Newfoundland and Labrador Route 1
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|Length:||903 km (561 mi)|
|West end:||Channel-Port aux Basques|
|East end:||St. John's|
The following description details the highway from its eastern terminus to its western terminus.
Route 1's official eastern terminus is at the interchange with Logy Bay Road in the northeastern part of the city. The highway proceeds west on the Outer Ring Road, a freeway. Route 1 maintains the name Outer Ring Road, intersecting with St. John's roads such as Aberdeen Avenue, Portugal Cove Road, Torbay Road, Allandale Road, Thorburn Road, Topsail Road and Kenmount Road until the interchange with Pitts Memorial Drive, 20 km to the west.
Route 1 proceeds in a generally southwestern direction for another 25 km as it follows the southern shore of Conception Bay (several kilometres inland) until it reaches the interchange with Route 13 where it turns west and then northwest, continuing for another 29 km on a 4-lane expressway to Whitbourne where the divided highway ends at the interchange with Route 80/81.
Route 1 transitions to a 2-lane controlled access highway and continues northwest from Whitbourne along the isthmus of the Avalon Peninsula and 188 km north to Glovertown, bypassing Clarenville, small communities like Arnold's Cove, Goobies and passing through Terra Nova National Park; park admission is not required to use Route 1. The Bonavista Peninsula and Burin Peninsula can be accessed via interchanges near Clarenville and Goobies, respectively.
From Glovertown, the highway proceeds northwest 182 km to Badger, bypassing Gander, Glenwood. Lewisporte (about 11 km north on Route 340), Norris Arm Bishop's Falls and Grand Falls-Windsor; Route 1 has a 6 km 4-lane section through Grand Falls-Windsor. As of August 2008, there are no gas stations along the highway between the towns of Gander and Bishop's Falls. The Isles of Notre Dame region of the province, which includes Fogo, the Twillingate Islands, New World Island and surrounding areas, can be accessed via Route 340 at the Notre Dame Junction interchange near Lewisporte. The Bay d'Espoir region can be accessed via the Bay D'Espoir highway near Botwood. Botwood, Point Leamington and Leading Tickles can be accessed via the Botwood Highway, officially Route 350 at an interchange in the Bishop's Falls-Grand Falls-Windsor area.
At Pasadena, the highway transitions to a 4-lane expressway and continues southwest along the south shore of Deer Lake before following the Humber River through the narrow Humber Valley. The 4-lane section proceeds for 38 km in a southwest direction, where it transitions back to a 2-lane controlled access highway west of the interchange with Route 450 (Lewin Parkway), southwest of Corner Brook.
From the Confederation Drive interchange, Route 1 proceeds for 213 km in a southwest direction, bypassing Stephenville (accessible via Route 460 and Route 490) and passing through the Codroy Valley (where it is a 2-lane uncontrolled access highway) to Port aux Basques. It terminates southeast of the town at the Marine Atlantic ferry terminal.
New highway construction during the 1990s extended Route 1 on what is called the Outer Ring Road to the interchange with Logy Bay Road in the northeast part of St. John's, including passing by the Stavanger Drive Shopping Area. Prior to this construction, Route 1 and the Trans-Canada Highway designation began at St. John's City Hall on New Gower Street and proceeded west on Pitts Memorial Drive and then on the current alignment of Route 1 to the southwest. It is for this reason that the city named its hockey arena and convention centre Mile One Centre, adjacent to the city hall.
To follow an unofficial alignment of Route 1 from St. John's City Hall, one must head geographically east for 1.5 km into the southeastern part of the city, continuing onto Duckworth Street (Route 60). Proceed north for 1 km on Ordnance Street and King's Bridge Road before turning east for 1.5 km along the north shore of Quidi Vidi Lake on The Boulevard.
Continue north on East White Hills Road, which becomes controlled access several hundred metres north of its intersection with The Boulevard. The East White Hills Road transitions into the Outer Ring Road 4 km to the north at the interchange with the Logy Bay Road.
|Channel-Port aux Basques||1||0.6||1||Route 470|
|Stephenville Crossing||144||89||2||Route 490 – Stephenville|
|Trout Brook||168||104||3||Route 460 (White's Road, Hansen Highway) – Stephenville|
|Corner Brook||212||132||4||Route 450 (Lewin Parkway)|
|221||137||7||Route 440 (Riverside Drive)|
|Steady Brook||224||139||8||Marble Drive||Marble Mountain|
|Humber Village||230||140||9||Marble Drive|
|Little Rapids||234||145||10||Bonnell Drive|
|St. Jude's||260||160||14||Ridgeview Road|
|Deer Lake||264||164||15A||Glide Lake Road|
|Grand Falls-Windsor||474||295||17||Main Street|
|Bishops Falls||491||305||21||Main Street|
|Notre Dame Junction||526||327||23||Route 340 – Lewisporte, Twillingate|
|George's Brook||701||436||26||Route 230 – Bonavista Peninsula|
|Whitbourne||816||507||27||Route 100 – Placentia|
|817||508||28||Route 80||Baccalieu Trail|
|Ocean Pond||827||514||29||Ocean Pond Road|
|Grand Pond||830||520||30||Route 71 (Hodgewater Line)|
|Roaches Line||834||518||31||Route 75||Baccalieu Trail|
|Brigus Junction||837||520||32||Brigus Junction Road|
|Middle Gull Pond||842||523||33||Middle Gull Pond Road|
|Butter Pot||858||533||37||Route 13 (Witless Bay Line) – Bay Bulls|
|862||536||38||Butter Pot Provincial Park|
|Conception Bay South||875||544||39||Route 61 (Foxtrap Access Road)|
|St. John's||880||550||40||Paddy's Pond/Cochrane Pond|
|886||551||41||Route 2 (Pitts Memorial Drive)|
|Mount Pearl||888||552||42||Kenmount Road|
|Paradise||889||552||43||Route 60 (Topsail Road)|
|St. John's||893||555||44||Route 50 (Thorburn Road)|
|895||556||45||Route 3A (Team Gushue Highway)|
|901||560||47||Route 40 (Portugal Cove Road)|
|902||560||48||Route 20 (Torbay Road)|
|903||561||49||Aberdeen Avenue, Stavanger Drive|
|905||562||50||Route 30 (Logy Bay Road)|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
NS Highway 105
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