Newport Country Club

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Newport Country Club
Newport Rhode Island Country Club 4451828194 f7185bd875 b-Edit-2.jpg
Clubhouse, circa 2010
Club information
Newport Country Club is located in the US
Newport Country Club
Newport Country Club is located in Rhode Island
Newport Country Club
Coordinates 41°27′43″N 71°20′49″W / 41.462°N 71.347°W / 41.462; -71.347Coordinates: 41°27′43″N 71°20′49″W / 41.462°N 71.347°W / 41.462; -71.347
Location Newport, Rhode Island, U.S.
Elevation 10–50 feet (3–15 m)
Established 1893; 125 years ago (1893)
Type Private
Total holes 18
Tournaments hosted U.S. Open (1895)
U.S. Amateur (1895, 1995)
U.S. Women's Open (2006)
Designed by A. W. Tillinghast (1923)
William F. Davis
(1894, 1899)[1]
Par 70
Length 7,075 yards (6,469 m)
Course rating 75.4
Slope rating 135 [2]
Newport Country Club Clubhouse.jpg
Clubhouse, ca. 1897

Newport Country Club, is a historic private golf club in the northeastern United States, located in Newport, Rhode Island. Founded 125 years ago in 1893, it hosted both the first U.S. Amateur Championship and the first U.S. Open in 1895.

History[edit]

Theodore Havemeyer, a wealthy sportsman whose family owned the American Sugar Company, played the game of golf on a trip to Pau in the south of France in 1889 and returned to his summer home in Newport excited about its future. In 1890, he and his friends rented some property on the old Castle Hill Farm and played golf on a primitive course. He convinced a few pals from the summer colony's social elite, men such as John Jacob Astor IV, Perry Belmont, and Cornelius Vanderbilt II - to purchase the 140-acre (0.57 km2) Rocky Farm property for $80,000 and establish the golf club in 1893.[3]

At the time of the club's founding, Newport was at the peak of its prestige as the favorite summer colony of America's wealthy elite. The city had thus established one of America's earliest golf clubs since the sport was played almost exclusively by the rich when it was first introduced to the United States. The primitive course that they played upon in 1890 was bought roughly thirty years later and is now the site of seven holes (2–8) of the front nine.[4]

Tournaments[edit]

Anxious to host national competitions, Havemeyer invited the country's best amateurs to his new course for a championship in 1894. That December, Havemeyer held a meeting at New York City's Calumet Club with representatives from four other clubs: St. Andrew's Golf Club in Hastings-on-Hudson, NY; Shinnecock Hills Golf Club in Southampton on Long Island, New York; The Country Club in Brookline, MA; and the Chicago Golf Club.[5] These clubs agreed to form the Amateur Golf Association, the forerunner of the United States Golf Association (USGA).

In October 1895, Newport Country Club hosted both the first U.S. Amateur Championship and the in first U.S. Open. To this day, the U.S. Amateur champion is awarded the Havemeyer Trophy.[5][6]

In celebration of the centennial of those first two USGA events, the club hosted the U.S. Amateur in 1995,[7] won by defending champion Tiger Woods.[8][9] Eleven years later, it was the site of the U.S. Women's Open in 2006, won by Annika Sörenstam in an 18-hole playoff.[10][11][12] In 2017, the USGA announced Newport will host the 41st U.S. Senior Open in June 2020.[1][5]

Clubhouse[edit]

Whitney Warren designed the classic, Beaux Arts style clubhouse on a largely barren farm overlooking Brenton Point in 1895. Warren's only other major Newport project at the time was a home for his sister, Edith. This mansion, which overlooks Bailey's Beach and completed in 1900, was called High Tide. Michelle Wie stayed here for the week of the 2006 U.S. Women's Open. The clubhouse went under extensive renovation in 2005.

Course[edit]

The original nine-hole course was designed in 1894 by William F. Davis,[1] the club's first professional, and later expanded to 18 holes in 1899, again by Davis. This second nine was long thought to be designed by Donald Ross, but a recent discovery (2013) of an original scorecard (1899) rebuked Ross' work. This information is in the recently written club history.

A. W. Tillinghast, famous for such designs as Winged Foot, Baltusrol, Bethpage Black, and the San Francisco Golf Club, was hired in 1923 to remodel the course layout. Since 1995, restoration on some of the course has been completed by Ron Forse.

Scorecard[edit]

HOLE BLACK BLACK HCP RED WHITE RED/WHITE HCP PAR BLUE HCP BLUE
1 The First 459 1 480 442 15 4/5 11 427
2 The Cop 410 15 366 352 11 4 9 341
3 Ocean 347 17 328 312 17 4 15 228
4 Graves Point 242 7 220 209 5 3 7 181
5 Polo Shed 451 5 422 411 1 4 1 347
6 Lookout 440 11 383 359 9 4 13 287
7 Long Meadow 596 9 553 512 7 5 5 454
8 Willows 192 13 177 164 13 3 17 155
9 Orchard 464 3 422 406 3 4 3 381
OUT 3601 3351 3167 35/36 2801
10 Quarry 572 16 528 517 14 5 14 477
11 Harbour 321 18 298 289 18 4 18 245
12 Valley 463 2 477 436 16 4/5 10 396
13 Club 188 14 151 137 12 3 16 123
14 Plateau 209 10 189 172 6 3 12 159
15 Brenton Reef 473 4 411 403 2 4 2 391
16 Island 362 12 352 321 8 4 6 311
17 Pond 466 6 441 387 4 4 4 380
18 Home 420 8 379 365 10 4 8 318
IN 3474 3226 3027 35/36 2800
TOT 7075 6577 6194 70/72 5601
Tees Slope Rating
Black 135 75.4
Red 127 72.4
White 121 70.6
Blue 117 67.3
Women
White 134 76.7
Blue 126 73.0

Source[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Barrett, Scott (April 24, 2017). "Pro golfers coming to Newport in 2020 for U.S. Senior Open". Newport Daily News. (Rhode Island). Retrieved May 10, 2018. 
  2. ^ a b "Course Rating and Slope Database™ - Newport Country Club". USGA. Retrieved May 9, 2018. 
  3. ^ http://www.projo.com/golf/content/projo_20060627_history.524ce5d.html
  4. ^ Harper's magazine, Volume 95 Harper's Magazine Co., 1897, pg. 706
  5. ^ a b c "U.S. Senior Open: Historic Newport Country Club to host in 2020". United States Golf Association. April 25, 2017. Retrieved May 10, 2018. 
  6. ^ http://www.projo.com/golf/content/projo_20060627_history.524ce5d.html
  7. ^ Whitmire, Tim (August 22, 1995). "Woods goes for 2nd title". The Day. (New London, Connecticut). Associated Press. p. D1. 
  8. ^ "Woods swings into title showdown at U.S. Amateur". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. August 27, 1995. p. 8E. 
  9. ^ "Tiger wins golf crown". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. August 28, 1995. p. 2C. 
  10. ^ Ferguson, Doug (July 3, 2006). "It's not over yet: Sorenstam, Hurst face 18-hole playoff". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. p. d1. 
  11. ^ Ferguson, Doug (July 4, 2006). "Sorenstam wins in major fashion". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. p. B1. 
  12. ^ Richard J. Moss, Golf and the American country club: Sport and Society (University of Illinois Press, 2001), pg 39 [1]

See also[edit]