (1908 · 1912)
The New Zealand rowing team at the 1932 Summer Olympics

The first person from New Zealand to perform at the Olympic Games was Victor Lindberg, who competed for the Osborne Swimming Club of Great Britain which won the Water Polo at the 1900 Summer Olympics. Officially New Zealand has sent athletes to compete in every Summer Olympic Games since 1908. For its first two Games, in 1908 and 1912, New Zealand competed with Australia in a combined Australasia team. New Zealand first sent an independent team in 1920.

The New Zealand Olympic Committee (NZOC) is the National Olympic Committee for New Zealand. The NZOC was founded in 1911, and recognised by the IOC in 1919.

New Zealand's participation in the 1976 Games was controversial, and led to a boycott of the Games by most African countries, who protested against sporting contacts between the All Blacks and apartheid South Africa.

New Zealand has also participated in most Winter Olympic Games since 1952, missing only the 1956 and 1964 Games. In 1988 the team included bobsleighers; the first entry in a winter sport other than alpine skiing.

New Zealand athletes have won a total of 118 medals at the Summer Games. The most successful sports have been rowing and athletics with 24 medals each; sailing follows closely behind with 22 medals. New Zealand has won a single medal at the Winter Games; the silver medal won by Annelise Coberger in alpine skiing at the 1992 Winter Olympics was the first at the Winter Games by a Southern Hemisphere nation.

The 100 medals won by New Zealand put New Zealand at number 32 on the all-time Olympic Games medal table for total number of medals and number 27 when weighted by medal type.

Participation[edit]

Due to its location in the South Pacific and distance from the early Olympic host cities in Europe and North America, New Zealanders needed to endure long sea voyages to participate. New Zealand sent its first independent team to the VII Olympiad in 1920, comprising two runners, a rower, and a 15-year-old swimmer. Prior to 1920, three New Zealanders won medals competing for Australasian teams in 1908 and 1912. Since the advent of international jet air travel in the 1950s, and the greater number of Olympic sports, the size of New Zealand Olympic teams has increased substantially.

New Zealand, as with other Southern Hemisphere countries, has had the disadvantage of needing to peak to compete in summer sports which are held during their winter months. Only three Olympics have ever been held in the Southern Hemisphere, the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne, the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, and the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro.

New Zealand did not assemble their first Winter Olympic team until 1952. In 1992, Annelise Coberger of New Zealand became the first person from the Southern Hemisphere to win a medal at the Winter Olympics when she won silver in the slalom at Albertville in France.

After the 2016 Summer Olympics, 1371 competitors have represented New Zealand at the Olympic Games. Harry Kerr is considered the first Kiwi Olympian and Adrian Blincoe the 1000th.[1] As at 11 June 2009, of the 1111 Olympians to that date, 114 were deceased and the whereabouts of 21 were unknown.[1] By 25 June 2009, only 9 Olympians had not been located.[2] There are no living Kiwi Olympians from before the 1948 Olympics in London.[1]

Medal tables[edit]

Medals by Summer Games[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total Rank
United Kingdom 1908 London as part of  Australasia (ANZ) 11
Sweden 1912 Stockholm 12
Belgium 1920 Antwerp 0 0 1 1 22
France 1924 Paris 0 0 1 1 23
Netherlands 1928 Amsterdam 1 0 0 1 24
United States 1932 Los Angeles 0 1 0 1 22
Germany 1936 Berlin 1 0 0 1 20
United Kingdom 1948 London 0 0 0 0
Finland 1952 Helsinki 1 0 2 3 24
Australia 1956 Melbourne 2 0 0 2 16
Italy 1960 Rome 2 0 1 3 14
Japan 1964 Tokyo 3 0 2 5 12
Mexico 1968 Mexico City 1 0 2 3 27
West Germany 1972 Munich 1 1 1 3 23
Canada 1976 Montreal 2 1 1 4 18
Soviet Union 1980 Moscow 0 0 0 0
United States 1984 Los Angeles 8 1 2 11 8
South Korea 1988 Seoul 3 2 8 13 18
Spain 1992 Barcelona 1 4 5 10 28
United States 1996 Atlanta 3 2 1 6 26
Australia 2000 Sydney 1 0 3 4 46
Greece 2004 Athens 3 2 0 5 24
China 2008 Beijing 3 2 4 9 25
United Kingdom 2012 London 6 2 5 13 15
Brazil 2016 Rio de Janeiro 4 9 5 18 19
Japan 2020 Tokyo future event
Total 46 27 44 117 26

Medals by Winter Games[edit]

Games Gold Silver Bronze Total
Norway 1952 Oslo 0 0 0 0
Italy 1956 Cortina d'Ampezzo did not participate
United States 1960 Squaw Valley 0 0 0 0
Austria 1964 Innsbruck did not participate
France 1968 Grenoble 0 0 0 0
Japan 1972 Sapporo 0 0 0 0
Austria 1976 Innsbruck 0 0 0 0
United States 1980 Lake Placid 0 0 0 0
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1984 Sarajevo 0 0 0 0
Canada 1988 Calgary 0 0 0 0
France 1992 Albertville 0 1 0 1
Norway 1994 Lillehammer 0 0 0 0
Japan 1998 Nagano 0 0 0 0
United States 2002 Salt Lake City 0 0 0 0
Italy 2006 Turin 0 0 0 0
Canada 2010 Vancouver 0 0 0 0
Russia 2014 Sochi 0 0 0 0
South Korea 2018 Pyeongchang Future event
China 2022 Beijing Future event
Total 0 1 0 1

Medals by sport[edit]

Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
Rowing 11 3 10 24
Athletics 10 3 11 24
Sailing 9 7 6 22
Canoeing 7 3 2 12
Equestrian 3 2 5 10
Swimming 2 1 3 6
Cycling 1 3 4 8
Boxing 1 1 1 3
Triathlon 1 1 1 3
Field hockey 1 0 0 1
Shooting 0 1 1 2
Alpine skiing 0 1 0 1
Golf 0 1 0 1
Rugby sevens 0 1 0 1
Total 46 28 44 118

Medals won as part of Australasia are excluded from the above table.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]