Monmouth Street Historic District
Location of Newport in Campbell County, Kentucky.
|• Mayor||Jerry Peluso (R)|
|• Total||3.0 sq mi (7.7 km2)|
|• Land||2.7 sq mi (7.0 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)|
|Elevation||512 ft (156 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||15,241|
|• Density||6,267.8/sq mi (2,420.0/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|Area code(s)||859 513|
|GNIS feature ID||0499438|
Newport is a home rule-class city at the confluence of the Ohio and Licking rivers in Campbell County, Kentucky, in the United States. The population was 15,273 at the 2010 census. Historically, it was one of four county seats of Campbell County. Newport is part of the Cincinnati Metropolitan Area, which includes over 2 million inhabitants.
Newport was settled c. 1791 by James Taylor Jr. on land purchased by his father James Sr. from George Muse, who received it as a grant.[why?] Taylor's brother, Hubbard Taylor, had been mapping the land twenty years prior. It was not named for its position on the river but for Christopher Newport, the commander of the first ship to reach Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607. Newport was established as a town on December 14, 1795, and incorporated as a city on February 24, 1834. In 1803, the Ft. Washington military post was moved from Cincinnati to become the Newport Barracks. A bridge first connected Newport to Covington in 1853, and the first bridge spanning the Ohio River to Cincinnati, the John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge, opened in 1866. Newport experienced large German immigration in the 1880-90s.
By 1900, Newport was the third largest city in Kentucky, after Covington and Louisville, although Newport and Covington were rightly considered satellites of Cincinnati.
Prohibition under the Volstead Act of 1919 resulted in a widespread illegal sale of alcohol. Many gangsters began to smuggle alcohol into the city to supply citizens and businesses. Speakeasies, bribery, and corruption became a norm in Newport.
Newport once had the reputation of "Sin City" due to its upscale gambling casinos on Monmouth street. Monmouth also had many men's stores, nice restaurants, and ice cream parlors. Investigations for racketeering pushed out the casinos, which were replaced by peep shows and adult strip clubs. Many of the old businesses disappeared when parking became difficult on Monmouth Street and the commercial district opened on the hill of south Newport.
A garage at 938 John Street manufacturing illegal fireworks exploded without warning in 1981, leaving severe damage up to a six-block radius.
In the 1980s and 1990s, Newport made plans to develop its riverfront and core to focus primarily on "family friendly" tourism, instead of the "Sin City" tourism of the past. In May 1999 the $40-million Newport Aquarium opened, and the historic Posey Flats apartments were leveled in favor of the Newport on the Levee entertainment complex, which opened the following year.
In 1997 plans were announced for a 1,015-foot (309 m) structure called the "Millennium Tower" were revealed. The tower's main selling point was that building it would be financed by private money, as opposed to taxpayer money. The tower was expected to be completed by 2003, but investors later pulled out and no construction was done. Today the site for the tower is a parking lot next to the World Peace Bell.
Newport is a county seat of Campbell County, and was previously a county seat from 1797 until 1823, and again from 1824 until 1840. In the 19th century, the overwhelming majority of the population lived in Newport and the surrounding cities. Many citizens did not like traveling south to Alexandria to conduct county business, as southern Campbell County was primarily undeveloped.
In 1883, Newport successfully lobbied the state legislature for an exception to state law, which both required that a county seat be located in the center of the county, and that certain county business only be conducted at the county seat. Frankfort passed a special law, creating the Newport Court House District, and within that district, the Newport Courthouse Commission which functioned as a special taxing district, so that an additional courthouse could be built, and business could take place in Newport, in addition to Alexandria. In 2008, the Kentucky General Assembly removed the taxing authority from the Courthouse Commission, but left the District and Commission intact.
In 2009, a court ruled that Alexandria is the only county seat, and Newport is not a county seat. On November 24, 2010, the Kentucky Court of Appeals disagreed, and granted Newport equal status as a county seat. On August 25, 2011, the Supreme Court of Kentucky denied review of the appellate decision.
Newport is located at (39.088661, −84.490206).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), of which 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (8.42%) is water.
Newport is located within the Bluegrass region found in the Upland South of the United States of America. Newport is also commonly referred to as being located in the Midwest. Either description of Upland South or Midwest is acceptable, as Newport is located at the boundary between those regions.
Newport is located within a transition zone and is proximal to the extreme northern limit of the humid subtropical climate of the Southeastern United States.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 15,273 people, 6,194 households, and 3,273 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,267.8 inhabitants per square mile (2,420.0/km²). There were 7,828 housing units at an average density of 2,878.0 per square mile (1,111.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.3% White, 7.6% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.7% Asian, less than 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.8% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.
There were 6,194 households out of which 23.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.7% were married couples living together, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.2% were non-families. 37.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 31.2% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,451, and the median income for a family was $32,858. Males had a median income of $29,337 versus $22,723 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,207. About 20.7% of families and 22.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 31.1% of those under age 18 and 16.3% of those age 65 or over.
Arts and culture
This section is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (March 2014)
- Newport Aquarium
- Newport on the Levee, an entertainment and shopping complex founded by Joshua Treadway of Main Moon Productions and Wallks International
- Thompson House, historic live music venue; birthplace of John T. Thompson, inventor of the Thompson submachine gun
- Corpus Christi Church, Newport now converted into low-costing housing.
- East Row Historic District, the second-largest National Register Historic District in Kentucky
- General James Taylor Park
- Old Post Office
- Masonic Temple, Newport, Ky. .
- Southgate Street School
- Grace Methodist Episcopal Church
- St. Paul's Episcopal Church, built in 1871 completed in 1873, noted for its beautiful stone tower on the Courthouse Square
- World Peace Bell
- Newport Southbank Bridge
- Immaculata Academy, Newport, Ky.
- Newport National Bank, circa 1923
- Newport Riverfront circa 1910
- West River Front. Newport
- Church of the Immaculate Conception, Newport
- St. John's German Lutheran Church
- Mount Saint Martin's, Newport
- St. Stephens Church, 9th & Saratoga Sts., Newport
- C. & O. and L. & N. R. R. Depot, Newport, Ky.
- George Wiedemann Brewing Company, Kentucky's largest brewery complex, now torn down for urban renewal, for many years Wiedemann beer was synonymous with Newport
Local TV is based in Newport.
The Newport Business Association is a trade association focusing on collaboration between local companies. It holds monthly networking and informational meetings.
- List of cities and towns along the Ohio River
- Newport Independent Schools
- Newport Barracks
- Newport Central Catholic High School
- Bailey, Phillip (13 March 2014). "Republican Matt Bevin Receives Endorsement from Northern Kentucky Mayor". WFPL. Retrieved 28 March 2016.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Summary and Reference Guide to House Bill 331 City Classification Reform" (PDF). Kentucky League of Cities. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "History". www.newportky.gov. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
- Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Newport, Kentucky". Accessed 4 September 2013.
- Barker, Thomas; et al. (October 10, 2008). Wicked Newport. The History Press. p. 7. Retrieved 2013-05-07.
- Federal Writers' Project (1996). The WPA Guide to Kentucky. University Press of Kentucky. p. 247. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- Shevitz, Amy (2007). Jewish Communities on the Ohio River: A History. University Press of Kentucky. p. 143.
- "The Hidden Mob History of Newport, Kentucky". http://www.kentuckytourism.com. Retrieved 2017-02-05. External link in
- Hughes, John (January 6, 2000). "For Whom the Bell Tolls". City Beat. Archived from the original on December 16, 2013. Retrieved 2008-09-21.
- Newport Fire/EMS History Timeline Archived 2012-03-12 at the Wayback Machine. City of Newport. Retrieved 2013-03-11.
- Vernon N. Kisling, Jr., ed. (2001). "Zoological Gardens of the United States (chronological list)". Zoo and Aquarium History. USA: CRC Press. ISBN 978-1-4200-3924-5.
- Ramos, Steve (August 10, 2000). "The Return of Newport's Erection". City Beat. Archived from the original on May 19, 2006. Retrieved 2008-09-21.
- Flynn, Terry (August 8, 2000). "More than money needed for tower". Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved 2008-09-21.
- Jeffrey McMurray, Associated Press (2007-07-07). "Cities divide to conquer growth". Lexington Herald-Leader/Kentucky.com. Archived from the original on February 5, 2015. Retrieved 2007-07-08.
- Britannica 1910.
- Federal Writers' Project 1939.
- Whitehead 2009.
- Davies Project. "American Libraries before 1876". Princeton University. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
- Federal Writers' Project 1939, pp. 451–461: "Chronology"
- Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
- Steely Library Special Collections. "List of Collections". Northern Kentucky University. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
- E. Polk Johnson (1912). History of Kentucky and Kentuckians. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company.
- "Library History (timeline)". Kentucky: Campbell County Public Library. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
- "History of Newport, Kentucky". City of Newport. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
- "The School on the Hill: A Brief History". Newport Central Catholic High School. Retrieved March 12, 2014.
- "Timeline", Where the River Bends: A History of Northern Kentucky, Lexington KY: Kentucky Educational Television
- "Then and Now: The rise and fall of 'Sin City'", WCPO.com, 2013
- "US Newspaper Directory". Chronicling America. Washington DC: Library of Congress. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
- Caraway 2009.
- "Once a Rundown District, It's Now Mansion Hill", New York Times, January 16, 2000
- "Newport Mayor Resigns", Kentucky New Era, August 19, 1992 – via Google News
- "Campbell County (Kentucky) Historical and Genealogical Society". Retrieved September 1, 2016 – via RootsWeb.com.
- "Kentucky". Official Congressional Directory. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 2005 – via HathiTrust.
- "Peluso to Seek Reelection as Newport Mayor", River City News, Covington, KY, January 18, 2016
- "Newport city, Kentucky". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
- Civic Impulse, LLC. "Members of Congress". GovTrack. Washington DC. Retrieved September 10, 2016.
- "Alexandria and Newport Courthouses". www.rootsweb.ancestry.com.
- Judge: Alexandria the only county seat, The Kentucky Enquirer, 2009-05-12. Accessed 2009-05-28.
- Nolan v. Campbell County Fiscal Court Kentucky Court of Appeals. 24 November 2010. Retrieved 28 May 2015.
- SUPREME COURT OF KENTUCKY AUGUST 25, 2011 MINUTES Supreme Court of Kentucky. 25 August 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2017.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Pheenix. "PHEENIX::SELL". www.cincinnatimemory.org.
- "Newport Independent School District". Newport Independent School District. Retrieved August 18, 2012.
- Film Locations for Rain Man Retrieved 2013-03-11.
- Kiesewetter, John (May 16, 2013). "'Rain Man' put Cincinnati on film-world map". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
- "Newport City Guide". Cincinnati Directory. Cincinnati, Ohio: C.S. Williams. 1860 – via Google Books.
- "Newport Directory". Cincinnati Directory. Cincinnati, Ohio: C.S. Williams. 1861 – via Internet Archive.
- "Newport", Kentucky State Gazetteer and Business Directory, Detroit: R. L. Polk & Co., 1881
- "City of Newport". Atlas of Boone, Kenton and Campbell Counties, Kentucky. Philadelphia: D.J. Lake & Co. 1883 – via Google Books.
- "Newport", Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York, 1910, OCLC 14782424 – via Internet Archive
- Federal Writers' Project (1939), "Newport", Kentucky, American Guide Series, New York: Harcourt, Brace and Company, pp. 246–249, OCLC 498232 – via Internet Archive (+ Chronology)
- Isabel Wilkerson (April 16, 1990), "When Looking for Sin, Cincinnati Looks South", New York Times
- John E. Kleber, ed. (1992). "Newport". Kentucky Encyclopedia. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 680+. ISBN 0-8131-2883-8.
- T. Purvis, ed. (1996). Newport, Kentucky: a Bicentennial History.
- Robert Yoder (2005). Newport in Vintage Postcards. Arcadia. ISBN 978-0-7385-1812-1.
- Robin Caraway (2009). Newport: The Sin City Years. Images of America. Arcadia. ISBN 978-0-7385-6857-7.
- Michael Whitehead (2009). "Newport". In Paul A. Tenkotte; James C. Claypool. Encyclopedia of Northern Kentucky. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 651+. ISBN 978-0-8131-5996-6.
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Newport, Kentucky travel guide from Wikivoyage
- City website
- Go2Newport official Main Street website
- Historical Images and Texts of Newport
- History of Newport
- "Newport, a city in Campbell co., Ky.". Collier's New Encyclopedia. 1921.
- "(Newport)". Greater Cincinnati Memory Project. Ohio: Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County.
- Items related to Newport, Kentucky, various dates (via Digital Public Library of America).