Newcomb Cleveland Prize

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The Newcomb Cleveland Prize of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is annually awarded to author(s) of outstanding scientific paper published in the Research Articles or Reports sections of Science. Established in 1923, funded by Newcomb Cleveland who remained anonymous until his death in 1951, and for this period it was known as the AAAS Thousand Dollar Prize. "The prize was inspired by Mr. Cleveland's belief that it was the scientist who counted and who needed the encouragement an unexpected monetary award could give."[1] The present rules were instituted in 1975, previously it had gone to the author(s) of noteworthy papers, representing an outstanding contribution to science, presented in a regular session, sectional or societal, during the AAAS Annual Meeting. It is now sponsored by the Fodor Family Trust[2] and includes a prize of $25,000.[3]


List of winners[2][4]

Current rules[edit]

Year Authors Title
2016 Robert Gütig Spiking neurons can discover predictive features by aggregate-label learning
2015 Bi-Chang Chen, Wesley R. Legant, Kai Wang, Lin Shao, Daniel E. Milkie, Michael W. Davidson, Chris Janetopoulos, Xufeng S. Wu, John A. Hammer III, Zhe Liu, Brian P. English, Yuko Mimori-Kiyosue, Daniel P. Romero, Alex T. Ritter, Jennifer Lippincott-Schwartz, Lillian Fritz-Laylin, R. Dyche Mullins, Diana M. Mitchell, Joshua N. Bembenek, Anne-Cecile Reymann, Ralph Böhme, Stephan W. Grill, Jennifer T. Wang, Geraldine Seydoux, U. Serdar Tulu, Daniel P. Kiehart, Eric Betzig Lattice light-sheet microscopy: Imaging molecules to embryos at high spatiotemporal resolution
2014 Lulu Xie, Hogyi Kang, Qiwu Xu, Michael J. Chen, Yonghong Liao, Meenakshisundaram Thiyagarajan, John O’Donnell, Daniel J. Christensen, Charles Nicholson, Jeffrey J. Iliff, Takahiro Takano, Rashid Deane, Maiken Nedergaard Sleep Drives Metabolite Clearance from the Adult Brain
2013 Travis A. Jarrell, Yi Wang, Adam E. Bloniarz, Christopher A. Brittin, Meng Xu, J. Nichol Thomson, Donna G. Albertson, David H. Hall, and Scott W. Emmons The Connectome of a Decision-Making Neural Network
2012 Vincent Mourik, Kun Zuo, Sergey M. Frolov, Sébastien R. Plissard, Erik P. A. M. Bakkers, and Leo P. Kouwenhoven Signatures of Majorana Fermions in Hybrid Superconductor-Semiconductor Nanowire Devices
2011 Waseem S. Bakr, Amy Peng, M. Eric Tai, Ruichao Ma, Jonathan Simon, Jonathon Isaiah Gillen, Simon Fölling, Lode Pollet, and Markus Greiner Probing the Superfluid-to-Mott Insulator Transition at the Single-Atom Level
2010 Richard E. Green, Johannes Krause, Adrian W. Briggs, Tomislav Maricic, Udo Stenzel, Martin Kircher, Nick Patterson, Heng Li, Weiwei Zhai, Markus Hsi-Yang Fritz, Nancy F. Hansen, Eric Y. Durand, Anna-Sapfo Malaspinas, Jeffrey D. Jensen, Tomas Marques-Bonet, Can Alkan, Kay Prüfer, Matthias Meyer, Hernán A. Burbano, Jeffrey M. Good, Rigo Schultz, Ayinuer Aximu-Petri, Anne Butthof, Barbara Höber, Barbara Höffner, Madlen Siegemund, Antje Weihmann, Chad Nusbaum, Eric S. Lander, Carsten Russ, Nathaniel Novod, Jason Affourtit, Michael Egholm, Christine Verna, Pavao Rudan, Dejana Brajkovic, Željko Kucan, Ivan Gušic, Vladimir B. Doronichev, Liubov V. Golovanova, Carles Lalueza-Fox, Marco de la Rasilla, Javier Fortea, Antonio Rosas, Ralf W. Schmitz, Philip L. F. Johnson, Evan E. Eichler, Daniel Falush, Ewan Birney, James C. Mullikin, Montgomery Slatkin, Rasmus Nielsen, Janet Kelso, Michael Lachmann, David Reich, and Svante Pääbo A Draft Sequence of the Neandertal Genome
2009 Paul Kalas, James R. Graham, Eugene Chiang, Michael P. Fitzgerald, Mark Clampin, Edwin S. Kite, Karl Stapelfeldt, Christian Marois, and John Krist Optical Images of an Exosolar Planet 25 Light-Years from Earth
Christian Marois, Bruce Macintosh, Travis Barman, B. Zuckerman, Inseok Song, Jennifer Patience, David Lafrenière, and René Doyon Direct Imaging of Multiple Planets Orbiting the Star HR 8799
2008 Anoop Kumar, James W. Godwin, Phillip B. Gates, A. Acely Garza-Garcia, and Jeremy P. Brockes Molecular Basis for the Nerve Dependence of Limb Regeneration in an Adult Vertebrate
2007 Hani M. El-Kaderi, Joseph R. Hunt, José L. Mendoza-Cortés, Adrien P. Côté, Robert E. Taylor, Michael O’Keeffe, and Omar M. Yaghi Designed Synthesis of 3D Covalent Organic Frameworks
2006 Jason R. Petta, Alexander C. Johnson, Jacob M. Taylor, Edward A. Laird, Amir Yacoby, Mikhail D. Lukin, Charles M. Marcus, Micah P. Hanson, Arthur C. Gossard Coherent Manipulation of Coupled Electron Spins in Semiconductor Quantum Dots
2005 Yuichiro K. Kato, Roberto C. Myers, Arthur C. Gossard, and David D. Awschalom Observation of the Spin Hall Effect in Semiconductors
2004 Brian Kuhlman, Gautam Dantas, Gregory C. Ireton, Gabriele Varani, Barry L. Stoddard and David Baker Design of a Novel Globular Protein Fold with Atomic-Level Accuracy
2003 Thomas A. Volpe, Catherine Kidner, Ira M. Hall, Grace Teng, Shiv I.S. Grewal and Robert A. Martienssen Regulation of Heterochromatic Silencing and Histone H3 Lysine-9 Methylation by RNAi
Ira M. Hall, Gurumurthy D. Shankaranarayana, Ken-ichi Noma, Nabieh Ayoub, Amikam Cohen and Shiv I.S. Grewal Establishment and Maintenance of a Heterochromatin Domain
2002 Mariana Lagos-Quintana, Reinhard Rauhut, Winfried Lendeckel, and Thomas Tuschl Identification of Novel Genes Coding for Small Expressed RNAs
Nelson C. Lau, Lee P. Lim, Earl G. Weinstein, and David P. Bartel An Abundant Class of Tiny RNAs with Probable Regulatory Roles in Caenorhabditis elegans
Rosalind C. Lee and Victor Ambros An Extensive Class of Small RNAs in Caenorhabditis elegans
2001 Nenad Ban, Poul Nissen, Jeffrey Hansen, Peter B. Moore, and Thomas A. Steitz The Complete Atomic Structure of the Large Ribosomal Subunit at 2.4 Å Resolution
Poul Nissen, Jeffrey Hansen, Nenad Ban, Peter B. Moore, and Thomas A. Steitz The Structural Basis for Ribosome Activity in Peptide Bond Synthesis
Marat M. Yusupov, Gulnara Gh. Yusupova, Albion Baucom, Kate Lieberman, Thomas N. Earnest, J.H.D. Cate, and Harry F. Noller Crystal Structure of the Ribosome at 5.5 Å Resolution
1999 Mark D. Adams, Susan E. Celniker, Gerald M. Rubin and J. Craig Venter The Genome Sequence of Drosophilia melanogaster
1998 Norman Murray and Matthew Holman The Origin of Chaos in the Outer Solar System
1997 Declan A. Doyle, João Morais Cabral, Richard A. Pfuetzner, Anling Kuo, Jacqueline M. Gulbis, Steven L. Cohen, Brian T. Chait and Roderick MacKinnon The Structure of the Potassium Channel: Molecular Basis of K+ Conduction and Selectivity
Roderick MacKinnon, Steven L. Cohen, Anling Kuo, Alice Lee and Brian T. Chait Structural Conservation in Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Potassium Channels
1996 Nicholas C. Wrighton, Francis X. Farrell, Ray Chang, Arun K. Kashyap, Francis Barbone, Linda S. Mulcahy, Dana L. Johnson, Ronald W. Barrett, Linda K. Jolliffe and William J. Dower Small peptides as Potent Mimetics of the Protein Hormone Erythropoietin
Oded Livnah, Enrico A. Stura, Dana L. Johnson, Steven A. Middleton, Linda S. Mulcahy, Nicholas C. Wrighton, William J. Dower, Linda K. Jolliffe and Ian A. Wilson Functional Mimicry of a Protein Hormone by a Peptide Agonist: The EPO receptor Complex at 2.8 Å
Yu Feng, Christopher C. Broder, Paul E. Kennedy, and Edward A. Berger HIV-1 Entry Cofactor: Functional cDNA Cloning of a Seven-Transmembrane, G Protein-Coupled Receptor
1995 Michael H. Anderson, Jason R. Ensher, Michael R. Matthews, Carl E. Wieman, and Eric A. Cornell Observation of Bose-Einstein Condensation in a Dilute Atomic Vapor
1994 Georg Halder, Patrick Callaerts and Walter J. Gehring Induction of Ectopic Eyes by Targeted Expression of the eyeless Gene in Drosophilia
1993 Jerome Faist, Federico Capasso, Deborah L. Sivco, Carlo Sitori, Albert L. Hutchinson, and Alfred Y. Cho Quantum Cascade Laser
Michael F. Crommie, Christopher P. Lutz, and Donald M. Eigler Confinement of Electrons to Quantum Corrals on a Metal Surface
1992 Michael J. Mahan, James M. Slauch and John J. Mekalanos Selection of Bacterial Virulence Genes That Are Specifically Induced in Host Tissues
1991 Paul D. Quay, Bronte Tilbrook and C.S. Wong Oceanic Uptake of Fossile Fuel CO2; Carbon-13 Evidence
1990 Stephen P. A. Fodor, J. Leighton Read, Michael C. Pirrung, Lubert Stryer, Amy Tsai Lu, and Dennis Solas Light-Directed, Spatially Addressable Parallel Chemical Synthesis
1989 Margaret J. Geller, John P. Huchra Mapping the Universe
1988 William H. Landschulz, Peter F. Johnson and Steven L. McKnight The Leucine Zipper: A Hypothetical Structure Common to a New Class of DNA Binding Proteins

The DNA Binding Domain of the Rat Liver Nuclear Protein C/EBP Is Bipartite

1987 Margaret A. Tolbert, Michel J. Rossi, Ripudaman Malhotra, and David M. Golden Reaction of Chlorine Nitrate with Hydrogen Chloride and Water at Antarctic Stratospheric Temperatures
Mario Molina, Tai-Ly Tso, Luisa T. Molina, and Frank C. Y. Wang Antarctic Stratospheric Chemistry of Chlorine Nitrate, Hydrogen Chloride, and Ice: Release of Active Chlorine
1986 Arthur J. Zaug, Thomas R. Cech The Intervening Sequence RNA of Tetrahymena Is an Enzyme
Jeremy Nathans, David S. Hogness, Darcy Thomas, Thomas P. Piantanida, Roger L. Eddy, and Thomas B. Shows Molecular genetics of human color vision: the genes encoding blue, green, and red pigments

Molecular genetics of inherited variation in human color vision

1985 James M. Hogle, Marie Chow and David J. Filman Three-Dimensional Structure of Poliovirus at 2.9 Å Resolution
1984 Sally M. Rigden, Thomas J. Ahrens and Edward M. Stolper Densities of Liquid Silicates at High Pressures
1983 Allan C. Spradling and Gerald M. Rubin Transportation of Cloned P Elements into Drosophilia Germ Line Chromosomes

Genetic Transformation of Drosophilia with Transposable Element Vectors

1982 Dennis G. Kleid, Douglas M. Moore, Howard L. Bachrach, Donald Bowbenko, Marvin J. Grubman, Peter D. McKercher, Donald O. Morgan, Betty H. Robertson, Barbara Small, and Daniel Yansura Cloned Viral Protein Vaccine for Foot-and-Mouth Disease: Responses in Cattle and Swine
1981 Robert Axelrod and William D. Hamilton The Evolution of Cooperation
1980 F. N. Spiess, Kenneth C. MacDonald and twenty co-authors East Pacific Rise: Hot Springs and Geophysical Experiments
1979 Stanton J. Peale, Patrick M. Cassen and Ray T. Reynolds Melting of Io by Tidal Dissipation
1978 Eric I. Knudsen, Masakazu Konishi and John D. Pettigrew Receptive Fields of Auditory Neurons in the Owl

A Neural Map of Auditory Space in the Owl

1977 Viking Mission scientists for research reports in Science 27 August, 1 October, and 17 December 1976

Previous rules[edit]

Year Recipient Title
1974 Amos Nur Origin of Velocity Changes before Earthquakes: The Dilatancy Diffusion Hypothesis and Its Confirmation
1972 Bruce Carlson Morphogenetic Interactions between Skin and Underlying Tissues during Limb Regeneration
1971 Alan Gelperin Neural Control Systems of Underlying Insect Feeding Behavior
1970 James W. Truman The Eclosion Hormone: Its Release by the Brain and Its Action on the Central Nervous Systems of Silkmoths
1969 Cornelia P. Channing Control of Luteinization in Granulosa Cell Cultures
1968 Joel L. Rosenbaum Control of Protein Synthesis in Flagellar Growth
1967 Edward O. Wilson Recent Advances in Chemical Communication
Thomas Eisner Cross-Specific Chemical Communication
1966 Michael K. Reedy Cross Bridges and Periods in Insect Flight Muscle
1965 David S. Hogness The Structure and Function of the DNA from Bacteriophage Lambda
1964 John Papaconstantinou Protein and Nucleic Acid Changes in the Differentiation of Lens Cells
1963 Jonathan W. Uhr The Heterogeneity of the Immune Response
1962 J. F. Evernden and G. H. Curtis The Dating of Early Man and His Cultures by the Potassium-Argon Method
1961 Richard D. Alexander The Role of Behavioral Study in Cricket Classification
1960 Halton C. Arp The Stellar Content of Galaxies
1959 Edward Anders Meteorites and Asteroids
1958 Jerzy Neyman and Elizabeth L. Scott On Certain Stochastic Models of Population Dynamical Phenomena
1957 Martin Schwarzschild, J. B. Rogerson, Jr. and J. W. Evans Solar Photographs from 80,000 Feet
1956 Neal E. Miller Learning and Performance Motivated by Direct Stimulation of the Brain
James Olds Effects of Hunger, Sex, and Tranquilizers on Localized Reward Systems in the Brain
1955 Seymour S. Cohen Molecular Bases of the Parasitism of Some Bacterial Viruses
1954 Daniel H. Alpert Experiments at Very Low Pressures
1953 Barry Commoner Studies on the Biosynthesis of Tobacco Mosaic Virus
1952 A. M. Gleason Natural Coordinate Systems
1951 J. Laurence Kulp Natural Radiocarbon Measurements
1950 Carroll M. Williams for several papers on the enzymes, hormones, and development of Cecropia silkworms
1949 Armin C. Braun Thermal Inactivation Study on the Tumor-inducing Principle in Crown Gall
1947 Harrison S. Brown Elements in Meteorites and the Earth's Origin
1946 T. M. Sonneborn, Ruth V. Dippel and Winifred Jacobson for several papers on the mechanism of heredity in Paramecium
Quentin M. Geiman and Ralph W. McKee Cultural Studies on the Nutrition of Malarial Parasites
1941 Dugald E. S. Brown, Douglas A. Marsland and Frank H. Johnson for two papers on a basic mechanism in the biological effects of temperature, hydrostatic pressure, and narcosis
1940 Dennis R. Hoagland and Daniel I. Arnon Availability of Nutrients with Special Reference to Physiological Aspects
1939 I. I. Rabi Radio Frequency Spectra of Atoms and Molecules
1938 Norman R. F. Maier Experimentally Produced Neurotic Behavior in the Rat
1937 Philip R. White Root Pressure: An Unappreciated Force in Sap Movement
1936 Wendell M. Stanley Chemical Studies of the Virus of Tobacco Mosaic
1935 P. W. Zimmerman and A. E. Hitchcock The Initiation and Growth of Secondary Roots Induced by Growth Substances
1934 Vern O. Knudsen The Absorption of Sound in Gases
1933 Reuben L. Kahn Tissue Reactions in Immunity
1932 Henry Eyring Quantum Mechanics of Conjugate Double Bonds
1931 Carl Caskey Speidel Studies of Living Nerves II. Activities of Amoeboid Growth Cones, Sheath Cells and Myelin Segments, as Revealed by Prolonged Observation of Individual Fibers in Frog Tadpoles
1930 M. A. Tuve, L. R. Hafstad and O. Dahl Experiments with High Voltage Tubes
1929 Arthur J. Dempster For his work on the reflection of protons from a calcite crystal
1928 Oliver Kamm Hormones from the Pituitary Gland
1927 H. J. Muller Effects of X-Radiation on Genes and Chromosomes
1926 George David Birkhoff A Mathematical Critique of Some Physical Theories
1925 Dayton C. Miller The Michelson-Morley Ether Drift Experiment, its History and Significance
1924 Edwin P. Hubble Cepheids in Spiral Nebulae
L. R. Cleveland For two papers on the symbiosis between termites and their intestinal protozoa
1923 Leonard Eugene Dickson On the Theory of Numbers and Generalized Quaternions

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Million Left to Mt. Holyoke College by Retired Advertising Executive". The New York Times. 15 August 1951. Retrieved 4 May 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "AAAS Newcomb Cleveland Prize". AAAS. Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "AAAS Newcomb Cleveland Prize". AAAS. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
  4. ^ "Newcomb Cleveland Prize Recipients". AAAS. Retrieved 19 June 2015.