Newborough, Cambridgeshire

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Newborough, Cambridgeshire
Newborough, Cambridgeshire is located in Cambridgeshire
Newborough, Cambridgeshire
Newborough, Cambridgeshire
Newborough, Cambridgeshire shown within Cambridgeshire
Population 1,670 (Neighborhood Statistics 2011) 2011 Census
OS grid reference TF 20360 06042
Civil parish
  • Newborough
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Peterborough
Postcode district PE6
Dialling code 01733
Police Cambridgeshire
Fire Cambridgeshire
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire
52°38′20″N 0°13′22″W / 52.638785°N 0.222760°W / 52.638785; -0.222760Coordinates: 52°38′20″N 0°13′22″W / 52.638785°N 0.222760°W / 52.638785; -0.222760
Signpost in Newborough

Newborough is a village and a civil parish in the Peterborough district, Cambridgeshire, England. Newborough is situated 7.62 km (4.74 mi) North of Peterborough. Newborough has a population of 1,670 according to the 2011 census [1]

Newborough is located along the B1443 and is a short distance away from the A16.

There were previously three Members of Parliament whose constituencies covered this ward; Shailesh Vara of North West Cambridgeshire constituency for the parish of Peakirk, Malcolm Moss of North East Cambridgeshire constituency for Borough Fen, the New1 polling district of Newborough parish, Eye Green ward, and Stewart Jackson of Peterborough constituency for the New2 polling district of Newborough parish. Following the boundary commission's fifth periodic review, the ward now lies wholly within the Peterborough parliamentary constituency.

Historical Map of Newborough in 1945.
Gunton's Road, Newborough, Peterborough by Rodney Burton

History[edit]

Newborough is directly translated to ‘new fortification’ from old English. Newborough was part of the Borough Fen, which was formed into a new parish in 1822.[2]

In the 1870s Newborough was described as: A parish in Peterborough district, Northampton; adjacent to the boundary with Lincoln and Cambridge. It was formed, in 1823, out ofan open fenny common. With land that has been much improved by draining, and is now principally arable.[3]

Newborough parish is fairly new, having been formed in 1820. Shortly after 1900 many newer houses were built, and after the First World War council houses were added. After the Second World War a large council estate was built. Then private estates started to spring up making the village grow considerably. Newborough is a very scattered parish, which included a hamlet called Milking Nook, approximately a mile away from the village. On the south-western boundary run the ancient Roman Car Dyke which is unspoilt and a haven for wildlife.[4]

During the Saxon and Medieval periods Borough Fen lay underwater. In the 17th century, a Dutch engineer, Cornelius Vermuyden's began to drain the fenland. One of the earliest dykes cut was the Highland Drain, which runs parallel to the Thorney Road. Many more efficient drainage systems have led the way to mixed and arable farming. Today the main crops are cereals and sugar beet. However, with the decline of sugar refining in the area, Oil-seed rape and more recently Linseed have taken over.[5]

St Bartholomew Church[edit]

Newborough has a Gothic yellow brick church named the St Bartholomew church. "Building work began on the church in 1823 and was completed in 1830. The work was financed by the sale of part of the Borough Fen Estate at the time of the enclosures in 1822. As the land on which it was built was already owned by the church, the royal coat of arms is displayed inside, high on the arched wall above the entrance to the sanctuary" [6]

Population[edit]

Newborough has a population of 1,670 according to the 2011 census. When analysing the population graph, from 1961 to 2001 the population grew by 658 when comparing the data sets from the Neighbourhood Statistics and the Vision of Britain website.

However this abnormally large rise in population isn't truly valid as the two websites used different boundaries to outline Newborough. The Neighbourhood Statistics Census highlights Newborough as a much larger area than the Vision of Britain site explaining the change in population size.

Total population of Newborough Civil Parish, Cambridgeshire as reported by the census of population 1820 to 2011

Occupations[edit]

In 1881 Newborough had a working population of around 342 people with the majority working in agricultural industry, this accounted for 39% of the working population Newborough. Also another 39% of the workforce in 1881 were categorised as having an 'unknown occupation’. This does not mean they are unemployed, however it shows that people may not have had a job title that fell under any of the categories in the census questionnaire of 1881, or that people were not accurately recording their job titles. Interestingly there were a much higher number of unknown occupations for women, 131, than there were for men, 3. This could be because of a lack of information to record these statistics or their occupations were illegal. Although, at this time in history, there was gender inequality and women tended to stay at home and look after the children. .[7]

When comparing the occupations to the 2011 census it shows the change in equality in terms of the number of people working with 504 males and 422 female. The jobs have also changed, shifting from the agricultural sector to more professional and the public sector. In 1881, Newborough only had 3 people who were known professionals compared to 249 in 2011. In this case Newborough in terms of occupations has followed a similar trend to the rest of Britain.[8]

Housing[edit]

The accommodation type in Newborough in 2011 was largely made up of whole houses or bungalows; detached taking up 62% of all the 1,136 properties in the area. Whole houses or bungalows; semi-detached takes up another 30% of the housing. Which is very common throughout England.[9]

Accommodation type in Newborough

The total number of houses has risen over the past few decades following a similar trend to the population of Newborough increasing from 68 in households in 1831 to 244 in 1961 all the way up to 1,136 in 2011.[10] In 1921 the average household in Newborough had 6 rooms,[11] however now in 2011 the average household had 7 rooms per household.[12] This shows that households have got larger around the Newborough region. However the growth isn’t as much as other regions.

Solar Farm[edit]

In early 2013 Peterborough City Council planned to allow AECOM to build a solar farm and three wind turbines on a 500-acre region in Newborough.[13] However opposition meant that the plan to build three wind turbines was scrapped. There is still some debate over whether the solar farm should go ahead. The solar farm is estimated, by the council, to provide the council with an income of £30m over 25 years and providing locals with cheaper energy bills.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Newborough: Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015. 
  2. ^ Mills, A.D. "Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-names". Watts. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  3. ^ "Vision of Britain summary". Vision of Britain. Vision of Britain. Retrieved 23 March 2015. 
  4. ^ Members of the Cambridgeshire Federation of Women's Institutes. The Cambridgeshire Village Book. Countryside Books. Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  5. ^ Tajer, E V. "Newborough & Borough Fen History". Retrieved 27 March 2015. 
  6. ^ "Newborough Church". Retrieved 27 April 2015. 
  7. ^ a b "Newborough through time". Vision of Britain through time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 27 April 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "Newborough: Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 April 2015. 
  9. ^ "Accommodation type". Neighbourhood statistics. Neighbourhood statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2015. 
  10. ^ "Total houses in Newborough". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 16 March 2015. 
  11. ^ "Total number of rooms". Vision of Britain. Vision of Britain. Retrieved 16 March 2015. 
  12. ^ "Total number of rooms 2011". Neighbourhood statistics. Neighbourhood statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2015. 
  13. ^ "Peterborough solar farm". BBC News. Retrieved 27 April 2015. 
  14. ^ "Newborough Solar Farm". renewables-map.co.uk/. Retrieved 27 April 2015. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Newborough, Cambridgeshire at Wikimedia Commons