The Newcomb-Macklin Company of Chicago, Illinois was a nationally prominent manufacturer of hand-carved and gilded picture frames. The company was in operation from 1883 until 1979. Many of Newcomb-Macklin's frames designed in the early 20th century reflected the esthetics of the Arts and Crafts movement that flourished in the United States between 1900 and 1925. Newcomb-Macklin frames in the arts and crafts style are today regarded as antiques and are often utilized by collectors and dealers to lend an air of authenticity to the framing of period American paintings.
The Newcomb-Macklin Company traced it roots to a regional frame manufacturer founded in 1871 in Evanston, Illinois by S. H. McElswain. After twelve years in business, in 1883, McElswain sold his company to a partnership formed by the firm's bookkeeper, Charles Macklin, and John C. Newcomb. The partners relocated their business to Chicago, Illinois, where the company's production plant occupied a full city block at 400-408 N. State Street in the city's near north side. Sales were generated by a product showroom adjacent to the Chicago factory and by a traveling sales force. Within a few years the company also opened product showrooms in New York City and Glendale, California, though the Glendale location closed about 1940.
Newcomb-Macklin Company ceased operation in 1979 when the assets of the company were acquired by Thanhardt-Burger Corporation of LaPorte, Indiana. Thanhardt-Burger sold frames based on Newcomb-Macklin's designs until 2013, when the company's frame-making facility in LaPorte was destroyed by fire.
Newcomb-Macklin product line
Newcomb-Macklin picture frames were distinguished by their unique, perpendicular corner splines, a construction feature that prevented the corners of a frame from separating over time. Basswood was the company's preferred wood for hand-carving, eventually giving way to poplar as the domestic supply of basswood dwindled in the 1960s. Newcomb-Macklin frames were gilded with a wide variety of gold leaf, silver leaf and metal leaf finishes.
Arts and Crafts style frames
Patterns for Newcomb-Macklin's arts and crafts style frames were conceived by an in-house stable of designers. These designs were then hand-carved into frame molding on the company's production floor and the frames assembled. This creative capability also enabled company craftsmen to produce frames that were designed according to a customer's specifications. Maxfield Parrish, Childe Hassam, George Bellows and John Singer Sargent were among the company's most famous custom-order clients. Newcomb-Macklin designers incorporated motifs from as far away as New Mexico into their arts and crafts compositions, creating demand for these frames within the Taos art colony.
Much of Newcomb-Macklin's product line derived from the manufacture of exact copies of classic frames from a variety of periods and countries. Company sales literature promoted designs that were copied from colonial-period American frames, early American frames, Civil War-period American frames, French frames produced during the reigns of Louis XIII, Louis XIV, Louis XV, and Louis XVI, Dutch frames, Barbizon frames, 16th century Italian frames, and 17th century English frames. Newcomb-Macklin owned the rights to frames conceived by Stanford White, a nationally known American architect who was sensationally murdered in 1906, in New York, by Harry Kendall Thaw, and the company's sales literature promoted White's Renaissance-inspired designs.
In addition to picture frames, the company manufactured a line of ornately framed mirrors, picture frame moldings for use in commercial frame shops, accent tables, and decorative specialties such as cornices and fan display boxes.
- "Antique Frames on Exhibit". Retrieved 2019-01-17.Newcomb-Macklin frames were included in this 2011 exhibition in New York City of American frames produced during the Arts and Crafts period.
- "Antique picture frames undervalued". Retrieved 2019-01-17.Article makes the case for the intrinsic value in antique frames, including early 20th century Newcomb-Macklin frames
- "Newcomb-Macklin Company catalog, 1960". Retrieved 2019-01-17.Basic company history is presented in this catalog's introductory section.
- "Made in Northwest Indiana: LaPorte company continues craft of handmade process". Retrieved 2019-01-17.Article records the date of Thanhardt-Burger's acquisition of Newcomb-Macklin Company.
- "LaPorte's Thanhardt-Burger (LAKE Fine Arts) closing after nearly 90 years in business". Retrieved 2019-01-17.Article summarizes Thanhardt-Burger's decision to cease operations following 2013 fire.
- "A Description of 19th century American Gilded Picture Frames and an Outline of Their Modern Use and Conservation" (PDF). Retrieved 2019-01-17.Article in PDF format presents a visual description of a Newcomb-Macklin frame's distinctive corner construction.
- "Notes on John Singer Sargent's frames - National Portrait Gallery". Retrieved 2019-01-17.Article states that some of Sargent's American portrait commissions were framed in Newcomb-Macklin frames.
- Newcomb-Macklin Company picture frame catalogue. Newcomb-Macklin Company. 1950. pp. 1–24.A number of early American and international styles, and time periods in which these frame styles evolved, are listed in this catalog and explicitly referred to as the sources of Newcomb-Macklin's classic frame designs.