|Newcastle upon Tyne Central|
for the House of Commons
|County||Tyne and Wear|
|Electorate||60,795 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Newcastle upon Tyne|
|Member of Parliament||Chi Onwurah (Labour)|
Newcastle upon Tyne Central is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Chi Onwurah of the Labour Party. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
Further to the completion of the 2023 Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies, the seat will be expanded westwards as a result of a realignment of the boundary with Newcastle upon Tyne North, and will be renamed Newcastle upon Tyne Central and West, to be first contested at the next general election.
Parliament created this seat under the Representation of the People Act 1918 for the general election later that year. It was one of four divisions of the parliamentary borough of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, which had previously been represented by one two-member seat.
The constituency currently covers the central part of Newcastle upon Tyne, being one of three constituencies in the city. Between 1983 and 2010, the seat did not actually include the city's commercial centre, being instead part of the now-abolished Tyne Bridge constituency.
At the 2017 and 2019 general elections, the constituency was the first to officially declare its result. It narrowly beat Houghton and Sunderland South, which had declared first in 2010 and 2015 (as did its predecessor Sunderland South in the four preceding general elections).
- The County Borough of Newcastle upon Tyne wards of All Saints, St John's, St Nicholas, Stephenson, and Westgate.
- The County Borough of Newcastle upon Tyne wards of Armstrong, Byker, St Anthony's, St Nicholas, and Stephenson; and
- The Rural District of Newcastle upon Tyne.
NB: the Rural District of Newcastle upon Tyne contained just a single building ('the Moot Hall and Precincts') in the centre of Newcastle.
Boundaries redrawn to take account of expansion of the County Borough and redistribution of wards. Expanded eastwards, gaining Byker and St Anthony's from Newcastle upon Tyne East, westwards, gaining Armstrong from Newcastle upon Tyne West. St John's and Westgate were transferred to Newcastle upon Tyne North. The constituency now comprised a narrow strip along the north bank of the River Tyne.
- The County Borough of Newcastle upon Tyne wards of Armstrong, Benwell, Byker, St Anthony's, St Nicholas, and Stephenson; and
- The Rural District of Newcastle upon Tyne.
- The City of Newcastle upon Tyne wards of Blakelaw, Fenham, Jesmond, Kenton, Moorside, South Gosforth, and Wingrove.
Following the reorganisation of local authorities as a result of the Local Government Act 1972, the constituencies within the City of Newcastle upon Tyne were completely redrawn. The contents of the newly constituted seat comprised only a small area common to the previous version. The central and western areas of the old seat, including Benwell and the city centre, were incorporated into the new constituency of Tyne Bridge, which included parts of Gateshead Borough on the south side of the River Tyne. Byker and St Anthony's were returned to Newcastle upon Tyne East, along with the Battle Field area.
The new version of the constituency absorbed the whole of the existing Newcastle upon Tyne North seat, apart from Sandyford. It also included parts of the now abolished Newcastle upon Tyne West constituency (Fenham and Kenton) and a small area transferred from Wallsend (South Gosforth).
- The City of Newcastle upon Tyne wards of Blakelaw, Fenham, Jesmond, Kenton, Moorside, Sandyford, South Gosforth, and Wingrove.
Sandyford ward transferred from Newcastle upon Tyne East, which was now abolished.
- The City of Newcastle upon Tyne wards of Benwell and Scotswood, Blakelaw, Elswick, Fenham, Kenton, Westgate, West Gosforth, and Wingrove.
Following their review of parliamentary representation in Tyne and Wear in 2007, which took effect at the 2010 general election, the Boundary Commission for England moved the Sandyford area back to the re-created constituency of Newcastle upon Tyne East, together with the suburb of Jesmond. Those areas north of the River Tyne in the now abolished Tyne Bridge constituency (Benwell, Scotswood, Elswick and the city centre) were transferred in.
The constituency contains the city centre and surrounding suburbs. Previously based around heavy industry, such as shipbuilding, its adult population has mostly lower or middle incomes. The economy is now mainly focused on services and tourism. In November 2012 total unemployment (based on the more up-to-date claimant statistics) placed the constituency in joint 17th place of 29 constituencies in the region, above, for example the City of Durham at the bottom of the list, with just 3.4% claimants whereas Newcastle had 6.0% claimants, identical to Sunderland Central.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Ali Avaei||2,709||7.2||+2.3|
|Brexit Party||Mark Frederick Griffin||2,542||6.8||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Nick Cott||1,812||4.9||−1.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Nick Cott||2,218||6.3||−17.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Gareth Kane||8,228||24.1||−3.4|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Greg Stone||12,229||34.0||+12.3|
|Newcastle Academy with Christian Values Party||Clive Harding||477||1.3||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Stephen Psallidas||7,564||21.7||+6.7|
|Socialist Labour||Gordon Potts||723||2.1||New|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Ruth Berry||6,911||15.0||+2.3|
|Referendum||Charles A. Coxon||1,113||2.4||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Lembit Öpik||5,816||13.6||-2.2|
Elections in the 1980s
|Red Front||Kirk Williams||111||0.2||New|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+5.2|
|Conservative win (new boundaries)|
Elections in the 1970s
|Liberal||Andrew Steven Ellis||2,073||13.4||+1.7|
|Liberal||Andrew Stephen Ellis||2,854||29.0||+17.3|
|Socialist Workers||David Hayes||184||1.9||New|
|National Front||Bruce Anderson-Lynes||181||1.8||New|
|Liberal||Andrew Stephen Ellis||1,716||11.7||New|
|Conservative||Michael St John Way||4,256||22.0||+0.4|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||John J. Walker-Smith||5,474||21.6||-5.7|
|Communist||Thomas G. Welch||404||1.6||-0.2|
|Conservative||William D Rutter||7,896||27.3||-6.9|
|Communist||Thomas G Welch||532||1.8||New|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative||William D Rutter||12,485||34.2||+0.8|
|Conservative||Frederick Talbot Webster||13,325||33.3||-1.0|
|Ind. Labour Party||Fred Barton||1,006||2.5||+0.4|
|Conservative||George Campbell White||13,567||34.3||+25.2|
|Ind. Labour Party||Fred Barton||812||2.1||New|
Elections in the 1940s
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1930s
|Ind. Labour Party||Charles Trevelyan||12,136||37.3||-19.9|
|National Labour||W.H.D. Caple||94||0.3||New|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1920s
|Labour gain from Unionist||Swing||+24.4|
Election in the 1910s
|Unionist win (new seat)|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
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