Newberry National Volcanic Monument

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Newberry National Volcanic Monument
Lavabutte3.jpg
Map showing the location of Newberry National Volcanic Monument
Map showing the location of Newberry National Volcanic Monument
Location Deschutes County, Oregon, United States
Coordinates 43°41′39″N 121°15′07″W / 43.69417°N 121.25194°W / 43.69417; -121.25194Coordinates: 43°41′39″N 121°15′07″W / 43.69417°N 121.25194°W / 43.69417; -121.25194
Area 55,500 acres (225 km2)
Created November 5, 1990 (1990-11-05)[1]
Governing body U.S. Forest Service
Website Newberry National Volcanic Monument

Newberry National Volcanic Monument was designated on November 5, 1990, to protect the area around the Newberry Volcano in the United States.[2] It was created within the boundaries of the Deschutes National Forest and is managed by the U.S. Forest Service. It includes 50,000 acres (20,000 ha) of lakes, lava flows, and spectacular geologic features in central Oregon.

Description[edit]

Newberry National Volcanic Monument consists of four primary visitor destinations: Lava Butte, Lava River Cave, Lava Cast Forest, and Newberry Caldera.

The highest point within the monument is the summit of Paulina Peak 7,985 ft (2,434 m),[3] with views of the Oregon Cascades and the high desert. Paulina Peak may be accessed by road during the summer months, and as the road is both steep and rough, with hairpin turns towards the summit, trailers or long vehicles are discouraged. The summit area of Newberry Volcano holds two alpine lakes full of trout, East Lake and Paulina Lake.

The Big Obsidian Flow, created 1,300 years ago, covers 700 acres (280 ha). The black, shiny obsidian field is easily accessible from good roads within the caldera, or a trail that traverses the flow.

A tree mold in the Lava Cast Forest

Lava Cast Forest is roughly 25 total miles south of Bend, accessible via a 9-mile (14 km) dirt road from U.S. Highway 97.[4] Lava Cast Forest contains a 7,000-year-old lava flow that created casts of ancient trees.[4]

Lava Butte is roughly 11 miles south of Bend, Oregon.[5] Lava Butte is a cinder cone volcano that rises 500 feet (150 m) above the Lava Lands Visitor Center.[5] It can be accessed by either vehicle or hiking up a paved road. Iinterpretive signs, views of the surrounding lava flow and mountains, and an active fire lookout are found on top.[5]

Lava River Cave is roughly 13 miles south of Bend.[6] Lava River cave is open to visitors from May through September.[6] Lava River Cave is the largest uncollapsed lava tube in Oregon,[7] and may be explored by lantern.[8] Temperatures in the cave average 42 °F (6 °C)[6] White-nose syndrome has not yet affected resident bats in the cave.[8]

Newberry Caldera[edit]

Panorama of Newberry National Volcanic Monument, with obsidian flow on right

Newberry Caldera is roughly 37 miles from Bend, OR and 19 miles from La Pine, OR. Newberry Caldera is the largest developed areas within the National Monument. The Caldera was formed when a magma chamber collapsed. Over time the Caldera filled up with water that created two lakes, Paulina Lake and East Lake.[9] Newberry Caldera has many nature, ecological, and adventure tourism opportunities. Visitors have access to camp grounds, trails, water recreation, lodging, viewpoints, and interpretive guides with forest service staff.[9] Newberry Caldera has medium use most of the year with some high usage during peak times of the year.

'There are twelve trails within Newberry Caldera ranging from 0.25 miles to 21 miles. These trails offer a variety of uses from hiking only to multiuse with hiking, biking, and horse allowed. Along the trails you can find access to fishing, viewpoints, interpretive signs, picnic areas, and even hot springs. There are seven different boat launches for water recreationists, (the lakes do restrict boats to 10 miles per hour). The Caldera also offers nine different camp sites accommodating both tent and RV camper. Newberry Caldera also offers a variety of winter activates such as snowmobiling, snowshoeing, cross country skiing, and rooms for rent at the resorts.'[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Other Congressionally Designated Areas". U.S. Forest Service. November 1, 2007. Retrieved October 4, 2011. 
  2. ^ Newberry National Volcanic Monument, Oregon, Act, PL 101–522, November 5, 1990, 104 Stat 2288.
  3. ^ "Newberry National Volcanic Monument | US Forest Service". www.fs.fed.us. Retrieved 2016-11-27. 
  4. ^ a b "Newberry National Volcanic Monument - Deschutes NF - Lava Cast Forest Day Use Interpretive Site". www.fs.usda.gov. Retrieved 2016-11-28. 
  5. ^ a b c "Deschutes National Forest - Lava Butte Interpretive Site". www.fs.usda.gov. Retrieved 2016-11-27. 
  6. ^ a b c "Deschutes National Forest - Lava River Cave Interpretive Site". www.fs.usda.gov. Retrieved 2016-11-27. 
  7. ^ "Lava River Cave" (PDF). Discover Your Northwest. 2009. Retrieved 27 Nov 2016. 
  8. ^ a b "Lava River Cave". NWsource.com. 
  9. ^ a b c "Volcanic Vistas" (PDF). Discover Your Northwest. May 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2016. 

External links[edit]