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Newbiggin Bay - - 1777779.jpg
Newbiggin Bay
Newbiggin-by-the-Sea is located in Northumberland
Location within Northumberland
Population6,308 (2011)[1]
OS grid referenceNZ308877
Civil parish
  • Newbiggin by the Sea [2]
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Postcode districtNE64
Dialling code01670
AmbulanceNorth East
UK Parliament
List of places
55°10′59″N 1°30′54″W / 55.183°N 1.515°W / 55.183; -1.515Coordinates: 55°10′59″N 1°30′54″W / 55.183°N 1.515°W / 55.183; -1.515

Newbiggin-by-the-Sea is a seaside town and civil parish in Northumberland, England, on the North Sea coast. It was once an important port for shipping grain and a coal mining town.


Newbiggin derives its name from the Old English nīwe (new) + Middle English bigging (building, house),[3] and may refer to an extension of the early settlement and parish of Woodhorn.

Early history[edit]

The church was for centuries a chapel only, with a tower surmounted by a spire which was originally used as a beacon.[4] In the 14th century, Newbiggin was a very important maritime centre, called upon to support Edward III in his campaigns against the Scots. In the Middle Ages, Newbiggin was a major port for the shipping of grain, third in importance after London and Hull. Henry III granted a charter for a weekly market on Monday and an annual fair; in 1337, as a borough of note, it sent bailiffs to a council on matters of state, convened by the Bishop of Lincoln, the Earl of Warwick and other noblemen.[5]

1800 – present[edit]

In 1805, two boats, with nineteen men, were lost in a storm off Newbiggin, after which £1,700 was donated by fundraising in the Newcastle region to relieve the bereaved families. As early as 1828, Newbiggin was a popular beach resort, with facilities to cater for visitors. The town had five public houses, one of which had a spa-like array of bathing facilities, several shops and lodging houses.[5][4] The village featured a shore, which, being a fine smooth beach about a mile in length, was well suited for bathing, and, by 1848, was much frequented in warmer seasons.[4] Several well-built guesthouses took hold. The bay gave good anchorage for small vessels, but even then was very little used, except for the numerous boats belonging to the fishery, in which most of the inhabitants were employed. The plentiful fish caught were herring, cod, ling, haddock, salmon, trout, turbot, halibut, soles, lobsters and crabs, not only for the supply of the neighbouring markets but the region; and buildings for the curing of herrings.[4]


Newbiggin-by-the-Sea has a town council.

Under the Local Government Act 1972 Newbiggin-by-the-Sea became part of the local government district of Wansbeck in 1974. The local government district was abolished in 2009, with its responsibilities transferred to the Northumberland County Council unitary authority.

Newbiggin-by-the-Sea is in the UK Parliamentary constituency of Wansbeck, which since the 2010 General Election has been represented at Westminster by Ian Lavery MP. Wansbeck is one of Northumberland's four Parliamentary constituencies.

The former local government district of Wansbeck and the Parliamentary constituency of Wansbeck both derive their names from the River Wansbeck which flows into the North Sea near Newbiggin-by-the-Sea.


Fishing has always been associated with Newbiggin, although later many inhabitants were employed in coal mining. By the Victorian era, Newbiggin was Northumberland's favourite seaside town, attracting hundreds of visitors every day in the summer months.[5]

In 1869, there were 142 cobles (fishing boats) in Newbiggin-by-the-Sea.

Newbiggin Colliery was sunk in 1908. The colliery closed in 1967, but at its peak in 1940, 1,400 men were employed there. The former Newbiggin Colliery Band is now the Jayess Newbiggin Brass Band, named for its president and former member, cornet legend James Shepherd.[6]

To date, there are 72 active companies based in Newbiggin.[7]


The 13th century Parish Church of St Bartholomew, Newbiggin-by-the-Sea

The town was at the end of the first telegraph cable from Scandinavia in 1868, and was laid from Jutland, Denmark. Attractions in Newbiggin today include the 13th-century parish church,[8] and the new flagship Newbiggin Maritime Centre, which has replaced the former heritage centre at a cost of £3million.[9]

The lifeboat station was opened in 1851 following a fishing disaster in which ten Newbiggin fishermen lost their lives in stormy seas. It is the oldest operational boathouse in the British Isles.[10] Celebrating over 160 years as a lifeboat station, Newbiggin has had 13 different station lifeboats over the years; today it operates an inshore Atlantic 85 lifeboat. The crews have been presented with 16 awards for gallantry.[11]

A £10,000,000 renovation to rebuild and improve Newbiggin's rapidly eroding beach involved importing 500,000 tonnes of sand from Skegness, delivered by the trailing suction hopper dredger (TSHD) Oranje[12] and deposited on the beach[13] through a pipe approximately 1 metre (39 in) in diameter. A new offshore breakwater was installed to accompany the matching breakwater on the opposite side of the bay.[14] Also installed is a brass statue by sculptor Sean Henry named Couple, anchored in the centre of the bay.[15][16]

Newbiggin-by-the-Sea boasts the longest promenade in Northumberland.[17] Each spring and autumn, the promenade becomes a prime location for naturalists watching the North Sea seabird migratory passage.[18]

Religious sites[edit]

The disused Church of St Mary the Virgin, Woodhorn

The 13th century Parish Church of St Bartholomew, bleakly situated against a North Sea backdrop at Church Point, contains a notable collection of medieval gravestones. Eight complete cross slab grave covers have been reset in the walls of the north aisle which was rebuilt in 1912. The chancel, the east and western bays of arcades and the west tower are all 13th century, while the spire dates to the 14th century.[8]

The Church of St Mary the Virgin, Woodhorn (commonly known as 'Woodhorn Church') is the oldest building in Wansbeck, with parts dating back to the 11th century, but has not functioned as a church since 1973. In recent decades, the building has housed at various times a museum and artists' studios. Newbiggin Town Council has set up the Woodhorn Church Working Group to discuss the future use of the now vacant building.[19]

Woodhorn Church was once the mother church in the Parish of Woodhorn with Newbiggin. When she was declared redundant in 1973, that role passed to St Bartholomew's.[20]

The Salvation Army has had a presence in Newbiggin-by-the-Sea since 1902 and its current premises consist of a worship hall on Front Street, opened in 1939, and a community hall on Vernon Place.[21] The Salvation Army band features in the recollections of those who have grown up in Newbiggin or spent summer holidays there. Mary Heynes, who in her childhood was once head girl at the former West Junior School in Newbiggin, recalls that in the 1960s, "The Salvation Army would be on the Quay wall every Sunday doing a service and the band would play."[22] In 1991 the Newbiggin-by-the-Sea Salvation Army Songster Brigade (the choir) recorded songs for BBC Radio.[23]

St Mark's Church on Gibson Street was built in 1868 by the local stonemason William Gibson.[24] Once a busy Presbyterian church,[25] after the 1972 union of the Presyterian and Congregational denominations in England St Mark's became a United Reformed church. St Mark's has now closed to worship. St Andrew's Methodist Chapel on Front Street was built in 1876.[26] In 2010 the United Reformed and Methodist congregations in Newbiggin combined to form a single congregation in the South East Northumberland Ecumenical Area, meeting at St Andrew's which is now known as St Andrew's and St Mark's (Methodist/United Reformed) Church.[27]

Prior to the building of St Andrew's in 1876, the Methodists used to meet in the Wesleyan Chapel on Robinson Square, which was built in 1844.[28] In the early 20th century, the Robinson Square building was used by the Salvation Army before the Salvation Army acquired its current premises.[28][29]

The Apostolic Church, whose beginnings can be traced to South Wales during the 1904-05 Welsh Revival, arrived in Newbiggin in 1936, initially hiring a room above the Co-operative store which still stands on Cleveland Terrace. Subsequently, the Apostolic Church acquired a building at 15–17 Gibson Street,[30] but this closed to worship in 2010 and now houses the Newbiggin Boxing Club gym.[31] After a long association with Newbiggin-by-the-Sea (Mary Heynes, former head girl of the West Junior School, reports that her father was an Apostolic preacher in the 1960s[22]), the Apostolic Church now has no congregation in the town.

St Mary's Roman Catholic Church, a small building on Front Street, is part of the Parish of St Aidan's in Ashington.

Summer fair[edit]

Until 2004 Newbiggin was host to a street fair that attracted thousands of people every year. In its final years, the fair was set out in the following format: starting at the beginning of the shopping area of Front Street, up to the Cresswell Arms public house flowing into Church Point car park and continuing along the seafront promenade. The lifeboat house and boatyard became the music venue. A stage replaced the boats and the lifeboat house opened its doors, serving food and afternoon tea. Appearances were made by Slade, Leo Sayer and TV show Gladiators star Michael Van Wijk.

Starting in 2010, the annual Old Ship Music Festival is attempting to bring back a summer event to the village. It invites bands from the region and worldwide to play, as well as local comedians, and raises money for charity with the help of local businesses. In 2010 it raised £700 for Help for Heroes, where in 2011, the chosen charity was the Sir Bobby Robson Foundation, and raised £1,100.[32]

Notable people[edit]

John Braine was working at the library in Newbiggin (1954–56) when he wrote his best-selling novel Room at the Top.


  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 30 June 2015.
  2. ^[bare URL]
  3. ^ Anthony David Mills, A Dictionary of British Place-Names (Oxford, 2003)
  4. ^ a b c d Samuel Lewis, ed. (1848). "Nevendon – Newborough". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 11 April 2013.
  5. ^ a b c "Northumberland Coast – a visitors guide". Retrieved 15 August 2009.
  6. ^ "Jayess Newbiggin Brass Band". Jayess Newbiggin Brass Band. Archived from the original on 23 April 2010. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
  7. ^ "Explorer - Endole".
  8. ^ a b "Church of St Bartholomew", British Listed Buildings website Retrieved 27 December 2012
  9. ^ "Construction work begins on Newbiggin visitor centre", The Journal, 6 October 2010 Retrieved 27 December 2012
  10. ^ "Newbiggin Community website". Retrieved 15 August 2009.
  11. ^ "Royal National Lifeboat Institution". Retrieved 15 August 2009.
  12. ^ "Digital image of Oranje".
  13. ^ "Digital image".
  14. ^ "Digital image".
  15. ^ "Giant coast sculpture installed". BBC News. 18 August 2007.
  16. ^ "Digital image".
  17. ^ Newbiggin Maritime Centre website Retrieved 27 December 2012
  18. ^ "Birding . . . England Northumberland", Fat Birder website Retrieved 27 December 2012
  19. ^ Woodhorn Church Working Group website Retrieved 27 December 2012
  20. ^ St Bartholomew's Church website Archived 11 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 27 December 2012
  21. ^ Newbiggin-by-the-Sea Salvation Army website Retrieved 27 December 2012
  22. ^ a b Heynes, Mary (2012). "My Family: A memory of Newbiggin-by-the-Sea in Northumberland, shared on Sunday, 15th July 2012", Francis Frith antiquarian website Retrieved 27 December 2012
  23. ^ Newbiggin-by-the-Sea Salvation Army website Retrieved 27 December 2012
  24. ^ "Newbiggin's History: Newbiggin-by-the-Sea Heritage Trail", Newbiggin Community website Retrieved 27 December 2012
  25. ^ Lawson, Tony (2010). "Life in Newbiggin in the 1950s: A reflection", Newbiggin Town Council website. Originally published in A Creeful of Coals (2010). Retrieved 27 December 2012
  26. ^ Photograph of Front Street with caption. Northumberland Communities website of the Northumberland Archives Service Retrieved 27 December 2012
  27. ^ St Andrew's and St Mark's website Archived 4 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 27 December 2012
  28. ^ a b Historic England. "Wesleyan Chapel, Newbiggin by the Sea (1153791)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  29. ^ Lawson, Tony (2010). "Life in Newbiggin in the 1950s: A reflection", Newbiggin Town Council website. Originally published in A Creeful of Coals (2010). Retrieved 2 January 2013
  30. ^ Places recorded by the Registrar General under the provisions of the Places of Worship Registration Act 1855 (published in response to FOI request) Retrieved 2 January 2013
  31. ^ "New home for boxing club", News Post Leader, 17 October 2012 Retrieved 27 December 2012
  32. ^ "The Old Ship Music Festival Website". Archived from the original on 25 March 2012. Retrieved 7 June 2011.

External links[edit]