Newquay Cornwall Airport
|Newquay Cornwall Airport
Ayrborth Tewynblustri Kernow
RAF St Mawgan
Newquay Cornwall Airport
|IATA: NQY – ICAO: EGHQ|
|Operator||Cornwall Airport Ltd.|
|Serves||Newquay and Cornwall|
|Location||Mawgan in Pydar, Cornwall|
|Elevation AMSL||390 ft / 119 m|
Newquay Cornwall Airport (IATA: NQY, ICAO: EGHQ) is the main commercial airport for Cornwall, in South West England, UK, located at Mawgan in Pydar 4 NM (7.4 km; 4.6 mi) northeast of Newquay on Cornwall's north coast. Its runway was previously operated by RAF St Mawgan before the runway was handed over in December 2008. The airport is located close to Newquay, Cornwall's premier tourist resort, as well as major attractions such as The Eden Project. It hosts the Aerohub enterprise zone.
In 2013 the airport handled 174,891 passengers, a 5.0% increase compared with 2012. Newquay has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction. The Cornwall Air Ambulance is based at the airport.
The runway is able to take the very largest and fastest of civil and military aircraft, having been built and maintained for decades as a United States Air Force (USAF) ASW tactical nuclear bomber base. With the end of the Cold War and changes in American political priorities, the Americans pulled out of all involvement with the base by the end of 2009. The last RAF flying squadron[when?] based at St Mawgan was 203(R) Squadron which operated as the Sea King Operational Conversion Unit (OCU) and has now moved to RAF Valley in Wales.
World War II
The airfield was originally opened in 1933 as a civilian facility, but was requisitioned at the outbreak of World War II and named RAF Trebelzue to support other bases in the Cornwall area. The base was then renamed RAF St Mawgan 1943, after expansion. The facility was then handed to the USAAF where a number of improvements took place, including the building of a new control tower and expansion of the current runway. The airfield was then put under maintenance in 1947, and reopened as a Coastal Command base in 1951. Since 1951, the base has seen various squadrons based; including 22 Sqn., 203 Sqn. 220 Sqn. (later renamed 201), 228 Sqn. (later renamed 206), both Long Range Reconnaissance Squadrons, 42 Sqn., 7 Sqn., 2625 Sqn (Royal Auxiliary Air Force) and 1 Sqn. (RAF Regiment) - 2625 Sqn was disbanded on 1 November 2006, whilst 1 Sqn relocated to RAF Honington. The others relocated or closed. In 2005, RAF St Mawgan was one of the bases shortlisted to house the new Joint Combat Aircraft (JCA) in 2013, but in November 2005 it was announced by Minister of State for the Armed Forces Adam Ingram that the operation would be based from Scotland. Helicopter maintenance (HMF) also ceased here in late 2006.
Flying operations at RAF St Mawgan (on the opposite side of the runway to the civil terminal) ceased in December 2008.
Transition to fully civilian airport
In 2006 the airport introduced a £5 per passenger airport development fee, payable by all departing passengers via an ATM type machine prior to passing security. This resulted in Monarch Airlines axing its route from the airport (to Málaga) and Ryanair reducing the number of flights, though this was later restored.
In 2008 the airport closed from the 1st until 19 December. This allowed extra time for the takeover of the airfield navigation services (i.e. Air Traffic Control/Fire Services) from RAF St Mawgan and to fully meet CAA standards. Following further inspections by the CAA, flights recommenced on 20 December 2008.
By virtue of a recent Statutory Instrument issued on 22 September 2009, Newquay Airport will, from the coming in force of this instrument on 1 November 2009, be subject to current airport bylaws, as per Section 63 of the Airports Act 1986
The new terminal extension has increased the terminal size by 20%, and was opened in 2006. This means the airport can handle as many as 450,000 passengers a year. In January 2008, Cornwall County Council approved plans for an expanded arrivals hall and departure lounge; a new retail outlet; a business lounge and new airfield structures CAA, which were needed to gain the civil licence. In May 2008, the new arrivals and baggage reclaim area was opened; now allowing both domestic and international flights to simultaneously be processed unlike the old arrivals hall. This also added a gate to the departures lounge.
The expansion of the airport was criticised in 2007 by a number of environmental groups. This opposition was based not only on environmental concerns (given that the majority of flights are short-haul and to destinations that could be served by rail), but also socio-economic concerns that airport expansion would lead to a greater demand for second homes in Cornwall, adding to already inflated local house prices.
In November 2008, amidst the airport troubles, Newquay Airport released their draft master plan, outlining their plans for the airport until 2030.
Civil airport operation
In July 2011, the airport's main carrier, Air Southwest, announced the end of all flights from Newquay with effect 30 September 2011, leaving the airport with only three year-round scheduled routes.
In May 2013, Flybe announced they would cease flying to London-Gatwick, leaving Newquay with year-round flights to just the Isles of Scilly and Manchester. On 2 December 2013, Flybe announced they had agreed a deal with Newquay which will secure the future of the Gatwick route until the end of October 2014, so that a public service obligation (PSO) subsidy can be finalized. Under the new deal Flybe will operate 2 daily flights with the afternoon service being dropped.
Aerohub enterprise zone
In August 2011 the UK government announced that the airport's bid to host an enterprise zone for aerospace businesses had been successful. The Aerohub enterprise zone was launched in April 2012. In September 2014, the UK's Homes and Communities Agency and the European Regional Development Fund agreed to fund the construction of a £6 million Aerohub Business Park. Organisations attracted to Aerohub by 2014 included Classic Air Force and the Bloodhound Supersonic Car project.
From 29 March 2013, Classic Air Force has operated from the airport using a variety of different aircraft, including the world's oldest flying British jet aircraft and the only flying Gloster Meteor T7. Since April 2013 Classic Air Force has also operated a museum in the 70,000 square feet (6,500 m2) Hangar 404, which was previously used to service the Hawker Siddeley Nimrods of RAF St Mawgan.
Potential future uses
In September 2013 the National Aeronautical Centre (NAC) at Aberporth Airport announced it would use Newquay as its second airport for testing unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The NAC said it was attracted by the length of the runway and the facilities of Aerohub. The test flights would require 3,000 square miles (7,800 km2) of segregated airspace over the sea. In March 2015, the airport reported that the establishment of this segregated area had not yet been agreed with the Department for Transport, who stated that negotiations with international bodies to create an appropriate regulatory framework for UAVs were still taking place.
In July 2014, Newquay was one of 8 airports shortlisted by the Civil Aviation Authority as a possible site for a UK commercial spaceport. The shortlist was reduced to 6 airports in March 2015, with Newquay still a candidate.
Airlines and destinations
|Aer Lingus Regional
operated by Stobart Air
|Flybe||London-Gatwick (PSO), Manchester
Seasonal: Belfast-City, Birmingham, Edinburgh, London-Stansted, Newcastle upon Tyne
operated by Eurowings
|Isles of Scilly Skybus||St Mary's|
|Rank||Airport||Passengers handled||% Change 2012 / 13|
|1||United Kingdom – London Gatwick||92,609||4|
|2||United Kingdom – Manchester||32,570||5|
|3||United Kingdom – Isles of Scilly||22,093||56|
|4||United Kingdom – London Southend||7,448||-|
|5||United Kingdom – Liverpool||5,848||-|
|6||United Kingdom – Edinburgh||4,481||55|
|7||Germany – Düsseldorf||2,407||29|
|8||United Kingdom – Newcastle||2,384||8|
|9||United Kingdom – Belfast City||2,187||24|
|10||United Kingdom – Glasgow||1,751||51|
- "Nats | Ais - Home". Nats-uk.ead-it.com. Retrieved 2015-04-18.
- "UK Airport Statistics | Aviation Intelligence | About the CAA". Caa.co.uk. 2012-10-31. Retrieved 2015-04-18.
- [dead link]
- The Airports Byelaws (Designation) Order SI 2576/2009
- Groundswellcornwall.org, Newquay Airport The Case Examined, revised October 2007. Accessed 9 February 2008.
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- "Newquay airport named as enterprise zone". BBC News Online. 17 August 2011. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "Aerohub at Newquay Cornwall continues to attract businesses". Airport World. 27 November 2014. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "Aerohub business park at Newquay Airport to gain £6m investment". BBC News Online. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- FlyPast. Stamford, Lincolnshire: Key Publishing Ltd. March 2013. p. 6.
- "Gloster (Armstrong Whitworth) Meteor T7". Classic Air Force. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- Green, Andy (6 March 2015). "Bloodhound Diary: 'Blink and you'll miss it'". BBC News Online. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "UAV testing in Aberporth expanding to use Newquay Cornwall Airport". BBC News Online. 11 September 2013. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "Drones to fly out of Newquay testing site". BBC News Online. 11 September 2013. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- Gallacher, Neil (6 March 2015). "Newquay Airport: Government 'to oppose drone testing'". BBC News Online. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- Sample, Ian (15 July 2014). "Space race: eight sites shortlisted for UK's first commercial spaceport". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 July 2014.
- Amos, Jonathan (3 March 2015). "UK ministers issue spaceport shortlist". BBC News Online. Retrieved 3 March 2015.
- Grainne Rothery (2014-11-19). "Aer Lingus Regional to operate direct Dublin to Cornwall route from May 2015 - Business - Business | Ireland's online business and management news service". Businessandleadership.com. Retrieved 2015-04-18.
Media related to Newquay Cornwall Airport at Wikimedia Commons