Newbery Medal

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Newbery Medal
Newbery Medal.jpg
Awarded for"The most distinguished contribution to American literature for children"
CountryUnited States
Presented byAssociation for Library Service to Children, a division of the American Library Association
First awarded1922
Websiteala.org/alsc/newbery

The John Newbery Medal is a literary award given by the Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC), a division of the American Library Association (ALA), to the author of "the most distinguished contribution to American literature for children."[1] The Newbery and the Caldecott Medal are considered the two most prestigious awards for children's literature in the United States.[2] Books selected are widely carried by bookstores and libraries, the authors are interviewed on television, and masters and doctoral theses are written on them.[3] Named for John Newbery, an 18th-century English publisher of juvenile books, the Newbery is selected at ALA's Midwinter Conference by a fifteen-person committee. The Newbery was proposed by Frederic G. Melcher in 1921, making it the first children's book award in the world.[4]:1[3] The physical bronze medal was designed by Rene Paul Chambellan and is given to the winning author at the next ALA annual conference. Since its founding there have been several changes to the make-up of the selection committee, while the physical medal remains the same.

Beside the Newbery Medal, the committee awards a variable number of citations to leading contenders, called Newbery Honors or Newbery Honor Books; until 1971 these books were called runners-up. As few as zero and as many as eight have been named, but from 1938 the number of Honors or runners-up has been one to five. To be eligible a book must be written by a United States citizen or resident and must be published first or simultaneously in the United States in English during the preceding year.[5] Six authors have won two Newbery Medals, several have won both a Medal and Honor, while a larger number of authors have won multiple Honors, with Laura Ingalls Wilder having won five Honors without ever winning the Medal.

History[edit]

Grainy black and white picture of Melcher.
Frederic G. Melcher first proposed the idea for the Newbery Award.

The Newbery Medal was established on June 22, 1921, at the annual conference of the American Library Association (ALA).[6] Proposed by Publishers Weekly editor Frederick Melcher, the proposal was well received by the children's librarians present and then approved by the ALA Executive Board.[7] The award was administered by the ALA from the start, but Melcher provided funds that paid for the design and production of the medal.[8]:59 The Newbery Medal was inaugurated in 1922, considering books published in 1921.[9]:1[a] According to The Newbery and Caldecott Awards Melcher and the ALA Board agreed to establish the award for several reasons that related to children's librarians. They wanted to encourage quality, creative children's books and to demonstrate to the public that children's books deserve recognition and praise.[4]:1 In 1932 the committee felt it was important to encourage new writers in the field, so a rule was made that an author would win a second Newbery only if the vote was unanimous.The rule was in place until 1958.[4]:2 Joseph Krumgold became the first winner of a second Newberys in 1960. Another change, in 1963, made it clear that joint authors of a book were eligible for the award.[4]:2 Several more revisions and clarifications were added in the 1970s and 1980s.[4]:2–3 Significantly in 1971, the term "Newbery Honor" was introduced. Runners-up had been identified annually from the start, with a few exceptions only during the 1920s; all those runners-up were named Newbery Honor Books retroactively.[4]:2[7]

Medal[edit]

The physical medal was designed by Rene Paul Chambellan and depicts an author giving his work (a book) to a boy and a girl to read on one side and on the other side the inscription, "For the most distinguished contribution to American literature for children".[4]:3, 8 The bronze medal retains the name 'Children's Librarians' Section", the original group responsible for awarding the medal, despite the sponsoring committee having changed names four times and now including both school and public librarians.[4]:3 Currently the Association for Library Service to Children is responsible for the award.[1]

Committee[edit]

An 18th century engraving showing Newbery in profile looking to the right.
John Newbery, called "The Father of Children's Literature", was an English publisher of books who first made children's literature a sustainable and profitable part of the literary market.[10]

As Barbara Elleman explained in The Newbery and Caldecott Awards, the original Newbery was based on votes by a selected jury of Children's Librarian Section officers. Books were first nominated by any librarian, then the jury voted for one favorite. Hendrik van Loon's non-fiction history book The Story of Mankind won with 163 votes out of 212.[4]:11 In 1924 the process was changed, and instead of using popular vote it was decided that a special award committee would be formed to select the winner. The award committee was made up of the Children's Librarian Section executive board, their book evaluation committee and three members at large. In 1929 it was changed again to the four officers, the chairs of the standing committees and the ex-president. Nominations were still taken from members at large.[4]:13

In 1937 the American Library Association added the Caldecott Award, for "the artist of the most distinguished American picture book for children published in the United States".[11] That year an award committee selected the Medal and Honor books for both awards.[8]:7 In 1978 the rules were changed and two committees were formed of fifteen people each, one for each award. A new committee is formed every year, with "eight elected, six appointed, and one appointed Chair".[4]:7

Selection process[edit]

Committee members are chosen to represent a wide variety of libraries, teachers and book reviewers. They read the books on their own time, then meet twice a year for closed discussions. Any book that qualifies is eligible; it does not have to have been nominated. The Newbery is given to the "author of the most distinguished contribution to American literature for children published by an American publisher in the United States in English during the proceeding year."[4] :4 Newbery winners are announced at the Midwinter Meeting of the American Library Association, held in January or February.[9]:8 The Honor Books must be a subset of the runners-up on the final ballot, either the leading runners-up on that ballot or the leaders on one further ballot that excludes the winner.[8]:37 The results of the committee vote are kept secret, and winners are notified by phone shortly before the award is announced.[4]:8 In 2015, KT Horning of the University of Wisconsin–Madison's Cooperative Children's Book Center proposed to ALSC that old discussions of the Newbery and Caldecott be made public in the service of researchers and historians.[12] This proposal was met with both support and criticism by former committee members and recognized authors.[13][14] As of 2019 no change has been made.

Criticism[edit]

In October 2008, Anita Silvey, a children's literary expert, published an article in the School Library Journal criticizing the committee for choosing books that are too difficult for children.[3][15] Lucy Calkins, of the Reading and Writing Project at Columbia University's Teachers College, agreed with Silvey: "I can't help but believe that thousands, even millions, more children would grow up reading if the Newbery committee aimed to spotlight books that are deep and beautiful and irresistible to kids".[3] But then-ALSC President Pat Scales said, "The criterion has never been popularity. It is about literary quality. How many adults have read all the Pulitzer Prize-winning books and... liked every one?"[3] John Beach, associate professor of literacy education at St. John's University in New York, compared the books that adults choose for children with the books that children choose for themselves and found that in the past 30 years there is only a five percent overlap between the Children's Choice Awards (International Reading Association) and the Notable Children's Books list (American Library Association).[3] He has also stated that "the Newbery has probably done far more to turn kids off to reading than any other book award in children's publishing."[3]

Recipients[edit]

van Loon is sitting with his head resting on the thumbs of his clasped hands.
Hendrik Willem van Loon won the first Newbery Medal in 1922 for his book The Story of Mankind.
Portrait of Dhan Gopal Mukerji printed in April 1916 issue of The Hindusthanee Student.
Dhan Gopal Mukerji was the first Indian American to with the Newbery Medal.[16]
A sepia portrait of Wilder from circa 1885
Laura Ingalls Wilder wrote five books named a Newbery Honor between 1938 and 1944.
Crown Prince Akihito and Elizabeth Gray Vining
Elizabeth Gray Vining (right) won the Newbery Medal in 1943 for Adam of the Road, which was illustrated by Robert Lawson, who won the Newbery Medal himself in 1945.
High school graduation photo of Lenski
Lois Lenski, who won two Newbery Honors and one Newbery Medal, wrote series that were connected by themes rather than characters.
EB White and his dog Minnie
E. B. White won the Newbery Medal for Charlotte's Web for which he also recorded an unabridged audiobook.
Jean Craighead George in Barrow, AK, 1994
Jean Craighead George won both a Newbery Medal and Honor.
Cleary at her desk writing, joined in the photo by her cat.
Beverly Cleary won two Newbery Honors for her Ramona series and the Medal for Dear Mr. Henshaw.
Headshot of Fleischman in 2014
Paul Fleischman won the Newbery Medal in 1989, two years after his father Sid Fleischman won it.
Lowry at the 2016 Texas Book Festival
Lois Lowry won two Newbery Medals four years apart.
Spinelli signing one of his books
Jerry Spinelli is one of many authors to have been awarded both the Newbery Medal and Newbery Honor.
Author Karen Cushman at the 2016 Texas Book Festival.
Karen Cushman followed her 1995 Newbery Honor with a 1996 Newbery Medal.
Sharon Creech standing at a lectern giving a speech.
Sharon Creech has been both a winner and Honor recipient.
Sachar shown from the waist up, smiling, and holding a small box.
Louis Sachar won in 1999 for Holes.
Kate DiCamillo at the 2018 U.S. National Book Festival smiling at the camera holding a pen with red glasses resting on top of her head.
Kate DiCamillo is one of six authors to have been a Newbery winner multiple times.
Smiling picture of Woodson.
Jacqueline Woodson has been a Newbery Honor recipient four times.
Curtis sitting and smiling.
Christopher Paul Curtis won a Newbery Honor and Newbery Medal for the first two books he published, The Watsons Go to Birmingham – 1963 and Bud, Not Buddy.
Winners and Honor Books[17]
Year Author Book Award
1922 Hendrik Willem van Loon The Story of Mankind Winner
Charles Boardman Hawes The Great Quest Honor
Bernard Marshall Cedric the Forester Honor
William Bowen The Old Tobacco Shop: A True Account of What Befell a Little Boy in Search of Adventure Honor
Padraic Colum The Golden Fleece and The Heroes Who Lived Before Achilles Honor
Cornelia Meigs The Windy Hill Honor
1923 Hugh Lofting The Voyages of Doctor Dolittle Winner
1924 Charles Boardman Hawes The Dark Frigate Winner
1925 Charles Finger Tales from Silver Lands Winner
Annie Carroll Moore Nicholas: A Manhattan Christmas Story Honor
Anne Parrish
& Dillwyn Parrish[b]
The Dream Coach Honor
1926 Arthur Bowie Chrisman Shen of the Sea Winner
Padraic Colum The Voyagers: Being Legends and Romances of Atlantic Discovery Honor
1927 Will James Smoky the Cow Horse Winner
1928 Dhan Gopal Mukerji Gay Neck, the Story of a Pigeon Winner
Ella Young The Wonder Smith and His Son Honor
Caroline Snedeker Downright Dencey Honor
1929 Eric P. Kelly The Trumpeter of Krakow Winner
John Bennett The Pigtail of Ah Lee Ben Loo with Seventeen Other Laughable Tales and 200 Comical Silhouettes Honor
Wanda Gág Millions of Cats Honor
Grace Hallock The Boy Who Was Honor
Cornelia Meigs Clearing Weather Honor
Grace Moon Runaway Papoose Honor
Elinor Whitney Field Tod of the Fens Honor
1930 Rachel Field Hitty, Her First Hundred Years Winner
Jeanette Eaton A Daughter of the Seine: The Life of Madame Roland Honor
Elizabeth Miller Pran of Albania Honor
Marian Hurd McNeely The Jumping-Off Place Honor
Ella Young The Tangle-Coated Horse and Other Tales Honor
Julia Davis Adams Vaino, A Boy of New Finland Honor
Hildegarde Swift Little Blacknose: The Story of a Pioneer Honor
1931 Elizabeth Coatsworth The Cat Who Went to Heaven Winner
Anne Parrish Floating Island Honor
Alida Malkus The Dark Star of Itza: The Story of A Pagan Princess Honor
Ralph Hubbard Queer Person Honor
Julia Davis Adams Mountains are Free Honor
Agnes Hewes Spice and the Devil's Cave Honor
Elizabeth Janet Gray Meggy MacIntosh Honor
Herbert Best Garram the Hunter: A Boy of the Hill Tribes Honor
Alice Alison Lide and Margaret Alison Johansen Ood-Le-Uk the Wanderer Honor
1932 Laura Adams Armer Waterless Mountain Winner
Dorothy P. Lathrop The Fairy Circus Honor
Rachel Field Calico Bush Honor
Eunice Tietjens Boy of the South Seas Honor
Eloise Lownsbery Out of the Flame Honor
Marjorie Hill Allee Jane's Island Honor
Mary Gould Davis Truce of the Wolf and Other Tales of Old Italy Honor
1933 Elizabeth Foreman Lewis Young Fu of the Upper Yangtze Winner
Cornelia Meigs Swift Rivers Honor
Hildegarde Swift The Railroad To Freedom: A Story of the Civil War Honor
Nora Burglon Children of the Soil: A Story of Scandinavia Honor
1934 Cornelia Meigs Invincible Louisa Winner
Caroline Snedeker The Forgotten Daughter Honor
Elsie Singmaster Swords of Steel Honor
Wanda Gág ABC Bunny Honor
Erick Berry Winged Girl of Knossos Honor
Sarah Lindsay Schmidt New Land[18] Honor
Padraic Colum The Big Tree of Bunlahy: Stories of My Own Countryside Honor
Agnes Hewes Glory of the Seas Honor
Ann Kyle Apprentice of Florence Honor
1935 Monica Shannon Dobry Winner
Elizabeth Seeger Pageant of Chinese History Honor
Constance Rourke Davy Crockett Honor
Hilda van Stockum A Day On Skates: The Story of a Dutch Picnic Honor
1936 Carol Ryrie Brink Caddie Woodlawn Winner
Phil Stong Honk, the Moose Honor
Kate Seredy The Good Master Honor
Elizabeth Janet Gray Young Walter Scott Honor
Armstrong Sperry All Sail Set: A Romance of the Flying Cloud Honor
1937 Ruth Sawyer Roller Skates Winner
Lois Lenski Phoebe Fairchild: Her Book Honor
Idwal Jones Whistler's Van Honor
Ludwig Bemelmans The Golden Basket Honor
Margery Williams Winterbound Honor
Constance Rourke Audubon Honor
Agnes Hewes The Codfish Musket Honor
1938 Kate Seredy The White Stag Winner
James Cloyd Bowman Pecos Bill: The Greatest Cowboy of All Time Honor
Mabel Robinson Bright Island Honor
Laura Ingalls Wilder On the Banks of Plum Creek Honor
1939 Elizabeth Enright Thimble Summer Winner
Valenti Angelo Nino Honor
Richard & Florence Atwater Mr. Popper's Penguins Honor
Phyllis Crawford Hello the Boat! Honor
Jeanette Eaton Leader By Destiny: George Washington, Man and Patriot Honor
Elizabeth Janet Gray Penn Honor
1940 James Daugherty Daniel Boone Winner
Kate Seredy The Singing Tree Honor
Mabel Robinson Runner of the Mountain Tops: The Life of Louis Agassiz Honor
Laura Ingalls Wilder By the Shores of Silver Lake Honor
Stephen W. Meader Boy with a Pack Honor
1941 Armstrong Sperry Call It Courage Winner
Doris Gates Blue Willow Honor
Mary Jane Carr Young Mac of Fort Vancouver Honor
Laura Ingalls Wilder The Long Winter Honor
Anna Gertrude Hall Nansen Honor
1942 Walter D. Edmonds The Matchlock Gun Winner
Laura Ingalls Wilder Little Town on the Prairie Honor
Genevieve Foster George Washington's World Honor
Lois Lenski Indian Captive: The Story of Mary Jemison Honor
Eva Roe Gaggin Down Ryton Water Honor
1943 Elizabeth Janet Gray Adam of the Road Winner
Eleanor Estes The Middle Moffat Honor
Mabel Leigh Hunt Have You Seen Tom Thumb? Honor
1944 Esther Forbes Johnny Tremain Winner
Laura Ingalls Wilder These Happy Golden Years Honor
Julia Sauer Fog Magic Honor
Eleanor Estes Rufus M. Honor
Elizabeth Yates Mountain Born Honor
1945 Robert Lawson Rabbit Hill Winner
Eleanor Estes The Hundred Dresses Honor
Alice Dalgliesh The Silver Pencil Honor
Genevieve Foster Abraham Lincoln's World Honor
Jeanette Eaton Lone Journey: The Life of Roger Williams Honor
1946 Lois Lenski Strawberry Girl Winner
Marguerite Henry Justin Morgan Had a Horse Honor
Florence Crannell Means The Moved-Outers Honor
Christine Weston Bhimsa, the Dancing Bear Honor
Katherine Shippen New Found World Honor
1947 Carolyn Sherwin Bailey Miss Hickory Winner
Nancy Barnes The Wonderful Year Honor
Mary & Conrad Buff Big Tree Honor
William Maxwell The Heavenly Tenants Honor
Cyrus Fisher The Avion My Uncle Flew Honor
Eleanore M. Jewett The Hidden Treasure of Glaston Honor
1948 William Pène du Bois The Twenty-One Balloons Winner
Claire Huchet Bishop Pancakes-Paris Honor
Carolyn Treffinger Li Lun, Lad of Courage Honor
Catherine Besterman The Quaint and Curious Quest of Johnny Longfoot Honor
Harold Courlander The Cow-Tail Switch, and Other West African Stories Honor
Marguerite Henry Misty of Chincoteague Honor
1949 Marguerite Henry King of the Wind Winner
Holling C. Holling Seabird Honor
Louise Rankin Daughter of the Mountains Honor
Ruth S. Gannett My Father's Dragon Honor
Arna Bontemps Story of the Negro Honor
1950 Marguerite de Angeli The Door in the Wall Winner
Rebecca Caudill Tree of Freedom Honor
Catherine Coblentz The Blue Cat of Castle Town Honor
Rutherford George Montgomery Kildee House Honor
Genevieve Foster George Washington Honor
Walter & Marion Havighurst Song of The Pines: A Story of Norwegian Lumbering in Wisconsin Honor
1951 Elizabeth Yates Amos Fortune, Free Man Winner
Mabel Leigh Hunt Better Known as Johnny Appleseed Honor
Jeanette Eaton Gandhi, Fighter Without a Sword Honor
Clara Ingram Judson Abraham Lincoln, Friend of the People Honor
Anne Parrish[b] The Story of Appleby Capple Honor
1952 Eleanor Estes Ginger Pye Winner
Elizabeth Baity Americans Before Columbus Honor
Holling C. Holling Minn of the Mississippi Honor
Nicholas Kalashnikoff The Defender Honor
Julia Sauer The Light at Tern Rock Honor
Mary & Conrad Buff The Apple and the Arrow Honor
1953 Ann Nolan Clark Secret of the Andes Winner
E. B. White Charlotte's Web Honor
Eloise Jarvis McGraw Moccasin Trail Honor
Ann Weil Red Sails to Capri Honor
Alice Dalgliesh The Bears on Hemlock Mountain Honor
Genevieve Foster Birthdays of Freedom, Vol. 1 Honor
1954 Joseph Krumgold ...And Now Miguel Winner
Claire Huchet Bishop All Alone Honor
Meindert DeJong Shadrach Honor
Meindert DeJong Hurry Home, Candy Honor
Clara Ingram Judson Theodore Roosevelt, Fighting Patriot Honor
Mary & Conrad Buff Magic Maize Honor
1955 Meindert DeJong The Wheel on the School Winner
Alice Dalgliesh The Courage of Sarah Noble Honor
James Ullman Banner in the Sky Honor
1956 Jean Lee Latham Carry On, Mr. Bowditch Winner
Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings The Secret River Honor
Jennie Lindquist The Golden Name Day Honor
Katherine Shippen Men, Microscopes, and Living Things Honor
1957 Virginia Sorensen Miracles on Maple Hill Winner
Fred Gipson Old Yeller Honor
Meindert DeJong The House of Sixty Fathers Honor
Clara Ingram Judson Mr. Justice Holmes Honor
Dorothy Rhoads The Corn Grows Ripe Honor
Marguerite de Angeli Black Fox of Lorne Honor
1958 Harold Keith Rifles for Watie Winner
Mari Sandoz The Horsecatcher Honor
Elizabeth Enright Gone-Away Lake Honor
Robert Lawson The Great Wheel Honor
Leo Gurko Tom Paine, Freedom's Apostle Honor
1959 Elizabeth George Speare The Witch of Blackbird Pond Winner
Natalie Savage Carlson The Family Under the Bridge Honor
Meindert DeJong Along Came a Dog Honor
Francis Kalnay Chucaro: Wild Pony of the Pampa Honor
William O. Steele The Perilous Road Honor
1960 Joseph Krumgold Onion John Winner
Jean Craighead George My Side of the Mountain Honor
Gerald W. Johnson America Is Born: A History for Peter Honor
Carol Kendall The Gammage Cup Honor
1961 Scott O'Dell Island of the Blue Dolphins Winner
Gerald W. Johnson America Moves Forward: A History for Peter Honor
Jack Schaefer Old Ramon Honor
George Selden The Cricket in Times Square Honor
1962 Elizabeth George Speare The Bronze Bow Winner
Edwin Tunis Frontier Living Honor
Eloise Jarvis McGraw The Golden Goblet Honor
Mary Stolz Belling The Tiger Honor
1963 Madeleine L'Engle A Wrinkle in Time Winner
Sorche Nic Leodhas Thistle and Thyme: Tales and Legends from Scotland Honor
Olivia Coolidge Men of Athens Honor
1964 Emily Cheney Neville It's Like This, Cat Winner
Sterling North Rascal Honor
Ester Wier The Loner Honor
1965 Maia Wojciechowska Shadow of a Bull Winner
Irene Hunt Across Five Aprils Honor
1966 Elizabeth Borton de Treviño I, Juan de Pareja Winner
Lloyd Alexander The Black Cauldron Honor
Randall Jarrell The Animal Family Honor
Mary Stolz The Noonday Friends Honor
1967 Irene Hunt Up a Road Slowly Winner
Scott O'Dell The King's Fifth Honor
Isaac Bashevis Singer Zlateh The Goat and Other Stories Honor
Mary Hays Weik The Jazz Man Honor
1968 E. L. Konigsburg From the Mixed-Up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler Winner
E. L. Konigsburg Jennifer, Hecate, Macbeth, William McKinley, and Me, Elizabeth Honor
Scott O'Dell The Black Pearl Honor
Isaac Bashevis Singer The Fearsome Inn Honor
Zilpha Keatley Snyder The Egypt Game Honor
1969 Lloyd Alexander The High King Winner
Julius Lester To Be a Slave Honor
Isaac Bashevis Singer When Shlemiel Went to Warsaw and Other Stories Honor
1970 William H. Armstrong Sounder Winner
Sulamith Ish-kishor Our Eddie Honor
Janet Gaylord Moore The Many Ways of Seeing: An Introduction to the Pleasures of Art Honor
Mary Q. Steele Journey Outside Honor
1971 Betsy Byars Summer of the Swans Winner
Natalie Babbitt Knee-Knock Rise Honor
Sylvia Engdahl Enchantress from the Stars Honor
Scott O'Dell Sing Down the Moon Honor
1972 Robert C. O'Brien Mrs. Frisby and the Rats of NIMH Winner
Allan W. Eckert Incident at Hawk's Hill Honor
Virginia Hamilton The Planet of Junior Brown Honor
Ursula K. Le Guin The Tombs of Atuan Honor
Miska Miles Annie and the Old One Honor
Zilpha Keatley Snyder The Headless Cupid Honor
1973 Jean Craighead George Julie of the Wolves Winner
Arnold Lobel Frog and Toad Together Honor
Johanna Reiss The Upstairs Room Honor
Zilpha Keatley Snyder The Witches of Worm Honor
1974 Paula Fox The Slave Dancer Winner
Susan Cooper The Dark Is Rising Honor
1975 Virginia Hamilton M. C. Higgins, the Great Winner
Ellen Raskin Figgs & Phantoms Honor
James Lincoln Collier & Christopher Collier My Brother Sam Is Dead Honor
Elizabeth Marie Pope The Perilous Gard Honor
Bette Greene Philip Hall Likes Me, I Reckon Maybe Honor
1976 Susan Cooper The Grey King Winner
Sharon Bell Mathis The Hundred Penny Box Honor
Laurence Yep Dragonwings Honor
1977 Mildred Taylor Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry Winner
William Steig Abel's Island Honor
Nancy Bond A String in the Harp Honor
1978 Katherine Paterson Bridge to Terabithia Winner
Beverly Cleary Ramona and Her Father Honor
Jamake Highwater Anpao: An American Indian Odyssey Honor
1979 Ellen Raskin The Westing Game Winner
Katherine Paterson The Great Gilly Hopkins Honor
1980 Joan Blos A Gathering of Days: A New England Girl's Journal Winner
David Kherdian The Road from Home Honor
1981 Katherine Paterson Jacob Have I Loved Winner
Jane Langton The Fledgling Honor
Madeleine L'Engle A Ring of Endless Light Honor
1982 Nancy Willard A Visit to William Blake's Inn Winner
Beverly Cleary Ramona Quimby, Age 8 Honor
Aranka Siegal Upon the Head of the Goat: A Childhood in Hungary 1939–1944 Honor
1983 Cynthia Voigt Dicey's Song Winner
Robin McKinley The Blue Sword Honor
William Steig Doctor De Soto Honor
Paul Fleischman Graven Images Honor
Jean Fritz Homesick: My Own Story Honor
Virginia Hamilton Sweet Whispers, Brother Rush Honor
1984 Beverly Cleary Dear Mr. Henshaw Winner
Elizabeth George Speare The Sign of the Beaver Honor
Cynthia Voigt A Solitary Blue Honor
Kathryn Lasky Sugaring Time Honor
Bill Brittain The Wish Giver Honor
1985 Robin McKinley The Hero and the Crown Winner
Mavis Jukes Like Jake and Me Honor
Bruce Brooks The Moves Make the Man Honor
Paula Fox One-Eyed Cat Honor
1986 Patricia MacLachlan Sarah, Plain and Tall Winner
Rhoda Blumberg Commodore Perry In the Land of the Shogun Honor
Gary Paulsen Dogsong Honor
1987 Sid Fleischman The Whipping Boy Winner
Cynthia Rylant A Fine White Dust Honor
Marion Dane Bauer On My Honor Honor
Patricia Lauber Volcano: The Eruption and Healing of Mount St. Helens Honor
1988 Russell Freedman Lincoln: A Photobiography Winner
Norma Fox Mazer After the Rain Honor
Gary Paulsen Hatchet Honor
1989 Paul Fleischman Joyful Noise: Poems for Two Voices Winner
Virginia Hamilton In The Beginning: Creation Stories from Around the World Honor
Walter Dean Myers Scorpions Honor
1990 Lois Lowry Number the Stars Winner
Janet Taylor Lisle Afternoon of the Elves Honor
Suzanne Fisher Staples Shabanu, Daughter of the Wind Honor
Gary Paulsen The Winter Room Honor
1991 Jerry Spinelli Maniac Magee Winner
Avi The True Confessions of Charlotte Doyle Honor
1992 Phyllis Reynolds Naylor Shiloh Winner
Avi Nothing But The Truth: a Documentary Novel Honor
Russell Freedman The Wright Brothers: How They Invented the Airplane Honor
1993 Cynthia Rylant Missing May Winner
Bruce Brooks What Hearts Honor
Patricia McKissack The Dark-Thirty Honor
Walter Dean Myers Somewhere in the Darkness Honor
1994 Lois Lowry The Giver Winner
Jane Leslie Conly Crazy Lady! Honor
Laurence Yep Dragon's Gate Honor
Russell Freedman Eleanor Roosevelt: A Life of Discovery Honor
1995 Sharon Creech Walk Two Moons Winner
Karen Cushman Catherine, Called Birdy Honor
Nancy Farmer The Ear, the Eye and the Arm Honor
1996 Karen Cushman The Midwife's Apprentice Winner
Carolyn Coman What Jamie Saw Honor
Christopher Paul Curtis The Watsons Go to Birmingham: 1963 Honor
Carol Fenner Yolonda's Genius Honor
Jim Murphy The Great Fire Honor
1997 E. L. Konigsburg The View from Saturday Winner
Nancy Farmer A Girl Named Disaster Honor
Eloise Jarvis McGraw The Moorchild Honor
Megan Whalen Turner The Thief Honor
Ruth White Belle Prater's Boy Honor
1998 Karen Hesse Out of the Dust Winner
Gail Carson Levine Ella Enchanted Honor
Patricia Reilly Giff Lily's Crossing Honor
Jerry Spinelli Wringer Honor
1999 Louis Sachar Holes Winner
Richard Peck A Long Way from Chicago Honor
2000 Christopher Paul Curtis Bud, Not Buddy Winner
Audrey Couloumbis Getting Near to Baby Honor
Jennifer L. Holm Our Only May Amelia Honor
Tomie dePaola 26 Fairmount Avenue Honor
2001 Richard Peck A Year Down Yonder Winner
Joan Bauer Hope Was Here Honor
Kate DiCamillo Because of Winn-Dixie Honor
Jack Gantos Joey Pigza Loses Control Honor
Sharon Creech The Wanderer Honor
2002 Linda Sue Park A Single Shard Winner
Polly Horvath Everything on a Waffle Honor
Marilyn Nelson Carver: A Life in Poems Honor
2003 Avi Crispin: The Cross of Lead Winner
Nancy Farmer The House of the Scorpion Honor
Patricia Reilly Giff Pictures of Hollis Woods Honor
Carl Hiaasen Hoot Honor
Ann M. Martin A Corner of the Universe Honor
Stephanie S. Tolan Surviving the Applewhites Honor
2004 Kate DiCamillo The Tale of Despereaux Winner
Kevin Henkes Olive's Ocean Honor
Jim Murphy An American Plague: The True and Terrifying Story of the Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1793 Honor
2005 Cynthia Kadohata Kira-Kira Winner
Gennifer Choldenko Al Capone Does My Shirts Honor
Russell Freedman The Voice that Challenged a Nation: Marian Anderson and the Struggle for Equal Rights Honor
Gary D. Schmidt Lizzie Bright and the Buckminster Boy Honor
2006 Lynne Rae Perkins Criss Cross Winner
Alan Armstrong Whittington Honor
Susan Campbell Bartoletti Hitler Youth: Growing Up in Hitler's Shadow Honor
Shannon Hale Princess Academy Honor
Jacqueline Woodson Show Way Honor
2007 Susan Patron The Higher Power of Lucky Winner
Jennifer L. Holm Penny from Heaven Honor
Kirby Larson Hattie Big Sky Honor
Cynthia Lord Rules Honor
2008 Laura Amy Schlitz Good Masters! Sweet Ladies! Voices from a Medieval Village Winner
Christopher Paul Curtis Elijah of Buxton Honor
Gary D. Schmidt The Wednesday Wars Honor
Jacqueline Woodson Feathers Honor
2009 Neil Gaiman The Graveyard Book Winner
Kathi Appelt The Underneath Honor
Margarita Engle The Surrender Tree: Poems of Cuba's Struggle for Freedom Honor
Ingrid Law Savvy Honor
Jacqueline Woodson After Tupac and D Foster Honor
2010 Rebecca Stead When You Reach Me Winner
Phillip Hoose Claudette Colvin: Twice Toward Justice Honor
Jacqueline Kelly The Evolution of Calpurnia Tate Honor
Grace Lin Where the Mountain Meets the Moon Honor
Rodman Philbrick The Mostly True Adventures of Homer P. Figg Honor
2011 Clare Vanderpool Moon Over Manifest Winner
Jennifer L. Holm Turtle in Paradise Honor
Margi Preus Heart of a Samurai Honor
Joyce Sidman Dark Emperor & Other Poems of the Night Honor
Rita Williams-Garcia One Crazy Summer Honor
2012 Jack Gantos Dead End in Norvelt Winner
Thanhha Lai Inside Out & Back Again Honor
Eugene Yelchin Breaking Stalin's Nose Honor
2013 Katherine Applegate The One and Only Ivan Winner
Laura Amy Schlitz Splendors and Glooms Honor
Steve Sheinkin Bomb: The Race to Build—and Steal—the World’s Most Dangerous Weapon Honor
Sheila Turnage Three Times Lucky Honor
2014 Kate DiCamillo Flora & Ulysses: The Illuminated Adventures Winner
Holly Black Doll Bones Honor
Kevin Henkes The Year of Billy Miller Honor
Amy Timberlake One Came Home Honor
Vince Vawter Paperboy Honor
2015 Kwame Alexander The Crossover Winner
Cece Bell El Deafo Honor
Jacqueline Woodson Brown Girl Dreaming Honor
2016 Matt de la Peña Last Stop on Market Street Winner
Kimberly Brubaker Bradley The War That Saved My Life Honor
Victoria Jamieson Roller Girl Honor
Pam Muñoz Ryan Echo Honor
2017 Kelly Barnhill The Girl Who Drank the Moon Winner
Ashley Bryan Freedom Over Me: Eleven Slaves, Their Lives and Dreams Brought to Life by Ashley Bryan Honor
Adam Gidwitz The Inquisitor’s Tale: Or, The Three Magical Children and Their Holy Dog Honor
Lauren Wolk Wolf Hollow Honor
2018 Erin Entrada Kelly Hello, Universe Winner
Derrick Barnes Crown: An Ode to the Fresh Cut Honor
Jason Reynolds Long Way Down Honor
Renée Watson Piecing Me Together Honor
2019 Meg Medina Merci Suárez Changes Gears Winner
Veera Hiranandani The Night Diary Honor
Catherine Gilbert Murdock The Book of Boy Honor

Multiple award winners[edit]

Listed below are all authors who have won at least two Newbery Medals or who have three or more Medals and/or Honors.     Won a Newbery Medal and Honor The years will link to the book for which they won.

Jennifer Holm at the 2017 American Association of School Librarians conference
Jennifer Holm's first book, Our Only May Amelia was sparked by her Great Aunt's diaries and won a Newbery Honor.[20]
Author # of Total Medals and Honors # of Newbery Medals Newbery Medals # of Newbery Honors Newbery Honors
Avi 3 1 2003 2 1991, 1992
Mary & Conrad Buff 3 3 1947, 1952, 1954
Beverly Cleary 3 1 1984 2 1978, 1982
Padraic Colum 3 3 1922, 1926, 1934
Christopher Paul Curtis 3 1 2000 2 1996, 2008
Alice Dalgliesh 3 3 1945, 1953, 1955
Meindert DeJong 5 1 1955 4 1954, 1954, 1957, 1959
Kate DiCamillo 3 2 2004, 2014 1 2001
Jeanette Eaton 4 4 1930, 1934, 1945, 1951
Eleanor Estes 4 1 1952 3 1943, 1944, 1945
Nancy Farmer 3 3 1995, 1997, 2003
Genevieve Foster 4 4 1942, 1945, 1950, 1953
Russell Freedman 4 1 1988 3 1992, 1994, 2005
Elizabeth Janet Gray 4 1 1943 3 1931, 1936, 1939
Virginia Hamilton 4 1 1975 3 1972, 1983, 1989
Agnes Hewes 3 3 1931, 1934, 1937
Jennifer L. Holm 3 3 2000, 2007, 2011
Clara Ingram Judson 3 3 1951, 1954, 1957
E. L. Konigsburg 3 2 1968, 1997 1 1968
Joseph Krumgold 2 2 1954, 1960
Lois Lowry 2 2 1990, 1994
Eloise Jarvis McGraw 3 3 1953, 1962, 1997
Cornelia Meigs 4 1 1934 3 1922, 1929, 1933
Scott O'Dell 4 1 1961 3 1967, 1968, 1971
Anne Parrish 3 3 1925, 1931, 1951
Katherine Paterson 2 2 1978, 1981
Gary Paulsen 3 3 1986, 1988, 1990
Isaac Bashevis Singer 3 3 1967, 1968, 1969
Zilpha Keatley Snyder 3 3 1968, 1972, 1973
Elizabeth George Speare 3 2 1959, 1962 1 1984
Laura Ingalls Wilder 5 5 1938, 1940, 1941, 1942, 1944
Jacqueline Woodson 4 4 2006, 2008, 2009, 2015

See also[edit]

  • Carnegie Medal for a children's or young-adult book published in the U.K.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In retrospect it is officially dated 1922 and that convention is followed here.
  2. ^ a b Anne and Dillwyn Parrish jointly created The Dream Coach, one of two runners-up in 1925. But the title page of the first edition clearly states (all capitals except 'by'): "By Anne and Dillwyn Parrish * * With Pictures & A Map by The Authors".[21]
      Anne is better known as a writer, Dillwyn as an artist and illustrator, and some sources credit them as writer and illustrator respectively. As of May 2016 the official list of Newbery Medal winners and runners-up cites Anne Parrish alone as the writer.[17] (It cites no illustrator, and thus does not mention Dillwyn, because the Newbery is a literary award.)
      Anne Parrish alone wrote and illustrated Floating Island and The Story of Appleby Capple, Newbery runners-up in 1931 and 1951. Regarding the latter, Delaware book collector John P. Reid notes: "A juvenile, dedicated to her deceased younger brother Dillwyn and based on an alphabet game he and Anne had played as children." Reid briefly reviews their two jointly written and illustrated children's books, as well as Appleby Capple.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Welcome to the Newbery Medal Home Page!" Archived 2013-05-04 at the Wayback Machine. Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC). American Library Association (ALA). Retrieved 2013-05-05.
  2. ^ Drabble, Emily (2016-01-12). "Winners of Newbery, Caldecott and Printz awards announced". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 2019-01-01. Retrieved 2018-12-31.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Strauss, Valerie (December 16, 2008). "Critics Say Newbery-Winning Books Are Too Challenging for Young Readers". The Washington Post. p. C01. Archived from the original on 2008-12-17. Retrieved 2009-02-24.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m The Newbery & Caldecott Awards : a guide to the medal and honor books. Association for Library Service to Children, American Library Association (2018 ed.). Chicago. ISBN 9780838917305. OCLC 1020310919.
  5. ^ "Newbery Medal terms and criteria" Archived 2013-05-04 at the Wayback Machine. ALSC. ALA. January 1978; Midwinter 1987; Annual 2008. Retrieved 2013-05-04.
  6. ^ "The John Newbery Medal". Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC). 1999-11-30. Archived from the original on 2018-11-06. Retrieved 2018-12-31.
  7. ^ a b "The John Newbery Medal". ALSC. ALA. 1999-11-30. Archived from the original on 2011-08-07. Retrieved 2011-05-23.
  8. ^ a b c "John Newbery Medal Committee Manual" (PDF). ALSC. ALA. October 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-11-10. Retrieved 2013-05-04.
  9. ^ a b The Newbery and Caldecott awards : a guide to the medal and honor books. Association for Library Service to Children. (2008 ed.). Chicago: American Library Association. 2008. ISBN 9781441619211. OCLC 435528356.
  10. ^ Matthew O Grenby (2013). "Little Goody Two-Shoes and Other Stories: Originally Published by John Newbery". p. 7. Palgrave Macmillan
  11. ^ "The Randolph Caldecott Medal". ALSC. ALA. 1999-11-30. Archived from the original on 2016-10-18. Retrieved 2012-07-30.
  12. ^ Horning, Kathleen T. (2016-06-03). "I Could Tell You About the Newbery and Caldecott Committees. But I Can't. | Up for Debate". School Library Journal. Archived from the original on 2019-01-01. Retrieved 2018-12-31.
  13. ^ Spicer, Ed (2016-06-03). "Let Book Awards Committee Members Blab | Up for Debate". School Library Journal. Archived from the original on 2019-01-01. Retrieved 2018-12-31.
  14. ^ Santat, Dan (2016-06-03). "Why You Don't Want To Know More About the Newbery and Caldecott | Up for Debate". School Library Journal. Archived from the original on 2019-01-01. Retrieved 2018-12-31.
  15. ^ Silvey, Anita (2008-10-01). "Has the Newbery Lost Its Way?". School Library Journal. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
  16. ^ Gandhi, Lakshmi (2017-06-17). "Remembering the first Indian-American children's book to win a Newbery". NBC News. Archived from the original on 2018-01-04. Retrieved 2018-01-04.
  17. ^ a b "Newbery Medal and Honor Books, 1922–Present" Archived 2012-04-20 at the Wayback Machine. ALSC. ALA. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
  18. ^ "New land, a novel for boys and girls" Archived 2015-12-22 at the Wayback Machine. WorldCat. Retrieved 2015-12-14.
  19. ^ Arbeitskreis für Jugendliteratur e.V. "Zlateh, die Geiß." Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2012-12-28.
  20. ^ Myrick, Ellen. "Holm, Jennifer". Bound to Stay Bound. Retrieved 2019-01-02.
  21. ^ The Dream Coach (title page targeted). New York: The Macmillan Company, 1924. Electronic reproduction. [S.l.]: HathiTrust Digital Library (hdl.handle.net), 2011. OCLC 765763078. Retrieved 2016-06-01.
  22. ^ "Anne Parrish" Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine. John P. Reid. Collecting Delaware Books (jnjreid.com/cdb). Retrieved 2016-06-01.

External links[edit]