New Zealand general election, 1871

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1871 general election
New Zealand
← 1868 (Māori) 14 January – 23 February 1871 1875–76 →

All 78 seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives
  First party
  Retouched portrait of Sir William Fox.jpg
Leader William Fox
Party Independent
Leader's seat Rangitikei
Last election 78 seats
Seats won 78
Seat change Steady
Popular vote N/A
Percentage N/A
Swing N/A

Prime Minister before election

William Fox
Independent

Prime Minister-designate

William Fox
Independent

The New Zealand general election of 1871 was held between 14 January and 23 February to elect 78 MPs across 72 electorates to the fifth session of the New Zealand Parliament. 41,527 electors were registered.

Background[edit]

1871 was the first general election to include the four Māori electorates,[1] with elections held on 1 and 15 February.[2] The first Māori Members of Parliament had been elected in 1868, but in 1871 three retired and one (Western Maori) was defeated. So in 1871 four new Māori MPs were elected.

In 1866 the secret ballot was introduced for general (European) elections. The 1871 general election was the first one at which it was used. The secret ballot not used in Māori electorates until 1938, thus Māori voters continued to inform a polling officer orally of their chosen candidate.[3]

The date of election is defined here as the day on which the poll took place, or if there was no contest, the day of nomination.[4] The earliest election day was 14 January 1871.[1] The earliest date in the general electorate results table, 13 January 1871, thus represents William Rolleston being declared elected unopposed in the Avon electorate on nomination day.[5] The last election was held on 23 February 1871 in the Franklin electorate.

68 European electorates and 4 Māori electorates were defined by the Representation Act 1870. Six of the general electorates had two representatives, the rest were single member electorates. Hence, 78 MPs were elected.[1] Electorates that were first formed for the 1871 elections were East Coast, Eden, Rodney, Thames, Waikato, Waitemata, Egmont, Manawatu, Buller, Grey Valley, Christchurch East, Christchurch West, Hokitika, Totara, Dunstan, Mount Ida, Tuapeka, Waitaki, Waikaia, and Wakatipu.[6] 41,527 electors were registered.[2]

Results[edit]

Member Electorate Province MP's term Election date
Rhodes, RobertRobert Rhodes Akaroa Canterbury First 26 January[7]
Evans, JohnJohn Evans Ashley Canterbury First 17 February[8]
Vogel, JuliusJulius Vogel Auckland East Auckland Third 30 January[9]
Gillies, ThomasThomas Gillies Auckland West Auckland Fourth 6 February[10]
Williamson, JohnJohn Williamson Auckland West Auckland Fourth 6 February[11]
Rolleston, WilliamWilliam Rolleston Avon Canterbury Second 13 January[12]
Murray, WilliamWilliam Murray Bruce Otago First 28 January[13]
O'Conor, EugeneEugene O'Conor Buller Canterbury First 4 February[14]
Cantrell, RichardRichard Cantrell Caversham Otago First 25 January[15]
Ingles, Henry AnthonyHenry Anthony Ingles Cheviot Canterbury First 27 January[16]
Wakefield, JerninghamJerningham Wakefield Christchurch East Canterbury Second 18 January[9]
Richardson, EdwardEdward Richardson Christchurch West Canterbury First 19 January[7]
Ormond, John DaviesJohn Davies Ormond Clive Hawke's Bay Third 26 January[14]
Thomson, James WilliamJames William Thomson Clutha Otago First 31 January[17]
Karslake, John KarslakeJohn Karslake Karslake Coleridge Canterbury First 4 February[18]
Collins, ArthurArthur Collins Collingwood Nelson Second 16 February[19]
Reynolds, William HunterWilliam Hunter Reynolds DunedinCity of Dunedin Otago Third 20 January[7]
Bathgate, JohnJohn Bathgate DunedinCity of Dunedin Otago First 20 January[20]
Shepherd, Thomas LutherThomas Luther Shepherd Dunstan Otago First 7 February[21]
Kelly, WilliamWilliam Kelly East Coast Auckland First 16 February[22]
Takamoana, KaraitianaKaraitiana Takamoana X-01Eastern Maori First 1 February[23]
Creighton, Robert JamesRobert James Creighton Eden Auckland Third 31 January[24]
Gisborne, WilliamWilliam Gisborne Egmont Taranaki First 18 January[10]
Buckland, William ThorneWilliam Thorne Buckland Franklin Auckland Second 23 February[25]
Clark, ArchibaldArchibald Clark Franklin Auckland Third 23 February[26]
Parker, George BabingtonGeorge Babington Parker Gladstone Canterbury First 7 February[27]
Carrington, Frederic AlonzoFrederic Alonzo Carrington Grey and Bell Taranaki Second 17 January[26]
Harrison, William HenryWilliam Henry Harrison Grey Valley Canterbury Second 26 January[28]
Hall, JohnJohn Hall Heathcote Canterbury Third 14 January[29]
White, JohnJohn White Hokitika Canterbury First 25 January[30]
Fitzherbert, WilliamWilliam Fitzherbert Hutt Wellington Fourth 16 January[31]
Calder, William HendersonWilliam Henderson Calder Invercargill Southland First 24 January[15]
Studholme, JohnJohn Studholme Kaiapoi Canterbury Second 27 January[32]
Peacock, John Thomas LytteltonTown of Lyttelton Canterbury Second 16 January[33]
Johnston, Walter WoodsWalter Woods Johnston Manawatu Wellington First 4 February[18]
Munro, JohnJohn Munro Marsden Auckland Third 30 January[13]
Bell, DillonDillon Bell Mataura Southland Fourth 11 February[20]
McLeod, JohnJohn McLeod Mongonui and Bay of Islands Auckland First 10 February[34]
Monro, DavidDavid Monroa Motueka Nelson Fifth 10 February[35]
Mervyn, DavidDavid Mervyn Mount Ida Otago Second 16 February[36]
McLean, DonaldDonald McLean Napier Hawke's Bay Second 19 January[34]
Lightband, MartinMartin Lightband Nelson CityCity of Nelson Nelson First 6 February[37]
Curtis, OswaldOswald Curtis Nelson CityCity of Nelson Nelson Second 6 February[24]
Richardson, RalphRalph Richardson Nelson SuburbsSuburbs of Nelson Nelson First 7 February[7]
Kelly, ThomasThomas Kelly New Plymouth Taranaki Second 28 January[22]
Swanson, WilliamWilliam Swanson Newton Auckland First 25 January[32]
Katene, WiWi Katene X-02Northern Maori First 15 February[22]
O'Rorke, MauriceMaurice O'Rorke Onehunga Auckland Third 20 February[14]
Wood, ReaderReader Wood Parnell Auckland Third 23 January[38]
Kenny, Courtney Picton Marlborough Second 27 January[22]
Macandrew, JamesJames Macandrew Port Chalmers Otago Fifth 15 February[39]
Fox, WilliamWilliam Fox Rangitikei Wellington Fourth 3 February[40]
McGillivray, LauchlanLauchlan McGillivray Riverton Southland Second 27 January[41]
Farnall, HenryHenry Farnall Rodney Auckland Second 13 February[42]
Driver, HenryHenry Driver Roslyn Otago Second 30 January[43]
Reeves, WilliamWilliam Reeves Selwyn Canterbury Second 1 February[44]
Taiaroa, Hori KereiHori Kerei Taiaroa X-03Southern Maori First 13 February[23]
Reid, Donald Donald Reid Taieri Otago Second 3 February[44]
O'Neill, Charles GordonCharles Gordon O'Neill Thames Auckland Second 9 February[14]
Stafford, EdwardEdward Stafford Timaru Canterbury Fourth 20 January[45]
Tribe, George HenryGeorge Henry Tribe Totara Westland First 8 February[46]
Brown, James ClarkJames Clark Brown Tuapeka Otago Second 13 February[8]
Bradshaw, James BennJames Benn Bradshaw Waikaia Otago Second 9 February[47]
McPherson, JamesJames McPherson Waikato Auckland First 10 February[34]
McLean, GeorgeGeorge McLean Waikouaiti Otago First 23 January[34]
Shephard, JosephJoseph Shephard Waimea Marlborough First 13 February[21]
Bunny, HenryHenry Bunny Wairarapa Wellington Third 28 January[25]
Andrew, JohnJohn Andrew Wairarapa Wellington First 28 January[48]
Eyes, William HenryWilliam Henry Eyes Wairau Marlborough Third 24 January[42]
Steward, WilliamWilliam Steward Waitaki Otago First 3 February[45]
Henderson, ThomasThomas Henderson Waitemata Auckland Fourth 8 February[49]
Haughton, Charles EdwardCharles Edward Haughton Wakatipu Otago Third 25 January[28]
Webster, GeorgeGeorge Webster Wallace Otago Second 20 February[30]
Bryce, JohnJohn Bryce Wanganui Wellington Second 30 January[8]
Hunter, GeorgeGeorge Hunter WellingtonCity of Wellington Wellington First 7 February[50]
Pearce, EdwardEdward Pearce Wellington, City ofCity of Wellington Wellington First 7 February[33]
Brandon, AlfredAlfred Brandon Wellington Country Wellington Fourth 17 January[8]
Parata, WiremuWiremu Parata X-04Western Maori First 13 February[27]

a Unseated on petition.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Representation Act 1870". Retrieved 15 November 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "General elections 1853-2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 12 September 2010. 
  3. ^ "Key dates in New Zealand electoral reform". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 6 January 2011. 
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 92.
  5. ^ "Avon District". The Star (821). 13 January 1871. Retrieved 6 January 2011. 
  6. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 33–40.
  7. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 135.
  8. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 97.
  9. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 145.
  10. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 108.
  11. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 148.
  12. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 136.
  13. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 128.
  14. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 130.
  15. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 99.
  16. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 116.
  17. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 143.
  18. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 117.
  19. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 101.
  20. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 95.
  21. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 139.
  22. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 118.
  23. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 142.
  24. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 102.
  25. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 98.
  26. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 100.
  27. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 131.
  28. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 112.
  29. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 111.
  30. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 147.
  31. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 106.
  32. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 141.
  33. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 132.
  34. ^ a b c d Scholefield 1950, p. 124.
  35. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 127.
  36. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 126.
  37. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 120.
  38. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 149.
  39. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 121.
  40. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 107.
  41. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 122.
  42. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 105.
  43. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 104.
  44. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 134.
  45. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 140.
  46. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 144.
  47. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 96.
  48. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 93.
  49. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 113.
  50. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 115.

References[edit]

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer.