Newark, New York
|Newark, New York|
U.S. Post Office in downtown Newark
Location in Wayne County and the state of New York.
|Incorporated||July 21, 1853|
|• Type||Board of Trustees|
|• Mayor||Jonathan Taylor|
|• Court||Justice Michael R. Miller|
|• Total||5.41 sq mi (13.9 km2)|
|• Land||5.41 sq mi (13.9 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||457 ft (135 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||8,938|
|• Density||1,700/sq mi (660/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0958486|
Newark is a village in Wayne County, New York, U.S., 35 miles (56 km) south east of Rochester and 48 miles (77 km) west of Syracuse. The population was 9,145 at the 2010 census. The Village of Newark is in the south part of the Town of Arcadia and is in the south of Wayne County. It is the most populated community in Wayne County.
The current village includes the former "Miller's Basin" and "Lockville" prior to its own incorporation in 1839. The Village of Newark was incorporated in 1853. It was in Newark, New York that Jackson & Perkins Company, famous for its roses, was founded in 1872 by Albert Jackson and his son-in law Charles H. Perkins. The Perkins mansion is now listed on the historic register.
The Jackson- Perkins residence, 310 High Street, is significant for its association with the growth and development of the Jackson and Perkins Company, one of the largest and best-known horticultural firms in the United States. The company was established in 1872 by Albert E. Jackson and his son-in-law, Charles H. Perkins, fruit growers and amateur gardeners, who had purchased the property in 1864.
Initially, Perkins, a lawyer, banker and Vice-President of Chase Bros. Nursery (Rochester) began experimenting with cultivating grapes and other fruits on the property; however, his growing passion for roses led to a substantial increase in horticultural activity, and in 1884 the company hired E. Alvin Miller, a professional propagator and breeder. This marked a substantial enlargement in the size and professionalism of the company, which began to cultivate roses and other ornamentals on a large scale. Although the growth of the company led to the acquisition of additional farms, the family's High Street estate remained the center of operations, with experiments in propagation taking place on site and the residence's library serving as the company's main office. In 1910, Charles Perkins's son, George C. Perkins, took over as president. Charles H. Perkins began living in Santa Ana, California during the winters where he began a large poultry business with his brother, Wyllys. He also had an orange ranch run by his oldest son Albert J. Perkins. After George C. resigned, his cousin Charles "Charlie" Perkins became president until the 1960s.
In the first decades of the twentieth century, Jackson and Perkins achieved worldwide fame, particularly for its roses. In 1908, the company received an award from the National Rose Society for Great Britain for the popular "Dorothy Perkins" climbing rose. During the 1920s and 30s the company's research directors were prolific in developing hundreds of new varieties and the company sold millions of plants. In addition to roses, Jackson and Perkins also became major distributors of clematis, lilacs, boxwoods, azaleas, and rhododendrons. After specializing in the wholesale trade for more than half a century, Jackson and Perkins's popular exhibit at the 1939 New York World's Fair led to its entrance into the retail market as a mail order business.
During WWII the largest rose grower in the world folded in Germany due to the war. This left the door open for J&P to become the "Rose Capital of America" and the world's rose garden. Jackson and Perkins is now located in Hodges, South Carolina, a division of the Park Seed Co. and is a full service nursery that disseminates more than one million catalogues and ships more than three million roses and other plants to customers each year.
In 1852, Charles W. Stuart purchased a farm on what is now North Main St, and in need of an income he sold fruit trees door to door to area farms. This was the beginning of a direct selling business and C.W. Stuart Nursery became one of the largest wholesale nurseries in the country.
In 1949, the C.H. Stuart Co.,(C.W. Stuart's son) with many successes direct selling, formed a small division, Sarah Coventry Inc., named after C.H. Stuart's great granddaughter, Sarah Coventry Beale, which marketed costume jewelry until 1984.
In 1900, 4,578 people lived in Newark, New York; in 1910, 6,227; and in 1940, 9,646. Newark has become the industrial and retail center of the county. The Jackson-Perkins House and United States Post Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Remnants of the former Enlarged Erie Canal Lock 59 (also called the Upper Lockville Lock) are located along North Clinton Street across from the current Lock 28B in Newark, just off N.Y. Route 31. It was a double-chamber lock built in 1841, and had a lift of 7.88 feet (2.40 m) to the west. The former Enlarged Erie Canal Lock 58 (also called the Middle Lockville Lock) is a few blocks east off Lyons Street, but one of the chambers is being used by a scrap company. Volunteers cleared the other chamber as part of a canal trail project.
The village is part of the Erie Canalway National Heritage Corridor. Erie Canal Lock 28B is located below the bridge on North Clinton Street, just off N.Y. Route 31. It was built around 1913, and has a lift of 12 feet (3.66 m) to the west.
Village of Arcadia
There was a community of Lockville, first settled around 1805 about 3/4 mile (1.2 km) on the east of what used to be known as Miller's Basin in the vicinity of the current East Union and Vienna streets. The name of 'Lockville' came from its location near three locks, numbered 57, 58 and 59, built on the original Erie Canal route. In 1839, Lockville became incorporated as the Village of Arcadia. It merged into Newark when that community was incorporated as a village in 1853.
Newark is located at  Newark is located along the southern edge of Wayne County, bordering Ontario County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 5.4 square miles (14 km2), of which, 5.4 square miles (14 km2) of it is land and 0.19% is water. The center of the village is at Main Street (New York State Route 88) and Union Street (New York State Route 31). Route 31 runs next to the southern bank of the Erie Canal.
As of the census of 2010, there were 9,145 people, 3,842 households, and 2,256 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,691.6 people per square mile (653.1/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 89.0% White, 5.0% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.9% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.4% of the population.
There were 3,857 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 15.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the village, the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.8 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $32,542, and the median income for a family was $40,863. Males had a median income of $31,641 versus $23,588 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,176. About 12.5% of families and 17.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.4% of those under age 18 and 11.6% of those age 65 or over.
There were 4,098 housing units at an average density of 762.5 per square mile (294.5/km²). 6.2% of housing units were vacant. There were 3,842 occupied housing units in the village. 2,082 were owner-occupied units (54.2%), while 1,760 were renter-occupied (45.8%). The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.9% of total units. The rental unit vacancy rate was 5.7%.
- Mayor: Jonathan Taylor
- Village Clerk/Treasurer Stephen Murawski
- Deputy Clerk: Ellie Palermo
- Trustee: Rebecca Vermeulen
- Trustee: Robert Bendix
- Trustee: Stuart Blodgett
- Trustee: Al Schober
- Chief of Police: David Christler
- Village Justice: Michael R. Miller
- Acting Justice: William Schusler
- Code Enforcement Officer: Mark Peake
- Animal Control Officer: Robert Howard
Notable natives or residents
- Esbon Blackmar (June 19, 1805 – November 19, 1857) was an American politician and a Whig Party U.S. Representative from New York.
- Admiral Leslie E. Gehres, Captain of the USS Franklin (CV-13).
- Tom Burgess, Canadian Football All-Star Quarterback. 78th Grey Cup MVP on Offense.
- Peter Hannan, television producer, writer, singer-songwriter, who created the animated series CatDog.
- Charles R. Jackson, (1903–1968), author of The Lost Weekend 
- Doug Kent, Newark resident; professional ten-pin bowler and 2006-07 PBA Player of the Year
- Marilyn Leavitt-Imblum, noted needlework designer
- Clarence MacGregor (September 16, 1872 – February 18, 1952), member of the United States House of Representatives (New York-R).
- Sybil Shearer (1912-2005), pioneer in modern dance, was raised in Newark, New York.
- Paul J. Swain, Roman Catholic bishop
- Harriet Van Horne (May 17, 1920 – January 15, 1998), American newspaper columnist and critic, graduated from Newark High School and from the College for Women of the University of Rochester in 1940. During the 1940s/50s, she appeared frequently on television as a celebrity panelist. Van Horne was a regular on Leave It to the Girls (1949-54). She was also a regular on the DuMont Television Network's quiz show What's the Story from 1952-55. She was a syndicated columnist appearing in the New York Post and other newspapers around the country. In 1960 she covered the Nixon-Kennedy debates as a television critic for the Scripps-Howard newspaper chain. Her work landed her on the master list of Nixon political opponents. Ray Erwin of Editor & Publisher described syndicated columnist Van Horne as "a dainty, blue-eyed blonde with a sweet-voiced feminine manner-and a harpoon in her typewriter." In 1972, she published the essay collection, Never Go Anywhere Without a Pencil.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "About Us", Jackson and Perkins. Jackson and Perkins, n.d. Web. December 8, 2015.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- The Erie Canal (Lock 59 - Upper Lockville Lock); retrieved January 21, 2015.
- The Travels of Tug 44 (Erie Canal Lock 59), tug44.org; retrieved January 21, 2015.
- The Erie Canal (Lock 58 - Middle Lockville Lock), Retrieved Jan. 21, 2015.
- National Park Service - Erie Canalway National Heritage Corridor Brochure, New York; retrieved January 21, 2015.
- NY Canals (Index of Locks), nycanals.com; retrieved January 21, 2015.
- Bulletin of the New York Public Library, Volume 16, 1912, page 639, Retrieved Jun. 4, 2015.
- Wayne County, New York Office of County Historian - History of the Town of Arcadia; retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Wayne County Life - Where is Lockville? by John R. Groves (October 31, 2008); retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Village of Newark, New York, Retrieved Jun. 7, 2015.
- "USS Franklin Capt Leslie E. Gehres profile". Retrieved August 17, 2015.
- Tom Burgess profile, cfl-scrapbook; accessed August 17, 2015.
- Peter Hannan official website, peterhannan.com; retrieved June 7, 2015.
- IMDb - Peter Hannan Biography; retrieved June 7, 2015.
- The Geneva Times, February 15, 1972, page 12; retrieved June 7, 2015.
- Charles R. Jackson profile, imdb.com; accessed August 17, 2015.
- "Doug Kent Named PBA Player of the Year", mybowler.com, May 22, 2007.
- Marilyn Leavitt-Imblum profile, retrieved August 17, 2015
- Without Wings the Way is Steep: The Autobiography of Sybil Shearer
- Bishop Swain biography, Roman Catholic Diocese of Sioux Falls, retrieved 2010-04-11
- Severo, Richard. Harriet Van Horne, 77, Critic Of Early TV and Radio Shows, New York Times obituary, January 17, 1998.
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