Newcastle Northstars

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Newcastle Northstars
2018 AIHL season
Newcastle Northstars 2017 15 year logo.png
City Newcastle, New South Wales
League Australian Ice Hockey League
Founded 1977
Operated 1981–present
Home arena Hunter Ice Skating Stadium

Blue, red and white

General manager Garry Doré
Captain Robert Malloy
Affiliates Newcastle Northstars Ice Hockey Club
Franchise history
1977–1981 Newcastle Red Wings
1981–2017 Newcastle North Stars
2017–present Newcastle Northstars
Regular season titles 5 (2004, 2009, 2010, 2012, 2015)
Conference Championships 1 (2012)
Goodall Cups 6 (2003, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2015, 2016)

The Newcastle Northstars are an amateur ice hockey team in the Australian Ice Hockey League (AIHL). The team plays its home games at the Hunter Ice Skating Stadium (nicknamed 'HISS') in Warners Bay, a suburb of Lake Macquarie located about 15 kilometres south-west of Newcastle, New South Wales. The Northstars are six times winners of the AIHL and with it, the historic Goodall Cup in 2003, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2015, and 2016. The team is affiliated with the Newcastle Northstars Ice Hockey Club, Ice Hockey New South Wales and Ice Hockey Australia.


1977–2001 (Pre-AIHL)[edit]

Ice hockey started in the city of Newcastle in the 1970s, at the old boxing stadium where Marketown is now situated. Originally the Newcastle Red Wings, the Red Wings were part of national leagues of the time. Due to instability there were several variations of these leagues. The Red Wings became the North Stars in 1978 and were leading the national 'Super League' at the time when the Newcastle ice rink went into liquidation in late 1982.

Some players then retired, while others went on to play for teams in Sydney or join inline hockey teams that started in the 1990s in Newcastle. A Newcastle North Stars in-line hockey team was formed including former members of the defunct Wharf Road team.

In 2000 the Hunter Ice Skating Stadium (a.k.a. HISS) opened at 230 Macquarie Road, Warners Bay. The Lake Macquarie suburb, only 15 km from the city, proved an ideal location for the new rink. The rink opened with former North Stars player/coach Garry Doré as general manager.[1]

A local committee was established and the Newcastle Northstars Ice Hockey Club was registered in 2001. The team mostly consisted of Canadian expatriates along with four talented local-born players contested the New South Wales Senior B championship. The Senior B North Stars went on to win the state Senior B Championship for 2001.

Later in 2001 the Hunter Ice Skating Stadium hosted the Goodall Cup tournament. The Goodall Cup is Australia's senior men's national tournament, contested since 1909. Utilising the experience from running the tournament and gaining assistance from existing AIHL teams, rink general manager Garry Doré began building a team ready for the Australian Ice Hockey League.

Canadian expatriate Don Champagne was recruited to be coach, and local hockey enthusiast Peter Lambert was recruited as Team Manager.


The North Stars entered the AIHL in the 2002 expansion, when the league swelled from three teams to six. 2002 was a year of tough lessons for the North Stars who upset the eventual champions the Sydney Bears twice, but suffered several harsh defeats. Top scorer for the North Stars in 2002 was import Canadian Brett Hillier (Estevan Bruins).

In 2003 the North Stars recruited the services of highly qualified Coaching Director Robert Barnes, a former European All-Star and coach of several national and professional teams throughout Europe. Barnes had been forced to retire as a coach due to a serious on-ice injury, but was able to provide support to the team by coaching the local coaching staff in a Coaching Director role.

Rob Barnes in turn helped recruit several young stars. Canadian import Ray Sheffield, sponsored by HISS as a rink manager, was promoted to team captain, a title that he retains to this day. Although the North Stars had a somewhat streaky season, they finished in 2nd place and defeated the Sydney Bears 7–4 in the semi-final. Minor Premiers the Adelaide Avalanche were eliminated by the Western Sydney Ice Dogs. In the final, the North Stars defeated the Ice Dogs 4 goals to 1 and won their first ever Goodall Cup. It was also the first time the AIHL had awarded the Goodall Cup through a tournament-style playoff series. Top-scorer and Most Valuable Player for the North Stars in 2003 was Daryl Bat (York Lions).

The North Stars finished the 2004 regular season in first place and as such were awarded the VIP Cup as minor premiers. Suffering only one loss in the regular season, Newcastle finished well ahead of the pack. The North Stars defeated the Avalanche in double-overtime in the AIHL semi-final held in Erina, but were defeated by the Western Sydney Ice Dogs in the final by a score of 3 goals to 1. Top Scorer in 2004 was imported Canadian Sean Starke (now with the EIHL Manchester Phoenix), and Most Valuable Player was his elder brother Robert Starke, who since become an Australian resident while studying at university.

In 2005 the North Stars raised the level of imports yet again with several professional players, including Jordan Landry (ECHL team Fresno Falcons), Don Nichols (Dutch elite league Heerenveen Flyers) and Nolan Graham (CHL team Lubbock Cotton Kings). The North Stars finished their regular season in second place, and went on to defeat the Western Sydney Ice Dogs in the semi final. The North Stars then defeated the Adelaide Avalanche 3 goals to 1 in the AIHL Final played at their home rink in Warners Bay. The North Stars were awarded their second Goodall Cup since entering the league in 2002. Top scorer for the North Stars in 2005 was Francis Walker (Aurora Tigers & Lakehead University Wolves), and Most Valuable Player was awarded to defenceman Don Nichols (Heereneveen Flyers).

2006 was a year of change for the North Stars, with Coaching Director Rob Barnes leaving for Canada in June, and two key players from 2005, Jordan Landry and Francis Walker, departing early in the season. Due to a star line-up of imported talent, the North Stars were able to replace the two vacant positions during the season without falling out of finals contention. The newly imported players (all North Stars) included Jesse Pyatt (elder brother of NHL player Taylor Pyatt) Trevor Sherban, Marcel Kars, Gary Zinck, and Ryan Crane. The North Stars finished the regular season in fourth place, and defeated the minor premiers the Melbourne Ice in the semi final held in Adelaide, South Australia, by 6 goals to 1. The following day the North Stars won their third Goodall Cup in four years when they comprehensively defeated the Adelaide Avalanche 4 goals to nil in the AIHL Final. Top scoring player for 2006 was Marcel Kars (HK Bolzano Junior Foxes, Italy) and Most Valuable Player was awarded to Jesse Pyatt (Guelph University Grphyons). Since the season end in September 2006 Jesse Pyatt (Reading Royals, ECHL) and goalie Matt Ezzy (HK Crvena Zvezda, Serbia) began professional careers.

Matt Ezzy (Goal) and Ray Sheffield (Equipment Manager) travelled with the Mighty Roos (Australian Senior Men's team) to Korea to participate in the IIHF World Championships Division II Group B tournament from 2 April 2007, where they collected Silver.


The Inski North Stars began their 2007 season in the second round, with their first game on 21 April against the Canberra Knights in Canberra with a shoot-out win, the first ever shoot-out win for the North Stars. The North Stars had a patchy start to the season, losing both early-season games against the Western Sydney Ice Dogs, as well as a disappointing loss to the Bears in Penrith after coming back to lead the game on Saturday 5 May.

Early season instability is not unusual for some of the teams in the AIHL, especially those who are able to recruit professional hockey players. The Ice Dogs, North Stars and Blue Tongues especially struggle to find consistency early in the season.

In order to stabilise the team, North Stars general manager Garry Doré recruited two family friends from a British Columbian Senior A league to act as fill-ins before the gun players could arrive. The two player called in from Smithers BC are brothers Ian and Eric Smith. Local student Kai Curry-Lindhal is a Belgian-born Swede who has also been available to relieve places in the team where necessary.

Other imported players for 2007 include Mark Wires (Central Hockey League, Bowling Green University), Conrad Martin (East Coast Hockey League, Mercyhurst University), Brad Wanchulak (Adelaide Avalanche, Dutch National League, Central Hockey League, Notre Dame University), Trevor Hawkins (Nepean Raiders Junior A, Concordia University Stingers) and 2004 North Star Mike McKenna (York University).

From early May, the North Stars had a big turn-around in performance. By month's end the North Stars were equal 2nd in the AIHL on points.

Early in June, starting goalie Matt Ezzy suffered a groin strain injury that saw him sit out the remainder of the month, and 17-year-old Midget goalie Tom Gouldstone started the next three games. Gouldstone had a lively introduction to AIHL, with two games going to shootout (1 win, 1 loss) and an outright win against the Avalanche in Adelaide.

In June, Mark Wires returned to Canada, with Conrad Martin returning home in July. The North Stars recruited former Adelaide Avalanche player Darcy Corcoran from British Columbia, Canada, to fill the void along with the retention of the two Smith brothers, Eric and Ian.

On 18 August in Melbourne, the North Stars qualified for the 2007 Finals Series (Penrith NSW) with a 1–0 defeat of the Melbourne Ice. On 19 August in Adelaide, North Stars forward Brad Wanchulak broke the AIHL scoring record by registering 67 points in a season. Wanchulak registered 2 more assists on the final game of the season for a final point tally of 69.

The North Stars qualified for their 5th consecutive finals tournament and defeated the Melbourne Ice in the 2nd semi final by a margin of 6 goals to 3. Darcy Corcoran top-scored with an impressive 5 goals and 1 assist.

On Sunday 2 September, the North Stars faced the home team, the Penrith Bears, in the Goodall Cup Final. After falling behind 2–0 early in the third period, the North Stars fought back, with a goal from Brad Wanchulak, and then Darcy Corcoran in a late-period power play. The game went to overtime tied 2 goals each, but a penalty to the North Stars against the run of play gave the Bears the opportunity to set up blue-liner Rob Pasminka, who hammered home the game-winning goal.

Several North Stars players progressed into professional contracts, and some plan to return for future seasons. In the 2007–2008 Northern Hemisphere season, Conrad Martin moved up into the American Hockey League (AHL) on a PTO, while Mark Wires joined former North Stars Ryan Crane and Sean Starke in UK's Elite Ice Hockey League. Mike McKenna captured a spot in Sweden's HockeyAllsvenskan league (1st grade close in level to the AHL), while Darcy Corcoran won a spot with former North Star Henry Acres in Sweden in the 3rd highest league.


Newcastle Northstars old logo

The Australian Ice Hockey League launched on Saturday 19 April. The North Stars played at home on opening night, and defeated the Gold Coast Blue Tongues despite not having any available import players.

The Inski North Stars set a record loss-streak with five consecutive losses in April–May (two of those in a shoot out) before recording a shoot-out win against the Canberra Knights on 17 May in Canberra. From that point the North Stars improved their position from 6th-place team to 4th-place by the end of May.

On 22 June the North Stars had two key players injured. Starting goaltender Matt Ezzy and top-scoring forward Colin Nicholson were unavailable for over 4–6 weeks. The North Stars performed poorly in late June and early July, but recovered to record six consecutive outright wins (one game worth double points) to finish the season in fourth place, 1 point shy of 2nd/3rd placed Melbourne Ice and Western Sydney Ice Dogs.

The North Stars underwent a considerable change of personnel in 2008, with several experienced local players being unavailable at the start of the 2008 season. Pier Martin started the season but withdrew after a few weeks, around the same time that Allen Campbell returned to the team. Rookie Matt Price established himself as a top-4 defenceman after returning home to Newcastle from college in Canada. Captain Ray Sheffield suffered a broken foot bone, forcing him to miss most of May.

The North Stars utilised resident University student Matt Vickers early in the season, along with 2006 Melbourne Ice player Gabriel Andre, who played 18 games of 25 total in the season. Other import for the North Stars included college player Grant Buckley in defence, B.J. Pelkey (SPHL), Colin Nicholson (ECHL), Mark Carberry (College), and Mickey Gilchrist (NCAA College) into the forwards.

The Inski Newcastle North Stars became National Champions for the fourth time after winning the Goodall Cup for 2008. The North Stars defeated the Ice Dogs 4–1 in the cup final, after eliminating the Bears in the semi final with a score of 7–5. Mickey Gilchrist was awarded the AIHL Finals MVP award.

In the off-season, Australian representatives Matt Ezzy and Casey Minson were signed to European national league teams. Minson to Ankara in Turkey, and Ezzy to Utrecht in the Netherlands.


In April 2017 the club announced a minor change to their name, changing from the North Stars to the Northstars.[2] The re-brand was done to align the club with the New South Wales registered club, the Newcastle Northstars Ice Hockey Club.[2]

Season-by-season results[edit]

Champions Runners-up Third Place
Newcastle Northstars all-time record
Season Regular season Finals weekend Wilson Cup Top points scorer
P W T L SW SL GF GA GD Pts Finish P W L GF GA Result Semi-final Goodall Cup final Name Points
2002 20 6 14 79 121 -42 12 4th Canada Brett Hillier 34
2003 6 6 47 17 +30 12 1st 2 2 4 1 Champion Won TBC-TBC (Ice) Won 4-1 (Ice Dogs) Ukraine Pavel Shtefan 17
2004 20 15 2 1 2 93 50 +43 51 1st 2 1 1 4 5 Runner-up Won 3-2 (2OT) (Avalanche) Lost 1-3 (Ice Dogs) Canada Sean Starke 38
2005 26 14 2 5 1 4 121 80 +41 50 2nd 2 2 8 3 Champion Won 5-2 (Ice Dogs) Won 3-1 (Avalanche) Canada Francis Walker 54
2006 28 16 11 1 138 89 +49 49 4th 2 2 10 1 Champion Won 6-1 (Ice) Won 4-0 (Avalanche) Netherlands Marcel Kars 66
2007 28 13 6 4 5 106 87 +19 52 3rd 2 1 1 8 6 Runner-up Won 6-3 (Ice) Lost 2-3 (OT) (Bears) Group Canada Brad Wanchulak 69
2008 28 15 7 2 4 150 97 +53 53 4th 2 2 11 6 Champion Won 7-5 (Bears) Won 4-1 (Ice Dogs) Group Canada Mickey Gilchrist 67
2009 24 17 5 2 122 85 +37 55 1st 2 1 1 7 6 Runner-up Won 5-3 (Blue Tongues) Lost 2-3 (OT) (Adrenaline) Group Canada Éric Lafrenière 56
2010 24 14 2 7 1 131 74 +57 57 1st 1 1 6 7 Semi-finalist Lost 6-7 (Adrenaline) United States Brian Bales 81
2011 28 18 6 1 3 132 106 +26 59 2nd 2 1 1 7 5 Runner-up Won 5-2 (Ice Dogs) Lost 2-3 (Ice) United States Peter Cartwright 75
2012 24 16 6 2 120 78 +42 52 1st, Bauer 2 1 1 8 8 Runner-up Won 5-4 (Adrenaline) Lost 3-4 (Ice) Canada Jeremy Boyer 58
2013 28 17 7 3 1 132 75 +57 58 2nd 2 1 1 9 7 Runner-up Won 6-1 (Thunder) Lost 3-6 (Ice Dogs) Canada Jeff Martens 67
2014 28 11 15 2 87 106 -19 35 6th Runner-up Canada Chris Wilson 49
2015 28 19 4 1 4 152 83 +69 63 1st 2 2 7 5 Champion Won 4-3 (Brave) Won 3-2 (Ice) Winner Canada Geordie Wudrick 91
2016 28 15 7 1 5 105 74 +31 52 3rd 2 2 5 3 Champion Won 3-2 (OT) (Thunder) Won 3-2 (Brave) Group United States Connor McLaughlin 61
2017 28 7 15 3 3 97 124 -27 30 7th Canada Joe Harcharik 44


Champions (6): 2003, 2005, 2006, 2008, 2015, 2016
Runners-Up (6): 2004, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2013
Premiers (4): 2009, 2010, 2012, 2015
Runners-Up (2): 2011, 2013
Premiers (1): 2004
Runners-Up (1): 2005
Winners (1): 2015
Runners-Up (1): 2014


Team roster for the 2018 AIHL season[3][4]

# Nat Name Pos S/G Age Acquired Birthplace
96 Canada Sammy Banga F L 26 2018 Windsor, Ontario, Canada
30 Australia Dayne Davis G L 33 2018 Tilbury, Ontario, Canada
25 Australia David Ferrari D R 34 2014
12 United States Joe Harcharik F L 30 2017 Des Moines, Iowa, United States
14 Australia Robert Haselhurst D R 25 2018 Perth, Western Australia
26 Australia Zane Jones F L 24 2017 Olds, Alberta, Canada
24 Czech Republic Tomas Landa F L 34 2018
22 Canada Sam Lawson F R 24 2018 Calgary, Alberta, Canada
3 Australia Mat Lindsay (A) D R 28 2008 Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
20 Australia Robert Malloy (C) D R 31 2015 Cheshire, Connecticut, United States
27 Australia Liam Manwarring F L 19 2016 Valentine, New South Wales, Australia
91 Australia Patrick Nadin F R 22 2014 Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
8 Australia Hamish Powell F R 26 2011 Lake Macquarie, New South Wales, Australia
44 Canada Nick Rivait G L 27 2018 Kingsville, Ontario, Canada
58 Australia Hayden Sheard D R 22 2017 Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
31 Australia Charlie Smart G L 22 2017 Perth, Western Australia
71 Australia Shane Southwood F R 27 2015 Wahroonga, New South Wales, Australia
33 Australia Ethan Spelde G 17 2018
11 Australia Tim Stanger F R 28 2016 Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
55 Australia Richard Tesarik F L 33 2018
74 Australia Patrick Ward D R 34 2018 Kirkcaldy, Scotland
23 Australia Matt Wetini (A) F R 27 2010 Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia

Inactive players[edit]

Players who haven't played in the last five games

# Nat Name Pos S/G Age Acquired Status
16 Australia Jayson Chalker D R 30 2013 Hasn't played since 24 June 2018[5]
5 Australia John Kennedy D R 30 2013 Hasn't played since 28 April 2018[6]
33 Australia Harley Quinton-Jones G R 23 2018 Backup goaltender last dressed 21 April 2018[7]


Staff roster for the 2018 AIHL season[8]

  • Garry Doré (General manager 2018)
  • Joe Theriault (Assistant Coach 2018)
  • Ray Sheffield (Assistant Coach 2018)
  • Don Champagne (Team Manager 2018)
  • Craig Tonks (Team Manager 2018)
  • Fred Stevenson (Medic)
  • Bruce Hounslow (Medic)
  • Peter Lambert (Communications Manager)
  • Greg Rickford (Digital Media & marketing)
  • Michael Smith (Producer)
  • Marty Moose (Official Mascot)


The Newcastle Northstars have been recognised as Newcastle's Outstanding Senior Sports team three out of four times since the introduction of the awards, for their 2003, 2004 and 2006 seasons by the Newcastle City Council. The North Stars are finalists again for 2008, to be announced at the gala event on 6 March 2009.[9]

North Stars goalie Matt Ezzy was voted "Sportsperson of the Year" by the Lake Macquarie City Council for his 2005 season in February 2006, and was a finalist for the same award in 2007. North Stars defenceman and assistant captain Rob Starke was also a finalist for Senior Sportsperson of the year, 2007.[10]

North Stars coach Don Champagne was voted "Sports Official of the Year 2010" at the 2011 Newcastle City Sports Awards.[11]

Current Club Award winners (2014 season[12]):

Most Valuable Player: John Kennedy
Coaches' Award: Joey Theriault (assistant coach)
Best Forward Award: Robert Starke
Most Improved Player: Matt Wetini
Most Dedicated Player: Ray Sheffield
Tony Huntly Award (Best Aussie Player): Matt Wetini


The Proski Newcastle North Stars' primary rivals are the Sydney Ice Dogs (Formally West Sydney Ice Dogs). The first ever AIHL game for the Proski North Stars was a loss to the Ice Dogs, who joined the league in 2002 along with the North Stars. The two teams have a rich history in the AIHL Finals of facing off in big matches in pursuit of the Goodall Cup. The North Stars defeated the Ice Dogs in the 2003 and 2008 finals to win the Goodall Cup (both by a margin of 4–1). The North Stars lost the Cup to the Ice Dogs in the 2004 final, while also defeating the Ice Dogs in the semi-final in 2005.

The North Stars have also established a healthy rivalry with the Adelaide Avalanche, the team they faced, and defeated, in both the 2005 and 2006 Goodall Cup championship games. In 2009 and 2010 the North Stars met the Adelaide Adrenaline in the AIHL finals. In 2009 the North Stars were defeated by the Adrenaline in overtime in the Goodall Cup final, 3–2 in Overtime. In 2010 the Adrenaline knocked out the Proski North Stars in the semi-final holding off a third period comeback by the North Stars 6–5.

Honoured members[edit]

Founding member of the Newcastle Northstars in the NSW Superleague, Terry George, lost his battle with cancer in the late 1990s and the club subsequently retired his jersey number 21.[13] This was the only retired number until May 2015 when the club honoured Ray Sheffield after the Canadian born Australian retired after thirteen seasons with the club by retiring his number 19 in a ceremony before a match at a packed Hunter Ice Skating Stadium against the Melbourne Ice.[14][15] No Newcastle Northstars players have been awarded the Hudson Trophy, however Glen Foll (North Stars 2005) was awarded the Hudson Trophy while playing for the Adelaide Avalanche in 2004.[16]

Team captains[edit]

  • Bill Jones (2002)
  • Ray Sheffield (2003–2010, 2011–2013)
  • Robert Starke (2010, 2014)
  • Robert Malloy (2015 - Current)

Head coach[edit]

  • Don Champagne (2002–2011)
  • Garry Doré (2012-2014)
  • Andrew Petrie (2015-2017)

Coaching director[edit]

  • Rob Barnes (2003–2005)

Team managers[edit]

  • Peter Lambert (2002, 2004)
  • Peter Antcliff (2003)
  • Tony Johnston (2005–2006)
  • Christian Martin (2007–2008)
  • Marcus Chapman (2009–2012)
  • Christian Martin (2013-2015)
  • Don Champagne (2016-Current)
  • Craig Tonks (2016-Current)

Northstars trivia[edit]

Trivia that relates to the Newcastle Northstars club or current and past players of the Northstars.

  • The North Stars set an AIHL record for most goals scored in a game by one team – and also for the greatest winning margin in a game – when they defeated the Canberra Knights by a score of 21–2 at the HISS on 6 August 2006. Centre Marcel Kars recorded 8 goals and 4 assists in the game.[17]
  • Goaltender Ken Kozak played for the North Stars in 2002. He was in goal for the Australian national team when they defeated New Zealand 58–0 in Perth in 1987, a world record score for an international ice hockey game.[18]


  1. ^ "Hunter Ice Skating Stadium Warners Bay". Retrieved 2015-07-31. 
  2. ^ a b Lambert, Peter (2017-04-05). "North Stars now Northstars". Newcastle Northstars. Archived from the original on 2017-04-16. Retrieved 2017-04-16. 
  3. ^ "Newcastle Northstars". Elite Prospects. Retrieved 2018-05-21. 
  4. ^ "Newcastle Northstars". Australian Ice Hockey League. Retrieved 2018-05-21. 
  5. ^ "Jayson Chalker". Australian Ice Hockey League. Retrieved 2018-07-15. 
  6. ^ "John Kennedy". Australian Ice Hockey League. Retrieved 2018-06-24. 
  7. ^ "Newcastle Northstars @ Sydney Ice Dogs". Australian Ice Hockey League. Retrieved 2018-06-24. 
  8. ^ "Newcastle north Stars Coaching Staff/Management". AIHL. Retrieved 2015-07-31. 
  9. ^ "Finalists – Newcastle Sports Awards 2008". Retrieved 2015-07-31. [dead link]
  10. ^ "Lake Macquarie Sports Awards winners announced". 2015-03-02. Retrieved 2015-07-31. 
  11. ^ "Don Champagne Profile". Linked In. Retrieved 2015-07-31. [permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "News Round-Up". Ice Hockey News Australia. Retrieved 2015-07-31. 
  13. ^ "Newcastle North Stars History". Retrieved 2015-07-31. 
  14. ^ Watts, Ellie-Marie (2015-05-11). "Ray Sheffield's 13-season playing career honoured". Newcastle Star. Retrieved 2015-07-31. 
  15. ^ "Sheffield Retires". Ice Hockey News Australia. 2015-04-27. Retrieved 2015-07-31. 
  16. ^ "Hudson Trophy Recipients List" (PDF). Ice Hockey Australia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 March 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015. 
  17. ^ Girdler, Tina (2015-03-18). "Chemistry and communication key for 2015 North Stars". Retrieved 2015-07-31. 
  18. ^ "Ice hockey: Dark day for NZ ice hockey recalled". Otago Daily Times. 2015-01-17. Retrieved 2015-07-31. 

External links[edit]