Newbourne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Newbourne
Newbourne - geograph.org.uk - 161622.jpg
The Street, Newbourne
Newbourne is located in Suffolk
Newbourne
Newbourne
Newbourne shown within Suffolk
Population304 (Including Hemley. 2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceTM272430
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWoodbridge
Postcode districtIP12 4
Dialling code01473
PoliceSuffolk
FireSuffolk
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
UK Parliament
Websitewww.newbourne.org.uk
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk
52°02′21″N 1°18′48″E / 52.039289°N 1.313249°E / 52.039289; 1.313249Coordinates: 52°02′21″N 1°18′48″E / 52.039289°N 1.313249°E / 52.039289; 1.313249

Newbourne is a village and civil parish in the Suffolk Coastal region of Suffolk, England. It lies on the peninsula between the River Orwell and the River Deben, to the east of Ipswich and south of Woodbridge.

Etymology[edit]

The name Newbourne is commonly accepted to derive from the Old English words for 'new stream.' However, it has also been put forward that its origins may be from the Old Norse words for 'nine springs,' which is supported by the large number of nearby springs and other villages in the local area with names of Old Norse origin.[2]

Village services[edit]

Facilities available in Newbourne include:[3]

The village sign with images of local significance

History[edit]

The length of human habitation at Newbourne is unknown but record of the settlement is found in the Domesday Book of 1086 under the name 'Neubrunna'.[2][8]

In the 1881 census the total population of Newbourne is recorded as 141. This decreased in each census thereafter, with a low of 81 in 1931, until in 1951 the census showed a significant increase to a total population of 291.[9] This rise in population was primarily due to the influx of people brought into the village by the Land Settlement Association.

Land Settlement Association[edit]

The Land Settlement Association was set up in 1934 as an experimental scheme to provide unemployed workers from depressed industrial areas with employment on the land. Successful applicants received agricultural training, land in rural areas, and cattle to rear. Recruitment into the scheme ended with the start of World War II and eventually the settlements were dissolved and privatised in 1983. Newbourne was one of the areas involved in the scheme and its legacy can still be seen in the large number of commercial greenhouses, plant nurseries and roadside produce stalls remaining in the village and local area.[10][11]

The Grade I listed Church of St Mary

Church of St Mary[edit]

The Church of St Mary is a Grade I listed building and the parish church for Newbourne. The church building is medieval in origin with its nave and chancel dating to the 12th century and a number of expansions and restorations occurring in subsequent centuries.[12]

During the Great Storm of 1987 the Victorian stained glass of the east end was blown out. Rather than recreate the new windows in the previous style a more modern form was commissioned. The new window also includes a fragment of the original windows, in the form of the face of Christ, that was found intact amongst the rubble after the storm.[13]

In the graveyard are buried the brothers George and Meadows Page. During the 1800s they were known as the Newbourne Giants and were part of a travelling circus. At the time of his death in 1870 it is said George was 7 feet 7 inches (2.3 m) tall. Meadows was slightly shorter at 7 feet 4 inches, he gave up circus life in 1875 and died in 1917.[11][13]

Newbourne Hall[edit]

Newbourne Hall is the old manor house of Newbourne. It is a Grade II* listed building which dates back to the 14th century. It is part timber framed and plastered and part red brick and is built in a general 'T' cross form with a 17th-century extension and a 21st-century west wing.[14] The hall is open for viewing by appointment only.

The valley marsh and wet woodland within Newbourne Springs

Newbourne Springs[edit]

Newbourne Springs is a small nature reserve and SSSI on the edge of the village. It is composed of a range of habitats, primarily broadleaved and mixed woodland with some areas of marsh, fen and heathland. It is currently managed by Suffolk Wildlife Trust on behalf of Anglian Water who own the land. Due to the large number of springs within its area it was used as a source of water for Felixstowe and the surrounding area by Anglian Water until the 1980s. Today the old pumping station has been converted into a visitors centre for the reserve. During autumn and winter months regular volunteer working parties help with maintenance of the reserve. A number of public footpaths run from the village through Newbourne Springs.[15][16][17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 16 September 2015.
  2. ^ a b Briggs, Keith (2006). "Martlesham and Newbourne: a note on two obscure Suffolk names" (PDF). Journal of the English Place-name Society. English Place-Name Society. 38: 31–36.
  3. ^ "Local Business Directory". www.newbourne.org.uk. Archived from the original on 24 January 2010. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
  4. ^ "The Fox Inn". www.debeninns.co.uk. Retrieved 28 December 2010.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Details from image database (285050)". Images of England. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
  6. ^ "Newbourne Farm Shop". Retrieved 28 December 2010.
  7. ^ "Orwell Mobile 2 route 10 alternate Wednesdays". Suffolk County Council. Archived from the original on 2 December 2008. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
  8. ^ "Image details – Place name: Newbourn, Suffolk". The National Archives. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
  9. ^ "Newbourne AP/CP / Historical statistics / Population". A Vision of Britain through Time. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
  10. ^ "Rachel's Weekend Visits – Newbourne". BBC Radio Suffolk. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
  11. ^ a b "Newbourne". Suffolk CAMRA. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
  12. ^ Historic England. "Details from image database (285048)". Images of England. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
  13. ^ a b "St Mary, Newbourne". www.suffolkchurches.co.uk. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
  14. ^ Historic England. "Details from image database (285049)". Images of England. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
  15. ^ "SSSI unit information – Newbourn Springs – Unit 4". Natural England. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
  16. ^ "Newbourne Springs". Suffolk Wildlife Trust. Archived from the original on 27 March 2010. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
  17. ^ "Newbourne Springs Nature Reserve". www.newbourne.org.uk. Archived from the original on 20 February 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2010.

External links[edit]

Media related to Newbourne at Wikimedia Commons

Twitter Page For Newbourne Information Tweets