Newnan, Georgia

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Newnan, Georgia
City of Newnan
Official seal of Newnan, Georgia
Motto: 
City of Homes
Location in Coweta County and the state of Georgia
Location in Coweta County and the state of Georgia
Newnan is located in Metro Atlanta
Newnan
Newnan
Location of Newnan in Metro Atlanta
Coordinates: 33°22′35″N 84°47′19″W / 33.37639°N 84.78861°W / 33.37639; -84.78861Coordinates: 33°22′35″N 84°47′19″W / 33.37639°N 84.78861°W / 33.37639; -84.78861
CountryUnited States
StateGeorgia
CountyCoweta
Incorporated (city)December 20, 1828
Area
 • Total19.82 sq mi (51.34 km2)
 • Land19.48 sq mi (50.44 km2)
 • Water0.35 sq mi (0.90 km2)
Elevation
971 ft (296 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total42,549
 • Density2,184.80/sq mi (843.58/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP Code
30263-30265, 30271
Area code(s)770, 678
FIPS code13-55020[2]
GNIS feature ID0332499[3]
Websitenewnanga.gov

Newnan is a city in Metro Atlanta and the county seat of Coweta County, Georgia, about 40 miles (64 km) southwest of Atlanta. Its population was 42,549 at the 2020 census,[4] up from 33,039 in 2010.

History[edit]

"Heart of Newnan Motel", postcard from the 1960s

Newnan was established as county seat of Coweta County (replacing the defunct town of Bullsboro) in 1828, and was named for North Carolinian General Daniel Newnan. It quickly became a prosperous magnet for lawyers, doctors, other professionals, and merchants. Much of Newnan's prosperity was due to its thriving cotton industry, which relied on slavery.

Newnan was largely untouched by the Civil War due to its status as a hospital city (for both Union and Confederate troops), and as a result still features much antebellum architecture.[5] Celebrated architect Kennon Perry designed many of the town's 20th-century homes. During the Atlanta Campaign, Confederate cavalry defeated Union forces at the nearby Battle of Brown's Mill.

On April 23, 1899, a notorious lynching occurred after an African-American man by the name of Sam Hose (born Tom Wilkes) was accused of killing his boss, Alfred Cranford. Hose was abducted from police custody, paraded through Newnan, tortured, and burned alive just north of town by a lynch mob of roughly 2,000 citizens of Coweta County.

Newnan was also host to the trial in 1948 of wealthy landowner John Wallace, the first White man in the South to be condemned to death by the testimony of African Americans, two field hands who were made to help with burning the body of murdered white sharecropper Wilson Turner. These events were portrayed in the novel Murder in Coweta County. The film version starred Johnny Cash, Andy Griffith, and June Carter.

In 1968, Kmart opened a warehouse in Newnan, which slowly established it as a major hub for distribution in the area.[6] Around this time, the International Brotherhood of Teamsters attempted to unionize the warehouse, but the attempt was defeated when the employees voted 329 to 201 in favor of remaining union-free.[7] In 2015, the distribution center closed with a loss of 164 jobs.[8]

2021 tornado[edit]

In the early morning hours of March 26, 2021, Newnan was directly impacted by a violent EF4 tornado, which caused substantial structural damage and indirectly killed one person. The tornado was one of the strongest on record in Georgia since 1950, and directly impacted the historic downtown area. [9] Newnan High School will be re-built after sustaining serious damage. [10]

Arts and culture[edit]

The city is home to one of the few Georgia counties with a museum that focuses mainly on African-American history. The Coweta County African American Heritage Museum and Research Center, or Caswell House, was opened in July 2003 in a donated mill village house once owned by Ruby Caswell. The museum sits on Farmer Street on an old, unmarked slave cemetery. It has collected hundreds of family genealogical records by interviewing residents and going through the census records.[11] The museum also houses the Coweta Census Indexes from 1870 to 1920.[12]

The first Black library in the county was the Sara Fisher Brown Library. Built in the 1950s, the library has since been converted into the Community Action For Improvement Center.[13]

The Farmer Street Cemetery is the largest slave cemetery in the South, and may be the largest undisturbed one in the nation. It is within the city limits of Newnan.

Geography[edit]

Newnan is located in the center of Coweta County at 33°22′35″N 84°47′19″W / 33.37639°N 84.78861°W / 33.37639; -84.78861 (33.376411, -84.788648).[14] U.S. Route 29 passes through the center of the city, leading northeast 13 miles (21 km) to Palmetto and south 7 miles (11 km) to Moreland. Interstate 85 passes through the eastern side of the city, with access from exits 41, 44, and 47. I-85 leads northeast 40 miles (64 km) to downtown Atlanta and southwest 125 miles (201 km) to Montgomery, Alabama. U.S. Route 27A leads northwest from the center of Newnan 22 miles (35 km) to Carrollton.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Newnan has a total area of 18.6 square miles (48.3 km2), of which 0.35 square miles (0.9 km2), or 1.88%, is covered by water.[15]

Climate[edit]

The climate is moderate with an average temperature of 64.3°F (45.8° in the winter and 79.1° in the summer). The average annual rainfall is 51.84 inches.

Climate data for Newnan, Georgia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 52
(11)
58
(14)
65
(18)
73
(23)
80
(27)
86
(30)
89
(32)
88
(31)
83
(28)
73
(23)
64
(18)
55
(13)
72
(22)
Average low °F (°C) 31
(−1)
33
(1)
40
(4)
47
(8)
56
(13)
64
(18)
68
(20)
67
(19)
62
(17)
49
(9)
41
(5)
33
(1)
49
(10)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.49
(139)
5.14
(131)
5.95
(151)
4.17
(106)
4.37
(111)
3.99
(101)
4.66
(118)
4.00
(102)
3.24
(82)
2.86
(73)
4.18
(106)
4.27
(108)
52.32
(1,329)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.8
(2.0)
0.5
(1.3)
0.4
(1.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.51)
2
(5.06)
Source: The Weather Channel[16]

Transportation[edit]

Major roads[edit]

Pedestrians and cycling[edit]

Airports[edit]

Railroads[edit]

Until the mid-1950s the Central of Georgia operated two trains daily in each direction, through Newnan from Atlanta to Columbus, in its Man O' War service. The Central continued a single Man O' War train until 1971 when Amtrak took over most interstate passenger service.[18][19][20][21] Until 1970, the city was a stop on the Southern Railway's Crescent from New Orleans to New York City, via Atlanta.[22][23] Into the mid-1960s, the Southern's Crescent and Piedmont Limited made stops in both directions in Newnan.[24]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18602,546
18701,917−24.7%
18802,0064.6%
18902,85942.5%
19003,65427.8%
19105,54851.8%
19207,03726.8%
19306,386−9.3%
19407,18212.5%
19508,21814.4%
196012,16948.1%
197011,205−7.9%
198011,4492.2%
199012,4979.2%
200016,24230.0%
201033,039103.4%
202042,54928.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[25]

2020 census[edit]

Newnan racial composition[26]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 21,206 49.84%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 13,033 30.63%
Native American 69 0.16%
Asian 1,879 4.42%
Pacific Islander 22 0.05%
Other/mixed 1,819 4.28%
Hispanic or Latino 4,521 10.63%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 42,549 people, 15,135 households, and 10,013 families residing in the city.

2010 census[edit]

As of 2010, Newnan's population was approximately 33,039 and Coweta County's population was approximately 127,400. From 2000 to 2010, the population of Coweta County grew by 42.7% as compared to from 1990 to 2000, when its population grew by 65.7%. Newnan's population grew by 30% from 1990 to 2000 and by 103.4% from 2000 to 2010.

The ethnic makeup of the city was 50.8% White, 37.6% African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 5.6% from some other race, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 11.4% of the population.

Of the 13,783 households, 34.4% had children under 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were not families. About 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.61, and the average family size was 3.17. In the city, the age distribution was 30.8% under 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.8% who were 65 or older. The median age was 33.3 years.

The median income for a household in the city was $50,175 and for a family was $64,615. Males had a median income of $50,753 versus $39,691 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,081. About 17.3% of families and 22.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.0% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.[27]

Education[edit]

Coweta County School District[edit]

The Coweta County School District holds preschool to grade 12, and consists of 19 elementary schools, seven middle schools, and three high schools.[28] The district has 1,164 full-time teachers and over 18,389 students.[29]

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Arbor Springs Elementary
  • Arnco-Sargent Elementary
  • Atkinson Elementary
  • Brooks Elementary
  • Canongate Elementary
  • Eastside Elementary
  • Elm Street Elementary
  • Grantville Elementary
  • Jefferson Parkway Elementary
  • Moreland Elementary
  • Newnan Crossing Elementary
  • Northside Elementary
  • Poplar Road Elementary
  • Ruth Hill Elementary
  • Thomas Crossroads Elementary
  • Western Elementary
  • Welch Elementary
  • White Oak Elementary
  • Willis Road Elementary
  • The Heritage School (private)
  • Trinity Christian School (private)

Middle schools[edit]

High schools[edit]

Higher education[edit]

Mercer University has a regional academic center in Newnan. The center opened in 2010, and offers programs through the university's College of Continuing and Professional Studies.

The University of West Georgia has a campus located in Newnan, near downtown. This campus currently has two undergraduate programs - bachelor of science in nursing and early childhood education.[30]

Newnan is also home to a campus of West Georgia Technical College.[31]

College Temple, a non-sectarian women's school, operated during the period of 1854-1888.[32]

Notable people[edit]

Television and movies[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2021.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Newnan city, Georgia". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-16.
  5. ^ "History". www.ci.newnan.ga.us. City of Newnan. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  6. ^ Mike Clary (March 31, 1992). "Workers Say Kmart Short-Changed Them". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
  7. ^ Kmart Corp, 316 N.L.R.B. 1175 (N.L.R.B. 1995)
  8. ^ Aaron Hutchins (February 25, 2015). "Sears & Kmart closing update, 25 February 2015". blindbatnews.com. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
  9. ^ "Tornado emergency leaves extensive damage across Newnan". WSB-TV Channel 2 - Atlanta. 26 March 2021. Retrieved 2021-03-26.
  10. ^ Leftwich, Rebecca. "A new start: Initial plans for rebuilding Newnan High School unveiled". Newnan-Times Herald. Retrieved 8 November 2022.
  11. ^ Schindler, Madeline (July 24, 2017). "African American Museum remains open". The Newnan Times-Herald. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  12. ^ Dianne (March 30, 2008). "The Coweta County Museum, Newnan Georgia: Black Firsts in Coweta County". thecowetacountymuseum.blogspot.com. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  13. ^ "The Coweta County Museum, Newnan Georgia". thecowetacountymuseum.blogspot.com. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  15. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Newnan city, Georgia". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
  16. ^ "Monthly Averages for Newnan, GA". Weather.com. 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-15.
  17. ^ "LINC construction set to begin".
  18. ^ "Central of Georgia Railway, Table 6". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 88 (4). September 1955.
  19. ^ "Central of Georgia Railway". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 99 (7). December 1956.
  20. ^ "Central of Georgia Railway, Table 3". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 102 (12). May 1970.
  21. ^ "Passenger Trains Operating on the Eve of Amtrak" Trains magazine http://ctr.trains.com/~/media/import/files/pdf/f/7/7/passenger_trains_operating_on_the_eve_of_amtrak.pdf
  22. ^ "Southern Railway, Table A". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 102 (5). October 1969.
  23. ^ "Southern Railway, Table A (rerouted west through Birmingham)". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 102 (12). May 1970.
  24. ^ "Atlanta and West Point Rail Road". Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Company. 98 (2). July 1965.
  25. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  26. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-12-14.
  27. ^ American Factfinder, ESRI
  28. ^ Georgia Board of Education[permanent dead link], Retrieved June 5, 2010.
  29. ^ School Stats, Retrieved June 5, 2010.
  30. ^ "University of West Georgia- Newnan." University of West Georgia. N.p., 2011. Web. 24 Aug 2011. <http://www.westga.edu/newnan/>.
  31. ^ "Coweta Campus Central Educational Center." West Georgia Technical College. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Aug 2011. <http://www.westgatech.edu/locations/coweta.htm Archived 2011-08-17 at the Wayback Machine>.
  32. ^ Godey, Louis Antoine; Hale, Sarah Josepha Buell (1856). "COLLEGE TEMPLE, NEWNAN, GEORGIA". Godey's Magazine. Godey Company. 52–53: 154–55. Retrieved 9 January 2022. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  33. ^ "Lynn Smith's Biography". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 29, 2021.
  34. ^ a b c "Filming in Coweta". Coweta County. Coweta County. Archived from the original on 2017-05-10. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
  35. ^ "Good Reads Page for Murder in Coweta County book".
  36. ^ "Murder in Coweta County IMDB". IMDb. 15 February 1983.
  37. ^ "Movies". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-11-04.
  38. ^ "Newnan Archives – The Walking Dead Locations". The Walking Dead Locations. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  39. ^ Campbell, Sarah Fay (March 24, 2017). "Two productions filming in downtown Newnan Wednesday". Newnan Times-Herald. Retrieved August 10, 2018.

External links[edit]