Newfoundland wolf

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Newfoundland wolf
Stuffed Newfoundland wolf.jpg
Stuffed specimen

Extinct  (1911) (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Genus: Canis
Species: C. lupus
Subspecies: C. l. beothucus
Trinomial name
Canis lupus beothucus
Allen & Barbour, 1937

The Newfoundland wolf (Canis lupus beothucus) was a possible subspecies of gray wolf native to Newfoundland. It was described as being a medium-sized,[1] slender-skulled wolf with a white pelt, though melanists also occurred. In comparison to its mainland relatives it bears a striking difference in its internal accessory cusp angles allowing for distinction between subspecies.[2]The last specimen was reportedly killed in 1911.[3]


As of 2005,[4] it is considered a valid subspecies by MSW3, though it is classed as a synonym of C. l. nubilus by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.[5]

See also[edit]

Labrador wolf


  1. ^ Mech, L. David (1981), The Wolf: The Ecology and Behaviour of an Endangered Species, University of Minnesota Press, p. 352, ISBN 0-8166-1026-6
  2. ^ Allen, Glover; Barbour, Thomas (May 1937). "The Newfoundland Wolf". American Society of Mammalogists. Retrieved 2017-10-02.  External link in |website= (help)
  3. ^ Glover, A. (1942), Extinct and vanishing mammals of the western hemisphere, with the marine species of all the oceans, American Committee for International Wild Life Protection, pp. 205-206.
  4. ^ Wozencraft, W.C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  5. ^ Chambers SM, Fain SR, Fazio B, Amaral M (2012). "An account of the taxonomy of North American wolves from morphological and genetic analyses". North American Fauna. 77: 1–67. doi:10.3996/nafa.77.0001. Retrieved 2013-07-02.