Location of Newark, Texas
|• Type||The City of Newark is a type "A" General Law Municipality. The City Council consists of a Mayor and five councilmembers. The Council appoints a City Attorney, an Internal Auditor and a Municipal Judge. Council members also appoint citizens to serve on various Boards and Commissions.|
|• Total||0.9 sq mi (2.3 km2)|
|• Land||0.9 sq mi (2.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||696 ft (212 m)|
|• Density||1,100/sq mi (440/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1342557|
According to the Handbook of Texas, settlement began in the mid-1850s, referring to the community as Caddo Village because of numerous remnants of the Caddo Indian culture found along the banks of the West Fork of the Trinity River. After the Rock Island Railroad reached the town in 1893, officials surveyed town lots; the community was named after Newark, New Jersey, perhaps the hometown of G. K. Foster, the civil engineer who helped survey the town. Newark was a prosperous farming community until the 1920s. It regained its status as a retail market for area farmers by the end of the 1940s. In 1951 Newark incorporated.
As of the census of 2000, there were 887 people, 314 households, and 231 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,286.5 people per square mile (496.3/km²). There were 363 housing units at an average density of 526.5/sq mi (203.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.97% White, 0.23% African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 7.55% from other races, and 1.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.71% of the population.
There were 314 households out of which 41.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.4% were non-families. 20.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the city, the population was spread out with 31.3% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,750, and the median income for a family was $39,028. Males had a median income of $30,486 versus $20,833 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,330. About 11.1% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.1% of those under age 18 and 20.8% of those age 65 or over.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Newark city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 1, 2011.
- Handbook of Texas, History of Newark
- "US Gazetteer Files 2016-Places-Texas". US Census. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.