New Zealand general election, 1922

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1922 general election
New Zealand
1919 ←
6 (Māori) & 7 December (general) 1922 → 1925
outgoing members ← → elected members

All 80 seats in the New Zealand House of Representatives
41 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 87.7%
  First party Second party Third party
  William Massey.jpg Thomas Wilford, 1928.jpg Harry Holland (1922).jpg
Leader William Massey Thomas Wilford Harry Holland
Party Reform Liberal Labour
Leader since 1909 1920 1919
Leader's seat Franklin Hutt Buller
Last election 45 seats, 35.7% 19 seats, 28.7% 8 seats, 24.2%
Seats won 37 22 17
Seat change Decrease 8 Increase 3 Increase 9
Popular vote 249,735 166,708 150,448
Percentage 39.4% 26.3% 23.7%
Swing Increase 3.7% Decrease 2.4% Decrease 0.5%

Prime Minister before election

William Massey
Reform

Prime Minister-designate

William Massey
Reform

The New Zealand general election of 1922 was held on Monday, 6 December in the Māori electorates, and on Tuesday, 7 December in the general electorates to elect a total of 80 MPs to the 21st session of the New Zealand Parliament. A total number of 700,111 (87.7%) voters turned out to vote.[1] In one seat (Bay of Plenty) there was only one candidate.[2][3]

1922 was the year residents of the Chatham Islands were enfranchised for the first time (included in Lyttelton and Western Māori electorates).

Result[edit]

Labour Party candidates in the 1922 election

William Massey formed a government, but with the loss in support for the Reform Party he had to negotiate for support with Independents, and with two Liberal Party members.[4]

Liberal was in decline and disorganised. Just before the 1925 election (held on 4 November), two Liberal MPs from Christchurch who had supported Massey (along with Independents Harry Atmore and Allen Bell) were appointed to the Legislative Council. They were Leonard Isitt and George Witty who were both appointed to the Legislative Council by Gordon Coates on 28 October 1925. Both were Liberals and their retirement removed "a source of some bitterness from the Party’s ranks (Coates rewarded them with seats in the Legislative Council the day after the election)".[5] Gordon Coates was Reform, and both of their seats went to Reform candidates in 1925.

Party Totals[edit]

Party totals[edit]

Election results
Party Candidates Total votes Percentage Seats won
Reform Party 76 249,735 39.35 37
Liberal Party 56 166,708 26.26 22
Labour Party 41 150,448 23.70 17
Others 39 67,837 10.69 4
Total 212 634,728 80

*Note: For numbers of candidates see Wilson (1985) p295; for numbers of votes and percentage see Wilson (1985) p289. Electorate results given below include 38 Reform and 21 Liberal members. The figures given in the table agree with Mackie and Rose, as well as the article on New Zealand elections.

Votes summary[edit]

Popular Vote
Reform
  
39.35%
Liberal
  
26.26%
Labour
  
23.70%
Others
  
10.69%
Parliament seats
Reform
  
46.25%
Liberal
  
27.50%
Labour
  
21.25%
Others
  
5.00%

Electorate results[edit]

The results of the 1922 election were as follows:

Key

 Reform    Liberal    Labour    Independent Liberal    Independent  

[v · t · e] Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1922[6]</ref>[7][8]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Ashburton William Nosworthy 1,482[9] Henry Manwell Jones
Avon Dan Sullivan 2,036 George Warren Russell
Awarua John Hamilton Philip De La Perrelle 51[10] John Hamilton
Auckland Central Bill Parry 1,003 Albert Glover
Auckland East Clutha Mackenzie John A. Lee 751 Clutha Mackenzie
Auckland West Michael Joseph Savage 1,349 J Farrell
Bay of Islands Vernon Reed Allen Bell 188 Vernon Reed
Bay of Plenty Kenneth Williams Uncontested
Buller Harry Holland 1,541[9] John Menzies
Chalmers James McColl Dickson 679 Joseph Stephens[11]
Christchurch East Henry Thacker Tim Armstrong 1,094 Henry Thacker
Christchurch North Leonard Isitt 1,950 John Archer
Christchurch South Ted Howard 3,140 H C Lane
Clutha Alexander Malcolm John Edie 120 Alexander Malcolm
Dunedin Central Charles Statham 723 John Gilchrist
Dunedin North James Wright Munro 55 J J Clark
Dunedin West Thomas Sidey 1,281 John McManus
Dunedin South William Downie Stewart 1,727 C M Moss
Eden James Parr 675 Rex Mason
Egmont Oswald Hawken 372 D L A Astbury
Ellesmere Heaton Rhodes 732 J C Free
Franklin William Massey 2,750 J Rea
Grey Lynn Fred Bartram 1,407 W J Holdsworth
Gisborne Douglas Lysnar 500[9] George Wildish[12]
Hamilton New electorate Alexander Young 2,043 Arthur Shapton Richards
Hawke's Bay Hugh Campbell Gilbert McKay 317 Andrew Hamilton Russell[13]
Hurunui George Forbes 1,198 S Andrew
Hutt Thomas Wilford 802[9] David Pritchard
Invercargill Josiah Hanan 993 J Armstead
Kaipara Gordon Coates 2,464 Robert Hornblow
Kaiapoi David Jones David Buddo 65[14] David Jones
Lyttelton James McCombs 614 R MacCartney
Manawatu Edward Newman Joseph Linklater 1,505 F D Whibley
Manukau Frederic Lang William Joseph Jordan 209 Frederic Lang
Marsden Francis Mander Alfred Murdoch 136 William Jones
Masterton George Sykes 556[9] A. C. Holmes
Mataura George Anderson 1,041 David McDougall
Motueka Richard Hudson 538 R Patterson
Napier Vigor Brown Lewis McIlvride 763 John Mason
Oamaru Ernest Lee John MacPherson 14 Ernest Lee
Ohinemuri Hugh Poland 939 Stephen Shepherd Allen
Oroua David Guthrie 43 John Cobbe
Nelson Harry Atmore 2,164[9] A. Gilbert
Otaki William Hughes Field 58[9] G. H. M. McClure
Pahiatua Archibald McNicol Alfred Ransom 59 Archibald McNicol
Palmerston Jimmy Nash 1,067 J Hodgens
Parnell James Samuel Dickson 2,324 S M Wren
Patea Edwin Dixon James Randall Corrigan 151 Edwin Dixon
Raglan Richard Bollard 776 S C G Lye
Rangitikei William Spiers Glenn 1,007 F P Brady
Riccarton George Witty 235 Herbert Kyle
Roskill Vivian Potter 2,007 Alfred Hall-Skelton[15]
Rotorua Frank Hockly 404 Cecil Clinkard
Stratford Robert Masters 363 John Hine
Taranaki Sydney George Smith 134 Charles Bellringer
Tauranga William Herries 1,440[16] Laurence Johnstone
Temuka Thomas Burnett 407 Thomas Herbert Langford
Thames Thomas William Rhodes 790 W A Allan
Timaru James Craigie Frank Rolleston 288[9] Percy Vinnell
Waikato Alexander Young Frederick Lye 44 J T Johnson
Waimarino Robert William Smith Frank Langstone 887 Robert William Smith
Waipawa George Hunter 1,076 John Joshua Langridge
Wairarapa Alexander Donald McLeod 698 J W Card
Waitemata Alexander Harris 1,271 Frank Henry Burbush[15]
Wairau Richard McCallum William Girling 186 Richard McCallum
Waitaki John Bitchener William Paul
Waitomo William Thomas Jennings John Rolleston 25 William Thomas Jennings
Wakatipu James Horn 1,637 J Ritchie
Wallace Adam Hamilton John Charles Thomson 205 Adam Hamilton
Wanganui Bill Veitch 1,072 John Coull
Wellington Central Peter Fraser 4,202 W H Bennett
Wellington North John Luke 375 Harry Combs
Wellington East Alfred Newman Alec Monteith 473 Thomas Forsyth
Wellington South George Mitchell Robert McKeen 422 George Mitchell
Wellington Suburbs Robert Wright 291 Alexander Croskery
Westland Tom Seddon James O'Brien 487 Tom Seddon
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Apirana Ngata 1,501 Taranaki Kanara te Uamairangi
Northern Maori Taurekareka Henare 1,441 Nau Parone Kawiti
Southern Maori Henare Uru 87 Peter MacDonald
Western Maori Maui Pomare 798 Ngarangi Katitia

Summary of changes[edit]

A boundary redistribution resulted in the abolition of one seat:

At the same time, one new seat was created:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "General elections 1853-2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Retrieved 12 January 2011. 
  2. ^ Bassett 1982, p. 666.
  3. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 286.
  4. ^ Bassett 1982, p. 32.
  5. ^ Bassett 1982, p. 35.
  6. ^ The General Election, 1922. Government Printer. 1923. p. 2. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  7. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 83f.
  8. ^ Hislop 1923, pp. 1–6.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h "Official Counts". The Evening Post. CIV (144). 15 December 1922. p. 8. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  10. ^ "Awarua". Hawera & Normanby Star. XLII. 14 December 1922. p. 7. Retrieved 8 November 2014. 
  11. ^ "Labour's Candidates". Maoriland Worker. 12 (299). 22 November 1922. p. 12. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  12. ^ "Women Take Part". The Evening Post. CXX (107). 1 November 1935. p. 14. Retrieved 11 November 2013. 
  13. ^ Pugsley, Chris. "Russell, Andrew Hamilton". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 November 2013. 
  14. ^ "The Official Count". Auckland Star. LIII (295). 13 December 1922. p. 5. Retrieved 23 November 2013. 
  15. ^ a b "Electoral". Auckland Star. LIII (296). 14 December 1922. p. 16. Retrieved 5 December 2014. 
  16. ^ "The Final Counts". The New Zealand Herald. LIX (18276). 18 December 1922. p. 6. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 

References[edit]

  • Bassett, Michael (1982). Three Party Politics in New Zealand 1911–1931. Auckland: Historical Publications. ISBN 0-86870-006-1. 
  • Chapman, Robert M. (1948). The Significance of the 1928 General Election: A Study in Certain Trends in New Zealand Politics During the Nineteen-Twenties (Thesis). Massey University. 
  • Chapman, Robert M. (1969). The Political Scene 1919–1931. Heinemann. 
  • Hislop, J. (1923). The General Election, 1922. Government Printer. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  • Mackie, Thomas T.; Rose, Richard (1991). The International Almanac of Electoral History (3rd ed.). Macmillan. 
  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.