Newspaper of record
Newspaper of record is a term that typically refers to a major newspaper that has a large circulation and whose editorial and news-gathering functions are considered professional and typically authoritative. It may also be used to refer to a publicly available newspaper that has been authorized or maintained by a government to publish public or legal notices, and therefore serves as a "newspaper of public record."
Newspapers of public record
A "newspaper of public record", sometimes referred to as an "official newspaper", refers to a publicly available newspaper that has been authorised by a government to publish public or legal notices. It is often established by statute or official action and publication of notices within it, whether by the government or a private party, is usually considered sufficient to comply with legal requirements for public notice.
In some jurisdictions, privately owned newspapers may register with the public authorities to publish public and legal notices. Likewise, a private newspaper may be designated by the courts for publication of legal notices, such as notices of fictitious business names. These are sometimes referred to as "legally adjudicated newspapers."
A variation of newspapers of public record are those newspapers controlled by governments or political parties that serve as official newspapers reflecting the positions of their controlling bodies. State organs such as the Soviet-era Izvestia (the name of which translates to "delivered messages," derived from the verb izveshchat which means "to inform," "to notify") and the People's Daily in China are examples of this type.
Newspapers of record (by reputation)
The second type of "newspaper of record" (also known as a "journal of record", or by the French terms Presse de référence and de référence) is not defined by any formal criteria and its characteristics can be variable. The category typically consists of those newspapers that are considered to meet higher standards of journalism than most print media, including editorial independence and attention to accuracy, and are usually renowned internationally. Despite changes in society, such newspapers have historically tended to maintain a similar tone, coverage, style and traditions.
Origin of the term
The term is believed to have originated among librarians, who began referring to The New York Times as the "newspaper of record" when, in 1913, it became the first newspaper in the United States to publish an index of the subjects covered in its pages. In recognition of the usage, The Times held an essay contest in 1927 in which entrants had to demonstrate "The Value of The New York Times Index and Files as a Newspaper of Record". Over time, historians began to rely on The Times and similar titles as an archival chronicle of past events and a gauge of societal opinions at the time of printing. The term "newspaper of record" thus evolved from its original literal sense to its currently understood meaning.
- Martin, Shannon E. (1998). Newspapers of Record in a Digital Age: From Hot Type to Hot Link. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. p. 1. ISBN 0-275-95960-0.
- Martin, Shannon E. (1998). Newspapers of record in a digital age: from hot type to hot link. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. p. 5. ISBN 0-275-95960-0.
- Black's Law Dictionary, 6th edn. West Publishing. 1990. ISBN 90-6544-631-1.
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- Texas Local Government Code - Section 52.004. Official Newspaper
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- Frederick, Brian (2005-05-09). "Genocide v. Civil Conflict: Comparing Coverage of the Darfur Crisis in the New York Times and the People's Daily". University of Colorado at Boulder. "The New York Times and the People’s Daily were chosen because of their status as their respective countries' "newspaper of record." In the case of the People's Daily, it is the official newspaper of record."
- Mattis, Michael (November 1995). "(Not) Wild about Harry". Prism. "With a circulation over three million the People's Daily is the official newspaper of China's Communist Party. It is the newspaper of record for state socialism in China."
- "Officials Warn Against Rural Instability". China News Digest. 2002-01-11. "On Tuesday the People's Daily, the Communist Party's newspaper of record, published a front-page article and a strongly worded editorial"
- "Research Databases". University of Massachusetts Amherst. 2012-02-10. "People's Daily (Ren Min Ri Bao): Chinese newspaper of record, 1946-present."
- Badiou, Alain. The Rational Kernel of the Hegelian Dialectic. re.press. p. xx. "Among the venues that published philosophically charged writings... during the heat of the GPCR were Renmin Ribao (People’s Daily, the newspaper of record that continues to be so today)"
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- Martin, Shannon (1998). Newspapers of Record in a Digital Age: From Hot Type to Hot Link. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. pp. 6, 27, 31. ISBN 0275959600.
- Martin, Shannon E. (1998). Newspapers of record in a digital age: from hot type to hot link. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. p. 7. ISBN 0-275-95960-0.
- Okrent, Daniel. "THE PUBLIC EDITOR; Paper of Record? No Way, No Reason, No Thanks". The New York TImes. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
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- Jullia Guillard. "Struggling journal became a great newspaper of record". Retrieved 24 January 2014. "The Herald, first published in 1831, now stands as the longest continuously published newspaper in the southern hemisphere...The Sydney Morning Herald will remain a great newspaper of record, which repays the faith of its readers with quality, integrity and a recognition that with great power also comes great responsibility."
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- Fabricio, Roberto (16 April 1992). "Brazilian Officers Issue Manifesto". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 10 October 2013. "The statement, published on Tuesday by O Estado de Sao Paulo, Brazil`s newspaper of record, was datelined in Fortaleza, a mid-sized city in northeastern Brazil."
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- Jiwani, Yasmin (2009). "Helpless Maidens and Chivalrous Knights: Afghan Women in the Canadian Press". University of Toronto Quarterly. 2 78: 728–744. "This essay interrogates representations of Afghan women in the Globe and Mail, Canada's major English-language daily and newspaper of record."
- Networked Disease: Emerging Infections in the Global City. John Wiley & Sons. 2011. ISBN 144439911X. Retrieved 14 October 2012.
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- Lanchester, John (2008). Family Romance: A Love Story. 0143112953: Penguin. p. 140. "The clippings are from the South China Morning Post, the paper of record in Hong Kong"
- Middle East Institute, 1950, p. 155.|quote=Al Ahram is... what The Times is to Englishmen and the New York Times to Americans
- Perreault, Gregory (2011). "Islam is Everywhere": Coverage of Islam in the English Egyptian Press". Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly: 14. Retrieved 10 October 2013. "This is significant because the state-run Al Ahram is considered the paper of record in Egypt"
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- "France profile". BBC News. 12 January 2014. Retrieved 24 January 2014. "Le Monde - respected national daily, considered to be France's newspaper of record"
- "German language reform resisted". The Washington Times. 29 May 2004.
- "Look back at the Britannica Calendar of Events to find out what happened in the year 2000". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 27 March 2010.
- Greece - Post Report - e Diplomat
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- Wilke, Mary; Manicini, Lawrence; Leonard, Spencer (Fall 2007). "Some recent CRL acquisitions related to colonial India". Centre for Research Libraries - Focus on Global Resources.
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- Israel — Hebrew- and English-Language Media Guide Open Source Center (16 September 2008)
- Gregory Levey (21 August 2008). "Pushing right-wing American politics — in Israel". Salon. Retrieved 24 January 2014. "In the past few months, Haaretz, Israel’s paper of record, has run a series of articles expressing misgivings about outside influence."
- Brant Rosen (11 May 2010). "Alan Dershowitz and the Politics of Desperation". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 24 January 2014. "Recent polling, alongside articles in both the New York Times and the Israeli paper of record, Ha'aretz, indicate that the American Jewish community no longer feels represented by our so-called representatives - if we ever did."
- Gershom Gorenberg (September 2002). "The Thin Green Line". Mother Jones. Retrieved 24 January 2014. "In late January, the declaration ran as an ad in Ha’aretz, the national paper of record..."
- Israely, Jeff; Macleod, Scott (1 June 2003). "Editing Out Criticism". Time.
- Grove, Lloyd (6 February 1998). "Diplomatic Affinity". Los Angeles Times.
- Merrill, John C. (June 2000). "Les quotidiens de référence dans le monde". Les cahiers du journalisme (in French). Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- [dead link] - Retrieved 14 March 2005.
- Benesch, Susan (21 March 2013). "The Kenyan Elections: Peace Happened". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 10 October 2013. "Kenya's newspaper of record, the Daily Nation, published a banner headline "Never Again" over an editorial with a sharp, eloquent warning"
- Christopher, H. Sterling. "A - C., Volume 1". Encyclopedia of Journalism. p. 108.
- Waterfield, Bruno (4 March 2010). "Geert Wilders on course to be next Dutch prime minister". The Daily Telegraph.
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- "Danas". presseurop. 21 May 2012. Retrieved 18 December 2013. "Left leaning, Danas has become the independent daily of record in Serbia ..."
- "Grigorev Commentary in Politika: Serbs Vote is Pragmatic". The Bulletin Arcadia University. 1 February 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2013. "... wrote a commentary in the Jan. 26 issue of Politika, the Serbian newspaper of record and the oldest daily in the Balkans."
- Dediu, Horace (19 May 2012). "An interview with Kenney Ho of The Chosun Daily of Korea". Asymco. Retrieved 10 October 2013. "The Chosunilbo “has a history of 90 years, has been the most dominant, and influential paper of all time in Korea. It is the No.1 newspaper company in Korea with more than 1.8 million circulation, firmly holding the largest market possession. The paper is recognized Asianwide, where there are many readers in Japan and China.”"
- Phillips, Lindsay (18 December 2002). "Spanish and U.S. Relationship During the "War on Terror"". EU Notes — Texas A&M University.
- "PRESIDENT'S INTERVIEW WITH AL-ARABIYA RECEIVES GOOD COVERAGE IN SWEDEN". Retrieved 10 October 2013. "Paper of record Dagens Nyheter gave limited coverage, on the paper's website."
- "Immigrants outraged over Sweden’s racial profiling". The Standard. 15 March 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. "Dagens Nyheter, Sweden's paper of record."
- "Neue Zürcher Zeitung". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2012-08-30.
- Reports: Israel to apologize for flotilla raid - Neal Ungerleider - Falafel Mafia - True/Slant
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- "Times Digital Archive". Luton Libraries. Retrieved 2012-01-26.
- "The New York Times". Encyclopædia Britannica.