Newburg, Missouri

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Newburg, Missouri
City
Location of Newburg, Missouri
Location of Newburg, Missouri
Coordinates: 37°55′3″N 91°54′4″W / 37.91750°N 91.90111°W / 37.91750; -91.90111Coordinates: 37°55′3″N 91°54′4″W / 37.91750°N 91.90111°W / 37.91750; -91.90111
Country United States
State Missouri
County Phelps
Area[1]
 • Total 0.62 sq mi (1.61 km2)
 • Land 0.61 sq mi (1.58 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 715 ft (218 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 470
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 448
 • Density 760/sq mi (290/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 65550
Area code(s) 573
FIPS code 29-51716[4]
GNIS feature ID 0751306[5]

Newburg is a city in Phelps County, Missouri, United States. The population was 470 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Newburg was founded in 1883 by St. Louis – San Francisco Railway as a division point for the railroad, where engines would stop for repairs and to change crews. It is currently used heavily by the Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railroad as a maintenance stop with a large supply of railroad materials along the double tracks.[6]

Iron working was attempted twice in Newburg. Easy access to the railroad made heavy industry a viable business. Construction of the Ozark Iron Works began after 1867, but the business went bankrupt in 1877. The Knotwell Iron Company attempted to use the facilities in 1880, but quit shortly afterwards due to a severe drop in iron prices.[6]

After World War II, the railway switched from coal to diesel engines, which could run much longer distances without refuelling. The Newburg stop was closed, removing the roundhouse, turntable, and freight yards. A single "Frisco" caboose remains near the old freight yards.[6]

Missouri University of Science and Technology in nearby Rolla has planned and implemented many projects in the city of Newburg.

The Community Theater, Gourd Creek Cave Archeological Site, Onyx Cave, and Ozark Iron Furnace Stack are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[7]

Geography[edit]

Newburg is located at 37°55′3″N 91°54′4″W / 37.91750°N 91.90111°W / 37.91750; -91.90111 (37.917472, −91.901198).[8] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.62 square miles (1.61 km2), of which, 0.61 square miles (1.58 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[1]

Newburg is situated on the former U.S. Route 66 in Missouri. A handful of structures which served tourism on that route before it was bypassed by Interstate 44 remain, including John's Modern Cabins (a ghost tourist court, now in ruins) and Vernelle's Motel (still operational, except for an on-site restaurant and filling station demolished when US66 was widened in 1957).[9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 568
1900 481 −15.3%
1910 932 93.8%
1920 1,235 32.5%
1930 1,036 −16.1%
1940 1,056 1.9%
1950 949 −10.1%
1960 884 −6.8%
1970 806 −8.8%
1980 743 −7.8%
1990 589 −20.7%
2000 484 −17.8%
2010 470 −2.9%
Est. 2016 448 [3] −4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 470 people, 197 households, and 120 families residing in the city. The population density was 770.5 inhabitants per square mile (297.5/km2). There were 271 housing units at an average density of 444.3 per square mile (171.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.72% White, 0.21% Native American, 0.21% Asian, and 0.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.06% of the population.

There were 197 households of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.6% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.1% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.00.

The median age in the city was 38 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.1% were from 25 to 44; 26.1% were from 45 to 64; and 17.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 484 people, 218 households, and 129 families residing in the city. The population density was 784.9 people per square mile (301.4/km²). There were 256 housing units at an average density of 415.1 per square mile (159.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.90% White, 0.41% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.41% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.62% of the population.

There were 218 households out of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.7% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.4% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $18,000, and the median income for a family was $21,667. Males had a median income of $28,000 versus $18,333 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,092. About 23.4% of families and 29.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 51.2% of those under age 18 and 17.5% of those age 65 or over.

Climate[edit]

Newburg has a mixed humid continental and humid subtropical climate.

Climate data for Newburg
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 39
(4)
45
(7)
56
(13)
66
(19)
75
(24)
83
(28)
88
(31)
87
(31)
79
(26)
68
(20)
54
(12)
43
(6)
65.3
(18.4)
Average low °F (°C) 21
(−6)
26
(−3)
34
(1)
44
(7)
54
(12)
63
(17)
68
(20)
65
(18)
57
(14)
47
(8)
36
(2)
25
(−4)
45
(7.2)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.69
(42.9)
1.93
(49)
3.51
(89.2)
3.90
(99.1)
4.44
(112.8)
3.65
(92.7)
3.90
(99.1)
3.67
(93.2)
3.48
(88.4)
3.26
(82.8)
4.10
(104.1)
2.88
(73.2)
40.41
(1,026.4)
Source: [11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b c Newburg History
  7. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ William Kaszynski. Route 66: Images of America's Main Street. p. 41. Retrieved 2012-07-27. 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Average weather for Newburg, Missouri". Weather.com. Retrieved December 21, 2008. 
  12. ^ [1]

External links[edit]